|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alaska's At-large district
March 6, 1973
|Preceded by||Nick Begich|
|Chairman of the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Bud Shuster|
|Succeeded by||Jim Oberstar|
|Chairman of the House Committee on Resources|
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||George Miller|
|Succeeded by||James V. Hansen|
|Member of the Alaska Senate
from the I district
January 11, 1971 – March 6, 1973
|Preceded by||Paul Haggland|
|Succeeded by||George Silides|
|Member of the Alaska House of Representatives
from the 16 district
January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1971
|Preceded by||Multi-member district|
|Succeeded by||Multi-member district|
|Mayor of Fort Yukon|
|Preceded by||Mardo Solomon|
|Succeeded by||Robert Mott|
|Born||Donald Edwin Young
June 9, 1933
Meridian, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Lu Fredson (m. 1963; d. 2009)
Anne Garland Walton (m. 2015)
|Alma mater||Yuba College
California State University, Chico
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1955–1957|
|Unit||41st Tank Battalion|
Donald Edwin "Don" Young (born June 9, 1933) is an American politician and member of the Republican Party who has served as the U.S. Representative for Alaska's at-large congressional district since March 1973. He is the longest-serving member ever of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Alaska and the second-longest currently serving House member, behind only John Conyers of Michigan.
Born in California, Young moved to Alaska in 1959. His political career began in 1964, when he was elected Mayor of Fort Yukon. He served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1967 to 1971 and then in the Alaska Senate from 1971 to 1973. He first ran for Congress in 1972, but lost to incumbent Democrat Nick Begich, who disappeared in a plane crash days before the election. Begich was declared legally dead in December 1972 and Young won the resulting special election in March 1973. Young has been re-elected twenty-one times, usually without significant opposition, although he did face strong challenges in the 2008 primary election and the 1974, 1990, 1992 and 2008 general elections. He won his 2016 primary with over 70% of the vote and faced Democrat Steve Lindbeck and Libertarian Jim McDermott in the general election, where he captured 50% of the vote to win his 23rd term in office.
Young is the second most-senior U.S. Representative and the most-senior Republican Representative. He is the second-highest ranking Republican on the Natural Resources and Transportation and Infrastructure committees. He chaired the former committee from 1995 to 2001 and the latter committee from 2001 to 2007. During his career, Young has twice faced federal investigations but has never been charged with wrongdoing.
- 1 Early life, education, and pre-political career
- 2 Early political career
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 3.1 Elections
- 3.2 Tenure
- 3.2.1 "Bridge to Nowhere" controversy
- 3.2.2 Knik Arm Bridge
- 3.2.3 Allegations of campaign fund misuse and earmark misuse
- 3.2.4 Comments on the Deepwater Horizon Spill
- 3.2.5 Support for oil drilling in ANWR
- 3.2.6 Use of a Latino slur on the radio
- 3.2.7 Offensive comments to student assemblies
- 3.3 Committee assignments
- 3.4 Caucus memberships
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
Early life, education, and pre-political career
Young was born in Meridian, Sutter County, California. He earned an associate's degree in education from Yuba College in 1952 and a bachelor's degree from Chico State College in 1958. He served in the Army from 1955 to 1957.
Young moved to Alaska in 1959, not long after it became a state. He eventually settled in Fort Yukon, a 700-person city on the Yukon River, seven miles above the Arctic Circle in Alaska’s central interior region. He made a living in construction, fishing, trapping and gold mining. He captained a tugboat and ran a barge operation to deliver products and supplies to villages along the Yukon River. He still holds his mariner's license. During the winter, he taught fifth grade at the local Bureau of Indian Affairs elementary school.
Early political career
Young began his political career in 1964 when he was elected Mayor of Fort Yukon, serving from 1964 to 1968. He also ran for the Alaska House of Representatives in 1964, but finished tenth, with the top seven candidates being elected for the multi-member district. He was elected to the State House in 1966 and re-elected in 1968. He "loved" the job, serving two full terms before he "got ambitious" and ran for the Alaska Senate in 1970. He was elected to the two-member District I alongside long-serving Republican State Senator John Butrovich, Jr. He "hated" the State Senate and, after encouragement from his wife, ran for Congress in 1972.
