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Donkervoort Automobielen B.V.
FounderJoop Donkervoort
HeadquartersLelystad, Netherlands
ProductsHand-built ultra-light weight sport cars
Number of employees
WebsiteDonkervoort site – English homepage

Donkervoort Automobielen BV is a manufacturer of hand-built and ultra light weight sports cars based in Lelystad, Netherlands. The car brand was founded in 1978 by Joop Donkervoort. In 1996, Donkervoort's Ford engines were replaced by Audi engines. Donkervoort's motto – "No Compromise" – means driving without any electronic aids such as ABS (Anti-lock braking system), Electronic stability program (ESP) or power steering.

Corporate history[edit]

Donkervoort is a privately-held company controlled by founder Joop Donkervoort until he retired in 2019 and his son Denis succeeded him as Managing Director in 2021. Marianne Donkervoort, who is married to Joop, and Amber, their daughter, also have played key roles in developing the business and branding of the company.[1] Amber was an equestrian who joined the company as the marketing manager following an internship in China.[2] The Donkervoort S8A was named for Amber, while the D8 was named for Denis.[3]

Joop started the company as a kit car importer in 1978, but upon learning he needed to make significant modifications to make the assembled kit cars street legal, began building the first S7 automobiles using a design derived from the Lotus Seven in a Tienhoven shed.[4][5] In 1983, Donkervoort moved to a larger production facility in Loosdrecht, followed by another move in 2000 to its present headquarters and factory in Lelystad.[6] Chassis production, which previously had been contracted to an external supplier, was brought in-house to Lelystad in 2003.[6]

Future plans[edit]

Donkervoort announced on their website that is expanding its worldwide locations and services, most recently being available as a car brand in the US.[7]


Model overview
Vehicle Image Year Engine Output
S7 Donkervoort S7 S8.jpg 1978–1984 1.6 L Ford Crossflow OHV engine 90 PS (66 kW)
S8 1986DonkervoortSuper8.jpg 1980–1984 2.0 L Ford OHV 103 PS (76 kW)
S8A Nationale oldtimerdag Zandvoort 2010, DONKERVOORT(JD) S8A, RL-PT-30.JPG 1985–1993 2.0 L Ford OHC 117 PS (86 kW)
S8AT Nationale oldtimerdag Zandvoort 2010, DONKERVOORT(JD) S8AT, SN-ZB-99.JPG 1986–1994 Turbocharged 2.0 L Ford OHC
Garrett T3 turbocharger with intercooler
170 PS (125 kW)
Turbocharged 2.2 L Ford OHC
Garrett T3 turbocharger with intercooler
190 PS (140 kW)
D10 1988–1989 Turbocharged 2.2 L (2,160 cc) Ford OHC
(Garrett T3)
190 PS (140 kW)
D8 Zetec Nationale oldtimerdag Zandvoort 2010, DONKERVOORT(JD) D8 ZETEC, 73-GV-BV pic2.JPG 1993–1998 1.8 L 16V Zetec engine 140 PS (103 kW)
2.0 L 16V Zetec engine 160 PS (118 kW)
D8 Cosworth Nationale oldtimerdag Zandvoort 2010, DONKERVOORT(JD), RNM-257.JPG 1994–1998 Turbocharged 2.0 L DOHC Cosworth YB engine 220 to 280 PS (160 to 210 kW)
D8 Audi (AGU) Year 2000 Donkervoort D8-150 (14547395243).jpg 1999–2002 Turbocharged 1.8 L 20vT Audi engine 150 to 245 PS (110 to 180 kW)
D8 Audi (E-gas) Pronk-Baas Challenge Donkervoort.jpg 2003–2012 Turbocharged 1.8 L 20vT Audi engine 150 to 270 PS (110 to 200 kW)
D8 270 RS Donkervoort D8 270 RS (47986611851).jpg 2005–2007 Turbocharged 1.8 L 20vT Audi engine, drive by wire 270 PS (199 kW)
D8 270 Donkervoort D8 Zolder.jpg 2008–2012 Turbocharged 1.8 L 20vT Audi engine, drive by wire 270 PS (199 kW)
D8 GT Nationale oldtimerdag Zandvoort 2010, DONKERVOORT(JD) D8 GT, 12-JLD-1 pic1.JPG 2007–2012 Turbocharged 1.8 L 20vT Audi engine, drive by wire 270 PS (199 kW)
D8 GTO Donkervoort D8 GTO.JPG 2013–2022 Turbocharged 2.5 L TFSI 5-cylinder Audi engine 250 to 280 kW (340 to 380 PS)
D8 GTO RS Donkervoort D8 GTO RS.png 2016–2022 Turbocharged 2.5 L TFSI 5-cylinder Audi engine 284 kW (386 PS)
D8 GTO JD-70 Donkervoort D8 GTO-JD70 IAA 2021 1X7A0248.jpg 2019 Turbocharged TFSI 5-cylinder Audi engine 305 kW (415 PS)
D8 GTO JD-70 R 2020 Turbocharged TFSI 5-cylinder Audi engine 310 kW (420 PS)
D8 GTO Individual Series Donkervoort D8 GTO Individual Series (52251535021).jpg 2021–present Turbocharged TFSI 5-cylinder Audi engine 325 kW (442 PS)
F22 2022–present Turbocharged TFSI 5-cylinder Audi engine 367 kW (499 PS)

