Domodedovo International Airport

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Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Московский аэропорт Домодедово
Moscow Domodedovo Airport logo.jpg
Domodedovo International Airport aerial view.jpg
IATA: DMEICAO: UUDD
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator East Line Group
Serves Moscow, Russia
Location Domodedovo
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 179 m / 588 ft
Coordinates 55°24′31″N 37°54′22″E / 55.40861°N 37.90611°E / 55.40861; 37.90611Coordinates: 55°24′31″N 37°54′22″E / 55.40861°N 37.90611°E / 55.40861; 37.90611
Website domodedovo.ru
Map
UUDD is located in Moscow Oblast
UUDD
UUDD
Location in Moscow Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14L/32R 3,793 12,444 Reinforced concrete
14R/32L 3,500 11,483 Cement-concrete
14C/32C 2,600 8,531 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 30,504,515
Passenger change 14–15 Decrease7.7%
Aircraft movements 253,084
Movements change 14–15 Decrease8.9%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[1]
AIP of the Russian Federation[2]

Domodedovo International Airport (Russian: Московский аэропорт Домоде́дово; IPA: [dəmɐˈdʲɛdəvə]) (IATA: DMEICAO: UUDD) is an international airport located on the territory of Domodedovo, Moscow Oblast, Russia, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south-southeast from the centre of Moscow. Domodedovo is one of the three major Moscow airports along with Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo, as well as one of the largest airports in Russia and the former USSR in terms of passenger and cargo traffic. In 2015 it served 30,504,515 passengers, a reduction of 7.7% compared to 2014,[3] making it the second busiest airport in Russia. Domodedovo is Moscow's only privately owned airport, believed to be owned by Russian businessman Dmitry Kamenshchik.[4]

History[edit]

The airport is named after the town of Domodedovo, on the territory of which it is located.

Survey work on the construction of the new Capital Airport began in 1948, after the relevant decision of the Politburo. Then it was described as a special "facility №306".

In 1951 the first preparatory work on its construction began: cutting firebreaks, the construction of access roads, including roads branch from Paveletskaya.

1954 Resolution of the Council of Ministers of 13 November, approved the proposal of the Main Directorate of the Civil Air Fleet under the Council of Ministers of the USSR on the construction of the second airport of the Moscow civil air fleet near the village Elgazin Podolsky (now Domodedovo) Moscow Oblast.

In 1958 a decree of the USSR Council of Ministers instructed to complete construction of the first stage of the airport in 1962.

In 1962 Order of the Head of Main Directorate of Civil Aviation issued on April 7 № 200 "On the organization of the Moscow Domodedovo airport" ordered to "organize as part of the Moscow Transport Aviation Management Directorate the new airport, and continue to call it the Moscow Domodedovo Airport. Therefore, April 7, 1962 is considered the official birthday of the airport. By the end of 1962, after the official approbation, the airport began send and receive postal and cargo planes.

Services from Domodedovo began in March 1964 with a flight to Sverdlovsk using a Tupolev 104. The airport, intended to handle the growth of long-distance domestic traffic in the Soviet Union, was officially opened in May 1965. A second runway, parallel to the existing one, was put into service 18 months after the opening of the airport. On 26 December 1975, Domodedovo Airport was selected for the inaugural flight of the Tupolev Tu-144 to Alma Ata.

Domodedovo's terminal as it appeared in June 1974

In 1993–1994, East Line Group, founded by Urals entrepreneurs Anton Bakov and Dmitry Kamenschik,[5] who built capital in the early 1990s on hauling cargo from Asian countries to Russia, invested in several facilities at Domodedovo, including a new customs terminal and catering services.[6] In late 1996, Kamenschik-led East Line Group privatized the terminal facilities of Domodedovo Airport and formed JSC 'International Airport Domodedovo' and several other commercial entities controlling the airfield operations at the airport. Since 1998, the runways, air traffic control, and communication facilities are formally on a lease to the subsidiary of East Line Group. Later, in 2005 and 2008, the legality of these deals with East Line Group was contested by the Russian Rosimushchestvo government agency supervising the state property.[7]

East Line's strategic goal to stabilize the airport's future and to establish Domodedovo as an important international and multi-modal transportation hub was gradually achieved throughout the 2000s (decade). In the 2000s (decade), East Line Group began to heavily invest in reconstruction and modernization of the outdated airport facilities.

In 2000, as a result of reconstruction, the capacity of the airport complex has reached 6000 passengers per hour: MVL - 2800 passengers per hour, DAL - 3200 passengers / hour. As a result of this work Domodedovo airport terminal was the first in Russia to successfully pass the certification to ISO 9001: 2000.

