Don Buchla and Buchla 200e
(2006 NAMM Show)
|Birth name||Donald Buchla|
|Born||April 17, 1937
South Gate, California
|Died||September 14, 2016 (aged 79)
|Occupation(s)||Electronic musical instrumental inventor|
Donald "Don" Buchla (April 17, 1937 – September 14, 2016) was an American pioneer in the field of sound synthesizers, releasing his first units shortly after Robert Moog's first synthesizers. However, his instrument was arguably designed before Moog's.
Buchla was born in South Gate, California on April 17, 1937, and grew up in California and New Jersey. He studied physics, physiology, and music at UC Berkeley, graduating in 1959 as a physics major.
Buchla formed his electronic music equipment company, Buchla and Associates, in 1962 in Berkeley, California. Buchla was commissioned by composers Morton Subotnick and Ramon Sender, both of the San Francisco Tape Music Center, to create an electronic instrument for live performance. Buchla began designing his first modules for the Tape Music Center in 1963. With partial funding from a Rockefeller Foundation grant made to the Tape Music Center, Buchla assembled his modules into the Buchla Modular Electronic Music System (later known as the Series 100), which he began selling commercially in 1966. Buchla's synthesizers experimented in control interfaces, such as touch-sensitive plates. In 1969 the Series 100 was briefly sold to CBS Musical Instruments, who soon after dropped the line, not seeing the synthesizer market as a profitable area.
1970 saw the release of the Buchla 200 series Electric Music Box, which was manufactured until 1985. Buchla created the Buchla Series 500, the first digitally controlled analog synthesizer, in 1971. Shortly after, the Buchla Series 300 was released, which combined the Series 200 with microprocessors. The Music Easel, a small, portable, all-in-one synthesizer was released in 1972. The Buchla 400, with a video display, was released in 1982. In 1987, Buchla released the fully MIDI enabled Buchla 700.
Beginning in the 1990s, Buchla began designing alternative MIDI controllers, such as the Thunder, Lightning, and Marimba Lumina. With the recent resurgence of interest in analog synthesizers Buchla has released a revamped 200 series called the 200e.
In 2005, NIME-05 (5th International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression), in Vancouver, Canada, featured a keynote lecture by Don Buchla. There was also a sizable exhibition of many of the instruments he and his team have created over the years.
In 2012, Buchla's intellectual property was acquired by an Australian holding company, Audio Supermarket, which started a new brand called Buchla Electronic Musical Instruments (BEMI). Mr. Buchla was retained as Chief Technology Officer.
In 2015, it was reported that Don Buchla had taken the owners of BEMI to court, citing health problems due in part to unpaid consulting fees and asserting a claim to his original intellectual property. The lawsuit alleged breach of contract and "bad-faith conduct" on the part of BEMI's owners and sought $500,000 in compensation.
Legal documents filed with the state of California indicate that the court ordered the case to be settled by arbitration in July 2015. In August 2016, the court dismissed the case in light of the fact that the parties had reached an out-of-court settlement.
He is survived by a son Ezra Buchla who is a musician,  daughters Jeannine Serbanich and Erin Buchla, and two grandchildren.
List of artists that use Buchla instruments:
- Morton Subotnick
- Alessandro Cortini
- Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails
- Bob Ostertag, Buchla 200e
- The Mae Shi
- Silver Apples
- Suzanne Ciani
- Elliott Sharp, Buchla Thunder
- Kaitlyn Aurelia Smith
- Richard Lainhart
- Laurie Spiegel
Analog sequencers (bottom) on Buchla 100 (1963/1966)
Buchla Music Easel (ca.1973) 
Oberheim OB-Mx (1994) designed by Don Buchla
- "Don Buchla - Passing The Acid Test". Red Bull Music Academy. 2007.
- Frank Hoffmann (12 November 2004). Encyclopedia of Recorded Sound. Routledge. pp. 311–. ISBN 1-135-94949-2.
- Pareles, Jon. "Don Buchla, Electronic Music Maverick, Dies at 79". New York Times. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- Laurent de Wilde (23 March 2016). Les fous du son. Grasset. pp. 186–. ISBN 978-2-246-85928-4.
- Jones, Kevin L. "Don Buchla, Influential Synthesizer Designer, Dead at 79". KQED. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- Mark Vail. "Buchla Series 200". Keyboard magazine (Nov. 2005).
- "Buchla Electronic Musical Instruments - Historical Overview". Buchla and Associates.
- "NIME05 - May 26-28 2005 - Vancouver, Canada".
- "Don Buchla, Inventor, Composer and Electronic Music Maverick, Dies at 79". The New York Times. 19 September 2016.
- "Modular synthesizer pioneer Don Buchla has died".
- Dayal, Geeta (16 September 2016). "Don Buchla, modular synthesizer pioneer, dies aged 79". The Guardian.
- "Buchla Ken Kesey". MATRIXSYNTH.
- "The Music Easel". Buchla & Associates.
- "Collection Checklist". Cantos Music Foundation.
- "Introducing the Moog PianoBar". Moog Music.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to
- Buchla and Associates
- Audities Foundation Buchla instrument collection
- "Oral History: Don Buchla explains pieces of his life story and career." January 16, 2011. NAMM Oral History Library
- Instrumental Instruments: Buchla