Donald Wuerl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Donald William Wuerl
Archbishop Emeritus of Washington
Wuerl in 2015
AppointedMay 16, 2006
InstalledJune 22, 2006
RetiredOctober 12, 2018
PredecessorTheodore McCarrick
SuccessorWilton Daniel Gregory
Other post(s)Cardinal-Priest of San Pietro in Vincoli
Chancellor of the Catholic University of America
OrdinationDecember 17, 1966
by Francis Frederick Reh
ConsecrationJanuary 6, 1986
by John Paul II, Agostino Casaroli, and Bernardin Gantin
Created cardinalNovember 20, 2010
by Benedict XVI
Personal details
Donald William Wuerl

(1940-11-12) November 12, 1940 (age 83)
DenominationCatholic Church
Previous post(s)
MottoThy kingdom come
Coat of armsDonald William Wuerl's coat of arms
Styles of
Donald William Wuerl
Reference style
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
Ordination history of
Donald Wuerl
Episcopal consecration
Consecrated byJohn Paul II
DateJanuary 6, 1986
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Donald Wuerl as principal consecrator
William J. WinterFebruary 13, 1989
Thomas Joseph TobinDecember 27, 1992
David ZubikApril 6, 1997
Paul J. BradleyFebruary 2, 2005
Herbert BevardSeptember 3, 2008
Barry Christopher KnestoutDecember 29, 2008
Mario E. DorsonvilleApril 20, 2015
Roy Edward CampbellApril 21, 2017

Donald William Wuerl (born November 12, 1940) is an American prelate, a cardinal, of the Catholic Church. He served as archbishop of the Archdiocese of Washington from 2006 to 2018. He was elevated by Pope John Paul II to serve as auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Seattle (1986–1987), and bishop of the Diocese of Pittsburgh (1988–2006). Pope Benedict XVI named Wuerl as archbishop of Washington and made him a cardinal in 2010.

Wuerl is widely viewed as a theological moderate, and is well known in the church for his ability to forge consensus between different factions. Questions arose in 2018 of whether Wuerl had adequately dealt with allegations of sexual abuse under his jurisdiction. A 2018 Pennsylvania grand jury report criticized how he handled sexual abuse cases during his time as bishop in Pittsburgh. Wuerl has denied mishandling the cases. There were additional accusations that Wuerl, despite initially denying it, was aware of sexual abuse accusations against former Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, his predecessor in Washington. On October 12, 2018, Pope Francis accepted Wuerl's resignation as archbishop of Washington. Wuerl remained in charge of the archdiocese as its apostolic administrator until Pope Francis appointed his successor, Archbishop Wilton Daniel Gregory, in 2019.

Early life and education[edit]

Donald Wuerl was born on November 12, 1940, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was the second of four children of Francis and Mary Anna (née Schiffauer) Wuerl.[1] He has two brothers, Wayne and Dennis, and a sister, Carol. Wuerl's father worked nights weighing freight cars for the Pennsylvania Railroad, and served in the US Navy during World War II.[2] His mother died in 1944 and his father married Kathryn Cavanaugh in 1946.[2] Donald Wuerl expressed an interest in becoming a priest early in life. He even held pretend masses for his brothers and sisters at home.[3]

Wuerl received his early education at the parochial school of St. Mary of the Mount Parish in the Mount Washington neighborhood of Pittsburgh, graduating in 1958.[4] He attended St. Gregory Seminary in Cincinnati, Ohio, for his freshman and sophomore years of college from September 1958 through May 1960. He then attended the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., where he was a Basselin Scholar at the Theological College.[5] Wuerl earned a bachelor's degree in philosophy in 1962 and a master's degree in 1963.[6]

Wuerl continued his studies at the Pontifical North American College in Rome.[1] He earned a Master of Theology degree from the Pontifical Gregorian University in 1967. While a student in Rome, Wuerl was able to observe the proceedings of the Second Vatican Council.[3]

Early career[edit]

Wuerl was ordained a priest for the Diocese of Pittsburgh on December 17, 1966, by Bishop Francis Frederick Reh.[7] After his ordination, Wuerl was assigned as assistant pastor at St. Rosalia Parish in Pittsburgh's Greenfield neighborhood and as priest-secretary to Bishop John Wright.

After Wright was elevated to cardinal in 1969, Wuerl became his full-time priest-secretary in Vatican City from 1969 until Wright's death in 1979. While in Rome. Wuerl attended the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas Angelicum where he obtained a Doctor of Sacred Theology degree in 1974.[3]

Because Wright was recovering from surgery and confined to a wheelchair, Wuerl, as Wright's priest-secretary, was one of three non-cardinals permitted inside the conclave that selected Karol Wojtyla as Pope John Paul II in 1978.[8][9][10] (Wright had missed the first of the two 1978 conclaves.)

In 1976, Wuerl co-wrote with Thomas Comerford Lawler and Ronald David Lawler a catechism for adults, The Teaching of Christ. It has been reprinted several times and has been widely translated.[11]

Wuerl served as rector at Saint Paul Seminary in Pittsburgh from 1981 to 1985. In 1982, he was appointed executive secretary to Bishop John Aloysius Marshall of Burlington, Vermont, who was leading a Vatican-mandated study of US seminaries.[12][13]

Episcopal career[edit]

Auxiliary Bishop of Seattle[edit]

On December 3, 1985, Wuerl was appointed titular bishop of Rosemarkie and as an auxiliary bishop of Seattle by Pope John Paul II. Wuerl was consecrated bishop on January 6, 1986, at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome by the pope.[14][7]

As auxiliary bishop, Wuerl and Seattle Archbishop Raymond Hunthausen worked in adjoining offices without conflict for several months. However, in May 1986, the two men found themselves with opposing positions on proposed state legislation to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment.[15] At that point, Hunthausen learned for the first time that the Vatican had charged Wuerl with responsibility — "complete and final decision-making power" — for several key areas normally within the Archbishop's control:

Hunthausen revealed the division of authority between him and Wuerl in September 1986.[17] While some chancery officials expressed support for Wuerl, some questioned his role and saw little impact on the archdiocese a year after his appointment.[15] In November, the US Conference of Catholic Bishops expressed its objections to the Vatican's restrictions on Hunthausen.[18]

In February 1987, the Vatican formed a commission of US bishops, headed by Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, to investigate the situation between Wuerl and Hunthausen in Seattle. Wuerl met privately with John Paul II, but declined to comment on the meeting, saying "I'm just going to wait and see what the commission does".[18] In May 1987, following the commission review, John Paul II restored Hunthausen's full authority as bishop and appointed then Bishop Thomas Joseph Murphy as coadjutor bishop to assist him.[19]

Wuerl resigned as auxiliary bishop of Seattle on May 26, 1987. He later said that remaining in Seattle became "unworkable", with many parishioners blaming him for the conflict with Hunthausen. Wuerl moved to a Pittsburgh suburb to await his next appointment by the Vatican.[20] Wuerl and Hunthausen eventually became friends, with Wuerl saying that Hunthausen taught him a great deal about the work of being a bishop.[21]

Bishop of Pittsburgh[edit]

Wuerl was appointed as the eleventh bishop of Pittsburgh on February 12, 1988, by John Paul II. He was installed on March 25, 1988.[7] One of the biggest problems facing the diocese was the financial losses of its parish schools. The diocese had built many parishes during the era when Catholic immigrants were swelling the population of Pittsburgh to work in the steel mills. It established the parishes along ethnic lines so that parishioners could attend services in their native languages and maintain their national traditions. This resulted in the diocese having as many as eight parishes within blocks of each other. After World War II, the diocese made a major effort to build a school for every parish. These schools were usually staffed by nuns who were given nominal compensation.

The economics of the Pittsburgh Catholic schools began to break down in the 1970s. First, the Baby Boom period had subsided, resulting in a reduction in the student population. Second, Catholics became less likely to send their children to Catholic schools. Third, in response to the Second Vatican Council, many sisters began choosing missions unrelated to education. To replace these nuns in schools, the diocese had to hire more lay teachers with higher salaries.[22]

Wuerl asked his committee of lay advisors to address the debt and deficit spending associated with Catholic education in Pittsburgh. In 1988, the committee determined that 48 of 333 parishes owed a total of $5.6 million. The diocese announced a rescue plan in February 1989, with the diocese forgiving $1.1 million loaned to the parishes for insurance along with the Parish Share Program. In addition, the diocese promised low-interest loans to parishes to refinance their other obligations. Despite the financial condition of the diocese, Wuerl decided to expand its health services. He worked with hospitals and community groups to create a group home for people with HIV/AIDS. In 2003, Wuerl conducted a $2.5 million fundraising campaign to create the Catholic Charities Free Health Care Center, serving the uninsured working poor.[22]

In 1989, Wuerl merged Sacred Heart and St. Paul Cathedral High Schools to establish Oakland Catholic High School, using the St. Paul building in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh .[23]

Wuerl launched and hosted a television program, The Teaching of Christ, in 1990. He taught at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh as a distinguished service professor. Wuerl in 1999 became a chaplain for the Order of Malta, Federal Association USA, attached to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.[24] Wuerl also wrtong regular columns in Columbia, the major publication of the Knights of Columbus in the United States.

In March 1994, Wuerl closed 73 diocesan buildings, including 37 churches, and reduced the number of parishes from 331 to 117 through mergers. The diocese was operating 214 parishes when Wuerl left in June 2006 to become archbishop of Washington.[25] Wuerl's plan, The Parish Reorganization and Revitalization Project, was used as a model for other dioceses seeking parish suppression.[26]

From 1994 until 2003, as bishop of Pittsburgh, Wuerl served as a member of the board of governors of the Pontifical North American College in Rome (chair, 1998 to 1999), representing the Pennsylvania-New Jersey Region (Region III) of the USCCB. In 2008, as archbishop of Washington he was again elected to the college's board of governors, this time representing the Washington DC-Delaware-Maryland-Virginia-West Virginia region of the conference (Region IV).

President Bush and wife Laura with outgoing Archbishop McCarrick (left) and incoming Wuerl (right), welcome papal nuncio Pietro Sambi to the White House

Under Wuerl, the diocese began to emphasize placing women into positions of responsibility and authority.

  • Rosemarie Cibik, a former superintendent of public instruction, was appointed as the first lay superintendent of Catholic schools in Pittsburgh.
  • Rita Joyce, a canon and civil lawyer, became the first lay member of the diocesan marriage tribunal.
  • Sister Margaret Hannan was appointed as associate general secretary of the diocese. She later became chancellor, the highest canonical post that for a lay person.[22]

Archbishop of Washington[edit]

Pope Benedict XVI appointed Wuerl as archbishop of Washington on May 16, 2006.[27] He was installed on June 22, 2006, at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. and received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2006.[28] In April 2008, Wuerl hosted the apostolic visit of Benedict XVI to the District of Columbia.