U.S. House of Representatives
Democratic State Senator Nick Begich was elected to the House of Representatives in 1970, to succeed Republican Howard Wallace Pollock, who ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for Governor of Alaska. Young ran against Begich in 1972 and placed second in the August 22 open primary with 13,958 votes (25.60%) to Begich's 37,873 (69.45%). Begich disappeared in a plane crash on October 16, 1972, 22 days before the November 7 general election. Begich won the general election with 53,651 votes (56.24%) to Young's 41,750 (43.76%) but was declared dead on December 29.
Young ran in the special election on March 6, 1973, and defeated Democrat Emil Notti by 35,044 votes (51.41%) to 33,123 (48.59%). He won a full term in 1974 with 51,641 votes (53.84%) to Democratic State Senator Willie Hensley's 44,280 (46.16%). He credits his victory to his leadership of the fight for the Trans-Alaskan Pipeline System.
Young was re-elected with at least 55% of the vote in all of the subsequent seven elections. He defeated former State Senator Eben Hopson with 71% of the vote in 1976, State Senator Patrick Rodey with 55.41% of the vote in 1978, Kevin "Pat" Parnell with 73.79% of the vote in 1980 and Dave Carlson with 70.84% of the vote in 1982.
In 1984 and 1986, he defeated Nick Begich's wife, Pegge Begich, by 113,582 votes (55.02%) to 86,052 (41.68%) and by 101,799 votes (56.47%) to 74,053 (41.08%), respectively. He defeated Peter Gruenstein with 62.5% of the vote in 1988 and then faced John Devens, the Mayor of Valdez, in 1990 and 1992. Young defeated him by 99,003 votes (51.66%) to 91,677 (47.84%) in 1990 and then faced a serious challenge in 1992. He was challenged in the Republican primary by State Senator Virginia M. Collins and defeated her by 24,869 votes (52.98%) to 19,774 (42.12%). In the general election, he was re-elected against Devens by 111,849 votes (46.78%) to 102,378 (42.82%). This is both the lowest winning percentage of his career and the only time he has won without a majority of the vote.
He defeated former Alaska Commissioner of Economic Development and 1992 Democratic U.S. Senate nominee Tony Smith with 56.92% of the vote in 1994, State Senator Georgianna Lincoln with 59.41% of the vote in 1996 and State Senator and former Speaker of the Alaska House of Representatives Jim Duncan with 62.55% of the vote in 1998. He defeated attorney Clifford Mark Greene with 69.56% of the vote in 2000 and with 74.66% of the vote in 2002, the largest winning percentage of his career. He received 213,216 votes (71.34%) against Thomas Higgins in 2004, the most votes he has ever received in a single election. In 2006, he defeated writer, dramatist and video production consultant Diane E. Benson with 56.57% of the vote.
- Republican primary
In light of many of the controversies, incumbent Lt. Gov. Sean Parnell announced he would run against Young in the August 26, 2008 Republican primary. Parnell was strongly supported by Gov. Sarah Palin and the Club for Growth. Other organizations opposed him because of what they viewed to be corrupt behavior by Young. This was the first primary since he was first elected in which Young faced a strong challenge.
Young received the endorsement of Mike Huckabee's political action committee, Huck PAC, in June 2008. After a storm of negative reaction, Huckabee explained on the Huck PAC blog that the endorsement was due in part to Young's endorsement and steadfast support of Huckabee during the 2008 Republican presidential primaries.
Final results on September 18 showed Young winning by 304 votes (0.28%), and Parnell announced that he would not seek a recount. Prior to the announcement of the unofficial results, both candidates had said that they would request a recount if they lost. The state of Alaska pays the costs of recounts when the difference is within a half percent, as it was in this primary election.
- General election
Young faced a strong challenge from Democrat Ethan Berkowitz, the 46-year-old former minority leader in the Alaska House of Representatives. Don Wright, the Alaskan Independence Party nominee, also challenged Young.
Young ran for a 20th term in 2010. He was challenged in the Republican primary by John R. Cox and Sheldon Fisher, a former telecommunications executive, winning with 74,117 votes (70.36%). He defeated Democratic State Representative Harry Crawford in the general election by 175,384 votes (68.96%) to 77,606 (30.51%). In 2012, Young drew two challengers in the Republican party, but easily defeated them with 58,789 votes (78.59%). In the general election, he defeated State Representative Sharon Cissna by 185,296 votes (63.94%) to 82,927 (28.62%).