Current models[edit]

Donkervoort F22 (2022)

Donkervoort announced in October 2022 on their website that has ended the production of D8 series and is planning to produce a new model, Donkervoort F22. It will be less than 800 kg and will have similar features to the previous models.[8] Further details were provided in a November press release announcing the F22 will be launched on December 10, 2022. Donkervoort stated the F22 would be faster, larger, more rigid, and more efficient than the D8 GTO.[9] Initial reports, which stated the F22 would weigh less than 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) and boldly advertised "it will be worth the weight", caused speculation the F22 would be considerably heavier than the D8 GTO;[10] Donkervoort later clarified the target weight was "considerably less than" 800 kg (1,800 lb).[11]

As announced in December 2022, the F22 was a limited-production model with just 75 examples produced; of these, 50 were sold already.[12] The vehicle is 4,039 mm (159.0 in) long and the chassis uses steel tubes and the company's "Ex-Core" carbon fibre sandwich technology, bringing the total weight of the vehicle to 750 kg (1,650 lb). The drivetrain uses a five-cylinder engine from Audi that develops 492 hp (367 kW) / 640 N⋅m (470 lbf⋅ft) and drives the rear wheels through a five-speed manual transmission.[13] Donkervoort tout it as having improved "practicality, comfort, and ease of use", featuring the car's 298 L (10.5 cu ft) trunk. It is named for Filippa, the daughter of managing director Denis Donkervoort, born in 2022.[12]

Previous models[edit]

Donkervoort S7/S8[edit]

Donkervoort S7

The first Donkervoort – the S7 – was introduced in 1978. It is an ultra-light weight sports car manufactured in Tienhoven between 1978 and 1982. It was replaced by the Donkervoort S8 in late 1983.[14][15][16][17][18] These cars have a Ford Crossflow 1.6 liter OHV engine with 90 PS (66 kW) and a four-speed manual transmission, or a 2.0 liter Ford OHC engine with 110 hp (82 kW). Mechanically, the car used a Triumph front axle and an Escort rear axle.[19] Top speed was 170 km/h (106 mph).[20]

Donkervoort S8/S8A

Introduced in late 1983, the S8 and later S8A were the first Donkervoorts of notice, with the "Eight" implying an improvement over the Lotus Seven. Of exactly the same dimensions as the Donkervoort Super Seven, these cars originally used a two-liter inline-four engine from Ford of Europe.[20] In 1985, the S8 was upgraded with a five-speed gearbox, a Donkervoort front axle, and a rear axle from the Ford Capri. The S8A also was introduced that year with a wider front track and an independent rear suspension, distinguished by refreshed styling and new adhesive-based manufacturing. Production of the S8 ended in 1989, and the S8A was discontinued in 1993.[19]

