Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory

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Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory
DRAO main building and dish.JPG
DRAO main building and John A. Galt Telescope
Alternative names DRAO, White Lake Observatory Edit this at Wikidata
Organization Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics Edit this on Wikidata
Location British Columbia, Canada
Coordinates 49°19′15″N 119°37′15″W / 49.32075144°N 119.62081125°W / 49.32075144; -119.62081125Coordinates: 49°19′15″N 119°37′15″W / 49.32075144°N 119.62081125°W / 49.32075144; -119.62081125
Altitude 545.671 m (1,790.26 ft) Edit this at Wikidata
Established 1960 Edit this on Wikidata
Website www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/solutions/facilities/drao.html Edit this at Wikidata
Telescopes DRAO Solar-flux monitor
DRAO Synthesis telescope
John A. Galt Telescope
Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment Edit this on Wikidata
Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory is located in Canada
Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory
Location of Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory
Commons page Related media on Wikimedia Commons

The Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory is a research facility founded in 1960 and located south-west of Okanagan Falls, British Columbia, Canada. The site houses four radio telescopes – an interferometric radio telescope, a 26-m single-dish antenna, a solar flux monitor, and the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME) – and support engineering laboratories. The DRAO is operated by the Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics of the National Research Council of the Canadian government. The observatory was named an IEEE Milestone for first radio astronomical observations using VLBI.[1]

Facilities[edit]

Synthesis telescope[edit]

DRAO Synthesis Telescope

The Synthesis Telescope consists of seven nine-metre, metal-mesh reflector antennas along a 600-m east-west baseline. The antennas are equipped with single-circular polarisation receivers at 408 MHz and dual circular receivers at 1420 MHz, from which all four Stokes parameters may be formed. A spectrometer may also be employed at 1420 MHz for study of the 21-cm hydrogen line. Maps of the sky are formed using the technique of aperture synthesis.[2]

John A. Galt Telescope[edit]

John A. Galt Telescope

The John A. Galt Telescope consists of a single 25.6-metre-diameter (84 ft) metal-mesh antenna which can be equipped to observe at 408 MHz and at 1.5, 2.7, 4.9, 6.6, and 8.4 GHz, including the hydrogen line near 1.4 GHz, the OH lines around 1.6 GHz, and the methanol line near 6.6 GHz.[3] The telescope, formerly simply referred to as the 26-metre Telescope, was renamed in honour of John A. Galt, first employee and former director of the DRAO, during a special ceremony in 2014.[4] The Galt telescope was used in the first successful measurements using very long baseline interferometry.

Solar-flux monitor[edit]

Solar flux monitor

The monitor consists of two solid-surface dish antennas simultaneously observing at 10.7-cm wavelength, located near Penticton, British Columbia.[5][6]

Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment[edit]

The Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME) is a radio interferometer which will map the 21 cm line of neutral Hydrogen over the cosmological redshift range of 0.8 to 2.5. It consists of four cylindrical reflector antennas, each 100 metres long and 20 metres wide. Each cylinder will have 256 dual-polarisation feed antennas spaced along the focal line. Data from this telescope will be used to measure baryon acoustic oscillations, giving a length scale that can be used to measure the expansion history of the universe.[7][8]

Engineering[edit]

In addition to observing facilities, the DRAO operates design and development laboratories for receivers and electronics. Projects include instrumentation for external observatories, such as the Very Large Array and the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of IEEE Milestones". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
  2. ^ "DRAO Synthesis Telescope - Facilities - NRC-CNRC". National Research Council Canada. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-01-17.
  3. ^ "DRAO 26-m Telescope - Facilities - NRC-CNRC". National Research Council Canada. Archived from the original on 2012-07-21. Retrieved 2012-01-17.
  4. ^ Moorhouse, John (2014-09-22). "Special dedication at DRAO". Penticton Herald. Penticton, British Columbia. Retrieved 2015-07-29.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Highlights of DRAO - Facilities - NRC-CNRC". National Research Council Canada. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2012-01-17.
  6. ^ John White and Ken Tapping (February 2013). "The Penticton Solar Flux Receiver". QST. The American Radio Relay League: 39–45.
  7. ^ Listening for the universe to chime in, Ivan Semeniuk, The Globe and Mail, 2017-09-07
  8. ^ Canadian ingenuity crafts game-changing technology for CHIME telescope, SpaceDaily, 2017-09-11
  9. ^ "Astronomy Technology Research Facilities at Penticton - Facilities - NRC-CNRC". National Research Council Canada. Retrieved 2014-04-02.

External links[edit]