Don Partridge

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Don Partridge
Birth name Donald Eric Partridge[1]
Born (1941-10-27)27 October 1941
Bournemouth, England
Died 21 September 2010(2010-09-21) (aged 68)
Peacehaven, East Sussex, England
Genres Pop, folk, folk-rock, blues
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, busker, one-man band, multi-instrumentalist
Instruments Vocals, guitar, harmonica, kazoo, drums, cymbals, tambourine, vibes, foot-base
Years active Early 1960s–2010
Labels Columbia, Capitol, Regal Zonophone, LongMan Records
Associated acts Accolade; The Brotherhood; Slim Volume; Don Partridge & The Wild Foul
Website www.donpartridge.com (pending)[2]

Donald Eric Partridge (27 October 1941 – 21 September 2010)[3][4] was an English singer and songwriter, known as the "king of the buskers".[5] He performed from the early 1960s first as a folk singer and later as a busker and one-man band, and achieved unexpected commercial success in the UK and Europe in the late 1960s with the songs "Rosie", "Blue Eyes" and "Breakfast On Pluto". He later was a founder of the group "Accolade" which pressed two albums, and continued writing music, playing, busking and recording mainly as a solo artist until 2008.

Life and musical career[edit]

Don Partridge was born in Bournemouth, England. By his own account, he left home at age 15 and became a burglar, before working at some 45 different jobs.[6] In July 1963, he was reported in the national newspapers when he jumped off Hammersmith Bridge, London equipped with home-made wings, trying to fly.[7] In the early 1960s, he developed his busking and performing skills firstly in London and Continental Europe, later in 1963 busking around the coastal towns of South West England with fellow guitarist Alan Young and also playing at British and Irish folk clubs, initially singing British, Irish and American folk songs and blues with a guitar. In 1964 he and his friend Alan Young were described in the Evening Standard as the first young street musicians to be seen in London since World War II .[8] Later, inspired by American singer Jesse Fuller,[8] he constructed his first one-man band and started writing some of his own compositions. In London in 1966, together with fellow busker Pat Keene as "The Brotherhood", he recorded his first album entitled "Singin' 'n' Sole-in".[9]

Soon afterwards, he found that he gained more attention by performing with his one-man band, playing guitar, kazoo or harmonica (both held on a harness), bass drum (on his back), cymbals and tambourine at the same time.[6][8] He was frequently arrested and fined, but gained a local following and made TV appearances on several shows, including the Eamonn Andrews Show.[8]

Record company executive Don Paul, previously of rock and roll group The Viscounts, then won him a recording contract with Columbia Records.[6] His debut recording of his own song, "Rosie", reached No. 4 in the UK Singles Chart in March 1968.[10] Following its success, Partridge quit busking for a more orthodox professional singing career.[6] On 5 April 1968 Partridge appeared alongside Amen Corner, Gene Pitney, Status Quo and Simon Dupree and the Big Sound at The Odeon Theatre, Lewisham, London, on the opening night of a twice nightly UK tour covering 27 venues in 32 days.[11] Later in May 1968, he performed at the NME Musical Awards Show at Empire Pool, Wembley to a crowd of 10,000 alongside multiple artists including the Rolling Stones. His second hit quickly followed when "Blue Eyes" reached No. 3 in June 1968,[10] and he was featured on the front cover of the pop weekly Disc.[12] He also released a self-titled LP, which included folk and blues songs by Lead Belly, Bill Broonzy and Oscar Brand along with versions of Otis Redding's "(Sittin' On) the Dock of the Bay" and Robin Williamson's "First Girl I Loved", and several of his own compositions. He spent the summer of 1968 performing nightly shows at Blackpool Pier, alongside Solomon King, Les Dawson and others. His third single "Top Man", however, failed to make the UK chart.

