Donald B. Verrilli Jr.
|46th Solicitor General of the United States|
June 9, 2011 – June 25, 2016
|Preceded by||Neal Katyal (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Ian Gershengorn (Acting)|
|Born||Donald Beaton Verrilli Jr.
June 29, 1957
New Rochelle, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||Yale University
Donald Beaton Verrilli Jr. (born June 29, 1957) is an American lawyer who served as the Solicitor General of the United States from 2011 into 2016. He was sworn into the post on June 9, 2011. On June 6, 2011, the United States Senate confirmed Verrilli in a 72–16 vote. President Barack Obama had nominated Verrilli to the post on January 26, 2011. Verrilli previously served in the Obama administration as the Associate Deputy United States Attorney General, and as Deputy Counsel to the President.
Early life and education
He received his B.A. cum laude from Yale University (1979) and his J.D. with honors from Columbia Law School (1983), where he was editor-in-chief of the Columbia Law Review, a James Kent Scholar, and a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar.
After graduating from law school, Verrilli served as law clerk to Judge J. Skelly Wright of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1983 to 1984 and then for Associate Justice William J. Brennan Jr. of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1984 to 1985.
Verrilli was a fellow at Columbia University Law School from 1985 to 1986. He then joined Ennis Friedman & Bersoff in Washington, working there from 1986 to 1988. He joined Jenner & Block LLP in 1988 as an associate, and eventually became a partner. While working at Jenner & Block, Verrilli also was an adjunct professor at American University's Washington College of Law (spring 1995) and Georgetown University Law Center (from 1992 to 2008).
At Jenner & Block, Verrilli specialized in telecommunications, media and First Amendment law. In 2005, he represented the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) before the Supreme Court in MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd.. In 2007, he represented Viacom in Viacom International Inc. v. YouTube, Inc.. During the same year, he also represented RIAA in Capitol v. Thomas and opposed the retrial of the case.
Verrilli was appointed by President Barack Obama to become associate deputy attorney general at the U.S. Department of Justice and served in this post from February 2009 to January 2010. In February 2010, Verrilli joined the Office of White House Counsel as a senior and deputy counsel to the president.
By 2012, Verrilli had participated in more than 100 cases before the Supreme Court, and given oral argument in seventeen of those. In addition to Grokster, these include two pro bono cases that were notable in the area of defendants rights. In Wiggins v. Smith, Verrilli successfully argued that his client had been denied effective assistance of counsel. In Montejo v. Louisiana, he unsuccessfully argued that his client's Sixth Amendment rights had been violated when he was questioned after having counsel appointed for him.
Work as Solicitor General
On January 26, 2011, President Obama nominated Verrilli to succeed Elena Kagan as Solicitor General of the United States. On May 12, 2011, the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary voted 17-1 to forward Verrilli's nomination to the full Senate.
On May 26, 2011, Senate Democrats filed for cloture on Verrilli's nomination. A cloture vote had been scheduled for June 6, 2011 but then was withdrawn right before the scheduled cloture vote. Instead, the Senate on June 6 proceeded straight to an up-or-down vote on Verrilli's nomination. Senators then confirmed Verrilli in a 72–16 vote. Verrilli was sworn in on June 9, 2011 and became the 46th Solicitor General. He finished his position in June 2016; his final day on the job was Friday 25 June.
On March 26, 27 and 28, 2012, Verrilli argued the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act before the Supreme Court. His performance on the 27th, the first involving substantive arguments regarding the constitutionality of the PPACA, was widely panned as a "disaster" for the Obama administration. However, he was vindicated on June 28, 2012 when the court ruled that the individual mandate and most of the Act was constitutional, albeit as a tax and not as an exercise of Congress’s power under the Commerce Clause. His oral arguments were praised by some[who?] who remarked that "court arguments are not television anchor tryouts; they’re about the merits of an argument, and a review of the transcript of the oral arguments from that day (with the benefit of hindsight, of course) finds Verrilli made a strong case for the government’s taxing power." CNN legal commentator Jeffrey Toobin, one of Verrilli's strongest critics, apologized on-air and said "This is a day for Don Verrilli to take an enormous amount of credit, and for me to eat a bit of crow, because he won, and everyone should know that that argument was a winning argument, whatever you thought of it."
After hearing his arguments in Shelby County v. Holder, Lincoln Caplan of The New York Times called Verrilli a "lawyer's lawyer" and said that he "isn't showy, but he is a deeply experienced and capable advocate who finds ways to make technical legal arguments that persuade a majority of justices. While he's not inspiring, he's often effective."
In early June 2016, Verrilli announced that he would step down as solicitor general; Verrilli is the seventh longest serving solicitor general in U.S. history.
United States Attorney General speculation
In September 2014 when Attorney General Eric Holder announced his intention to step down, multiple sources named Verrilli as being a potential candidate as the next United States Attorney General.