In 2014, Young received 79,393 votes (74.29%) in the Republican primary against three challengers. In the general election, he defeated Democrat Forrest Dunbar by 142,572 votes (50.97%) to 114,602 (40.97%). Young was the only statewide incumbent in Alaska to win re-election that year, as Republican Governor Sean Parnell was defeated by Independent Bill Walker, and Democratic U.S. Senator Mark Begich was defeated by Republican Dan Sullivan. Young won re-election in 2016 with 50% of the vote in a four-way race.
As of April 1, 2015, Young is the third longest-serving House member, and the most-senior Republican. Due to his long tenure in the House and that of former Senator Ted Stevens, Alaska is considered to have clout in national politics far beyond its small population (it has long been one of the smallest states in population and is currently 47th, ahead of only North Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming). He is often called "Alaska's third senator." After the 1995 Republican takeover of the House, Young chaired the Committee on Natural Resources, which he renamed the "Committee on Resources". The name was changed back by Democrats in 2006 and has since been retained by Republican chairmen. He chaired the Committee until 2001, then chairing the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure from 2001 to 2007. He is currently the second-highest ranking Republican on both committees.
Young's voting record is relatively moderate by Republican standards. He has a lifetime rating of 77 from the American Conservative Union. He most often crosses lines on issues affecting labor. He was one of a small number of Republicans to vote against some free trade agreements and the Teamwork for Employees and Managers Act of 1995 (known as the "TEAM Act"). The bill would have weakened federal regulations against employer establishment and control of employee involvement programs. Although the bill indicated that EI plans should not be used specifically to discredit or prevent union organization, trade unions in the United States vehemently opposed the bill. Jim Wood, an AFL-CIO leader in Los Angeles, said the "TEAM Act actually would take us backward to the days of company unions." President Bill Clinton vetoed the bill on 30 July 1996. Young also was one of only 13 Republican congressmen to vote for the Employee Free Choice Act in 2007.
His record is anti-abortion and anti-gun control, but he was also among the Republicans to vote in favor of more federal funds for stem cell research and voted against the re-authorization of the Patriot Act. He is known for his opposition to federal control of Alaska's land and resources. He is also a strong proponent of opening the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil drilling.
During a 1994 House debate touching on the question of Alaska Natives' right to sell sex organs of endangered animals for the purpose of aphrodisiacs, he pulled out an eighteen-inch penis bone of a walrus, better known as an "oosik." He brandished it like a sword on the House floor at the face of the head of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
In 2000, when evidence surfaced that the Pittman-Robertson Act conservation trust funds were being mismanaged, Young introduced the Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Programs Improvement Act. The bill passed the House 423-2 and became law on Nov. 1, 2000 and defines in what manner the monies can be spent.
In the wake of the September 11 attacks in 2001, Young sponsored the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, in the United States House of Representatives, which created the Transportation Security Administration.
In July 2007, fellow Republican Congressman Scott Garrett of New Jersey proposed an amendment to strike money in a spending bill for native Alaskan and Hawaiian educational programs. Young defended the funds on the floor of the House, stating that "You want my money, my money." Young also stated that "Those who bite me will be bitten back." Young went on to suggest that conservative Republicans such as Garrett lost the Republicans their majority in the 2006 election by challenging spending earmarks, and made several critical remarks about the state of New Jersey. While Garrett did not ask for an official reprimand, other conservative Republicans took exception to Young's remarks that the funds in question represented his money. Members of the conservative Republican Study Committee gave Garrett a standing ovation later in the day during the group's weekly meeting and Virginia Foxx of North Carolina compared Young's earmarks to "legal theft."
Although Young is considered to be Pro-Life and was quoted saying, "... I have always voted for pro-life legislation as I believe an unborn child is a human being and should be protected through all stages of life," (1997) his official positions on the subject do not make abortion illegal in every scenario. Young believes that abortion should be legal only when the pregnancy is a result of incest or rape, or in the case that a woman’s life is endangered by her pregnancy. He has addressed the issue of the time-period in which abortions should be legal, saying he does not think abortions should be limited to the first trimester of a pregnancy, and also disagrees with the idea of federal subsidies prohibiting abortions.
According to The New Republic, Young is "well-known for his sharp elbows and generous appetite for legislative pork." His reputation for steering federal dollars to Alaska is almost as legendary as that of Ted Stevens. For example, in the 2005 Highway Bill, Young helped secure $941 million for 119 "special projects," including a $231 million bridge in Anchorage that a rider in the bill named for Young himself.