Wuerl and President Obama welcome Pope Francis to United States, 2015

Wuerl served as chair of the board of directors of the National Catholic Educational Association starting in December 12, 2005, and was also chancellor of The Catholic University of America.[29] In September 2010, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith named Wuerl as its delegate in the United States for facilitating the implementation of the apostolic constitution Anglicanorum coetibus. The constitution was issued by Benedict XVI in November 2009 for Anglicans who wished to convert to Catholicism.[30] Wuerl also headed the US Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) ad hoc committee to support that implementation.[31]


On November 20, 2010, Benedict XVI elevated Wuerl to the College of Cardinals in a public consistory held at Saint Peter's Basilica in Vatican City.[32] He was created Cardinal-Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli.[33] Benedict XVI later appointed Wuerl to the following posts:

In 2011, Wuerl served on a committee of the US Conference of Catholic Bishops that criticized the American Catholic theologian Elizabeth Johnson.[38] The bishops stated that many views that she expressed in her popular 2007 book, Quest for the Living God, contravened Catholic doctrine. The committee itself faced criticism for not following accepted protocols for dealing with conflicts with theologians.[39][40] Wuerl later stated that he had offered to meet with Johnson regarding the book, but she did not respond to his invitations.[41]

Wuerl was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis.[42]Pope Francis appointed Wuerl to the Congregation for Bishops (December 16, 2013).[43]

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops[edit]

Wuerl is said to have worked as a consensus builder on ideological conflicts over issues such as liturgical translation and communion for politicians favoring abortion rights for women during the 1990s and 2000s.[3][21] Wuerl was a supporter of the Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People by the USCCB. The charter required that any clergyman who sexually abuses a child never again serve in ministry.[3]

Public positions[edit]

Reverend Thomas J. Reese, a Jesuit priest and journalist, said in 2006 that "[Wuerl is] quite orthodox theologically, but he doesn't like to play cop; he's not an authoritarian person."[44] In August 2018, Reese described him as an ideological moderate with regard to Catholic theological disputes, stating, "He's not an old leftie, he's not a right-wing culture warrior. ... He was totally enthusiastic about John Paul II, and then Pope Benedict, and now he's totally enthusiastic about Pope Francis. There are not many people in the church who are totally enthusiastic about all three of them."[45]

Journalist John L. Allen Jr. in December 2018 said that Wuerl "was able to forge behind-the-scenes consensus because he was trusted by virtually all parties as someone who wouldn't embarrass them in public, and because he was seen as at least somewhat sympathetic to their points of view."[21]

Religion and politics[edit]

In cases where politicians and officeholders take policy positions that clash with church doctrine, Wuerl said the decision to offer communion should be made case-by-case:

"Our primary job is to teach and try to convince people. The tradition in our country has not been in the direction of refusing Communion, and I think it's served us well."[44]

LGBTQ rights[edit]

In 2009, the Council of the District of Columbia began consideration of a bill giving certain rights to individuals in same-sex marriages. The archdiocese pressed the council to include so-called religious liberty provisions to protect the archdiocese's ability to provide social services (e.g. adoption services) in accordance with Catholic teaching on marriage.[46] On November 12, 2009, The Washington Post characterized the archdiocese as delivering an "ultimatum" to the city.[47] An article the same day in the The New York Times characterize the archdiocese as making a "threat".[48] In a November 22 reply to the Post, Wuerl stated that there was "no threat or ultimatum to end services, just a simple recognition that the new requirements by the city for religious organizations to recognize same-sex marriages in their policies could restrict our ability to provide the same level of services as we do now."[49]

On November 26, 2009, Wuerl signed an ecumenical statement, known as the Manhattan Declaration, calling on evangelicals, Catholics, and Eastern Orthodox Christians not to comply with rules and laws permitting abortion, same-sex marriage, and other practices that go against their religious consciences.[50][51]

In December 2009, on the day that the council passed the same-sex marriage bill, Joe Solmonese, president of the Human Rights Campaign, a same-sex marriage advocacy organization, wrote that Wuerl had "refused to alter his official position" to reduce social services in the archdiocese.[52] On the same day the archdiocese, though expressing its view that the bill did not adequately protect religious liberty, nonetheless affirmed its commitment to serving the needs of the poor and its hope for "working in partnership with the District of Columbia consistent with the mission of the Catholic Church."[53]

In February 2010 shortly before the law took effect, Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Washington ended its foster care and public adoption programs rather than comply with the law's requirement that it license same-sex couples for the program.[54][55] The agency also modified its employee health care benefits to avoid having to extend coverage to same-sex couples.[56]

Response to Dominus Iesus[edit]

In 2000, the Vatican issued a document entitled Dominus Iesus, which stated that Jesus Christ is the only way to salvation. Wuerl said the document was aimed at some theologians in Asia who were attempting to incorporate Hindu, Islamic and Buddhist tenets into the Catholic interpretation of the Gospels. Wuerl said that Dominus Iesus defended the Catholic view of the necessity of proclaiming the Christian faith to everyone. However, he stated that document acknowledged that there are elements in non-Christian scriptures "by which countless people throughout the centuries have been and still are able today to nourish and maintain their life-relationship with God."[57]

Response to Summorum pontificum[edit]

In 2007, Benedict XVI issued the motu proprio called Summorum Pontificum (2007), which authorized priests to celebrate mass using either the 1969 or 1962 editions of the Roman Missal. Wuerl commented that the pope was "trying to reach out pastorally to those who feel an attraction to this form of the liturgy, and he is asking the pastors to be aware of and support their interest". He added that about 500 people a week were attending celebrations of the Tridentine Mass at three churches in his archdiocese.[58]

Wuerl established a special committee "to assist pastors in evaluating and responding to requests for the regular and public celebration" of the 1962 form of Mass.[citation needed] As of 2017, the Tridentine Mass was reported on the archdiocesan website as celebrated weekly in three parishes, the same ones as in 2007.[59]

Record on handling sex abuse cases[edit]

In 2003, journalist Ann Rodgers-Melnick wrote in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette that Wuerl was as being proactive as bishop in confronting sexual abuse allegations against clergy.[60] Wuerl won both praise and criticism for his efforts to remove sexually abusive clergy years before other church leaders made similar efforts.[3] However, the Pennsylvania grand jury investigation report released in August 2018 criticized Wuerl for his handling of some sexual abuse cases.[61][62]

1988 to 2018[edit]