In 2003, the authoritative British magazine Airline Business has recognized the dynamics of growth in passenger traffic of Domodedovo highest among the 150 largest airports in the world. In 2004, the air harbor is among the hundred of the leading airports in the world, and by 2005 became the leader in terms of passenger traffic in the Moscow aviation hub and holds the palm for over 10 years.

By 2009, the terminal floor space was expanded to 135,000 sq. meters from 70,000 sq. meters in 2004. The renovated terminal and airport facilities allowed the owners of the airport to attract British Airways, El Al, Swiss International Air Lines, Japan Airlines, Austrian Airlines, and Vietnam Airlines who moved their flights from another major international Moscow airport, Sheremetyevo Airport, to Domodedovo. Domodedovo topped Sheremetyevo Airport in terms of passenger traffic becoming the busiest airport in Russia. By 2010, the traffic at Domodedovo spiked to over 22 million passengers per year from 2.8 million in 2000.[8]

Domodedovo is Russia's first airport to have parallel runways operating simultaneously.[9] Since the air traffic control tower was redeveloped in 2003, Domodedovo can control over 70 takeoffs and landings per hour. By late in the 1st decade of the 21st century, the airport had five business lounges set up by individual airlines.

Current main building

In 2003, the airport began an expansion program designed to obtain approval for wide-body aircraft operations. The runway, taxiways, and parking areas were enlarged and strengthened. In March 2009, it was announced that the approval had been granted, making Domodedovo Airport the first in Russia approved for new large aircraft (NLA) operations such as the Airbus A380. The approval signifies that its operations areas comply with size and strength requirements of ICAO Category F standards.[10] The airport has ILS category III A status.

Domodedovo Airport has been the focus of two terrorist-related incidents. In 2004, Muslim suicide bombers managed to pass airport security, board two passenger planes, and carry out the bombings after departure from Domodedovo. Despite the heightened security measures taken after this incident, another suicide bomber attack occurred on 24 January 2011, when an Islamist militant entered the terminal building and detonated a bomb in the arrival hall. As a result, mandatory screening and pat-down practices have been introduced at the airport terminal entrances.

The identity of East Line's owners controlling the operations at Domodedovo Airport was vague with traces leading to offshore companies.[11] However, in May 2011, Dmitry Kamenschik was disclosed to be the main beneficiary of East Line's assets.[12] At that time, Domodedovo Airport contemplated IPO,[13] however these plans were scrapped.[14]

Future development[edit]

As of January 2016, new concourse extensions adjacent to the current terminal building are under construction. The construction is projected to increase the overall size of the passenger terminal to 225,000 m2. The extensions are opened in stages in 2012-2014. In May 2015, the new extension of terminal A (the main building) was finished, which contains new offices, an airport lounge and new passport control desks, and it differs by design compared to other terminal parts. When completed, the second segment of a new passenger terminal will be twice the size of Terminal 5 at London Heathrow – the equivalent of 61 football fields. New premises area of 235,000 sq. meters (segment T2) will be mounted to the left wing of the existing terminal. There will be about 100 check-in counters, 40 self check-in kiosk, as well as special jetways for the world's largest passenger aircraft Airbus A380. As a result, the total area of the passenger terminal (including the expansion of the current main segment T1) will increase by more than double to nearly 500,000 square meters.[15] It was designed by British company RMJM and uses the under-the-roof concept, which means that passengers from all flights will be serviced within a single terminal. One of Europe's largest air hubs – Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport – operates under this concept.[16] The complete construction will be complete by 2017. All concourses will remain connected and plan to increase the efficiency of the airport operations and passenger connections by using ICAO and IATA transfer technologies.

Terminals[edit]

Domodedovo Airport has one terminal building comprising two separate concourses for domestic (and some former Soviet republic countries) and international flights, respectively. It has 22 jetways altogether.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Domodedovo:[17]

Airlines Destinations Concourse
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Kalamata, Rhodes
A
Air Arabia Sharjah A
Air India Delhi, Goa A
Air Kyrgyzstan Bishkek, Osh A
Air Manas Bishkek A
Air Moldova Chişinău A
Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Mirny, Novosibirsk, Polyarny
Seasonal: Gelendzhik
B
Austrian Airlines Vienna A
Avia Traffic Company Bishkek, Osh A
AZALJet Baku A
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Barcelona, Nha Trang (Cam Ranh), Monastir, Punta Cana, Tenerife–South A
Belavia Minsk–National B
British Airways London–Heathrow A
Brussels Airlines Brussels A
EgyptAir Cairo (suspended) A
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion A
Emirates Dubai–International A
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi A
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Berlin–Tegel (ends 31 October 2016), Cologne/Bonn A
FlyOne Chişinău A
Gulf Air Bahrain A
Iberia Madrid A
IrAero Omsk B
Iran Aseman Airlines Seasonal: Tehran-Imam Khomeini A
Izhavia Izhevsk B
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita A
Komiaviatrans Syktyvkar, Ukhta, Usinsk B
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich A
Meridiana Seasonal: Naples, Olbia A
Mistral Air Seasonal: Bari, Verona A
Montenegro Airlines Tivat
Seasonal: Podgorica
A
Nordavia Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Naryan-Mar, Syktyvkar B
NordStar Seasonal: Pula
Seasonal charter: Longyearbyen
A
NordStar Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, Norilsk, Rostov-on-Don, Sochi B
Nouvelair Tunis A
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen A
Pskovavia Pskov B
Qatar Airways Doha A
Red Wings Airlines Seasonal: Tivat A
Red Wings Airlines Grozny, Ivanovo, Mineralnye Vody, Rostov-on-Don, Saratov, Simferopol, Sochi, Ulyanovsk-Baratayevka
Seasonal: Kaliningrad
B
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia A
RusLine Aktobe
Seasonal: Palanga
A
RusLine Belgorod, Elista, Izhevsk, Kirov, Lipetsk, Penza, Petrozavodsk, Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka, Vorkuta, Voronezh B
S7 Airlines Alicante, Aşgabat, Baku, Barcelona,[18][19] Berlin-Tegel, Burgas, Chişinău, Düsseldorf, Fergana, Khujand, Madrid, Munich, Naples, Oral (begins 4 November 2016),[20] Oskemen, Pavlodar, Tbilisi, Tivat, Urgench, Varna, Verona, Yerevan
Seasonal: Batumi, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Genoa, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Plovdiv, Rhodes, Salzburg, Semey, Split, Taraz, Valencia
A
S7 Airlines Abakan, Anapa, Astrakhan, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Mineralnye Vody, Nadym, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novokuznetsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, Rostov-on-Don, Salekhard, Samara, Sochi, St Petersburg, Stavropol, Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Ulan-Ude, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: Barnaul, Vladikavkaz, Novy Urengoy, Yakutsk
B
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus
Düsseldorf, Larnaca, Osh, Paphos, Tivat, Verona
Seasonal: Genoa, Pula, Split, Yerevan
A
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus
Barnaul, Bratsk, Chita, Gorno-Altaysk, Kemerovo, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Mineralnye Vody, Nizhnevartovsk, Norilsk, Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy, Simferopol, Sochi, St Petersburg, Vladikavkaz, Yakutsk
Seasonal: Anapa, Kaliningrad,
B
Saravia Orsk, Saratov B
SCAT Aktau, Aktobe, Shymkent, Taraz B
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets
Seasonal: Kirovsk/Apatity
B
Singapore Airlines Houston–Intercontinental (ends 29 October 2016),[21] Singapore A
Somon Air Dushanbe, Khujand A
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich A
Taban Air Seasonal: Tehran-Imam Khomeini A
Tajik Air Dushanbe, Khujand, Qurghonteppa A
TAP Portugal Lisbon A
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi (resumes 1 November 2016)[22] A
Tunisair Tunis A
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat A
Ural Airlines Bodrum, Bishkek, Chișinău, Kulob, Kutaisi, Lankaran, Larnaca, Lisbon, Nukus, Osh, Yerevan
Seasonal: Barcelona, Batumi, Burgas, Dubai-International, Tivat, Venice
Seasonal charter: Treviso
A
Ural Airlines Barnaul, Chelyabinsk, Chita, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Mineralnye Vody, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Rostov-on-Don, Tomsk, Ulan-Ude, Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: St Petersburg
B
UVT Aero Bugulma B
Uzbekistan Airways Andijan, Bukhara, Fergana, Namangan, Navoiy, Nukus, Qarshi, Samarkand, Tashkent, Termez, Urgench A
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City A
VIM Airlines Andijan, Fergana, Namangan, Osh, Qarshi, Qurghonteppa, Samarkand, Termez, Yerevan
Seasonal charter: Goa-Dabolim, Guangzhou,[23] Rimini, Podgorica, Tenerife–South
A
VIM Airlines Anadyr, Blagoveshchensk, Bratsk, Chita, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Krasnodar, Magadan, Novosibirsk, Pevek Simferopol, Sochi, Ulan-Ude, Vladivostok
Seasonal: Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
B
Vueling Barcelona
Seasonal: Alicante, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca
A
Yamal Airlines Seasonal: Tivat A
Yamal Airlines Beloyarsky, Kirovsk/Apatity, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Murmansk, Nadym, Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Salekhard, Sovetsky, Tyumen
Seasonal: Simferopol
B
Zagros Airlines Seasonal: Tehran-Imam Khomeini A

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Maastricht, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, St. Petersburg, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita, Yekaterinburg, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum[24]
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi,[25] Milan–Malpensa[25]
Yangtze River Express Luxembourg, Shanghai–Pudong

Other facilities[edit]

Ground transportation[edit]

Moscow Aeroexpress
Aeroport Vnukovo railway station (ru)
Aeroport (ru)
Moscow Kiyevskaya  3   4   5 
Moscow Smolenskaya  2   5 
Moscow Savyolovskaya  9 
Sheremetyevo railway station (ru)
Lobnya railway station (ru)
Moscow Kalanchyovskaya (ru)  1   5 
Moscow Kurskaya  3   10   5 
Moscow Paveletskaya  2   5 
Aeroport Domodedovo railway station (ru)


Rail[edit]

The airport has a railway station with service to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in central Moscow. The rail connection which was completed in 2002 is provided by nonstop Aeroexpress trains (takes 45 min; coach class costs 470 rubles, business class costs 1000 rubles), as well as by regular suburban commuter trains of Paveletsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway (takes 65 to 70 min and costs 99 rubles).

Road[edit]

The airport has several long and short term parking lots. The terminal itself is accessed from the junction of Moscow Ring Road and Kashirskoye Highway via a designated 14 mile-long four-lane freeway. Licensed taxi, limo services, and car rental (Hertz, Avis, and Sixt) providers are available at the counters of the arrival hall.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "ACI EUROPE Airport Traffic Report. December, Q4 and Full Year 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Russian AIP (CAIGA)". Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". ACI. 2014-09-25. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 
  4. ^ "Владельца аэропорта Домодедово посадили под домашний арест". Meduza. 20 February 2016. 
  5. ^ (Russian) Ветеран обороны Домодедово — «Коммерсантъ», 7.10.2013
  6. ^ "Домодедово", откройся! (in Russian). Vedomosti. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  7. ^ Росимущество вышло на аренду (in Russian). Kommersant. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Московский аэропорт Домодедово провел интерлайн-конференцию "DME Connections 2011"" (in Russian). Domodedovo Airport. Press release. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Simultaneous parallel departures for the first time ever in Russia". 
  10. ^ Heavy Metal, Aviation Week & Space Technology, 70, 10 (9 March 2009), p. 14
  11. ^ Генеральной прокуратурой Российской Федерации по поручению Президента Российской Федерации проведена проверка организаций, занимающихся аэропортовой деятельностью в "Домодедово" (in Russian). Office of the Prosecutor General of Russian Federation. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "Домодедово" раскрыл тайну собственника (in Russian). Kommersant. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "Domodedovo: storms clouds at bay". Financial Times. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "Domodedovo: Another Russian IPO kicks the bucket". Financial Times. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Росавиация начала строить новую полосу в "Домодедово"". Vedomosti. 14 August 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  16. ^ *Renovations of Moscow airports, Russia Beyond the Headlines
  17. ^ Moscow Domodedovo Airport
  18. ^ "S7 Airlines opens flights to Barcelona". S7.ru. S7 Airlines. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  19. ^ Gavrilescu, Delia (18 May 2016). "S7 Airlines launches flights to Barcelona". Argophilia Travel News. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  20. ^ Liu, Jim (18 July 2016). "S7 Airlines Adds Moscow – Uralsk Service from Nov 2016". Airlineroute, Routesonline. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  21. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/268026/singapore-airlines-adds-manchester-houston-moscow-changes-in-w16/
  22. ^ "THAI returning to Tehran and Moscow". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  23. ^ Liu, Jim (22 July 2016). "VIM Airlines Expand Guangzhou Charter Flights from August 2016". Airlineroute, Routesonline. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  24. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014. 
  25. ^ a b L, J (20 August 2014). "ETIHAD Cargo Adds Moscow Service from mid-August 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  26. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 23–29 March 2004. 66. "East Line Airlines Domodedovo Airport, Domodedovsky district, Moscow"
  27. ^ "Domodedovo Airlines homepage". Archived from the original on 17 April 2004. Retrieved 6 November 2010.  "145015, Moscow region, Domodedovo district, airport Domodedovo, Joint Stock Company Domodedovo Airlines" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 5 April 2004. 
  28. ^ "Aircraft Accident Ilyushin 114T UK-91004". Aviation Safety Network. 
  29. ^ "Russian plane crash lands in forest near Moscow". BBC News. 22 March 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  30. ^ "Two killed as plane makes emergency landing in Russia". AFP. 4 December 2010. Archived from the original on 29 January 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  31. ^ Steve Rosenberg (24 January 2011). "Moscow bombing: Carnage at Russia's Domodedovo airport". BBC News. Retrieved 24 January 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Domodedovo International Airport at Wikimedia Commons