Schollander at the 1964 Olympics
|Full name||Donald Arthur Schollander|
|National team||United States|
|Born||April 30, 1946|
Charlotte, North Carolina
|Height||5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)|
|Weight||174 lb (79 kg)|
|Club||Santa Clara Swim Club|
|College team||Yale College|
Donald Arthur Schollander (born April 30, 1946) is an American former competition swimmer, five-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in four events. He won a total of five gold medals and one silver medal at the 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics. With four gold medals, he was the most successful athlete at the 1964 Olympics.
Schollander was born in Charlotte, North Carolina, and learned competitive swimming from his uncle, Newt Perry, who ran a swimming school in Florida. As a boy, Schollander moved with his family to Lake Oswego, Oregon. Although his first sporting passion was football, he was too small to compete in high school football. Instead, he joined Lake Oswego High School's swim team, and in 1960, helped lead the team to an Oregon state swimming championship as a freshman.
As a teenager in 1962, Schollander moved to Santa Clara, California to train under swim coach George Haines of the Santa Clara Swim Club. Two years later at the age of 18, he won three freestyle events at the AAU national championships. He made the U.S. Olympic team in two individual events and two relays. Months later, he won four gold medals and set three world records at the 1964 Summer Olympics, at the time the most medals won by an American since Jesse Owens in 1936. His success helped earn him the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States, and the AP Athlete of the Year, defeating runner-up Johnny Unitas by a wide margin. He was also named ABC's Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year.
College and Olympic swimming
Schollander attended Yale College and is a member of Skull and Bones—a secret society—and the Delta Kappa Epsilon (Phi chapter) fraternity, as was the future President George W. Bush. He was the captain of Yale's swim team, winning three individual NCAA championships. At the 1968 Summer Olympics, Schollander won another gold medal in the 4×200-meter freestyle relay, but finishing second in the 200-meter freestyle, the event that Schollander had considered to be his best. This was the first Olympics in which 200-meter swimming events were part of the competition.
Following the 1968 Olympics, Schollander retired from competitive swimming.
Schollander was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame at age 19 in 1965. In 1983, he was one of the first group of inductees into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame. He is also a member of Oregon Sports Hall of Fame.
In 1971, he published his first book, Deep Water (with Duke Savage) chronicling his swimming, his teammates and coaches, and the behind-the-scenes politics of international swimming, especially the Olympic Games. He followed this book in 1974 with Inside Swimming (with Joel H. Cohen).
Schollander and his wife Cheryl reside in Lake Oswego, Oregon, where he runs Schollander Development, a real estate development company. His gold medals are on display to the public at a Bank of America branch location in downtown Lake Oswego. Schollander has three children, Jeb, Kyle and Katie.
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists at a single Games
- List of Olympic medalists in swimming (men)
- List of Yale University people
- World record progression 200 metres freestyle
- World record progression 400 metres freestyle
- World record progression 4 × 100 metres freestyle relay
- World record progression 4 × 200 metres freestyle relay
- Don Schollander. Sports-Reference.com
- John Lohn, Historical Dictionary of Competitive Swimming, Scarecrow Press, Inc., Lanham, Maryland, p. 133 (2010). Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Smiley-Height, Susan (July 5, 2006). "The Perry legacy lives on". Ocala.com. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- "Notable Oregonians: Don Schollander". Oregon Blue Book. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- Eggers, Kerry (June 2, 2004). "Medal fatigue". Portland Tribune. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- "Fourteenth Annual Oregon Interscholastic Swimming and Diving Championships" (PDF). Oregon School Activities Association. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- Ferrey, Tom (November 1, 2006). "A sporting blueblood". ESPN.com. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
- "Don Schollander". International Swimming Hall of Fame. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- "Hall of Fame Roll of Honor Members". Oregon Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Mason, Emily (November 2005). "Still Kicking". Swimming World Magazine. Archived from the original on October 19, 2007. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- Schollander, Don, and Duke Savage, Deep Water, Pelham Books (1971). ISBN 978-0720705423.
- Schollander, Don, and Joel H. Cohen, Inside Swimming, Contemporary Books (1974). ISBN 978-0809289066.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Don Schollander.|
- Don Schollander at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
- Don Schollander at the International Olympic Committee
- Don Schollander (USA) – Honor Swimmer profile at International Swimming Hall of Fame
- Wheaties Sports Federation – Archive video featuring Don Schollander at International Swimming Hall of Fame at the Wayback Machine (archived 2009-08-04)
| Men's 200-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)
August 11, 1962 – April 21, 1963
July 27, 1963 – May 24, 1964
August 1, 1964 – July 12, 1969
| Men's 400-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)
July 31, 1964 – August 18, 1966
August 18, 1966 – August 25, 1966