Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
|Died||August 2, 1980 (aged 85)|
|Known for||Best Adapted Screenplay|
1940 The Philadelphia Story
|Spouse(s)||Beatrice Ames (1924-1938)|
Ella Winter (1939-1980)
Donald Ogden Stewart (November 30, 1894 - August 2, 1980) was an American author and screenwriter, best known for his sophisticated golden era comedies and melodramas, such as The Philadelphia Story (based on the play by Philip Barry), Tarnished Lady and Love Affair. Stewart worked with a number of the great directors of his time, including George Cukor (a frequent collaborator), Michael Curtiz and Ernst Lubitsch. Stewart was also a member of the Algonquin Round Table, and the model for Bill Gorton in The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway. His 1922 parody on etiquette, Perfect Behavior, published by George H Doran and Co, was a favourite book of P. G. Wodehouse.
Life and career
His hometown was Columbus, Ohio. He graduated from Yale University, where he became a brother to the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Phi chapter), in 1916 and was in the Naval Reserves in World War I.
After the war he started to write, and found success with A Parody Outline of History, a satire of The Outline of History (1920) by H. G. Wells. This led him to becoming a member of the Algonquin Round Table. Around that time a friend of his got him interested in theater and he became a noted playwright on Broadway in the 1920s. He was friends with Dorothy Parker, Robert Benchley, George S. Kaufman, and Ernest Hemingway, who based the character of Bill Gorton in The Sun Also Rises on Stewart. There is evidence that Stewart published [Doran Company] in 1922 with no credit as author "Timothy Tubby's Journal." In 1924, he wrote Mr. and Mrs. Haddock Abroad for the publishing house George H. Doran. It was a send up of the ugly American tourist.
He became interested in adapting some of his plays to film, but on first entering Hollywood he had to adapt the plays of others as his own were initially shelved. Once there he mostly wrote, but he also had a small part in the film Not So Dumb. By the 1930s he had become known primarily as a screenwriter and won an Academy Award for The Philadelphia Story (1940). As World War II approached, he became a member of the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League, and admitted to being a member of the Communist Party USA at one of its public meetings. During the Second Red Scare Stewart was blacklisted in 1950 and the following year he and his wife, activist and writer Ella Winter (they had married in 1939), emigrated to England. In 1968, he signed the “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War. His 1975 memoir is entitled By a Stroke of Luck.
As a writer
- Brown of Harvard (1926) (adaptation)
- Humorous Flights (1929)
- Traffic Regulations (1929)
- Laughter (1930)
- Rebound (1931) (based on his play of the same name)
- Tarnished Lady (1931)
- Finn and Hattie (1931) (novel Mr and Mrs Haddock Abroad)
- Smilin' Through (1932) (dialogue)
- Dinner at Eight (1933) (additional dialogue)
- Going Hollywood (1933)
- Another Language (1933)
- The White Sister (1933)
- Manhattan Melodrama (1934)
- The Barretts of Wimpole Street (1934)
- No More Ladies (1935)
- The Prisoner of Zenda (1937) (additional dialogue)
- Marie Antoinette (1938) (screenplay)
- Holiday (1938) (screenplay)
- The Night of Nights (1939) (also story)
- Love Affair (1939)
- Kitty Foyle: The Natural History of a Woman (1940) (additional dialogue), aka Kitty Foyle (USA: short title)
- The Philadelphia Story (1940) (screenplay)
- Smilin' Through (1941) (screenplay)
- A Woman's Face (1941)
- That Uncertain Feeling (1941) (screenplay), aka Ernst Lubitsch's That Uncertain Feeling (USA: complete title)
- Keeper of the Flame (1942) (screenplay)
- Tales of Manhattan (1942)
- Forever and a Day (1943)
- Without Love (1945)
- Cass Timberlane (1947) (adaptation)
- Life with Father (1947)
- Edward, My Son (1949)
- The Prisoner of Zenda (1952) (additional dialogue) (originally uncredited)
- Summertime (1955) (uncredited)
- An Affair to Remember (1957) (originally uncredited)
- Love and Death (1975) (uncredited)
As an actor
- Holiday (1928) – Nick Potter
- Humorous Flights (1929) – Donald Ogden Stewart
- Night Club (1929/I)
- Not So Dumb (1930) – Skylar Van Dyke/Horace Patterson
- "Donald O. Stewart, Screenwriter, Dies. Writer of Screenplay for the Movie 'Philadelphia Story' Was Also Well Known for Parodies 'I Want to Have Bite' Shared Oscar With Trumbo Alumnus of Exeter and Yale". The New York Times. August 3, 1980. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
Donald Ogden Stewart, a parodist, playwright and politically committed screenwriter who enjoyed a large reputation from 1920 to 1950, died yesterday afternoon at his home in London after an illness that followed a heart attack. He was 85 years old.
- “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” January 30, 1968 New York Post
- Cook, Joan (August 5, 1980). "Ella Winter Stewart, Journalist and Widow Of Donald O. Stewart; Was War Correspondent Back After 17 Years". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
Ella Winter Stewart, a journalist and the widow of Donald Ogden Stewart, who died Saturday, died of a stroke early today at her home in Hamstead, London. She was 82 years old.
- Internet Movie Database entry for Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle
- Matthew J. Bruccoli collection of Donald Ogden Stewart held at the University of South Carolina Irvin Department of Rare Books and Special Collections.
- Algonquin Round Table history site
- Donald Ogden Stewart on IMDb
- Donald Ogden Stewart at the Internet Broadway Database
- Works by Donald Ogden Stewart at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Donald Ogden Stewart at Internet Archive
- Works by Donald Ogden Stewart at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)