Cases argued before the U.S. Supreme Court
- United States v. Texas (2016)
- Obergefell v. Hodges (2015)
- Michigan v. Environmental Protection Agency
- King v. Burwell (2015)
- Texas Dept. of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. (2015)
- Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. (2015)
- Alabama Legislative Black Caucus v. Alabama (2015)
- Zivotofsky v. Kerry (2015)
- Alice Corporation v. CLS Bank International (2014)
- Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores (2014)
- Utility Air Regulatory Group v. Environmental Protection Agency (2014)
- Harris v. Quinn (2014)
- National Labor Relations Board v. Noel Canning (2014)
- Bond v. United States (2014)
- McCutcheon v. Federal Election Commission (2014)
- Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics (2013)
- United States v. Windsor (2013)
- Hollingsworth v. Perry (2013)
- Shelby County v. Holder (2013)
- City of Arlington, TX v. FCC (2013)
- Clapper v. Amnesty International USA (2013)
- Fisher v. University of Texas (2013)
- Arizona v. United States (2012)
- National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius (2012)
- Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum (2013)
- United States v. Alvarez (2012)
- FCC v. Fox Television Stations (2012)
- Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc. (2012)
- Zivotofsky v. Clinton (2012)
- Golan v. Holder (2012)
- Montejo v. Louisiana (2009)
- Baze and Bowling v. Rees (2008)
- Schriro v. Landrigan (2007)
- Howard Delivery Service v. Zurich American Insurance Company (2006)
- MGM Studios v. Grokster (2005)
- General Dynamics Land Systems Inc. v. Cline (2004)
- Verizon v. Trinko, LLP (2004)
- Wiggins v. Smith (2003)
- FCC v. Nextwave Communications, Inc. (2003)
- Verizon Communications v. FCC (2002)
- Lonchar v. Thomas (1996)
- MCI Telecommunications Corp. v. American Telephone & Telegraph Co. (1994)
- United States v. Juvenile Male (2011)
- Woodrow, Stephanie (February 24, 2011). "Meet Donald B. Verrilli, Jr.". Main Justice. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- "Donald Verrilli Jr. and Miss Laster, Lawyer, Marry". New York Times. August 28, 1988. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Rob Varnon, Wilton's Verrilli in running for nation's top prosecutor, Connecticut Post (September 27, 2014).
- Biography: Donald B. Verrilli, Jr., Oyez Project.
- Kravets, David (March 23, 2009). "Obama Sides With RIAA, Supports $150,000 Fine per Music Track". Wired. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Gunn, Angela (February 6, 2009). "Prosecutor in Jammie Thomas case joins DoJ". Betanews. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Urbina, Ian (March 24, 2012). "Donald Verrilli, the Lawyer Who Will Defend Obama's Health Law". The New York Times.
- IBTimes Reporter (January 28, 2011). "Former Jenner partner nominated by President Obama to serve as Solicitor General". International Business Times. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- The White House: Office of the Press Secretary (January 24, 2011). "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- "Presidential Nominations Sent to the Senate | The White House". M.whitehouse.gov. January 26, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- "Senate Judiciary Committee Recommends Donald Verrilli for Solicitor General". Amlawdaily.typepad.com. May 12, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- "U.S. Senate Periodical Press Gallery". Senate.gov. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- Abrams, Jim (June 6, 2011). "Senate confirms Obama lawyer as solicitor general". Seattle Times. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- "Verrilli Sworn In as Solicitor General - The BLT: The Blog of Legal Times". Legaltimes.typepad.com. June 10, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- "Solicitor General: Donald B. Verrilli, Jr.". Office of the Solicitor General. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
-  Solicitor General Donald Verrilli Retires, slate.com (25 June 2016)
- Little, Morgan (March 30, 2012). "For government lawyer Verrilli, tough week on healthcare case". Los Angeles Times.
- Serwer, Adam. "Obamacare's Supreme Court Disaster".
- Rosen, Jeffrey. "One Simple Argument Could Have Saved Obamacare. Too Bad Verrilli Didn't Make It.".
- Goodwin, Liz. "Obama's Solicitor General, Donald Verrilli, has rough start at health care oral arguments".
- Verrilli, Skadden, Cravath, Freehills: Business of Law, Bloomberg/Businessweek. By Elizabeth Amon. June 29, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- CNN's Jeffrey Toobin: 'I got it wrong', Politico. By Dylan Byers. Posted June 28, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Montanaro, Domenico. "How Verrilli may have won over Roberts".
- Broder, John M. (June 29, 2012). "Vindication for Maligned Lawyer in Justices' Ruling". The New York Times.
- Broder, John M. (March 22, 2013). "The Stealthy Solicitor General". The New York Times.
- Nina Totenberg, Donald Verrilli, Who Argued Groundbreaking Cases For The Government, Stepping Down, NPR (June 2, 2016).
- Matt Apuzzo & Michael D. Shear (25 September 2014). "Attorney General Eric Holder, Prominent Liberal Voice in Obama Administration, Is Resigning". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- Johnson, Carrie (September 25, 2014). "Eric Holder To Step Down As Attorney General". National Public Radio. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
- Camia, Catalina (25 September 2014). "After Eric Holder: Potential attorney general choices". USA Today. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Laster Named Director of NCUA's Office of Consumer Protection". National Credit Union Administration. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
|Solicitor General of the United States