In September 1988, when Wuerl was the bishop of Pittsburgh, he accepted a dinner invitation from a family suing the diocese for sexual abuse by a priest. Although the diocese's lawyers had discouraged him from going, Wuerl wanted to make contact with the family. Wuerl later settled the lawsuit and the priest involved was laicized and eventually imprisoned. Wuerl told his staff that in cases of alleged sexual abuse, their first concern should be for the victim, the second for the victim's family, and the third the reputation of the Church.[60]

In 1978, Reverend Anthony Cipolla was charged with the sexual abuse of a nine-year-old boy; his mother later dropped the criminal charges, claiming that Bishop Vincent Leonard pressured her to do it.[63][60] In 1988, another victim claimed that Cipolla abused him from 1981 to 1986; the diocese settled the case in 1993, over Cipolla's objections. Cipolla consistently said that he never abused anyone.[63]

In 1988, Wuerl removed Cipolla from public ministry; Cipolla appealed this action to the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, the Vatican's highest court, which ordered Wuerl to return him to ministry.[63][64] Wuerl then asked the court to reconsider the case, saying that its decision showed a lack of awareness of the civil lawsuit against Cipolla and Cipolla's 1978 arrest. The court reversed its ruling in 1995 and upheld Wuerl's suspension of Cipolla's. Cipolla nonetheless continued to minister to the public, forcing the diocese to publicly state that Cipolla was not in good standing. In 2002, Cipolla was laicized by the pope.[63][65]

In 2010, Wuerl argued that the American Catholic Church had made progress in confronting abusers. He told Fox News Sunday that "we have succeeded in guaranteeing that if a priest is accused, and there is a credible allegation, he is simply removed from the ministry. That is reported to the authorities, and we begin to try to heal whatever was damaged in that abuse."[66]

2018 grand jury report[edit]

On August 14, 2018, a grand jury report on sexual abuse within the Catholic Church, released by Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro, criticized Wuerl's handling of sexual abuse cases as bishop Pittsburgh.[67][68][69][70]

  • On the advice of doctors, Wuerl allowed Reverend William O'Malley to return to active ministry in 1998, despite past allegations of abuse.[45] O'Malley had admitted that he was sexually interested in adolescents.[45]
  • Wuerl allowed Reverend Ernest Paone to be transferred to another diocese, despite a history of accusations of child abuse dating back to the early 1960s.[71][72]
  • Reverend George Zirwas had a long history of involvement in child sexual abuse, sometimes including sadism. He had also manufactured child pornography. Zirwas' actions were known in the diocese as early as 1987, but he continued in ministry when Wuerl became bishop of Pittsburgh in 1988. In 1989, Wuerl authorized a $900,000 settlement, with confidentiality clauses, with two of Zirwas' victims, but allowed Zirwas to remain in ministry despite further complaints. After the diocese received another complaint Wuerl finally removed Zirwas from ministry in 1996. Eventually Zirwas moved to Cuba, where he was murdered in 2001.
  • Reverend Ernest Paone had a history of sexual abuse allegations against him and was frequently moved to different parishes across the United States. In 1991, Wuerl his transfer the Diocese of Reno-Las Vegas, despite being aware of the reports surrounding his behavior. A new complaint arose against Paone in 1994. According to the report:

    "Wuerl responded by dispatching letters notifying the relevant California and Nevada Dioceses of the 1994 complaint. However, Wuerl did not report the more detailed information contained within Diocesan records. The Diocese did not recall Paone; nor did it suspend his faculties as a priest. To the contrary, Paone continued to have the support of the Diocese."[73][74]

The grand jury report did note Wuerl's contributions to fighting sex abuse. That included his successful effort within the Vatican legal system to remove Cipolla from ministry for sexual abuse.[45][71]

Reactions to report[edit]

Wuerl disputed the allegations against him in the grand jury report, stating: "While I understand this report may be critical of some of my actions, I believe the report confirms that I acted with diligence, with concern for the victims and to prevent future acts of abuse."[75] Shapiro disagreed with Wuerl's conclusions, saying,

"Cardinal Wuerl is not telling the truth. Many of his statements in response to the Grand Jury Report are directly contradicted by the Church's own documents and records from their Secret Archives. Offering misleading statements now only furthers the cover up."[73]

Wuerl launched a website, "The Wuerl Record," containing a defense of his record during that era.[76][72] Wuerl further faced "intense scrutiny" regarding his handling of sex abuse cases in the Diocese of Pittsburgh.[77] A spokesman for the Archdiocese of Washington in August 2018 said Wuerl "has no intention of resigning."[72]

On August 20, 2018, Ave Maria Press announced it had indefinitely postponed the release of a book written by Wuerl titled What Do You Want to Know? A Pastor's Response to the Most Challenging Questions About the Catholic Faith.

By August 2018, thousands of people in the Diocese of Pittsburgh had signed a petition to rename Cardinal Wuerl North Catholic High School. On Wuerl's own request, the school and the diocesan school board petitioned Pittsburgh Bishop David Zubik to change the school name. Zubik approved the change on August 22 and the school became simply North Catholic High School.[78][79]

In response to the allegations against Wuerl, political commentator Hugh Hewitt demanded that Wuerl be dismissed as archbishop of Washington and resign from the College of Cardinals.[80] In a few days, 60,000 people signed a petition to Pope Francis to remove Wuerl.[81] In what CNN called a "growing Catholic insurgency," Wuerl faced more calls for his resignation, including from a priest in his archdiocese and many laymen across ideological lines.[61][62]

At the end of August 2018, Wuerl flew to Rome to meet with Pope Francis. The pope instructed Wuerl to confer with the priests of the archdiocese regarding his next steps.[62] On September 3, Wuerl met with more than a hundred priests in Washington. He told them he knew nothing about the allegations against McCarrick until they became public.[62] Many priests in attendence offered their views; some encouraged Wuerl to resign while others encouraged him to "stay and be part of the church's healing process."[62]

