Donghae Nambu Line

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Donghae Nambu Line
Korail Donghae Nambu Line.png
Overview
Native name 동해남부선(東海南部線)
Type Heavy rail, Passenger/freight rail
Regional rail, Commuter rail
Status Integrated into Donghae Line
Locale Busan
Ulsan
North Gyeongsang
Termini Busanjin
Pohang
Stations 37
Operation
Opened Stages between 1918–1935
Closed 30 December 2016
Owner korea Rail Network Authority
Operator(s) Korail
Technical
Line length 143.2 km (89.0 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV/60 Hz AC Overhead line
(Busanjin–Bujeon)
Route map
Gyeongbu Line, Uam Line
0.0 Busanjin (Line 1)
Gyeongbu Line
2.1 Beomil
Gaya Line
Bujeon Line
4.6 Bujeon (Line 1)
7.8 Geoje
9.1 Nammungu (Line 3)
10.6 Dongnae
11.9 Allak
13.6 Jaesong
14.9 Suyeong
20.8 Haeundae
23.7 Songjeong
Haeundae Busan/Gijang
30.3 Gijang
33.3 Ilgwang
38.6 Jwacheon
42.0 Wolnae
Gijang Busan/Ulsan
44.9 Seosaeng
Onsan Line
53.4 Namchang
55.0 Oegosan
62.7 Deokha
65.2 Seonam
Jangsaengpo Line
Ulsanhang Line
70.0 Taehwagang (Former Ulsan)
Taehwa River
73.4 Hyomun
79.6 Hogye
Ulsan/Gyeongju
86.8 Mohwa
90.7 Ipsil
94.6 Juktong
98.7 Bulguksa
103.2 Dongbang (Signal Box)
109.7 Gyeongju
Hyeongsan River
Jungang Line
114.8 Nawon
118.5 Cheongnyeong
121.2 Sabang
127.0 Angang
129.9 Yangjadong
132.8 Bujo (Signal Box)
Gyeongju/Pohang
139.2 Hyoja
Goedong Line
142.0 Yanghakdong
143.2 Pohang
145.2 Haksan
Donghae Nambu Line
Hangul 동해남부선
Hanja
Revised Romanization Donghae Nambuseon
McCune–Reischauer Tonghae Nambusŏn
Gyeongju station.

The Donghae Nambu Line is a railway line connecting Busan to Pohang in South Korea. The line runs along South Korea's east coast. On December 30, 2016, it was merged into Donghae Line.

History[edit]

On October 31, 1918, an extension of the Daegu Line reached Pohang.[1] The section from Gyeongju to Pohang would become the oldest part of the future Donghae Nambu Line.[2] On October 25, 1921, a branch of the Daegu Line from Gyeongju to Ulsan (Taehwagang) was opened.[1] On 16 December 1935 Busan and Ulsan were linked up through the opening of the section Jwacheon–Ulsan.[3] The new line and the two older sections built as part of the Daegu Line were combined into the new Donghae Nambu Line, with a length of 145.8 km (90.6 mi) from Busanjin to Pohang.[4]

Upgrade[edit]

As of 2010, most of the line remains single-track and unelectrified.[4] The entire line is to be upgraded to an electrified-double-tracked railway.

Busan–Ulsan[edit]

Planning for the upgrading of the line started in 1990 already, with the primary aim to improve commuter traffic; construction started in June 2003.[5] The section gets a new 72.1 km long alignment[5] with several tunnels.[6][7] Korea Rail Network Authority, Busan, and Ulsan city government is undertaking the upgrade. As of 2010, construction progress reached 32% of the total budget of 2,268.9 billion won.[5] The completion of the upgrade is foreseen for 2015.[5]

On September 1, 2010, the South Korean government announced a strategic plan to reduce travel times from Seoul to 95% of the country to under 2 hours by 2020. As part of the plan, the Busan–Ulsan section of the Donghae Nambu Line is to be further upgraded for 230 km/h.[8]

Ulsan–Gyeongju–Pohang[edit]

The line is to be replaced by a completely new alignment that circumvents downtown Gyeongju and connects to the Gyeongbu High Speed Railway at Singyeongju Station.[9] In 2003, a feasibility study was prepared for the section.[10] Detailed design was started, and in May 2007, the government expected to realise the project from 2008 to 2011 at the earliest.[11] The project was finally approved by the government on April 23, 2009, and a ground-breaking ceremony was held.[10] The altogether 76.56 km line was slated to be opened in December 2014, with a total budget of 2,328.899 billion won.[9][10] In January 2010, the early completion of the Pohang branch was confirmed by the government.[12]

Stations[edit]

Major stations and junctions along the line include (in order):

Services[edit]

The line sees passenger and freight traffic. As of October 2010, from Bujeon Station in Busan, cross-country Mugunghwa-ho trains travel in around 1 hour 25 minutes to Ulsan and in around 2 hours 40 minutes to Pohang.[13] Via the Gyeongbu, Daegu and Jungang Lines, Pohang and Ulsan are connected to Seoul with both intercity Saemaul-ho and cross-country Mugunghwa-ho services. As of 2010, the shortest travel times from Seoul to Pohang are around 5 hours 15 minutes by direct Saemaul service and around 3 hours 40 minutes with transfer to KTX trains at Dongdaegu.[13]

After its upgrade is finished, the role of the line as a corridor for freight traffic will be enhanced.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 대구선 일부구간 이설 개통 (in Korean). Silvernet News. 2005-11-14. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  2. ^ Japanese Government Railways (1937), 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937), Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, pp 492–494
  3. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 2668, 4 December 1935
  4. ^ a b "경영원칙 > 경영공시 > 영업현황 > 영업거리현황". Korail. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d "부산∼울산 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  6. ^ "Detailed Design Proposal for Construction of Donghaenambu Line (Busan - Ulsan) Double Track Railway Lot 2". Sambo Engineering. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  7. ^ "Alternative design of railway construction for electrified double track on Donghae Nambu Line between Busan and Ulsan (Section 2)". Chunsuk Engineering. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  8. ^ "Bullet trains coming to a town near you by 2020". JoongAng Daily. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  9. ^ a b "울산∼포항 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  10. ^ a b c 울산~포항 복선전철건설 추진현황 (in Korean). Pohang News. 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  11. ^ "KTX to Cut Seoul-Pohang Trip to 2 Hours in 2011". The Chosun Ilbo. 2007-05-09. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  12. ^ "FEBRUARY 1, 2010 weekly news". City of Pohang. 2010-02-16. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  13. ^ a b "Booking". Korail. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  14. ^ "South Korea's growing network". Railway Gazette International. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2010-10-28.