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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
TypeIce cream
Place of originTurkey
Region or stateKahramanmaraş
Main ingredientsCream, whipped cream, salep, mastic, sugar
Turkish desserts served with ice cream

Dondurma is Turkish mastic ice cream. It typically includes the ingredients cream, whipped cream, salep (ground-up tuber of an orchid), mastic (plant resin), and sugar. It is believed to originate from the city and region of Kahramanmaraş and hence, is also known as maraş dondurma.[1][a]


Two qualities distinguish Turkish ice cream: hard texture and resistance to melting, brought about by inclusion of the thickening agents salep, a flour made from the root of the early purple orchid, and mastic, a resin that imparts chewiness.[2]

The Kahramanmaraş region is known for maraş dondurması, a variety which contains distinctly more salep than usual. Tough and sticky, it is sometimes eaten with a knife and fork.[citation needed]

Consumption and culture[edit]

Dondurma vendor

Dondurma is commonly sold from both street vendors' carts and store fronts, where the mixture is churned regularly with long-handled paddles to keep it workable. Vendors often tease the customer by serving the ice cream cone on a stick, and then taking away the dondurma with the stick by rotating it around before finally giving it to the customer. This sometimes results in misunderstandings among customers unfamiliar with the practice, but usually will add more ice cream to compensate if a customer fails. They often wear traditional clothing of the Ottoman period.[citation needed]

As of 2010, the average rate of consumption in Turkey was 2.8 liters of ice cream per person per year (compared to the United States at 14.2 liters per person and world consumption leader Australia at 17.9 liters in 2010).[3][4]

Some Turks believe that cold foods, such as ice cream will cause illnesses – such as sore throats and the common cold; it is held that consumption of warm liquid while consuming ice cream will counteract these effects.[citation needed]

The popularity of salepli dondurma has caused a decline of wild orchids in the region and led to a ban on exports of salep.[5]

Α distinct variation of dondurma is also consumed in Greece, especially in the north of the country, where it is called "dudurmas" or "kaimaki".[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ In Turkish: Maraş dondurması, meaning "the ice cream of the city of Kahramanmaraş", also called Dövme dondurma, meaning "battered ice cream"


  1. ^ Maras Dondurma: Traditional Turkish ice-cream unlike any other. TRT via YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-22. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  2. ^ Crowley, Chris (2017-08-10). "Dondurma Is the Chewy, Stretchy Ice Cream You Need to Know About". New York. Archived from the original on 2019-09-16. Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  3. ^ "Ice cream consumption grows by a third in 2010". Hürriyet Daily News. Archived from the original on 2012-10-10.
  4. ^ "The World Scene". www.foodsci.uoguelph.ca. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-09-30. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  5. ^ "Ice cream threatens Turkey's flowers". BBC News. 5 August 2003. Archived from the original on 13 February 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  6. ^ Zoumpopoulou, Georgia (December 18, 2020). "Kaimaki ice cream as a vehicle for Limosilactobacillus fermentum ACA-DC 179 to exert potential probiotic effects: Overview of strain stability and final product quality". International Dairy Journal. 123 – via Elsevier Science Direct.

External links[edit]