The Dominican football federation was founded in 1953 and joined FIFA in 1959. The national team played their first games in May 1967 - a two-legged qualifier against Haiti for a place in the football at the 1968 Summer Olympics of Mexico. The first leg was played at home on 21 May and Haiti won 8-0. The second leg in Haiti was won by the hosts 6-0 on 27 May, as Haiti went through 14-0 on aggregate.
The Dominican Republic did not play another match until March 1970, when they entered at the 1970 Central American and Caribbean Games in Panama. They were placed in a group with Puerto Rico and Venezuela. The Dominican Republic lost 5-0 to Venezuela on 4 March, then gained their first ever win on 6 March by beating Puerto Rico 5-0. They did not advance to the next round.
In 1971 the Dominican Republic entered the 1971 Pan American Games in Colombia and were drawn in a group against the Bahamas and Canada. They lost 4-2 to the Bahamas on 31 July and 4-0 to Canada on 2 August and were knocked out.
After the 1971 Pan American Games the Dominican Republic did not play a match until 16 December 1973, when they lost 1-0 away to Venezuela. In 1974 the country held the Central American and Caribbean Games, losing their first match 3-2 to Bermuda on 28 February. On 2 March the team lost 1-0 to Mexico.
The team did not play again until 16 December 1973, when they lost 1-0 away to Venezuela. In 1974 the Dominican Republic held the Central American and Caribbean Games, and lost their first match 3-2 to Bermuda on 28 February. On 2 March the team lost 1-0 to Mexico, before beating the Bahamas 2-0 on 4 March. In the final group game on 8 March the Dominican Republic lost 3-2 to Panama and were knocked out.
In 2012 the Dominicans were able to qualify for the 2012 Caribbean Cup. On December 7 they beat hosta Antigua and Barbuda 2-1 but fell 2-1 against Haiti and Trinidad and Tobago.