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Religions Hinduism
Languages Bengali
Populated states West Bengal, Bangladesh
Population 316,337 (2001 census)
Family names Dom, Bansfor,malik

Doms (Bengali: ডোম)are a Bengali Hindu caste found in large numbers in Birbhum, Bankura and other districts in the western fringe of the Indian state of West Bengal.[citation needed] Traditionally, Doms were basket-makers, cultivators, labourers and drummers; their wives serving as midwives.[citation needed]

The Doms were formerly classified as a criminal tribe under the Criminal Tribes Acts of the British Raj.[1][2]


Doms numbered 316,337 the 2001 census and were 1.7 percent of the scheduled caste population of West Bengal. 46.0 percent of Doms were literate – 58.9 percent males and 32.6 percent females were literate.[3]


  1. ^ Bates, Crispin (1995). "Race, Caste and Tribe in Central India: the early origins of Indian anthropometry". In Robb, Peter. The Concept of Race in South Asia. Delhi: Oxford University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-19-563767-0. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  2. ^ Gupta, Ganesh (2005). Padabi Abhidhan [Dictionary of Family Names] (in Bengali). Kolkata: Annapurna Prakashan. p. 52. 
  3. ^ "West Bengal, Census of India 2001, Data Highlights – The Scheduled Castes" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General, India. Retrieved 28 June 2009.