Dongsha Atoll National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 20°43′N 116°42′E / 20.717°N 116.700°E / 20.717; 116.700

Dongsha monument
Dongsha Atoll

The Dongsha Atoll National Park (Chinese: 東沙環礁國家公園; pinyin: Dōngshā Huánjiāo Guójiā Gōngyuán) is the seventh national park of the Republic of China (Taiwan), managed by the Ministry of the Interior. It was established on 17 January 2007; and on 4 October of the same year a preparatory administrative office was set up[where?] to manage it.

The marine park is located at the Pratas Islands (Dongsha Islands) in the north of the South China Sea and includes the atolls[which?] and surrounding sea areas. The total area is 3,537 square kilometres (1,366 sq mi), with 1.79 square kilometres (0.69 sq mi) of land.[1] The main part of the Park is the Dongsha Atoll (Pratas Atoll), a circular atoll 25 kilometres (16 mi) in diameter, with tropical monsoon climate. It is administered under Qijin District, Kaohsiung City.

Oceanology[edit]

Average temperature and precipitation of Dongsha Atoll(1996~2005)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Average
Temperature(°C 21.7 22.0 23.9 26.2 27.9 29.1 29.6 29.3 28.4 26.9 24.9 22.3 26.016
Precipitation(mm) 23.9 25.0 17.5 56.1 141.2 166.9 193.7 211.4 244.2 146.1 44.0 76.3 112.192

Ecology[edit]

Seagrass Beds are well formed in the atoll and in adjacent waters, providing rich bio-diversities of marine life from fish, jelly fish, squid, sicklefin lemon sharks,[2] and rays to rarer sea turtles, Dugongs, and cetaceans (dolphins and whales).[3][4] Recovery of green sea turtles has especially been noted.[5] Possible use of the atoll as a breeding ground by lemon sharks have been speculated due to the numbers of infants that have been discovered.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 各國家公園基本資料表 (PDF) (in Chinese). Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C.(Taiwan). June 6, 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2014. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ 黃旭磊. 2016. 〈南部〉尖齒檸檬幼鯊 悠游東沙環礁. The Liberty Times. Retrieved on March 28, 2017
  3. ^ Hsiao-yun S. (2013). "Featured Project - Removing the Veil of Mystery from the Seagrass Beds of Dongsha Island". The National Parks of Taiwan. Taiwan Government. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2015-01-03. 
  4. ^ Dai C. F. (2004). "Dong-sha Atoll in the South China Sea: Past, Present and Future" (pdf). Reports at the ISLANDS of the WORLD VIII International Conference (2004):Changing Islands – Changing Worlds. Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University: 517–525. Retrieved 2016-08-16. 
  5. ^ III. Achievements of Taiwan’s Marine Protected Areas, Fisheries Agency, Council of Agriculture, Government of Taiwan
  6. ^ Xinzhong P.. 2017. 東沙環礁 尖齒檸檬鯊幼兒樂園. The United Daily News. Retrieved on April 30, 2017

External links[edit]