Intending a farewell to his street musician friends, he hired the Royal Albert Hall in January 1969 and put on a "Buskers Concert" before an audience of 3,700, featuring buskers (including Dave Brock, later of Hawkwind),[13][14][15] who would all share the profits equally. A concert album, The Buskers, was released in 1969,[13] and Partridge's single "Breakfast on Pluto" reached No. 26 on the UK chart.[10] Partridge later assembled a Buskers' Tour, including Dave Brock and guitarist Gordon Giltrap, which travelled to concert venues around the UK in an old London Transport red double-decker bus, delivering buskers concerts at ten different venues, including sell-outs in Oxford and Newcastle - until the bus finally died on the M6 near Preston, and the buskers had to hitch-hike to reach the next concert venue in Glasgow.[16] In July 1969, Don starred with Love Affair, Status Quo, Alan Price, Yes, Grapefruit and Jimmy James & The Vagabonds in an Oxfam charity concert held at Wembley Stadium. He also journeyed to the US to promote the Tom Courtenay movie Otley, which featured his song "Homeless Bones" as the opening theme.[6]

By autumn 1969, together with guitarist Gordon Giltrap and other members, he had founded the group Accolade. This was an acoustic band, who developed a style of folk/jazz fusion. They recorded two albums (the second after Giltrap had left) and one single, before finally splitting up in 1971.[17][18] Partridge returned to busking, and after journeying throughout England and Wales in a gypsy caravan, later moved to Sweden where in 1974 he recorded the album, Don Partridge and Friends.[19] He continued to write music based on his relationships, travels and experiences, then formed a new group in Sweden called Slim Volume which toured the country giving concerts based on original songs.[2] In 1976 he travelled as a busker throughout Canada, and played at the Montreal Olympic Games. He later toured much of Western Europe busking, spending prolonged periods in Gothenburg, Copenhagen, Munich and Amsterdam before returning to Sweden. In 1982, the album Street Harvest was recorded and released in Stockholm, based mainly on his own compositions with acoustic guitar arrangements.[20] Don later returned to England, living first in Barwell, Leicestershire then on a canal barge, followed by Brixham, Devon [2] before finally settling in Seaford, Sussex, in 1990.[8]

In 2001 he recorded the album The Highwayman, with accompaniment by Herbie Flowers, Nick Pynn and Richard Durrant.[8][21] The album contained tracks inspired by Partridge's experiences of life on the road, including the autobiographical song "The Night I Met Elton John" and a treatment of Alfred Noyes' verse "The Highwayman".[22] In 2005, Partridge returned to public attention when his song "Breakfast on Pluto" was included in the soundtrack to the film Breakfast on Pluto. Partridge joined indie pop/trip hop duo Lemon Jelly on tour in the UK the same year.[5][23] He also made two appearances on the BBC Television comedy music quiz show, Never Mind The Buzzcocks.[24]

Partridge died of a heart attack on 21 September 2010 in Peacehaven, East Sussex,[25] close to Seaford where he spent much of his later life.

Discography[edit]

Singles & EP's[edit]

  • "Singing Soho Style" (Don Partridge) - this EP included "The False Bride", "Raggle Taggle Gypsies", "The Minstrel Boy" and "Jerusalem" – (1965) – [Capital Film Records]
  • "Rosie" (Don Partridge) b/w "Going Back to London" (Don Partridge) – (1968) – UK No. 4
  • "Blue Eyes" (Richard Kerr[26] and Joan Maitland) b/w "I've Got Something For You" (Don Partridge) – (1968) – UK No. 3
  • "Top Man" (Richard Kerr and Joan Maitland) b/w "We Have Ways of Making You Laugh" (Don Partridge) – (1968)
  • "Breakfast on Pluto" – (Don Partridge/Alan Young) b/w "Stealin'" (Trad. Arr. Don Partridge) – (1969) – UK No. 26
  • "Going To Germany" (Trad. Arr. Don Partridge) b/w "Ask Me Why" (Don Partridge) – (1969)
  • "Colour My World" (Peel-Kerr) b/w "Homeless Bones" (Myers-Partridge) – (1969)
  • "We're All Happy Together" (Don Partridge) b/w "Following Your Fancy" (Don Partridge) – (1970)
  • "Natural Day" (Don Partridge) b/w "Prelude To A Dawn (Brian Cresswell) - Accolade Single (1970)
  • "Grand Slam Boogie" (Don Partridge) b/w "Barb Wire" (Don Partridge) – (1982)