On September 8, 2018, Deacon James Garcia, the master of ceremonies at St. Matthew's Cathedral in Washington, informed Wuerl that he was refusing to serve him at mass any longer, due to Wuerl's handling of sexual abuse cases, and asked him to resign.[82][83] Garcia also denied that this refusal to serve with Wuerl violated his vow of obedience to Wuerl as his bishop.[82]

Columnist Michael Sean Winters in October 2018 defended Wuerl's actions while bishop, but said Wuerl's response to the grand jury report could hardly have been worse. Winters described the report as "spotty and inconsistent." Winters criticized the media response to the report and said that it was weaponized by far-right groups such as Church Militant and LifeSiteNews in order to take down Wuerl and attack Pope Francis.[84]

Former New York Times reporter Peter Steinfels in January 2019 called the grand jury report "grossly misleading, irresponsible, inaccurate, and unjust". Steinfels noted that a third or more of the accusations were revealed after the Dallas Charter and claimed that such "inaccurate and incomplete" reports were used to push Wuerl out of office. Steinfels accused Shapiro of engineering the report in order to discredit church opposition.[85]

Alleged sexual abuse by Theodore McCarrick[edit]

On August 25, 2018, Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò, former papal nuncio to the United States, released an 11-page letter describing a series of warnings to the Vatican on sexual misconduct by Theodore McCarrick, Wuerl's predecessor as Archbishop of Washington, and a subsequent alleged cover-up by the Vatican and senior church officials.[86] Viganò stated that he had discussed McCarrick's conduct and the penalties surrounding it with Wuerl. Viganò accused Wuerl of putting seminarians at risk by allowing McCarrick to reside at the Redemptoris Mater Archdiocesan Seminary after his retirement despite knowing that he was accused of abusing seminarians.[87]

Through a spokesman, Wuerl denied that he was aware of McCarrick's misconduct prior to his removal from ministry on June 20, 2018. He also denied Viganò's claim that he knew of restrictions that the Vatican imposed on McCarrick.[87][88] However, on January 10, 2019, The Washington Post published a story stating that Wuerl was aware of allegations against McCarrick in 2004 and reported them to the Vatican.[89] Former priest Robert Ciolek, who had made the allegations, told the Post that Wuerl shared the information in 2004 with then-Vatican ambassador Gabriel Montalvo Higuera. After the publication of the Post story, both the Diocese of Pittsburgh and the Archdiocese of Washington admitted that Wuerl knew about Ciolek's allegations in 2004 and did report them to the Vatican. The archdiocese said that Wuerl did not intend to be "imprecise" in his earlier denials; he said they referred only to claims of abuse against minors, not adults.[89] Days later, Wuerl himself apologized, stating that his earlier denials were the result of a "lapse of memory." Ciolek refused to believe that Wuerl forgot and did not accept his apology.[90]

On May 28, 2019, the news site Crux published some 2008 correspondence written by McCarrick. In it, McCarrick refers to travel restrictions which were placed on him by Benedict XVI that same year after allegations of sexual misconduct. However, McCarrick gradually began to resume travelling. In a 2008 letter to Pietro Sambi, apostolic nuncio to the U.S., McCarrick wrote he had shared a Vatican letter explaining the restrictions with Wuerl, saying that his "help and understanding is, as always, a great help and fraternal support to me." However, a spokesperson for Wuerl denied that he had any knowledge of the sanctions.[91]

Pittsburgh-area Lawsuits[edit]

On August 7, 2020, Wuerl was named as a defendant in a new sex abuse lawsuit was filed in Allegheny County Common Pleas Court.[92] The lawsuit claimed that Wuerl promised in 1994 that Reverend Leo Burchianti, who was accused of sexually abusing at least eight boys, would not receive a new church assignment. Wuerl and then-Father David Zubik later gave Burchianti a voluntary work assignment at St. John Vianney Manor, a home for retired priests.[92] Burchianti remained there from 1995 to 2012 and died in 2013.[92] Wuerl has been named as a defendant in other sex abuse lawsuits involving the Diocese of Pittsburgh as well.[93][94]

Retirement as archbishop of Washington[edit]

Wuerl submitted a letter of resignation as archbishop of Washington to Pope Francis in 2015, having met the mandatory retirement age for archbishops of 75. However, the pope did not accept his resignation at that time. Three years later, on October 12, 2018, Pope Francis accepted Wuerl's resignation.[95]

Wuerl had planned to officially resign in September 2018 after first meeting with Pope Francis. However, the Vatican never scheduled a meeting and Francis accepted Wuerl's resignation in a letter.[96] In the letter of acceptance, Francis praised Wuerl as a "model bishop" and said "You have sufficient elements to justify your actions and distinguish between what it means to cover up crimes or not to deal with problems, and to commit some mistakes."[97]

Francis appointed Wuerl to serve as apostolic administrator of Washington, D.C., until his successor was appointed.[98] Wuerl departed as apostolic administrator when Archbishop Wilton Gregory was installed on May 21, 2019.[99][100][101][102]

An October 2018 New York Times editorial criticized Pope Francis for the way he characterized Wuerl's resignation and handling of abuse cases.[103] That same month, Shapiro criticized the Pope's decision to allow Wuerl to resign without facing stronger consequences.[104] On October 12, 2018, Wuerl wrote to members of the archdiocese and said,

"I am sorry and ask for healing for all of those who were so deeply wounded at the hands of the Church's ministers. I also beg forgiveness on behalf of Church leadership from the victims who were again wounded when they saw these priests and bishops both moved and promoted."[97]

In 2020, the archdiocese designated $2 million for "continuing ministry activities for [the] Archbishop Emeritus."[105]

Selected writings[edit]

