Don Carlos, Bukidnon

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Don Carlos
Municipality of Don Carlos
Flag of Don Carlos
Official seal of Don Carlos
Little Vigan of Bukidnon
Map of Bukidnon with Don Carlos highlighted
Map of Bukidnon with Don Carlos highlighted
Don Carlos is located in Philippines
Don Carlos
Don Carlos
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°41′N 125°00′E / 7.68°N 125°E / 7.68; 125Coordinates: 7°41′N 125°00′E / 7.68°N 125°E / 7.68; 125
Country Philippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao
District 3rd district
FoundedJune 18, 1966
Barangays29 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMa. Victoria O. Pizarro
 • Vice MayorRex T. Mercadera
 • RepresentativeManuel F. Zubiri
 • Electorate43,922 voters (2019)
 • Total213.72 km2 (82.52 sq mi)
300 m (1,000 ft)
Highest elevation
406 m (1,332 ft)
Lowest elevation
178 m (584 ft)
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total66,959
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence38.97% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱171,183,419.58 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityFirst Bukidnon Electric Cooperative (FIBECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesWestern Bukidnon
Ata Manobo

Don Carlos, officially the Municipality of Don Carlos (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Don Carlos; Tagalog: Bayan ng Don Carlos), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 66,959 people. [3]


The first people who settled this place before was a certain Datu Andarol, his wife Ba-e Mahanu, and their son Datu ‘Mangginayun’. Datu Andarol was a ruler and the leader of the Manobo tribe settling the village of Minduso, which was the old name of Don Carlos. The place was covered with forests and access by outlanders was prohibited unless permitted by the datu. Minduso was the home of Datu Andarol's descendants. Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, the datu was succeeded by his son, Datu Mangginayun. With their contacts with the Spaniards and missionaries, Spanish naming conventions and Christianity was introduced, and Datu Mangginayun adopted the name "Antonio", hence his full name was now Datu ‘Mangginayun’ Antonio Sagandilan Sr. He was married to Ba-e Antonina Manlayuan. His leadership reflects that of his father, as he implemented tribal laws and settled criminal offenses, particularly murder. As the leader of his tribal community, he also presided wedding ceremonies and settled dowries.

The first popular Spanish stranger who approached Datu ‘Mangginayun’ Antonio Sr. was Tomás Sandoval. He requested a parcel of land that he intend to borrow and to till, the datu conceded to his request. As part of the agreement, Tomás was to give the part of his harvest as a share to the datu. Several years later, another Spaniard by the name of "Elizalde" came and, like Tomás, requested the datu for lands to establish ranches. The lands lent by the datu to Elizalde were: lands in Pantil-pantilan, Migtutugop, the lands along the Mulita river, the today-famous Squash Mountain, and the Tugas Falls. As the agricultural ventures of these two Spaniards flourished, Cebuanos (referred by the Lumads, or natives, as "Dumagats") and other Spaniards who came from Cagayan de Misamis and other coastal towns of Misamis were encouraged to settle and populate the area that comprises the present-day Don Carlos.

Census registry for the settlers of Minduso was only located at Ramag (Manobo for ‘breakfast’), which has a fully established local government facilities and would later be known as Maramag. Antonio Sr.'s son, Datu ‘Mangginayun’ Antonio Sagandilan Jr. was born on March 17, 1917 at Miuvan (now Barangay Sinangguyan) and had his birth registered at Maramag. Antonio Jr. was drafted into the USAFFE before World War II and completed his training with the rank of corporal. However, he was called upon to fight on the outbreak of war, and his family did nothing about it.

When the war ended, Antonio Jr. succeeded his father in the leadership of his tribe as a datu in 1946. He was first a tribal councilor, and later became a barangay captain of the whole of Minduso. During his time of service, Señora Remedios ‘Meding’ Fortich de Ozamis personally visited Antonio Jr. and she petitioned the name change of Miuvan (which is now Barangay Sinangguyan) to ‘Don Carlos’ in his husband's memory, Don Carlos Azcona Fortich, and as a gratitude for living in the land which the Sagandilans flourished. At first, the datu declined, as the flourishing enclave has significance for their patrimony. Eventually, under Republic Act No. 4800, Minduso and other neighboring villages and barangays were clustered to form the municipality of Don Carlos in 1966.