"Bridge to Nowhere" controversy
In 2005, Young and Stevens earmarked $223 million for building the enormous Gravina Island Bridge from Ketchikan to Gravina Island, which also contains Ketchikan's airport. The bridge would be used for access by emergency vehicles, as well as passengers. Currently there is a small car and passenger ferry that travels the 1/4 mile (400 m) crossing in 3 to 7 minutes and runs every half-hour. Critics assailed this as pork barrel spending at taxpayers' expense and dubbed it the "Bridge to Nowhere." The Gravinia Island Bridge was awarded a Golden Fleece by the federal budget watchdog organization Taxpayers for Common Sense in 2003. After criticism from citizens and others in Congress, lawmakers de-funded the bridge and instead funneled the money to Alaska's Department of Transportation, allowing the Governor of Alaska to start road construction after the Alaska Legislature funded the project with the directed monies.
Another bridge earmarked in the bill connects Anchorage to Pt. Mackenzie, a lightly populated area in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough that is situated less than four miles (6 km) across Cook Inlet from downtown Anchorage.
Currently, Anchorage is accessible from Point Mackenzie only by an 80-mile (130 km) route around Knik Arm, much of which is an unimproved road. The demise of this second bridge project has been suggested for years.
Part of the concern for the Bridge is that if it were built, it would significantly enhance the value of property in which Young's son-in-law owns an interest. 
He was listed as the third-worst congressman by the popular magazine Rolling Stone, and dubbed "Mr. Pork" due to his involvement in the Gravina Island "Bridge to Nowhere" incident. In the article, Young is quoted as saying that "Environmentalists are a self-centered bunch of waffle-stomping, Harvard-graduating, intellectual idiots" who "are not Americans, never have been Americans, never will be Americans."
2007 federal investigation
On July 24, 2007, the Wall Street Journal reported that Young was under federal investigation for possibly taking bribes, illegal gratuities or unreported gifts from VECO Corporation, an Anchorage-based company. The top two executives of that company had already pleaded guilty to bribing members of the Alaska legislature. The Journal said a VECO executive held fundraisers called "the Pig Roast" for Young every August for ten years. Between 1996 and 2006, Young received $157,000 from VECO employees and its political action committee. In the first half of 2007, Young spent more than $250,000 of his campaign contributions for legal fees.
A confession signed by Bill Allen, the former chief of VECO, was released in October 2009. Allen swore that from 1993 to August 2006, both he and his deputy at VECO, Rick Smith, "provided things of value to United States Representative A," a reference to Young. For example, in June 2006, Smith obtained a set of golf clubs, costing approximately $1,000, that Smith gave to Young. Although Young was obligated in 2006 to report gifts with a value of more than $335, he didn't report receiving any gifts on the personal financial disclosure form he filed with the House of Representatives for that year.
In August 2010, following the reversal of the seven felony guilty verdicts in U.S. Senator Ted Stevens's case, the investigation launched by the FBI was closed. The Department of Justice's Public Integrity Section concluded it could not obtain a conviction. The office noted that the evidentiary findings of their investigation were being forwarded to the House Ethics Committee. The committee, composed of five Republicans and five Democrats, subsequently made no official findings.
2013 federal investigation
In March 2013, the House Ethics Committee created another special committee to investigate more allegations that Young improperly accepted gifts, used campaign funds for personal expenses, failed to report gifts in financial disclosure documents, and made false statements to federal officials. On future predictions, Young stated "it will go forever. I've been under a cloud all my life. I'm sort of like living in Juneau. It rains on you all the time. You don't even notice it."
The Ethics Committee formed a sub-committee charged with the duty of determining whether or not Young broke the law. In 2014, the Committee issued a rebuke to Young after finding he had failed to disclose gifts totaling over $60,000 between 2001 and 2013. In 2016, he was once again under scrutiny for failing to report inherited property assets for 25 years, as well as the value of oil and gas leases consummated only seven months after he left his six-year chairmanship of the United States House Committee on Natural Resources.
Allegations of campaign fund misuse and earmark misuse
For three years in a row, Young was included in the annual listing of the most corrupt members of Congress compiled by Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington. CREW said he had been investigated for using campaign funds for personal expenses and for a $10 million 2005 earmark to build the Coconut Road Interchange on the I-75 in southwest Florida, which benefitted a campaign donor. No charges have been brought for any criminal wrongdoing after investigations by the FBI. After protests, the funding was reallocated for the Bonita Beach Road interchange. The House Ethics Committee found he had improperly used campaign funds for personal expenses.