  • The Forty Martyrs: New Saints of England and Wales (Huntington: Our Sunday Visitor, 1971)
  • Fathers of the Church (Huntington: Our Sunday Visitor, 1975)
  • The Catholic Priesthood Today (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1976)
  • The Teaching of Christ: A Catholic Catechism for Adults (Huntington: Our Sunday Visitor, 1976), co-author
  • A Visit to the Vatican: For Young People (Boston: St. Paul Editions, 1981)
  • The Gift of Faith: A Question and Answer Version of The Teaching of Christ (Huntington: Our Sunday Visitor, 2001)
  • The Catholic Way: Faith for Living Today (New York: Doubleday, 2001)
  • The Sacraments: A Continuing Encounter with Christ (Our Sunday Visitor, 2010)
  • The Mass: The Glory, The Mystery, The Tradition (New York: Doubleday, 2011)
  • The Gift of Blessed John Paul II (Frederick, MD: The Word Among Us Press, 2011)
  • Seek First the Kingdom: Challenging the Culture by Living Our Faith (Huntington: Our Sunday Visitor, 2011)
  • Faith That Transforms Us: Reflections on the Creed (Frederick, MD: The Word Among Us Press, 2013)
  • New Evangelization: Passing on the Catholic Faith Today (Our Sunday Visitor, 2013)
  • The Church: Unlocking the Secrets to the Places Catholics Call Home (Image, 2013)
  • The Light is On For You: The Life-Changing Power of Confession (Frederick, MD: The Word Among Us Press, 2014)
  • The Feasts: How the Church Year Forms Us as Catholics (Image: 2014)
  • Open to the Holy Spirit: Living the Gospel with Wisdom (Our Sunday Visitor, 2014)
  • The Marriage God Wants For You (Frederick, MD: The Word Among Us Press, 2015)
  • To the Martyrs: A Reflection on the Supreme Christian Witness (Emmaus Road Publishing, 2015)
  • Ways to Pray: Growing Closer to God (Our Sunday Visitor, 2015)

