Don de Dieu (ship)

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St. Lawrence Iroquoians welcome Samuel de Champlain, on board of Le Don de Dieu, when arriving at Québec in 1608.

Explorer Samuel de Champlain arrived on the ship Don de Dieu,[1] or "Gift of God" to found Quebec in 1608.


Don de Dieu is one of three ships that set sail from France under Captain Henry Couillard [2] in the spring of 1608 to Tadoussac, from where the men, bringing the materials, reached on small boats what is now the Vieux-Québec (Canada), on July 3, 1608, date of the founding of Quebec City.[3][4][5]

The ship is remembered in the motto of Quebec City: Don de Dieu feray valoir, "I shall put God's gift to good use."

1633 voyage to Quebec[edit]

In 1633, Cardinal Richelieu appointed Champlain as his lieutenant, giving him the opportunity to return to Quebec. (Champlain had been removed from his position as Governor of Quebec the prior year and had dedicated himself to working on a new edition of his voyages.) In March 1633, Champlain set sail for Quebec with about 200 colonists in three ships, Don de Dieu, St. Pierre, and St. Jean. He was received in Quebec with "loud acclamations."[6]

Replica ship at 300th anniversary[edit]

Don de Dieu1.jpg
Replica of Don de Dieu during the 300th anniversary of the founding of Quebec City in 1908
History
Royal Standard of King Louis XIV.svgCanada
Name: Don de Dieu
Builder: Jean A. Chapdelaine, Sorel, Quebec
Launched: 1907
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 3 tons
Length: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Propulsion: Steam [7]

A pageant was held for the 300th anniversary, the Quebec Tercentenary in 1908.

July 23. At 3 p.m. — Arrival of Champlain on his ship, Don de Dieu. At 4 o'clock. — Presentation of the Civic Address of welcome to H.R.H. The Prince of Wales with other official ceremonies commemorative of Champlain and of the founding of Quebec. Review of the Historical procession in front of the Champlain Monument. Illumination of the combined fleets and of the surrounding country in the evening and great display of fireworks on the Heights of Levis opposite Quebec.[8]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Makers of Canada. 11. Toronto: Morang & Co. 1910. p. 105. OCLC 4752267. 
  2. ^ The Makers of Canada. 11. Toronto: Morang & Co. 1910. p. 91. OCLC 4752267. 
  3. ^ Munro, William Bennett (1915). The seigneurs of old Canada: a chronicle of New-World feudalism. Toronto: Glasgow, Brook & Co. pp. 9–10. OCLC 7181049. 
  4. ^ Campbell, Thomas J (1915). Pioneer laymen of North America. New York: America Press. pp. 112–113. OCLC 682036. 
  5. ^ Doughty, Arthur G (1908). The cradle of New France; a story of the city founded by Champlain. Montreal: Cambridge Corp. pp. 24–26. OCLC 6976510. 
  6. ^ Bryce, George (1887). A Short History of the Canadian people. London: S. Low. p. 148. OCLC 457178093. 
  7. ^ International Ship Masters' Association of the Great Lakes, Grand Secretary (April 1910). A Directory of names, pennant numbers and addresses of all members of the International Ship Masters' Association of the Great Lakes. S.l.: International Ship Masters' Association of the Great Lakes. p. 232. OCLC 9626875. 
  8. ^ Hopkins, John Castell (1908). The Canadian annual review of public affairs. Toronto: Annual Review Pub. Co. pp. 245–246. OCLC 1771155.