Albums[edit]

Solo studio[edit]

  • Don Partridge – (1968) – (Columbia Records)
  • Don Partridge and Friends – (1973) – (Sonogram Records / AB Europa Film, Sweden / EFG-7344)
    • "Happy Birthday Ruthy Baby" (B. Gallagher / G. Lyle)
    • "Bring It On Home" (Sonny Boy Williamson)
    • "Honey Pie" (J. Lennon / P. McCartney)
    • "Hey Baby" (M. Cobb / B. Channel)
    • "Blue Suede Shoes" (Carl Perkins)
    • "Midnight Special" (Trad. arr Partridge)
    • "I Am The Master Of The Revels (sung as: Rebels)" (P. Atkin / C. James)
    • "Gorillas" (Don Partridge)
    • "Honky Tonk Women" (M. Jagger / K. Richard)
    • "Creases In My Jeans" (Don Partridge)
    • "She Left Me" (Don Partridge)
    • "Thank You For Being A Stranger" (Don Partridge)
    • "Your Disguises" (Don Partridge)
  • Street Harvest - (1982) - (Europa Film Records, Sweden / ELP 5004)
    • "Grand Slam Boogie" (Don Partridge)
    • "Trans Canadian Highway" (Don Partridge)
    • "Whipsnade Zoo" (Don Partridge)
    • "Your Disguises" (Don Partridge)
    • "Elizabeth" (Don Partridge)
    • "Trans World Blues" (Don Partridge)
    • "Copenhagen Summer Nights" (Don Partridge)
    • "Barb Wire" (Don Partridge)
    • "Pakalolo Lady" (Don Partridge)
  • The Highwayman – (2004) – (LongMan Records 033CD)
    • "Jenny" (Don Partridge)
    • "Buskers' Greens" (Don Partridge)
    • "Surrender" (Don Partridge)
    • "The Highwayman" (Don Partridge)
    • "Copenhagen Summer Nights" (Don Partridge)
    • "Eclipse" (Don Partridge)
    • "Sector 5,9" (Don Partridge)
    • "Elderberry Wine" (Don Partridge)
    • "Trans Canadian Highway" (Don Partridge)
    • "Pakalolo Lady" (Don Partridge)
    • "The Night I Met Elton John" (Don Partridge)
  • Uncreased – (2007) – A privately pressed album produced by Bob Evans who also named it. Uncreased contained some of his old hits and also new material. It was recorded over a six-month period and featured some local talent from the Seaford area. It was Partridge's last recording.

Soundtracks and compilations[edit]

  • Singin' 'n Sole-in – (1966) - The Brotherhood, duo comprising Don Partridge & Pat Keene, arrangements of US blues / folk & gospel plus British folk songs (Fontana Records TL 5390)
  • Popdown – (1967) – (film soundtrack – Partridge appeared as himself in the movie, alongside Julie Driscoll, Zoot Money, Andy Summers, Brenton Wood and Tony Hicks)[27]
  • Otley – (1968) – (film soundtrack opens with the song "Homeless Bones" – co-composed and sung by Partridge)
  • The Buskers – (1969) – live recording of Royal Albert Hall "Buskers Concert" – (Columbia Records)
  • The Kerbside Entertainers – (1971) - includes four folk songs/hymns with vocals & acoustic guitar by Partridge (President Records / Jay Boy JSX 2009)
    • "I Once Loved a Lass" (Trad. arr. Partridge - also known as "The False Bride")
    • "The Minstrel Boy" (Thomas Moore)
    • "Raggle Taggle Gypsies" (Trad. Scottish, arr. Partridge)
    • "Jerusalem" (W. Blake / H. Parry)
  • Rosie and Other Hits – (1995) – (compilation of first solo album and single releases) – (Oxford Records)
  • Breakfast on Pluto – (2005) – (film soundtrack includes Partridge's hit song "Breakfast on Pluto", after which the book and its later film were named)