Pastoral letters as Archbishop of Washington[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Miranda, Salvador. "Wuerl, Donald William (1940– )". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Archived from the original on May 27, 2017. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Rodgers-Melnick, Ann (May 14, 1994). "Francis J. Wuerl, Whose 4 Children Included a Bishop". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Peter (October 12, 2018). "The path of Cardinal Donald Wuerl: From Pittsburgh priest to Washington archbishop". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  4. ^ "Washington, D.C., Archbishop-Designate Donald Wuerl". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. May 17, 2006.
  5. ^ "News & Events". The Catholic University of America. Archived from the original on August 30, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  6. ^ Duin, Julia (June 12, 2006). "Wuerl a 'Teaching Bishop' – McCarrick's Successor Prepares to Lead Diocese of Washington". The Washington Times.
  7. ^ a b c "Former Diocesan Bishops". Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh. Retrieved November 24, 2023.
  8. ^ Almade, Frank D. (September 29, 2008). "1978: With John Paul II, a New Era Began for the Church". Pittsburgh Catholic. Archived from the original on September 24, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  9. ^ Filteau, Jerry (November 20, 2010). "Wuerl in 1978 Conclave That Elected John Paul II". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  10. ^ Gibson, David (December 23, 2015). "Cardinal Donald Wuerl: The Pope's Man in Washington". The Washington Post. Religion News Service. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  11. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (November 28, 2005). "Thomas Lawler Dies; Author and Editor of Catholic Catechism". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  12. ^ McCoy, John A. (2015). A Clear and Quiet Conscience: The Archbishop Who Challenged a Pope, a President, and a Church. Orbis Books. ISBN 9781608335459.
  13. ^ Briggs, Kenneth A. (September 23, 1981). "Vatican Will Investigate U.S. Seminaries with Aid of Bishops". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  14. ^ "Donald William Cardinal Wuerl [Catholic-Hierarchy]". Retrieved November 24, 2023.
  15. ^ a b Turner, Wallace (December 9, 1986). "2 Bishops of Seattle Striving to Work with Split Powers". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  16. ^ Schilling, Timothy Peter (2003). Conflict in the Catholic Hierarchy: A Study of Coping Strategies in the Hunthausen Affair, with Preferential Attention to Discursive Strategies (doctoral dissertation). Utrecht, Netherlands: Utrecht University. hdl:1874/601.
  17. ^ "Vatican Moves to Curtail Power of a Liberal Prelate in Seattle". The New York Times. Associated Press. September 5, 1986. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Pope Meets with Wuerl in Hunthausen Controversy". UPI. February 16, 1987. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  19. ^ Chandler, Russell (May 27, 1987). "Pope Restores Full Powers to Hunthausen". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  20. ^ "Bishop Calls for Sharing of Authority an Unworkable Venture in Seattle". The New York Times. Associated Press. June 24, 1987. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  21. ^ a b c Allen, John L. "Abuse scandal isn't the only chapter in Donald Wuerl's story". Crux. Crux Catholic Media Inc. Archived from the original on December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  22. ^ a b c Rodgers, Ann; Aquilina, Mark (2015). Something More Pastoral: The Mission of Bishop, Archbishop, and Cardinal Donald Wuerl. Lambing Press.
  23. ^ "Mission & History - Oakland Catholic High School". Retrieved November 24, 2023.
  24. ^ "The Chaplains of the Federal Association". Order of Malta. July 27, 2011. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved November 24, 2023.
  25. ^ Wereschagin, Mike (July 22, 2007). "Bishop Zubik Will Face Many Obstacles". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved October 23, 2008.
  26. ^ "Revitalization Project to Begin Second Phase". The Pittsburgh Catholic. September 11, 1992.
  27. ^ Cooperman, Alan; Murphy, Caryle (May 17, 2006). "McCarrick Successor Seen As a 'Vote for Continuity'". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  28. ^ Boorstein, Michelle (June 23, 2006). "Wuerl Is Installed As D.C. Archbishop". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  29. ^ University, Catholic. "Most Reverend Donald W Wuerl S T D - CUA In the Media". The Catholic University of America. Retrieved November 24, 2023.
  30. ^ "Doctrine of the Faith Congregation Names Archbishop Wuerl to Guide Bringing Anglican Groups into Catholic Church in U.S." (Press release). US Conference of Catholic Bishops. September 23, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  31. ^ O'Brien, Nancy Frazier (June 16, 2011). "Report on U.S. Ordinariate for Ex-Anglicans". National Catholic Reporter. Catholic News Service. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  32. ^ Donadio, Rachel (November 20, 2010). "Pope Elevates Cardinals in Festive Ceremony". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  33. ^ Winters, Michael Sean (November 20, 2010). "Wuerl Gets San Pietro in Vincoli". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  34. ^ SKALKA TULUMELLO, JENNIFER (October 17, 2011). "The Vatican's Man in Washington - Washingtonian". The Washingtonian. Retrieved November 26, 2023.
  35. ^ "DC's Cardinal Named Relator-General for Evangelization Synod". Zenit. October 24, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  36. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine" (Press release) (in Italian). Vatican Press Service. December 10, 2010. Archived from the original on August 29, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  37. ^ "Pontifical Acts" (Press release) (in Italian). Vatican Press Service. April 21, 2012. Archived from the original on August 29, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  38. ^ "Wuerl resigns, ending influential tenure in wake of abuse report". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved November 26, 2023.
  39. ^ "U.S. bishops blast book by feminist theologian". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved November 26, 2023.
  40. ^ "US bishops quietly adopt protocols for theological investigations". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved November 26, 2023.
  41. ^ "Doctrine Committee Chair, Cardinal Wuerl, highlights multiple offers to meet with Fordham Professor Sister Elizabeth Johnson" (Press release). Washington, DC: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. October 28, 2011. Archived from the original on October 31, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  42. ^ Boorstein, Michelle (February 22, 2016). "Rome-Bound, D.C.'s Cardinal Wuerl Says Next Pope Must Evangelize a Hectic World". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  43. ^ Boorstein, Michelle (December 16, 2013). "Archbishop Wuerl Appointed to Vatican Panel That Names Bishops". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  44. ^ a b Goodstein, Laurie (May 17, 2006). "Pope Names Pittsburgh Bishop to Washington, D.C., Post". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  45. ^ a b c d David Crary (August 16, 2018). "Washington cardinal entangled in two sex-abuse scandals". Philadelphia Tribune. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  46. ^ Archdiocese of Washington website – Same Sex Marriage Archived October 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  47. ^ Craig, Tim; Boorstein, Michelle (November 12, 2009). "Catholic Church Gives D.C. Ultimatum". The Washington Post.
  48. ^ Urbina, Ian (November 12, 2009). "New Turn in Debate over Law on Marriage". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  49. ^ Wuerl, Donald W. (November 22, 2009). "Archbishop Donald Wuerl on D.C.'s Same-Sex Marriage Bill". The Washington Post.
  50. ^ "Subcommittee for the Promotion and Defense of Marriage: Frequently Asked Questions". Washington: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Archived from the original on June 30, 2011. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  51. ^ Declaration, Manhattan. "Manhattan Declaration". Retrieved November 26, 2023.
  52. ^ Solmonese, J. : Unbelievable (mass email), Washington, December 15, 2009.