Donkervoort S8AT

Responding to the need for more power, a turbocharged version of the S8A was introduced in 1986; this car is identifiable by a profusion of various vents and openings to cool the engine. Power output rose to 170 hp (130 kW). The S8AT was improved in 1988, receiving the chassis and larger engine from the D10 until it was discontinued in 1994.[19]

Donkervoort D8[edit]

Donkervoort D8 Zetec (1993-1999)

From 1993 the new D8 was built, marking the continuing departure from being merely a Super Seven copy. The first D8s were the last Donkervoorts to receive Ford engines; 1.8 and 2.0-liter versions from the Zetec family.[21] Donkervoort offered a "Sport" version that changed to cycle-style front fenders and reduced weight through the use of carbon fibre body parts.[19]

Donkervoort D8 Cosworth (1995-1999)

The D8 also was fitted with the 2.0-liter turbocharged Cosworth YB engine starting in 1995.[22]

Donkervoort D8 Audi (1999–2008)

During 1999, Donkervoort switched from Ford to Audi's 20-valve turbocharged 1.8-liter R4 engine, available in a variety of outputs ranging from 150 to 245 PS (110 to 180 kW).[23]

Donkervoort D8 Audi (E-gas) Wide Track (2003–2012)

Since 2003, the Donkervoort is equipped with the Audi 1.8T 20V E-gas (electronic throttle) turbocharged engine. In the D8, the engine is available with 150 bhp, 180 bhp, 210 bhp and 270 bhp. Thanks to its total weight of 630 kg (1,390 lb), this results in an acceleration time from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) between 3.8 and 5.2 seconds depending on the type. The Wide Track models can be distinguished from earlier Audi-powered models by the front light arrangement.

Donkervoort D8 270 (2008–2012)

The Donkervoort D8 270 is available since the summer of 2008. This version of the D8 series became the successor of the D8 270 RS, the limited edition that was introduced in 2005 and restricted to 25 numbered units. The D8 270 has a restyled nose and grill that refer directly to the D8 GT and accelerates from 0–100 km/h in 3.6 seconds.[24]

This car was the seventh fastest production car on Nürburgring's famous Nordschleife of 2011, at 7m 14.9s.[25]

Donkervoort D8 GT (2007–2012)

The Donkervoort D8 GT - introduced in 2007 - is the first closed Donkervoort. Compared to the open version of the D8, the D8 GT has entirely new front and rear suspension, increased track width by 8 centimeters, larger brakes for increased stopping power and 17-inch aluminum wheels. With a total weight of 650 kg (1,430 lb), the D8GT is the lightest GT in the world. This is largely due to the extensive use of carbon fiber: the entire roof, the entire rear and the doors and fenders of the car are made of this material.[26]

Donkervoort D8 GTO[edit]

Donkervoort D8 GTO (2013–present)

The Donkervoort D8 GTO is a completely new creation. The engine, a 2.5L TFSI 5-cylinder turbocharged Audi engine, has a power output of 250-280 kW (340-380PS/335-375 bhp) and 450Nm of torque at 1600rpm, and the whole car weighs less than 700 kg. This low weight is due to composite materials such as the full carbon fibre body of the D8 GTO. With a power-to-weight ratio of just 1.8 kg/PS the car accelerates from 0–100 km/h in 2.8s and from 0–200 km/h in just 8.6s.[27]

The very first GTOs were produced in a limited series of 25 Premium D8 GTOs in 2013. The production of the regular D8 GTO, available in a Touring or a Performance version, started in 2014.

Donkervoort D8 GTO RS (2016–present)

Donkervoort introduced the D8 GTO RS in October 2016 as the successor to their D8 270 RS. Donkervoort states that they have reduced the D8 GTO's drag coefficient by 20 percent. The GTO RS offers a new suspension system as an additional option, and also offers a dual-clutch automatic transmission setup.[28] It is not street legal.[5]

Donkervoort D8 GTO Individual series (2021)

In July 2021 Donkervoort announced on their website that they were launching a newer vehicle and their moto was "Any company can sell their cars. Only Donkervoort can create your car - The choice is yours". The model D8 GTO Individual series was launched on 9 September 2021 and was the first Donkervoort model available in purple color.