Comments on the Deepwater Horizon Spill
In late 2010, Obama administration officials stated that the Deepwater Horizon spill exceeded the Exxon Valdez spill, as they estimated that the gusher had spewed between 15 million US gallons (57,000 m3) and 40 million US gallons (150,000 m3) of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. Young claimed that the oil pumping into the Gulf was not an "environmental disaster", stating that it was a "natural phenomena" as "oil has seeped into this ocean for centuries, will continue to do it. During World War II there was over ten million barrels of oil spilt from ships, and no natural catastrophe. We will lose some birds, we will lose some fixed sealife, but overall it will recover." According to the Flow Rate Technical Group, the Deepwater Horizon blowout amounted to about 4.9 million barrels (210 million US gal; 780,000 m3) of oil, exceeding the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill as the largest ever to originate in U.S.-controlled waters and the 1979 Ixtoc I oil spill as the largest spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
Support for oil drilling in ANWR
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2013)|
The Arctic Refuge drilling controversy has repeatedly brought Young into the national spotlight. Young has been a longstanding supporter of opening lands within the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil exploration. He has included provisions to that effect in 12 bills that have passed the House of Representatives, but environmentalists concerned with the impact of road-building, pipelines and other development on the Arctic tundra landscape have thus far successfully defeated such legislation in the Senate.
On November 18, 2011, Young got into an argument during a Congressional hearing with Douglas Brinkley, a historian who teaches at Rice University in Texas, over the idea of drilling in ANWR. During Brinkley’s testimony Young was not present in the room, yet still responded to the speech Brinkley had made. Young himself commented that his absence during Brinkley's testimony was attributable to a pre-scheduled vote on the House floor. Young not only referred to Brinkley’s argument as “garbage”, but also addressed Brinkley as “Mr. Rice,” (rather than Dr. Brinkley). Brinkley responded with remarks about Young's own education, stating, "I know you went to Yuba College and couldn't graduate." Young's reaction, “I’ll say anything I want to say! You just be quiet!”, was met with Brinkley's refusal, and response that Young, "didn't own [him]" and quipping that as a taxpayer, he pays Young's salary. The two continued arguing intermittently throughout the hearing, with the committee chairman ultimately threatening Brinkley with removal.
Use of a Latino slur on the radio
On March 28, 2013, Young caused some controversy when he used the ethnic slur "wetbacks" during a radio interview to describe Latino migrant farm workers who worked at his father's ranch when he was growing up. Young issued a statement later that day saying that he "meant no disrespect" and that he "used a term that was commonly used during my days growing up on a farm in central California". The Associated Press said that while Rep. Young explained his statement, he "did not apologize." Prominent figures in the Republican Party, including House Speaker John Boehner and Senator John Cornyn, condemned the remarks as "offensive" and "derogatory". On March 29, 2013, Latino advocacy group Presente.org called for Rep. Young's resignation in reaction to his use of the slur. On March 29, 2013, Young issued a formal apology for his remarks, stating, "I apologize for the insensitive term," and that "it was a poor choice of words."
Offensive comments to student assemblies
At an assembly at Anchorage's West Anchorage High School in 2004, Young was answering questions about cutting federal funding for the arts. He said that such funding had "photographs of people doing offensive things," and "things that are absolutely ridiculous." When asked for an example, Young quickly replied "buttfucking", in reference to Robert Mapplethorpe's photographic exhibition The Perfect Moment. After receiving criticism for the use of that obscenity, Young explained his choice of words by saying he had tried 'to educate' teens.
On October 21, 2014, Young addressed an assembly of students at Wasilla High School, shortly after a student there committed suicide. During a question and answer session, he said that the student's suicide had been caused by a lack of support from family and friends. When he was criticized by a student, Young called him an "asshole." Young apologized for these comments on October 24, stating, "I am profoundly and genuinely sorry for the pain it has caused the Alaskan people."