Accolade[edit]

  • Accolade – (1970) – Capitol Records / Columbia SCX 6405
    • "Maiden Flight Eliza" (Gordon Giltrap)
    • "Starting All Over" (Gordon Giltrap)
    • "Prelude to a Dawn" (Brian Cresswell)
    • "Never Ending Solitude" (Gordon Giltrap)
    • "Nature Boy" (Eden Ahbez)
    • "Calico" (Don Partridge)
    • "Ulysses" (Don Partridge)
    • "Go On Home" (Don Partridge)
  • Accolade 2 – (1971) – Regal Zonophone Records
    • "Transworld Blues" (Don Partridge)
    • "The Spider to The Spy" (Don Partridge)
    • "Baby Take Your Rags Off" (Don Partridge)
    • "Cross Continental Pandemonium Theatre Company" (Don Partridge, arr. Hoyle / Poole / Cresswell)
    • "Snakes In A Hole" (Wadnius/Borgudd)
    • "The Time I've Wasted" (Don Partridge)
    • "Sector Five Nine" (Don Partridge)
    • "If Only I'd Known" (Wizz Jones)
    • "William Taplin" (Gordon Giltrap)
    • "Long Way To Go" (Don Partridge)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Don Partridge". Dbopm.com. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Stewart Partridge, brother
  3. ^ GRO December quarter 1941 Bournemouth 2b 1350. Some sources inaccurately give a birth year of 1944.
  4. ^ Report of death, Music Week, 23 September 2010.
  5. ^ a b Longman Records article dated March 2005 Archived 26 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine., accessed 5 January 2010.
  6. ^ a b c d e The Rosie Side of the Street, Time magazine, 7 February 1969, accessed 5 January 2010.
  7. ^ "Four Flaps and the Birdman Flops" Daily Mirror, Mon 8/7/1963, p.9; "Bird Man Falls Into Thames" Daily Telegraph, 8/7/1963 p.11
  8. ^ a b c d e f Obituary, The Guardian, 24 September 2010, accessed 25 September 2010.
  9. ^ Fontana Records TL5390 (1966), produced by Alan Caddy & Steve Rowland
  10. ^ a b c Rice, Tim (1985). Guinness British Hit Singles (5th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 163. ISBN 0-85112-429-1. 
  11. ^ Whatya! information page Archived 26 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine., accessed 5 January 2010.
  12. ^ Cover of Disc magazine 22/06/1968, accessed 5 January 2010.
  13. ^ a b Dave Brock website, accessed 5 January 2010.
  14. ^ The Buskers album details, accessed 5 January 2010.
  15. ^ Time magazine (USA) Feb 7, 1969 p.44
  16. ^ Stewart Partridge, brother, who was on the tour
  17. ^ Allmusic biography on Accolade, accessed 5 January 2010.
  18. ^ Accolade at ProgArchives.com, accessed 5 January 2010.
  19. ^ Don Partridge and Friends album cover at Pete Atkin website.
  20. ^ Europa Film Records ELP 5004, produced by Dave Medlock
  21. ^ Longman Records 033CD (2001)
  22. ^ Longman Records shop website Archived 2 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine., accessed 5 January 2010.
  23. ^ Whisperin and Hollerin review, accessed 5 January 2010.
  24. ^ IMDb biography on Don Partridge, accessed 5 January 2010.
  25. ^ death certificate
  26. ^ Richard Kerr biography at Allmusic website, accessed 5 January 2010.
  27. ^ IMDb database, accessed 5 January 2010.

External links[edit]