Limited editions and prototypes[edit]

Donkervoort D10 (1988)

This sleek, minimalist version was built in a very limited series of ten to celebrate Donkervoort's tenth anniversary in 1988. The cars lacked a spare wheel as well as a windshield, but benefitted from an enlarged (2,160 cc) version of the Ford engine with a bigger Garrett T3 turbocharger, producing 190 PS (140 kW). The last car was only built in 1994, with some of the later examples receiving Cosworth engines with up to 300 PS (221 kW).[29]

Donkervoort D20 (1998)

Intended as the 20th anniversary special, the D20 was developed in conjunction with Audi under the sponsorship of CEO Dr. Franz-Josef Paefgen. Until the D20, all Donkervoorts had the engine and gearbox in the front, but the D20 had the engine in the front and the gearbox in the rear as a transaxle. The D20 was the first Donkervoort with a V6 engine, which was actually intended for larger, more comfortable Audi cars. The engine was modified to produced 280 hp (210 kW). The D20 was built as a prototype, but never went into production as it was unable to meet emissions standards with the larger engine.[30]

Donkervoort J25 (2003)

Intended as the 25th anniversary special, the J25 used the nose and doors from the D20 with modernized styling and was the first Donkervoort to develop 270 hp (200 kW). A prototype was built but it never entered regular production.[30]

Donkervoort D8 270 RS (2005)
D8 RS used to set the Nordschleife record

The D8 270 RS was built in a limited edition of 25 examples to celebrate the prototype RS that was used to set the production car lap record at the Nurburgring Nordschleife.[25][30]

Donkervoort D8 GTO Premium (2013)

The Premium D8 GTO's were the first GTO's to be produced. After a sneak preview event introducing the D8 GTO in December 2012, existing customer were able to obtain one of these full option GTO's. The Premium D8 GTO were built as a limited series of 25 cars and had a little more power (380+ BHP) than e.g. the D8 GTO Performance.

Donkervoort D8 GTO Bilster Berg Edition (2014–2015)

In September 2014, the Donkervoort D8 GTO broke the lap record at the German Bilster Berg Drive Resort. The 380 hp Performance version set the new record for street-legal production cars at 1 minute 46.12 seconds. To celebrate this milestone – along with the opening of a Donkervoort subsidiary at that same location that year, Donkervoort introduced the Bilster Berg Edition, which was based on the record-breaking test car and built in a limited series of just 14 cars, a number that represented the successful year 2014. Technical developments included the further development and fine-tuning in the areas of chassis and road-handling. Furthermore, this edition is easily recognisable by its dark nose section, made entirely of carbon fibre.[31]

Donkervoort D8 GTO-40 (2018)
Donkervoort D8 GTO-40

For the firm's 40th anniversary, the GTO-40 was released as a limited edition of 40. Weight has been reduced by 22 kg (49 lb) compared to the conventional GTO through the use of carbon fibre sandwich panels (branded and patented by Donkervoort as EX-CORE) and an optimized steel tubular chassis.[32]

Donkervoort D8 GTO JD-70 (2019)

For the founder's 70th birthday, Joop Donkervoort a special edition called Donkervoort D8 GTO JD-70 was produced, again making use of Donkervoort's EX-CORE technology. In total, there were 70 produced, including the Bare Naked Carbon Edition and JD70 R sub-variants.[33] The Bare Naked Carbon Edition highlighted the extensive use of carbon fibre body panels by changing the painted finish to a clear coat, and was offered in four levels corresponding to the degree of paint reduction, ranging from "Exposed Carbon" (matte or gloss clear coats over the side panels, engine-bay wings, bonnet scoop, triangular cover scoops, and interior) to "Full-Exposed Coloured Carbon" (tinted clear coat finish over all carbon fibre parts).[34] The JD70 R is a track-tuned edition with racing-specific improvements, and Donkervoort includes driver coaching and data analysis services with the purchase of the car.[35]