- Committee on Natural Resources
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- Arthritis Caucus
- Congressional Cannabis Caucus
- Congressional Unmanned Systems Caucus
- House Biomedical Research Caucus
- House Diabetes Caucus
- International Conservation Caucus
- Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus
- Sportsmen's Caucus
- Congressional Cement Caucus
Young was married to the former Lula Fredson, an indigenous Gwich'in. She volunteered her time serving as the manager of her husband's Washington, D.C. congressional office. They had two daughters and were members of the Episcopal Church. Lula died on August 1, 2009 at the age of 67.
|Year||Republican||Votes||Pct||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Third Party||Votes||Pct||Third Party||Votes||Pct||Third Party||Votes||Pct||Write-in votes||Write-in %|
|1972||Don Young||41,750||43.76%||Nick J. Begich*||53,651||56.24%|
|1973||Don Young||35,044||51.41%||Emil Notti||33,123||48.39%|
|1974||Don Young*||51,641||53.84%||William L. Hensley||44,280||46.16%|
|1976||Don Young*||83,722||71.00%||Eben Hopson||34,194||29.00%|
|1978||Don Young*||68,811||55.41%||Patrick Rodey||55,176||44.43%||200||0.16%|
|1980||Don Young*||114,089||73.79%||Kevin Parnell||39,922||25.82%||607||0.39%|
|1982||Don Young*||128,274||70.84%||Dave Carlson||52,011||28.72%||799||0.44%|
|1984||Don Young*||113,582||55.02%||Pegge Begich||86,052||41.68%||Betty Breck (I)||6,508||3.15%||295||0.14%|
|1986||Don Young*||101,799||56.47%||Pegge Begich||74,053||41.08%||Betty Breck (L)||4,182||2.32%||243||0.14%|
|1988||Don Young*||120,595||62.50%||Peter Gruenstein||71,881||37.25%||479||0.25%|
|1990||Don Young*||99,003||51.66%||John S. Devens||91,677||47.84%||967||0.51%|
|1992||Don Young*||111,849||46.78%||John S. Devens||102,378||42.82%||Michael States (AKI)||15,049||6.29%||Mike Milligan (G)||9,529||3.99%||311||0.13%|
|1994||Don Young*||118,537||56.92%||Tony Smith||68,172||32.74%||Joni Whitmore (G)||21,277||10.22%||254||0.12%|
|1996||Don Young*||138,834||59.41%||Georgianna Lincoln||85,114||36.42%||William J. Nemec II (AKI)||5,017||2.15%||John J. G. Grames (G)||4,513||1.93%||222||0.10%|
|1998||Don Young*||139,676||62.55%||Jim Duncan||77,232||34.59%||John J. G. Grames (G)||5,923||2.65%||469||0.21%|
|2000||Don Young*||190,862||69.56%||Clifford Mark Greene||45,372||16.54%||Anna C. Young (G)||22,440||8.18%||Jim Dore (AKI)||10,085||3.68%||Leonard J. Karpinski (L)||4,802||1.75%||832||0.30%|
|2002||Don Young*||169,685||74.66%||Clifford Mark Greene||39,357||17.32%||Russell deForest (G)||14,435||6.35%||Rob Clift (L)||3,797||1.67%||291||0.00%|
|2004||Don Young*||213,216||71.34%||Thomas M. Higgins||67,074||22.44%||Timothy A. Feller (G)||11,434||3.83%||Alvin A. Anders (L)||7,157||2.40%||1,115||0.4%|
|2006||Don Young*||132,743||56.57%||Diane E. Benson||93,879||40.01%||Alexander Crawford (L)||4,029||1.72%||Eva L. Ince (G)||1,819||0.78%||William W. Ratigan (I)||1,615||0.69%||560||0.24%|
|2008||Don Young*||158,939||50.14%||Ethan Berkowitz||142,560||44.98%||Don Wright (AKI)||14,274||4.50%||1,205||0.38%|
|2010||Don Young*||175,384||68.87%||Harry Crawford||77,606||30.64%||1,345||0.49%|
|2012||Don Young*||185,296||63.94%||Sharon Cissna||82,927||28.61%||Jim McDermott (L)||15,028||5.19%||Ted Gianoutsos (I)||5,589||1.93%||964||0.33%|
|2014||Don Young*||142,572||50.97%||Forrest Dunbar||114,602||40.97%||Jim McDermott (L)||21,290||7.61%||1,277||0.46%|
|2016||Don Young*||155,088||50.32%||Steve Lindbeck||111,019||36.02%||Jim McDermott (L)||31,770||10.31%||Bernie Souphanavong (I)||9,093||2.95%||1,228||0.40%|
- "AK State House 16 1964". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK State House 16 1966". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK State House 16 1968". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "Don Young, 81, files to run for re-election". Alaska Pipeline. February 19, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- "AK Senate I 1970". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large – Open Primary 1972". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1972". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large- Special Election 1973". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1974". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- Congressman Don Young, Congressman For All Alaska: Biography
- "AK At-Large 1976". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1978". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1978". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1982". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1984". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1988". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1990". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large – R Primary 1992". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1992". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1994". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1996". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 1998". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 2000". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 2002". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 2004". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "AK At-Large 2006". OurCampaigns. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- Ben Pershing (2008-07-01). Don Young Brings Out the Big Guns The Washington Post, retrieved on 2008-07-15.
