Donji Brčeli Monastery

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Monastery of St. Nicholas, Brčeli
Brčeli Monastery
Basic information
Location Virpazar, Bar, Montenegro
Affiliation Serbian Orthodox Church
Rite Byzantine Rite
Territory Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
Region Crmnica
Year consecrated 15th century
Status active
Architectural description
Founder Jelena Balšić (1365–1443)
Funded by Jelena Balšić
Completed before 1443

The Monastery of Donji Brčeli (Serbian Cyrillic: Манастир Доњи Брчели), also known as Donje Brčele (Доње Брчеле), or simply Brčeli (Брчели), is a Serbian Orthodox monastery including the Church of St. Nicholas, located near the village of Virpazar in the Crmnica region of Montenegro. It was founded by Jelena Balšić (1365–1443), the daughter of Prince Lazar of Serbia. Šćepan Mali, the impostor pretender of the Russian emperor, was buried here.

Geography[edit]

The monastery is located in Donji (Lower) Brčeli, in the Upper Crmnica region, in the Brčeli tribal region (one of seven in Crmnica).

History[edit]

It was founded by Jelena Balšić (1365–1443),[1] daughter of Prince Lazar of Serbia and wife of Zetan lord Đurađ II. The village of Brčele had earlier been granted by King Stefan Dečanski (r. 1321–31) to the Monastery of St. Nicholas on the Vranjina island.[2]

In 1714, the Ottomans burned down the Bigovo Monastery in the Bay of Kotor, so the hegumen and monks found shelter in the Brčeli Monastery.[3] Šćepan Mali, the impostor pretender of Russian Tsar Peter III, who managed to rule Montenegro from 1767 until his death in 1773, was buried in the monastery.[1] Petar II Petrović-Njegoš sent Bishop Nikifor of Užice to Brčeli upon his arrival at Morača from the Principality of Serbia.[4]

In 1861, the monastery was reconstructed by Prince Nikola I Petrović of Montenegro.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Džomić 2006.
  2. ^ Miloš Blagojević (2001). Državna uprava u srpskim srednjovekovnim zemljama. Službeni list SRJ. p. 21.
  3. ^ Zirojević, Olga (1984). Crkve i manastiri na području Pećke patrijaršije do 1683. Godine. p. 140. Турци су га попалили, па су се игуман и монаси скло- нили у манастир Брчеле.
  4. ^ Istorijski Institut (SANU) (1954). Posebna izdanja. Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti. p. 174.

Sources[edit]

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