  1. ^ "Donkervoort Today". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  2. ^ Amber and Joop Donkervoort (9 October 2015). "Zo vader zo dochter" [Like father like daughter]. fd (Interview) (in Dutch). Interviewed by Martin Dijkstra; Fleur Baxmeier. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  3. ^ @donkervoort (April 14, 2022). "You may know that the children of Donkervoort founder, Joop Donkervoort, are Amber and Denis. But did you know that some of our most famous models are named after them? The S8A is named for Amber, while the "D" in D8 stands for Donkervoort Managing Director Denis" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  4. ^ Willemsen, Jeroen (November 13, 2009). "Car Builder >> Donkervoort". SpeedHunters. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  5. ^ a b Johnson, Owen (February 8, 2022). "10 Things We Just Learned About Donkervoort". Hot Cars. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
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  7. ^ "Donkervoort to America". 14 July 2022.
  8. ^ "Donkervoort F22". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 13 October 2022.
  9. ^ "F22 Launch Event" (Press release). Donkervoort. November 11, 2022. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  10. ^ Bell, Sebastien (October 14, 2022). "Donkervoort Teases New F22 That Weighs 700 Pounds More Than Model It Replaces". CarScoops. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  11. ^ Pappas, Thanos (November 11, 2022). "Donkervoort F22 Debuts Dec 10 With More Power And A Sub-1,800LB Weight Figure". CarScoops. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  12. ^ a b Pappas, Thanos (December 10, 2022). "New Donkervoort F22 Breaks Cover As A 492 HP Supercar That Weighs 750kg". CarScoops. Retrieved 13 December 2022.
  13. ^ George, Patrick (December 12, 2022). "Donkervoort F22: Some Fascinating Details On This Five-Speed, Five-Cylinder Screamer". The Autopian. Retrieved 13 December 2022.
  14. ^ "The Dutch-Made Exception, the Donkervoort Story". Monochrome Watches. July 4, 2020.
  15. ^ "Donkervoort S7 en S8".
  16. ^ "Donkervoort S7 :: 4 photos and 19 specs ::".
  17. ^ "No Compromise - Donkervoort - #Blogpost by Roadster (Otaku)". Car Throttle.
  18. ^ "Donkervoort S7 1978-1982".
  19. ^ a b c d "Donkervoort Occasion Guiding Prices 2006" (PDF). Donkervoort Cars. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2006.
  20. ^ a b Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1985). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1985 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 261. ISBN 88-7212-012-8.
  21. ^ "D8 Zetec 1993 - 1998". Donkervoort Cars. Archived from the original on January 8, 2007.
  22. ^ "D8 Cosworth 1994 - 1998". Donkervoort Cars. Archived from the original on January 8, 2007.
  23. ^ "D8 Audi (AGU) 1999 - 2002". Donkervoort Cars. Archived from the original on January 8, 2007.
  24. ^ "D8 270 RS". Donkervoort Cars. Archived from the original on January 8, 2007.
  25. ^ a b "Fastest Production Car Lap of the Nurburgring". 2011-03-18. Archived from the original on 2012-03-16.
  26. ^ "D8 GT". Donkervoort Cars. Archived from the original on April 9, 2008.
  27. ^ "Donkervoort D8 GTO". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  28. ^ "Donkervoort D8 GTO-RS". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  29. ^ "D10-page". Donkervoort Automobilia. Retrieved 2011-11-11.
  30. ^ a b c "Heritage". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  31. ^ "Donkervoort D8 GTO breaks lap record at Bilster Berg Drive Resort". CARSGM. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  32. ^ "Donkervoort D8 GTO-40". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  33. ^ "Donkervoort D8 GTO-JD70". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  34. ^ "Donkervoort D8 GTO-JD70 Bare Naked Carbon Edition". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  35. ^ "Donkervoort D8 GTO-JD70 R". Donkervoort Cars. Retrieved 20 September 2022.

External links[edit]