- Mike Huckabee. Rep. Young (Updated) Huck PAC Blog, Retrieved on 2008-07-15.
- Anne Sutton, "No recount in GOP race for Alaska's House seat", Associated Press, September 18, 2008.[dead link]
- Haplin, James. "GOP primary comes down to overseas ballots, likely recount". Anchorage Daily News. September 9, 2008. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
- Sutton, Anne. "Young wins Alaska House primary by 304 votes". Anchorage Daily News. September 18, 2008. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
- ap.google.com, Young retains US House seat in Alaska[dead link]
- kfor.com, Young retains US House seat in Alaska
- Anchorage Daily News, The other congressional race – Berkowitz concedes to Young
- SEAN COCKERHAM firstname.lastname@example.org. "Young announces he'll seek 20th term in Congress: Politics". adn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- MARY PEMBERTON The Associated Press (2010-01-22). "Former ACS exec to try for Young's job: Rep. Don Young". adn.com. Retrieved 2010-08-22.[permanent dead link]
- SEAN COCKERHAM email@example.com. "Halcro says he'll challenge Young in GOP House primary: Politics". adn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- Election Night 2010: Incumbents Parnell and Young Re-Elected, Possibly Murkowski [[Alaska Public Radio Network|APRN 3-10-2010]
- "AK At-Large – R Primary Race – Aug 28, 2012". Our Campaigns. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Thiessen, Mark. "The Associated Press – Rep. Don Young wins GOP primary for US House seat". Associated Press. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "AK – At-Large Race – Nov 06, 2012". Our Campaigns. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "2014 Primary Elections August 19, 2014 Official Results". State of Alaska Division of Elections. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
- Dickinson, Tim (2006-10-17). "The 10 Worst Congressmen". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- 2006 U. S. Congress Ratings
- See the Text of the TEAM Bill
- Hon. Don Young (Alaska – at large) Legislation Release
- Homans, Charles (August 30, 2008). "Waving an "Oosik" to Make a Point". New Republic. Tampa Bay Times.
- "Ex-aide to GOP's Don Young Goes to Work for Dems". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. August 31, 2011.
- "GovTrack: House Vote on Conference Report: S. 900 [106th]: Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act". Govtrack.us. 1999-11-04. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- "Who's Whining Now? Economists Hit Gramm". Abcnews.go.com. 2008-09-19. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- Paletta, Damian; Scannell, Kara (2009-03-10). "Ten Questions for Those Fixing the Financial Mess". The Wall Street Journal.
- "THOMAS". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
- Bill Summary & Status – 107th Congress (2001 – 2002) – H.R.3150 – THOMAS (Library of Congress)
- North to Alaska, The Politico dated July 17, 2007.
- "Congressman Don Young". Donyoung.house.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Don Young – Political Positions – Project Vote Smart". Votesmart.org. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers 112th Congressional List" (PDF). Americans for Tax Reform. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- Risen, Clay (2005-08-03). "Driven to Distraction". The New Republic. Retrieved 2007-06-07.[dead link]
- Murray, Shailagh (2005-07-30). "After 2-Year Wait, Passage Comes Easily". The Washington Post. p. A09. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
- Golden Fleece: $190 Million Bridge to Nowhere (PDF), 2003-06-09, retrieved 2013-06-21
- Clarren, Rebecca (2005-08-09). "A bridge to nowhere". Salon. Archived from the original on 2007-02-05. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
- "Alaska: End Sought For 'bridge To Nowhere'". The New York Times. 2007-09-22.
- "Final Days of Don Young's Way?". Taxpayers for Common Sense. June 9, 2008.
- Mauer, Richard (2005-12-19). "Bridge would help Young's son-in-law". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on 2008-05-05. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
To state Board of Fisheries chairman Art Nelson, Don Young's Way, the proposed Knik Arm crossing named after his father-in-law, is hardly a bridge to nowhere.
For Nelson and his well-connected partners in Point Bluff LLC, Rep. Don Young's span is in fact a bridge to somewhere: their 60 acres of unobstructed view property on the Point MacKenzie side of Cook Inlet.