Political map of Don Carlos, showing its 29 barangays

Don Carlos is situated in the southern part of the province. It is located 61 kilometres (38 mi) south of the City of Malaybalay, 161 kilometres (100 mi) from Cagayan de Oro City, 180 kilometres (110 mi) from the Cotabato City, 160 kilometres (99 mi) from Davao City, and 1,575 kilometres (979 mi) from south of Manila. The town is bounded by the municipalities of Maramag in the north, Kitaotao in the south, Quezon in the east, Pangantucan and Kadingilan in the west. The town is known for its famous landmark, Lake Pinamaloy.

Soil type[edit]

There are 3 types of soil that cover the municipality. These soils, which are generally clay, are Kidapawan Clay, Adtuyon Clay and Macolod Clay.


The terrain of the municipality of Don Carlos is generally flat except the mountain range on the eastern part of the municipality. The highest elevation is 700 metres (2,300 ft) above sea level and the lowest elevation is 300 metres (980 ft) below sea level.


Flat to gently sloping areas ranging in slope from 0-8% is the most prevalent terrain in the municipality, which covers 198.96 km² (93.09%) of the total land area of the municipality. Moderately sloping to undulating lands ranging in slope from 8-18% occupies approximately 7.65 km². Rolling to moderately steep lands, sloping from 18-30%, covers 4.19 km² of land. Areas with slope above 30% covers 2920.09 km².


The municipality's climate falls under the third type. Climate under this type experiences rainy season in the months of April to September. The latest data from the DA shows that the months July to November registered the highest average annual rainfall that reached its peak in the month of July at 642 millimetres (25.3 in).

Climate data for Don Carlos, Bukidnon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
Average low °C (°F) 20
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44
Average rainy days 10.3 8.1 8.5 9.6 21.0 24.9 25.0 24.2 22.5 23.4 17.7 11.4 206.6
Source: Meteoblue [5]


Don Carlos is politically subdivided into 29 barangays.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[6]
101304001 Cabadiangan 0.7% 497 460 1.48%
101304002 Bocboc 4.1% 2,724 2,668 0.40%
101304003 Buyot 1.6% 1,072 1,038 0.62%
101304004 Calaocalao 4.2% 2,806 2,720 0.59%
101304005 Don Carlos Norte 10.0% 6,718 5,889 2.54%
101304006 Embayao 1.7% 1,154 1,099 0.93%
101304008 Kalubihon 1.8% 1,188 1,207 −0.30%
101304009 Kasigkot 1.8% 1,226 1,193 0.52%
101304010 Kawilihan 1.6% 1,058 1,053 0.09%
101304011 Kiara 4.2% 2,793 2,684 0.76%
101304012 Kibatang 3.3% 2,238 2,147 0.79%
101304013 Mahayahay 1.4% 970 833 2.94%
101304014 Manlamonay 2.4% 1,639 1,556 0.99%
101304015 Maraymaray 4.6% 3,112 3,593 −2.70%
101304016 Mauswagon 1.7% 1,164 1,081 1.42%
101304017 Minsalagan 1.3% 877 817 1.36%
101304018 New Nongnongan (Masimag) 3.0% 2,001 1,909 0.90%
101304019 New Visayas 1.5% 1,027 1,055 −0.51%
101304020 Old Nongnongan 2.7% 1,800 1,748 0.56%
101304021 Pinamaloy 4.2% 2,797 2,596 1.43%
101304022 Don Carlos Sur (Poblacion) 17.0% 11,385 11,069 0.54%
101304023 Pualas 3.5% 2,326 2,342 −0.13%
101304024 San Antonio East 1.2% 796 820 −0.56%
101304025 San Antonio West 2.4% 1,600 1,479 1.51%
101304026 San Francisco 0.9% 575 545 1.03%
101304027 San Nicolas (Banban) 7.4% 4,949 4,438 2.10%
101304028 San Roque 1.0% 701 831 −3.19%
101304029 Sinangguyan 6.1% 4,081 3,796 1.39%
101304030 Bismartz 2.5% 1,685 1,668 0.19%
Total 66,959 64,334 0.76%


Population census of Don Carlos
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 32,668—    
1975 35,252+1.54%
1980 35,038−0.12%
1990 45,815+2.72%
1995 51,083+2.06%
2000 55,495+1.79%
2007 60,870+1.28%
2010 64,334+2.03%
2015 66,959+0.76%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Don Carlos, Bukidnon, was 66,959 people, [3] with a density of 310 inhabitants per square kilometre or 800 inhabitants per square mile.


