Donetsk Republic (political party)
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|Founded||December 9, 2005|
|Colours||Blue and Red|
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The Donetsk Republic (Russian: Донецкая республика, Donétskaya respúblika) is a pro-Russian separatist political party operating in the Donetsk area of Ukraine. The group's goal is the creation of a "federation of sovereign Donetsk", which would include seven regions of eastern and southern Ukraine. The group was banned in 2007, but this ban was marginal until the 2014 Donbass War. In 2014, it founded the Donetsk People's Republic, which Ukraine's government calls a terrorist organization. The party won the Donbass general elections, 2014 with the 68,53% and 68 seats.
Before the Ukrainian crisis
The organization was established on December 6, 2005 as a city organization by Andrei Purguin, Alexander Tsurkan, and Oleh Frolov and on December 9, 2005 with support of Hennadiy Prytkov as a regional organization. The main goal of the organization was to grant the eastern regions of Ukraine a special status. It claimed to fight the "orange plague" of President Viktor Yushchenko. Their goal was to create a Federal Republic of Donetsk in Southeast Ukraine. According to a map they published in 2006 this Federal Republic of Donetsk would comprise the (Ukrainian Oblasts) Kharkiv Oblast, Luhansk Oblast, Donetsk Oblast, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Zaporizhia Oblast and Kherson Oblast. Its pre-2014 rallies were averagedly attended by about 30-50 people.
From November 17 to November 22 of 2006, its activists were conducting protests in Donetsk and were gathering signatures on creation of the Donetsk Republic. Their activities were not supported by the prime minister, Viktor Yanukovych.
At the beginning of 2007, representatives of the organization conducted number of activities in various cities of eastern Ukraine propagating the idea of separatism and federalization of the country.
The group was banned by Donetsk's administrative regional tribunal in November 2007 on grounds of separatism. Despite this, the party continued to hold rallies.
The party won the Donbass general elections, 2014 with the 68,53% and 68 seats. The Communist Party of the Donetsk People's Republic participates in the Donetsk Republic's parliamentary group. In the election campaign prior to these elections only the candidate of Donetsk Republic, Alexander Zakharchenko, used billboards. This resulted to the only visible campaign advertising in Donetsk being in support of Zakharchenko.
- "Kremlin Tightens Grip on Devastated Donbas". worldaffairsjournal.org. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Список депутатов Народного Совета ДНР созыва 2014 года" [List of deputies of the People's Council of the People's Democratic Republic of 2014] (in Russian). 14 November 2014. Archived from the original on 18 November 2014.
- SBU detained the leader of Donetsk Republic. Espreso. March 19, 2014
- Court banned the organization Donetsk Republic. Ura-Inform. November 12, 2007
- "Ukraine's prosecutor general classifies self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk republics as terrorist organizations". Kyiv Post. 16 May 2014.
- "Донецькі бойовики за ніч порахували голоси: "переміг" Захарченко".
- (in Russian) Small bio of Andrei Purgin on Politrada
- (in Russian) What's "New Russia" and how to be, Ukrayinska Pravda (15 August 2014)
- Signature collection for the independent Donetsk Republic. Russia-3.
- UNIAN: Yanukovych against the Donetsk Republic. Donetsk Republic. November 23, 2006
- Donetsk Republic presented Ukraine as united but divided. Ura-Inform. January 10, 2007
- "Donetsk People's Republic campaign reveals shambolic tendencies". Financial Times. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Rebel-Backed Elections to Cement Status Quo in Ukraine". The New York Times. 2 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Pro-Russian rebels in Ukraine postpone disputed elections, Reuters (6 October 2015)
Ukraine rebels to delay elections, Washington Post (6 October 2015)
- (in Ukrainian) Donbass postpones elections, Gazeta.ru (5 October 2015)