Donald Arthur

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Donald C. Arthur
VADM Donald Arthur.gif
Arthur's Official Picture (Navy Bio)
Surgeon General of the Navy
In office

Donald Caldwell Arthur, Jr. is a retired U.S. Navy medical corps vice admiral (VADM). He entered the Navy in 1974, qualified as both a Naval Flight Surgeon[1] and a Submarine Medical Officer, and eventually served as the 35th Surgeon General of the United States Navy (2004–2007).[2]

Accomplishments and decorations[edit]

Arthur's work on the Defense Health Board Task Force on Mental Health[3] reflected his advocacy for PTSD in service members and combat veterans. He addressed the stigma of mental health[4] in the military and made efforts to alleviate it. Arthur was an advocate for service members who incurred and suffered with Traumatic Brain Injury. Arthur was also an advocate for gay service members in the military.[5]

Credentials investigation[edit]

In 2005, author and activist B.G. Burkett urged then-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Michael Mullen to investigate Arthur, claiming that some of his education credentials were inappropriate, because they had been obtained from unaccredited institutions, and that they had influenced his promotions within the Navy. In turn, Arthur claimed that he had been misinformed about the institution's accreditation, and that an internal investigation by the Navy had cleared him of any wrongdoing.[6] Despite this, Arthur was quoted to have said the following about the inicident at the time, "I could say I was naive, but I was 40 years old. And I didn't understand completely what was going on."[7]

Awards and decorations[edit]

USN Flight Surgeon.jpg
Gold star
Award star (gold).pngAward star (gold).pngAward star (gold).png Award star (gold).pngAward star (gold).png Award star (gold).pngAward star (gold).png
Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png Fleet Marine Force Combat Insignia.svgBronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png
Bronze star
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines).svg Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) ribbon.svg
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) ribbon.svg
Navy Flight Surgeon Badge
Navy Distinguished Service Medal with one gold award star
Legion of Merit with three gold award stars Meritorious Service Medal with two award stars Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal with two award stars
Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal Combat Action Ribbon Navy Unit Commendation
Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation with two bronze 3/16 service stars Battle "E" Fleet Marine Force Ribbon
Navy Expeditionary Medal National Defense Service Medal with two service stars Southwest Asia Service Medal w/ FMF Combat Operation Insignia and two service stars
Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal Sea Service Deployment Ribbon with two service stars Navy and Marine Corps Overseas Service Ribbon with service star
Special Operations Service Ribbon Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) Navy Rifle Marksmanship Medal Navy Pistol Marksmanship Medal
Submarine Medical Badge

Present activities[edit]

Arthur joined the TriWest Health care Alliances Executive Advisory Board in 2008.[8]