Commerce and trade[edit]

Commercial activities in the municipality of Don Carlos pass through a network of various commercial establishments that scatter all over the municipality. Sari-sari stores dominate these establishments with heavy concentration in barangay centers, especially in barangay Don Carlos Sur.

Based on CY 2000 records of the Municipal Treasurer's Office (MTO), the municipality of Don Carlos had a total of 350 commercial establishments, majority of these commercial establishments are engaged in retailing, merchandising, food and beverage, catering and servicing.


Don Carlos is an agricultural municipality. It is endowed with vast tracts of fertile agricultural lands coupled with a favorable climate. Many people in the area are greatly dependent on the produce of the land. Being the main source of income of the municipality, agriculture utilizes about 149.5894 km² of land, representing 70% of the total land area of the municipality for the production of various crops.

In terms of production, in the year 1998, rice yielded 3,156.60 metric tons both in irrigated and rainfed farms. White and yellow corn production accounted to 39,086.10 metric tons covering 66.98 km² representing 11.78% to agricultural area. sugarcane production as second major crop next to corn, covers a physical area of 50 km² representing 33.42% with a total production of 21,000 metric tons.

The cash crops include leafy green vegetables, fruits, legumes and root crops. Coconut, sugarcane, banana, jackfruit, cacao and rubber comprise the commercial crops. Commercial crops cover 24.4194 km² and has a total production 2,523.75 metric tons.


The Municipality of Don Carlos is naturally endowed with sites which have been seen with strong potentials to be tourist destinations. These are the uncommercialized Lake Pinamaloy in Barangay Pinamaloy; the Sinangguyan and Kahulugan Waterfalls in Barangay Sinangguyan; and the Linking Caves and Spring in Barangay San Antonio East.

Lake Pinamaloy
Lake Pinamaloy also known as Tourism Lake has an approximate area of 0.6 km². It is considered as a landmark and tourist attraction, thus a development plan has been prepared and was submitted to the Department of Tourism as a blueprint of the program.
Sinangguyan and Kahulugan Falls
Combined to the other tourism sites of the municipality is the Sinangguyan and Kahulugan falls, which both have the approximate height of 20 to 25 meters.
Linking Caves and Spring
Located in San Antonio East, the Linking Caves and Spring adds tourism boost to the place. Reason enough that a proposal has been made to develop its nature into a swimming pool.

Evidently, these sites are enriched with innate natural physical features. Private sector and government efforts would be done to explore these potentials with extensive promotions in order to draw investors and encourage development and tourists.



Don Carlos will be the site of the proposed Bukidnon Domestic Airport which will be located at the unused former Maraymaray Airstrip in the municipality's Barangay Maraymaray. The sequestered airstrip was previously owned by the Cojuancos. The Bukidnon Airport Development Project was included in the Department of Transportation's budget for 2018. Funds for the construction and improvement of all road networks leading to the proposed airport have been allocated by the DPWH. Construction of the domestic airport was scheduled in 2018. It will be the fourth domestic airport operating in Northern Mindanao following Laguindingan Airport in Misamis Oriental, Labo Airport in Ozamiz City and Camiguin Airport in Camiguin.[15] Groundbreaking of the said airport was done in May 2018.[16]


  1. ^ Municipality of Don Carlos | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Bukidnon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Don Carlos: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Bukidnon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  10. ^; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  11. ^; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  12. ^; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ PROJECT WATCH: New Bukidnon (Don Carlos) Development Airport to start this year; P425 million budget allocated
  16. ^ "Bukidnon airport to break ground in May 2018" by Ruby Leonora R. Balistoy on April 28, 2018 (Philippine Information Agency – PIA Official)

External links[edit]