Donald Morrison (outlaw)
Photo of Donald Morrison, sometime before 1892.
|Died||19 June 1894|
|Criminal penalty||18 years hard labour|
Morrison was the son of Scottish immigrants to Canada from the Isle of Lewis, born in the Hebridean-Scots community near Lac-Mégantic in Quebec, Canada. At the age of 20 Donald moved to Western Canada and the United States where he learned the cowboy trade, and became skilled both with guns and horses. The money he earned was sent home to help pay for the family farm.
Unfortunately Donald's father Murdo Morrison mortgaged the homestead to Lieutenant Colonel Malcolm MacAulay, who took advantage of Murdo's illiteracy and cheated him out of his farm. When Donald returned home he hired a lawyer and tried to keep them from losing the farm. Nevertheless, the farm was sold and the Morrisons were evicted. Donald was angry enough to harass the new owners at this point, and when the barn burned down he was blamed and a warrant put out for his arrest.
The longest manhunt in Canadian history then followed. An unsavory American special constable and whiskey smuggler named Jack Warren was called in to capture Donald, bragging that he could outshoot him; he paid with his life.
Donald was hunted in the wilds of Lac-Mégantic from June 1888 until April 1889; for 10 months he evaded lawmen. Much of the time he was hidden by sympathetic supporters in the Scotstown community. At times he passed by detectives with such cool reserve that they did not suspect him, unwittingly having him inches within their grasp.
A truce was finally arranged, but Donald was ambushed and shot. He was arrested and tried in Sherbrooke, Quebec, and although he had acted in self-defense was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 18 years hard labour. The worst punishment of all was the removal of his freedom, and he stopped eating, contracting tuberculosis. He died four hours after being released from prison (on clemency), and was buried on the Stornoway road in the Gisla cemetery in Megantic.
A yearly festival is held in the Donald Morrison domaine to commemorate Donald Morrison and the Scottish Pioneers who settled the Megantic area. His story was romanticized in poem-form in the book The Canadian Outlaw (1892) by Oscar Dhu (Angus Mackay), Donald Morrison 'The Megantic Outlaw' (1948) by Henry G. Kidd, and in The Outlaw of Megantic (1973) by Bernard Epps. His life is the subject of a Gaelic-language concept album The Megantic Outlaw (2007) by Calum Martin.
The 78th Fraser Highlanders Pipe Band has issued a CD entitled, "The Megantic Outlaw Concert."
- Robin, Martin (1976). The Bad and the Lonely. Toronto: James Lorimer & Company. pp. 36–64. ISBN 0-88862-122-1.
- Stanford, Richard (2003) At Any Price: The Story of the Megantic Outlaw The Beaver Canada's History Magazine, Winnipeg. October/November 2003
- Information on Gaelic Settlers from the Outer Hebrides to Eastern Quebec, including Donald Morrison
- Eastern Townships, Quebec[permanent dead link]
- Donald Morrison web page
- Siol nan Gaidheal
- Canadian Encyclopedia entry
- The Hunted Outlaw: Donald Morrison, the Canadian Rob Roy (Book)
- "At Any Price:The Story of the Megantic Outlaw"