Dongxing, Guangxi

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Dongxing

东兴市 · Dunghhingh Si

Tunghing
BeiLun River.jpg
Dongxing is located in Guangxi
Dongxing
Dongxing
Location in Guangxi
Coordinates (Dongxing government): 21°32′52″N 107°58′18″E / 21.54778°N 107.97167°E / 21.54778; 107.97167Coordinates: 21°32′52″N 107°58′18″E / 21.54778°N 107.97167°E / 21.54778; 107.97167
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionGuangxi
Prefecture-level cityFangchenggang
Municipal seatDongxing Town (东兴镇)
Area
 • Total548.8 km2 (211.9 sq mi)
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2007)
 • Total110,000
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
538100
Area code(s)0770
Dongxing, Guangxi
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese东兴市
Traditional Chinese東興市
Vietnamese name
VietnameseThị xã Đông Hưng /
Đông Hưng thị
Chữ Hán東興市
Chữ Nôm市社東興
Zhuang name
ZhuangDunghhingh Si
1957 orthographyDuŋƅhiŋƅ Si

Dongxing (东兴) is a county-level city of Guangxi, People's Republic of China, on the border with Móng Cái, in Vietnam.

History[edit]

Refugees from Vietnam[edit]

In the summer of 1978, the Friendship Bridge that connected Dongxing and Mong Cai in Vietnam became a makeshift refugee camp for thousands of ethnic Chinese fleeing Vietnam. Ethnic Chinese had lived in Northern Vietnam for decades under Communist rule, but after the North and South unified in April 1975, the Communist government saw the Chinese in the South, many of whom were successful capitalists and receiving political support financed by Beijing following the Vietnam War, as a threat to their socialist system and began persecuting the Chinese, forcing many to flee by boat. They became part of the known Boat People. This caused an exodus of over 250,000 Chinese from Vietnam to China, mainly to Dongxing.[1]

Climate[edit]

Dongxing has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with mild to warm winters and long, hot (but not especially) summers, and very humid conditions year-round. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) in January to 28.0 °C (82.4 °F) in July, while extremes have ranged from 3.3 to 37.1 °C (38 to 99 °F). Rain is both the heaviest and most frequent from June to September, when 70% of the annual rainfall also occurs. This is in contrast to the autumn and winter months, where only 30 to 50 millimetres (1.2 to 2.0 in) of rain falls per month.

Climate data for Dongxing (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
29.8
(85.6)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
35.8
(96.4)
37.9
(100.2)
36.5
(97.7)
38.4
(101.1)
36.7
(98.1)
35.0
(95.0)
32.5
(90.5)
30.1
(86.2)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
19.2
(66.6)
21.9
(71.4)
26.1
(79.0)
29.8
(85.6)
31.2
(88.2)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
29.1
(84.4)
25.5
(77.9)
21.8
(71.2)
26.5
(79.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.0
(60.8)
18.9
(66.0)
22.9
(73.2)
26.1
(79.0)
27.7
(81.9)
28.0
(82.4)
27.7
(81.9)
26.9
(80.4)
24.3
(75.7)
20.5
(68.9)
16.9
(62.4)
22.6
(72.7)
Average low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.8
(56.8)
16.7
(62.1)
20.5
(68.9)
23.5
(74.3)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
23.8
(74.8)
21.1
(70.0)
17.1
(62.8)
13.6
(56.5)
19.8
(67.7)
Record low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
4.1
(39.4)
5.0
(41.0)
11.1
(52.0)
15.7
(60.3)
19.5
(67.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.2
(70.2)
17.3
(63.1)
10.8
(51.4)
5.5
(41.9)
3.3
(37.9)
3.3
(37.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.8
(1.84)
51.4
(2.02)
69.9
(2.75)
151.2
(5.95)
325.8
(12.83)
463.0
(18.23)
570.9
(22.48)
537.8
(21.17)
303.4
(11.94)
175.2
(6.90)
56.9
(2.24)
32.5
(1.28)
2,784.8
(109.63)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.7 15.1 16.2 15.4 16.8 19.3 21.8 19.7 13.6 10.7 7.3 7.4 176.0
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions[edit]

Dongxing administers 3 towns:[2]

Towns:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vietnam-China". Mongbay.com.
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:灵山县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-03.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]