Georges Charles Clement Ghislain Pire
10 February 1910
|Died||30 January 1969 (aged 58)|
|Alma mater||Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) (1934–1936), Catholic University of Leuven (1936–1937)|
Dominique Pire, O.P. (born Georges Charles Clement Ghislain Pire; 10 February 1910 – 30 January 1969) was a Belgian Dominican friar whose work helping refugees in post-World War II Europe saw him receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1958. Pire delivered his Nobel lecture, entitled Brotherly Love: Foundation of Peace, in December 1958.
Pire was born in Dinant, Belgium. He was the eldest child of four born to Georges Pire Sr., a civic official, and Berthe (Ravet) Pire.
At the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, Pire's family fled from Belgium to France in a boat to escape advancing German troops. After the armistice of 1918, the family was able to return to Dinant, which had been reduced to ruins.
Pire studied Classics and Philosophy at the Collège de Bellevue and at the age of eighteen entered the Dominican priory of La Sarte in Huy. He took his final vows on 23 September 1932, adopting the name Dominique, after the Order's founder. He then studied theology and social science at the Pontifical International Institute Angelicum, the future Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in Rome, where he obtained his doctorate in theology in 1936 with a thesis entitled L'Apatheia ou insensibilité irréalisable et destructrice (Apatheia or unrealisable and destructive insensitivity). He then returned to the Studium of La Sarte where he taught sociology.
After completing his studies, Pire returned to the priory at La Sarte, in Huy, Belgium, where he dedicated himself to helping poor families live according to their dignity. During the second world war, Pire served as chaplain to the Belgian resistance, actively participating in its activities, such as helping smuggle Allied pilots out of the country. He received several medals for this service after the war.
In 1949, he began studying issues relating to postwar refugees (Displaced Persons [DP]) and wrote a book about them, entitled Du Rhin au Danube avec 60,000 D. P.. He founded an organisation to help them. The organisation established sponsorships for refugee families, and during the 1950s built a number of villages in Austria and Germany to help house many refugees. Although a Dominican friar, Dominique Pire always refused to mix his personal faith with his commitments on behalf of the disadvantaged, a decision that was not always understood by his religious superiors.
After winning the Peace Prize, Pire also helped found a "Peace University" to raise global understanding. Later convinced that peace would not be achievable without the eradication of poverty, he founded "Islands of Peace", an NGO dedicated to the long term development of rural populations in developing countries. Projects were started in Bangladesh and India.
Pire died at Louvain Roman Catholic Hospital on 30 January 1969 from complications following prostate surgery, at age 58.
More than 30 years after his death, the four organizations he founded are still active. In 2008 a program was established in honour of his work at the Las Casas Institute at Blackfriars Hall, University of Oxford.
- Service d'Entraide Familiale: works towards the social re-insertion of persons in state of difficulty,
- Aide aux Personnes Déplacées: is active in the field of refugees in Belgium and sponsors children in developing countries,
- Université de Paix: specializes in conflict prevention in the family and work place,
- Islands of Peace: conducts long term development projects with the populations of Burkina Faso, Benin, Mali, Guinea Bissau, Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru.
- ^ "Dominique Pire | Belgian clergyman and educator | Britannica".
- ^ Haberman, Frederick W. (1999). Nobel Lectures in Peace. ISBN 9789810234164.
- ^ Georges Pire on Nobelprize.org , accessed 29 April 2020
- ^ "Dominique Pire". Fundación Educativa Santo Domingo. Archived from the original on 2 July 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- ^ Servais Pinkaers, "A Dialogue and Action for Peace: Dominique Pire (1910–1969)" Archived 19 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine in Preaching Justice: Dominican Contributions to Social Ethics in the Twentieth Century, edited by Francesco Compagnoni OP and Helen Alford OP, Dublin: Dominican Publications, 2007, ISBN 1-905604-07-6, Part 1, Section B, 6, p. 137.
- ^ Dominique Pire Is Dead at 58; Priest Won Nobel Peace Prize; Resistance Fighter Turned After War to Rescuing Displaced Persons, Associated Press (31 January 1969)
- ^ Las Casas Institute Archived 9 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine on Blackfriars Hall website
- Georges Pire on Nobelprize.org including the Nobel Lecture on 11 December 1958 Brotherly Love: Foundation of Peace
- Houart, Victor, The Open Heart: The Inspiring Story of Father Pire and the Europe of the Heart, London, Souvenir Press, 1959.
- 1910 births
- 1969 deaths
- People from Dinant
- Walloon people
- Belgian Dominicans
- Belgian Nobel laureates
- Nobel Peace Prize laureates
- Belgian resistance members
- Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas alumni
- Commanders Crosses of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Catholic University of Leuven (1834–1968) alumni