Don McCullin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table. Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table. Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.

Donald McCullin, CBE Hon FRPS (9 October 1935) is an internationally known British photojournalist, particularly recognized for his war photography and images of urban strife. His career, which began in 1959, has specialised in examining the underside of society, and his photographs have depicted the unemployed, downtrodden and the impoverished.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

McCullin grew up in Finsbury Park, North London, but he was evacuated to a farm in Somerset during the Blitz.[1] He is dyslexic[2][3] but displayed a talent for drawing at the Secondary Modern School he attended. He won a scholarship to Hammersmith School of Arts and Crafts[3] but, following the death of his father, he left school at the age of 15, without qualifications, for a catering job on the railways.[2][3] He was then called up for National Service with the Royal Air Force.

Career[edit]

During McCullin's period of National Service in the RAF he was posted to the Canal Zone during the 1956 Suez Crisis, where he worked as a photographer's assistant. He failed to pass the written theory paper necessary to become a photographer in the RAF, and so spent his service in the darkroom.[4][5] During this period McCullin bought his first camera, a Rolleicord. On return to Britain shortage of funds led to him pawning the camera. His mother used her own money to redeem the pledge.[6]

In 1959, a photograph he took of a local London gang was published in The Observer.[7] Between 1966 and 1984, he worked as an overseas correspondent for the Sunday Times Magazine, recording ecological and man-made catastrophes such as war-zones, amongst them Biafra, in 1968, and victims of the African AIDS epidemic.[5] His hard-hitting coverage of the Vietnam War and the Northern Ireland conflict is particularly highly regarded.

He also took the photographs of Maryon Park in London which were used in Michelangelo Antonioni's film Blowup.[8]

In 1968, his Nikon camera stopped a bullet intended for him.[9]

In 1982 the British Government refused to grant McCullin a press pass to cover the Falklands War,[10]Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.[11]Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.[12][13] claiming the boat was full.[14] At the time he believed it was because the Thatcher government felt his images might be too disturbing politically.

He is the author of a number of books, including The Palestinians (with Jonathan Dimbleby, 1980), Beirut: A City in Crisis (1983), and Don McCullin in Africa (2005).

His book, Shaped by War (2010), was published to accompany a major retrospective exhibition at the Imperial War Museum North, Salford, England in 2010 and then at the Victoria Art Gallery, Bath and the Imperial War Museum, London. His most recent publication is Southern Frontiers: A Journey Across the Roman Empire, a poetic and contemplative study of selected Roman and pre-Roman ruins in North Africa and the Middle East.

In 2012, a documentary film of his life titled McCullin and directed by David Morris and Jacqui Morris was released. The film was nominated for two BAFTA awards.

In later years, McCullin has turned to landscape and still-life works and taking commissioned portraits.

Family life[edit]

Currently living in Somerset, he is married and has five children from his current and earlier marriages.[5]

Selected works[edit]

Émile Béchard, Femme du Luxor from McCullin's personal selection of photographs from the National Media Museum's collection, 2009.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  • Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.

Selected awards[edit]

McCullin receiving the World Press Photo Award in 1964

Selected exhibitions[edit]

Quotes[edit]

  • "I grew up in total ignorance, poverty and bigotry, and this has been a burden for me throughout my life. There is still some poison that won't go away, as much as I try to drive it out."[23]
  • "I am a professed atheist, until I find myself in serious circumstances. Then I quickly fall on my knees, in my mind if not literally, and I say : 'Please God, save me from this.'"[23]
  • "I have been manipulated, and I have in turn manipulated others, by recording their response to suffering and misery. So there is guilt in every direction: guilt because I don't practise religion, guilt because I was able to walk away, while this man was dying of starvation or being murdered by another man with a gun. And I am tired of guilt, tired of saying to myself: "I didn't kill that man on that photograph, I didn't starve that child." That's why I want to photograph landscapes and flowers. I am sentencing myself to peace."[23]
  • "Photography for me is not looking, it’s feeling. If you can’t feel what you’re looking at, then you’re never going to get others to feel anything when they look at your pictures."[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Don McCullin at SundaySalon. Retrieved 22 March 2014
  2. ^ a b Don McCullin interview in The Guardian 22 December 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2014
  3. ^ a b c ftweekend Don Mcullin interview Retrieved 22 March 2014
  4. ^ Leo Benedictus "Don McCullin's best shot", The Guardian (London), 29 March 2007. A shortened version of this interview, omitting this material, appears here [1].
  5. ^ a b c Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  6. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  7. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  8. ^ Philippe Garner, David Alan Miller, Blow Up (Steidl, 2011).
  9. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  10. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  11. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  12. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  13. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  14. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  15. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  16. ^ Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Award Accessed 13 August 2012
  17. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  18. ^ Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Award
  19. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table. Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  20. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  21. ^ "Honorary graduates", University of Bath. Accessed 14 January 2012. (A list of honorary graduates of 2011.)
  22. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  23. ^ a b c Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.
  24. ^ Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.

External links[edit]

Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table. Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.

Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.

Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.Script error: The module returned a value. It is supposed to return an export table.