- "Paper reports Young's Veco ties investigated", Associated Press, July 25, 2007
- Bribery, "Bribery allegations surface against Alaska Rep. Young", McClatchy Newspapers, October 22, 2009
- Bresnahan, John (March 19, 2013). "House Ethics Committee opens probes into Don Young, Rob Andrews". Politico.
- Bohrer, Becky (March 28, 2013). "Young Responds to New Ethics Investigation". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03.
- U.S. Rep. Don Young's ownership in his family's farm with gas leases wasn't disclosed for years, Alaska Dispatch News, Nathaniel Hertz, August 28, 2016. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- Coconut Road will be home to residences, not interchange, The News-Press, Chris Umpierre, October 13, 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- Watchdog targets Hill's 'most corrupt', Politico, Rachael Bade, September 18, 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- F.B.I. Investigation Into Representative Don Young The New York Times April 20, 2012
- Don Young Cited for Personal Use of Campaign Money The New York Times, June 30, 2014
- "Rep. Don Young (R-AK) says BP oil gusher is 'not an environmental Disaster'". 2010-06-03. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
- Hoch, Maureen (2 August 2010). "New Estimate Puts Gulf Oil Leak at 205 Million Gallons". PBS NewsHour. MacNeil/Lehrer Productions. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
- Robertson, Campbell; Krauss, Clifford (2 August 2010). "Gulf Spill Is the Largest of Its Kind, Scientists Say". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
- Rep. Young Comments on Governor Parnell’s Exploration Proposal for ANWR 1002 Area, donyoung.house.gov
- Amendment to open ANWR fails in U.S. Senate, Matt Buxton, Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, March 14, 2012.
- Otto, Shawn Lawrence (November 19, 2011). "When Despots and Bullies Run The Government". Huffington Post.
- Cole, Dermot (November 19, 2011). "Historian gets into it with Don Young during Congressional hearing". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Archived from the original on 2012-06-01.
- "Douglas Brinkley and Rep. Don Young in committee hearing smackdown". The Washington Post. November 18, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
- "Jobs and Drilling in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge" video transcript, C-Span Video Library, congressional hearing, November 18, 2011, 1 hour 9 minutes.
- "Don Young Uses 'Wetbacks' To Describe Latinos (AUDIO)". Huffingtonpost.com. March 29, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Jim Abrams (March 29, 2013). "Alaska Rep. Don Young 'meant no disrespect' by ethnic slur, but doesn't apologize". The Associated Press.
- "John Boehner On Don Young Racial Slur: 'There's No Excuse'". huffingtonpost.com. March 29, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
- "Latino group calls for Young's resignation". March 29, 2013. Archived from the original on April 11, 2013.
- Camia, Catalina (March 29, 2013). "GOP's Don Young apologizes for racial slur". USA Today. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
- "Republican Congressman Don Young to Local Radio Station: "We Used to Hire 50-60 Wetbacks to Pick Tomatoes"". Gawker.com. March 28, 2013. Archived from the original on June 4, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Medred, Craig (29 March 2013). "A look back at Don Young's illustrious history of pissing off Americans". Alaska Dispatch. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Young's Vulgarity Jars Teens, Anchorage Daily News (AP), April 23, 1995. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- "Murkowski asks for Young apology on suicide comments". Alaska Dispatch News. October 23, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- "GOP Rep. Don Young apologizes for suicide comments". USA Today. October 25, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- "Alaska Rep. Young is a founding member of the U.S. House Cannabis Caucus". Alaska Dispatch News. February 16, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
- "Dyeing for a better Kenai salmon count: Alaska Newsreader". adn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-08-04. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- "Don Young Introduces Fiancee at Church Event". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Rep. Don Young, most senior House Republican, just got married". USA Today. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2007-12-26. Retrieved 2007-08-08.
- "State of Alaska 2012 General Election". Alaska Division of Elections. November 28, 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Donald Young at 100 Years of Alaska's Legislature
- Don Young caught lying about debate over emissions bill Alaska Report, May 20, 2006
- Don Young Gives Self Fictitious "Hero of the Taxpayer" Award from Watchdog Group July 25, 2008
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Don Young.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Don Young|
- Congressman Don Young official U.S. House site
- Don Young for Congress
- Don Young at DMOZ
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alaska's At-large congressional district
|Chairman of the House Natural Resources Committee
James V. Hansen
|Chairman of the House Transportation Committee
|Most Senior Republican in the U.S. House of Representatives
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority