Plucked string instrument
In 1896, a student of Vasily Vasilievich Andreyev found a broken instrument in a stable in rural Russia. It was thought that this instrument may have been an example of a domra, although no illustrations or examples of the traditional domra were known to exist in Russian chronicles (the traditional domra was only known through numerous mentions in folklore, though examples of a related Turkic instrument, the dombra, existed). A three-stringed version of this instrument was later redesigned in 1896, patented, and introduced into the orchestra of Russian folk instruments.
The three-stringed domra uses a tuning in 4ths.
Later, a four-stringed version was developed employing a violin tuning by Moscow instrument maker, Liubimov, in 1905.
In recent times, scholars have come to the conclusion that the term "domra" actually described a percussive instrument popular in Russia, and that the discovered instrument was either a variant of the balalaika or a mandolin.
The basic domra is tuned as follows:
Instruments are made in various sizes including piccolo, prima, alto, tenor, bass, and contrabass.
- Piccolo: b1 e2 a2
- Prima: e1 a1 d2
- Soprano: b e1 a1
- Alto: e a d1
- Tenor: B e a
- Bass: E A d
- Contrabass (minor): 1E 1A D
- Contrabass (major): 1A D G
Tamara Volskaya is considered to be one of the leading contemporary performers on the domra. She is a Merited Artist of Russia, a Laureate of the USSR competition, and a Professor at the Mussorgsky Ural State Conservatory in Yekaterinburg, Russia. Other prominent domrists include:
- Tatjana Ossipova
- Michail Sawtschenko
- Viktor Kalinsky
- Victor Solomin
- "Государственный академический русский оркестр им. В. В. Андреева".
- "Tablature for piccolo domra".
- "Tablature for prima domra".
- "Tablature for mezzosoprano domra".
- "Tablature for alto domra".
- "Tablature for tenor domra".
- "Tablature for bass domra".
- "Tablature for contrabass domra (the minor)".
- "Tablature for contrabass domra (the major)".
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