Dong Ping

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Dong Ping
Water Margin character
First appearance Chapter 69
Nickname "General of Double Spears"
雙槍將
Also known as "Refined and Cultured General of Double Spears"
風流雙槍將
Rank 15th, Steadfast Star (天立星) of the 36 Heavenly Spirits
Tiger General of the Five Tiger Generals of Liangshan
Origin Imperial general
Ancestral home / Place of origin Shangdang, Hedong (around present-day Yuncheng, Shanxi)
Weapon Pair of spears
Names
Simplified Chinese 董平
Traditional Chinese 董平
Pinyin Dǒng Píng
Wade–Giles Tung P'ing

Dong Ping is a fictional character in Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels in Chinese literature. He is nicknamed "General of Double Spears" and ranks 15th among the 36 Heavenly Spirits, the first third of the 108 Liangshan heroes.

Background[edit]

Dong Ping is from Shangdang (上黨), Hedong (河東), which is around present-day Yuncheng, Shanxi. He serves as the garrison commander in Dongping Prefecture (東平府; present-day Dongping County, Tai'an, Shandong). He wields a pair of spears in combat – hence his nickname "General of Double Spears" – and is feared by many for his prowess in battle. Apart from being an accomplished warrior, Dong Ping is also a connoisseur of music and the arts. He can play many musical instruments and is liked by women for his romantic and artistic bent. Because of this, he is also nicknamed "Romantic General of Double Spears".

Becoming an outlaw[edit]

When the outlaws from Liangshan Marsh are heading to Dongping to demand for food supply, they send Yu Baosi and Wang Dingliu to go before them to order Cheng Wanli, the prefect of Dongping, to surrender. Cheng is shocked but Dong Ping calms him down. Dong then tells the two envoys that they will not surrender, and suggests that the two be executed as a show of determination to defend Dongping. The prefect does not take his suggestion, but still orders Yu Baosi and Wang Dingliu be beaten up and driven out of Dongping.

Shi Jin volunteers to infiltrate Dongping by using the house of a prostitute with whom he once had an affair as his shelter. But the woman's madam reports Shi Jin to the prefecture office. Cheng sends soldiers to capture Shi Jin. Song Jiang immediately orders an offensive on Dongping after receiving news on Shi Jin's arrest. Dong Ping takes on some of the Liangshan outlaws but neither side could beat the other.

Dong Ping is enamoured with the daughter of Cheng, but his boss has constantly rejected his proposals. Therefore, the relationship is not at all harmonious between the two.

One night, the outlaws lure Dong Ping to ride into a pit and capture him. Song Jiang treats Dong Ping with respect and convinces him to join his band. Dong Ping then tricks the prefect into opening the city gates. He kills Cheng and seizes his daughter, who becomes his wife under coercion.

Death[edit]

Dong Ping becomes one of the Five Tiger Generals of the Liangshan cavalry after the 108 Stars came together in what is called the Grand Assembly. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the invading Liao army and rebel forces on Song territory.

During the campaign against the rebel leader Fang La, Dong Ping and "Featherless Arrow" Zhang Qing are assigned to attack the enemy at Dusong Pass (獨松關; located south of present-day Anji County, Huzhou, Zhejiang). Even though his left arm has been injured by cannon fire, Dong Ping continues fighting with Fang La's general Li Tianrun until his pain forces him to retreat. Zhang Qing rushes forth and continues the fight with Li Tianrun, but is slain by Li after his weapon gets stuck in a tree. Dong Ping attempts to avenge his fallen comrade but is caught off guard by another enemy general, Zhang Tao, who sneaks up on him and slices him into two from behind.

References[edit]