  53. ^ Archdiocese of Washington Website – News Release Archived January 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  54. ^ Wright, Laura (February 9, 2010). "Catholic Charities Ends Foster Care Program to Avoid Compromising Religious Beliefs". Catholic Standard. Archdiocese of Washington. Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  55. ^ "Same-Sex 'Marriage' Law Forces D.C. Catholic Charities to Close Adoption Program". Catholic News Agency. February 17, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  56. ^ Urbina, Ian (March 3, 2010). "Gay Marriage Is Legal in U.S. Capital". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  57. ^ Rodgers-Melnick, Ann (September 7, 2000). "Wuerl: Others Can Be Saved". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  58. ^ O'Brien, Nancy Frazier (July 10, 2007). "U.S. Bishops Say Pope Affirming Importance of Mass in Both Its Forms". Catholic News Service. Archived from the original on July 10, 2007.
  59. ^ "Masses in Various Languages". Archdiocese of Washington website. Archived from the original on July 1, 2017.
  60. ^ a b c Rodgers-Melnick, Ann (June 15, 2003). "Wuerl's Tough Record on Sex Abuse Spurs Speculation of Move to Boston". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  61. ^ a b Burke, Daniel; Flores, Rosa (August 30, 2018). "Growing Catholic insurgency threatens top cardinal in Washington". CNN. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
  62. ^ a b c d e Lovett, Ian (September 4, 2018). "Under Pressure to Resign, Cardinal Wuerl Meets With Priests About Future". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  63. ^ a b c d Rodgers-Melnick, Ann (November 16, 2002). "Rare sanction imposed on priest". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on June 7, 2017. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  64. ^ Gibson, Gail; Rivera, John (April 11, 2002). "Maryland center claims success treating priests". Baltimore Sun.
  65. ^ Smith, Peter (September 13, 2016). "Obituary: Anthony Cipolla / Center of high-profile sex-abuse case in 1990s, dies in Ohio". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  66. ^ "". WLTX.
  67. ^ Zauzmer, Julie. "Cardinal Wuerl's actions in Pittsburgh scrutinized by Catholic sexual abuse investigation". The Washington Post.
  68. ^ "Catholic Church covered up child abuse by 300 US priests: report".
  69. ^ Ramirez, Stephanie (August 14, 2018). "DC Cardinal Wuerl aided in the cover-up of pedophile activity, a new Grand Jury Report says". CBS WUSA (TV). Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  70. ^ Report Grand Jury on sexual abuse in six dioceses in Pennsylvania, 2018].
  71. ^ a b White, Christopher (August 18, 2018). "Wuerl pulls out of Dublin summit amid charges of mishandling abuse claims". Crux. Retrieved August 18, 2018.[permanent dead link]
  72. ^ a b c Lovett, Ian (August 15, 2018). "D.C. Archbishop Faces Scrutiny After Pennsylvania Report on Priest Abuse". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  73. ^ a b Tapper, Jake; Foran, Clare (August 19, 2018). "Pennsylvania AG: Cardinal under scrutiny over report on priest abuse 'is not telling the truth'". CNN. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  74. ^ Sullivan, Andrew (August 17, 2018). "Cleansing the Catholic Church of Its Sins". New York. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  75. ^ Miles, Frank (August 14, 2018). "Stunning findings on report of Catholic Church abuse: Pa. priests molested more than 1,000 children". Fox News. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  76. ^ Wuerl, Donald (August 14, 2018). "Facts on Child Protection under Cardinal Wuerl". Archdiocese of Washington. Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  77. ^ White, Christopher (August 18, 2018). "Wuerl pulls out of Dublin summit amid charges of mishandling abuse claims". Crux.
  78. ^ "Cardinal Wuerl's Name to be Removed from North Catholic H.S." CBS News Pittsburgh. August 22, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2023.
  79. ^ Lou, Michelle (August 22, 2018). "Cardinal Donald Wuerl's Name Removed From School After Abuse Coverup". Huffington Post.
  80. ^ Hugh Hewitt (August 22, 2018). "Donald Wuerl is a con man under a Cardinal's cap". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 22, 2018.[dead link]
  81. ^ Fitzgerald, Tom (August 23, 2018). "Online petition to remove Cardinal Wuerl has more than 60,000 signatures". FOX 5 DC. Retrieved November 25, 2023.
  82. ^ a b Julie Zauzmer (September 9, 2018). "Donald Wuerl is a con man under a Cardinal's cap". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  83. ^ Keara Dowd (September 9, 2018). "Local deacon at high-profile parish calls on Wuerl to resign". website. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  84. ^ Winters, Michael (October 12, 2018). "Wuerl hounded from office for becoming face of abuse crisis". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved November 23, 2023.
  85. ^ Reese, Thomas (January 11, 2019). "Former New York Times reporter slams grand jury report on clerical abuse". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved November 25, 2023.
  86. ^ Pentin, Edward (August 25, 2018). "Ex-nuncio accuses Pope Francis of failing to act on McCarrick's abuse reports". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
  87. ^ a b Flynn, J. D. (August 25, 2018). "Wuerl denies he was informed of Vatican restrictions on McCarrick". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
  88. ^ "Cardinal Wuerl acknowledges calls for 'new leadership'". Catholic News Agency. September 6, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  89. ^ a b Boorstein, Michelle (January 10, 2019). "Despite past denials, D.C. Cardinal Donald Wuerl knew of sexual misconduct allegations against ex-cardinal Theodore McCarrick and reported them to Vatican". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  90. ^ Boorstein, Michelle (January 16, 2019). "Wuerl apologizes to priests, McCarrick victim, says he forgot about harassment allegations". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  91. ^ "McCarrick correspondence confirms restrictions, speaks to Wuerl and China". Crux. May 28, 2019. Archived from the original on May 29, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  92. ^ a b c Reed Shaw, Paula (August 7, 2020). "Lawsuit against Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh accuses priest of rape". Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  93. ^ Goldstein, Andrew. "Diocese, Zubik, Wuerl sued in latest round of accusations". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  94. ^ Matoney, Nick (November 20, 2019). "Former altar boys sue Pittsburgh Catholic Diocese over alleged sexual abuse". WTAE. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  95. ^ Chappell, Bill; Gjelten, Tom (October 12, 2018). "Pope Accepts Resignation Of D.C. Archbishop Donald Wuerl Amid Sex Abuse Crisis". NPR. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  96. ^ "Pope Francis' letter to Cardinal Donald Wuerl". CNN. October 12, 2018. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  97. ^ a b Boorstein, Michelle; Harlan, Chico; Zauzmer Weil, Julie Zauzmer (October 12, 2018). "Pope Francis accepts resignation of D.C. archbishop Wuerl, amid criticism of the cardinal's handling of abuse claims". Washington Post. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  98. ^ White, Christopher (October 12, 2018). "Wuerl resigns amid papal praise, will stay as interim administrator". Crux. Archived from the original on October 12, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  99. ^ Condon, Ed (May 21, 2019). "So Long, Cardinal Wuerl". First Things. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  100. ^ "Wilton Gregory installed as new archbishop of Washington". ASSOCIATED PRESS. May 21, 2019. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  101. ^ Zauzmer Weil, Julie; Boorstein, Michelle (May 21, 2019). "Wilton Gregory installed as archbishop of Washington". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 6, 2020. Retrieved November 25, 2023.
  102. ^ Sanchez, Victoria; DiGangi, Diana (May 21, 2019). "Archbishop Wilton Gregory installed as Washington archbishop at Basilica mass". WJLA (ABC7). Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  103. ^ Editorial board (October 12, 2018). "The Pope Ignores the Damage as Another Prelate Falls". The New York Times. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  104. ^ "Pennsylvania AG: Cardinal faces no penalties by resigning". Associated Press. October 12, 2018.
  105. ^ "Washington archdiocese allocates $2m for Cardinal Wuerl's 'continuing ministry'". The Pillar. March 3, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.

Further reading[edit]

  • Glenn, Francis A. (1993). Shepherds of the Faith, 1843–1993: A Brief History of the Bishops of the Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Pittsburgh
Succeeded by
Preceded by Archbishop of Washington
Succeeded by
Preceded by — TITULAR —
Cardinal-Priest of San Pietro in Vincoli