Donald McKay House
Donald McKay House
Partial view of the McKay House facade.
|Location||78–80 White St.|
East Boston, Massachusetts
|Area||0.3 acres (0.12 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|Part of||Eagle Hill Historic District (#98000149)|
|NRHP reference #||82004450|
|Added to NRHP||June 2, 1982|
|Designated CP||February 26, 1998|
The house was built in 1844 in the Greek Revival architectural style, which is distinguished by its pitched roof and front-facing gable resembling a Greek pediment. Donald McKay (1810 – 1880) moved into the house in 1845, and during his residence there he designed and built some of the most successful clippers in history. These ships include the Flying Cloud (1851), which made two 89-day passages from New York to San Francisco; the Sovereign of the Seas (1852), which posted the fastest speed ever by a sailing ship (22 knots) in 1854; the Lightning (1854), which set multiple records, including sailing 436 miles in a 24-hour period and sailing from Melbourne, Australia, to Liverpool, England, in 64 days; and the James Baines (1854), which logged a speed of 21 knots on June 18, 1856.
While living in East Boston, McKay also built five large packet ships for Enoch Train's White Diamond Line, which specialized in the Atlantic emigrant route from Europe to North America, between 1845–1850. These ships were the Washington Irving, the Anglo Saxon, the Anglo American, the Daniel Webster, and the Ocean Monarch. The Ocean Monarch was lost to fire on August 28, 1848, soon after leaving Liverpool and within sight of Wales; over 170 of the passengers and crew perished. During the American Civil War, the U.S. Navy contracted McKay to build the USS Nausett, one of the few Casco-class monitors to be commissioned.
On January 25, 1977, a public hearing was held at Boston City Hall to consider designation. The house was designated as a Boston Landmark in May 10, 1977, it was also added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Octavius T. Howe (1986). American Clipper Ships 1833-1858 (Volume 1). New York. ISBN 0844662607.
- Edward Laxton (1996). The Famine Ships: Irish Exodus to America, 1846-51. ISBN 0747535000.
- Public Hearing on Donald McKay House. Boston, Massachusetts: Boston Landmarks Commission. 1977.