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Dominique Foray holds the "Chaire en Economie et Management de l'Innovation" at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in the Collège du Management de la Technologie.
Foray received his Ph.D in 1984 and his "habilitation" in 1992 from the Université Lumière of Lyon. In 1985, he joined the CNRS as a research fellow. In 1990 he joined the Ecole Centrale Paris as professor of Economics and returned to the CNRS in 1994. He was invited professor at the University of Padua in 1993, of Santiago de Compostela, in 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, and of the University of Turin. He did one to three month research visits to the WZB (Berlin) in 1986, Stanford University in 1991, and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in 1993, 1994, and 1995.
From 1993 to 1995, he was a permanent consultant (part time) at the OECD (Division for Science, Technology and Industry) where he contributed to the programme on "National Systems of Innovation". He received the distinction of outstanding research 1993 from the CNRS. He was elected as Research Fellow at the ICER foundation (Italy) for the academic year 1999 and at the Institute for Advanced Study, Berlin, for the academic year 2000.
Foray's research interests include the economics of science and technology, the economics of production and distribution of knowledge, the exploration of the tension between diversity and standardization in the past and in the present, and the analysis of path-dependent processes of economic change.