Donley County, Texas

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Donley County
1890 Donley County Courthouse in Clarendon
1890 Donley County Courthouse in Clarendon
Map of Texas highlighting Donley County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°58′N 100°49′W / 34.96°N 100.81°W / 34.96; -100.81
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1882
SeatClarendon
Largest cityClarendon
Area
 • Total933 sq mi (2,420 km2)
 • Land927 sq mi (2,400 km2)
 • Water6.2 sq mi (16 km2)  0.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,258
 • Density3.5/sq mi (1.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district13th
Websitewww.co.donley.tx.us

Donley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 3,258.[1][2] Its county seat is Clarendon.[3] The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1882.[4]

History[edit]

Donley County was established in 1876 from land given by the Bexar District.[5] It is named for Stockton P. Donley, justice of the state supreme court.[6]

Several historical sites are listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Donley County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total land area of 933 sq mi (2,420 km2), of which 5.6 sq mi (15 km2) (0.7%) are covered by water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880160
18901,056560.0%
19002,756161.0%
19105,28491.7%
19208,03552.1%
193010,26227.7%
19407,487−27.0%
19506,216−17.0%
19604,449−28.4%
19703,641−18.2%
19804,07511.9%
19903,696−9.3%
20003,8283.6%
20103,677−3.9%
20203,258−11.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850–2010[9] 2010[10] 2020[11]

2020 census[edit]

Donley County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 3,136 2,537 85.29% 77.87%
Black or African American alone (NH) 163 167 4.43% 5.13%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 15 27 0.41% 0.83%
Asian alone (NH) 9 10 0.24% 0.31%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 2 1 0.05% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 0 6 0.00% 0.18%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 43 154 1.17% 4.73%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 309 356 8.40% 10.93%
Total 3,677 3,258 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, 3,828 people, 1,578 households, and 1,057 families resided in the county. The population density was four people per square mile (2/km2). The 2,378 housing units averaged 3 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.41% White, 3.94% Black or African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 2.72% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. About 6.35% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 1,578 households, 24.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were not families. About 31.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county, the population was distributed as 22.40% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 20.60% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 21.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,006, and for a family was $37,287. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $18,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,958. About 10.50% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.90% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

The Harold Dow Bugbee Ranch, formerly owned by the Western artist and his second wife, Olive Vandruff Bugbee, also an artist, is located in Donley County.

U.S. Highway 287, which runs through the county, has a modern rest area. The rest area also offers sanctuary from weather offering a tornado shelter in the main building.[13]

Communities[edit]

Veterans Memorial at Donley County Courthouse

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Donley County, Texas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,438 87.26% 198 12.01% 12 0.73%
2016 1,225 83.62% 191 13.04% 49 3.34%
2012 1,287 83.84% 226 14.72% 22 1.43%
2008 1,374 81.30% 291 17.22% 25 1.48%
2004 1,429 80.10% 349 19.56% 6 0.34%
2000 1,333 77.55% 360 20.94% 26 1.51%
1996 988 62.33% 495 31.23% 102 6.44%
1992 893 51.47% 578 33.31% 264 15.22%
1988 1,043 60.89% 661 38.59% 9 0.53%
1984 1,297 70.84% 529 28.89% 5 0.27%
1980 1,106 58.58% 751 39.78% 31 1.64%
1976 704 39.02% 1,095 60.70% 5 0.28%
1972 1,229 77.74% 350 22.14% 2 0.13%
1968 816 50.15% 543 33.37% 268 16.47%
1964 708 39.86% 1,068 60.14% 0 0.00%
1960 951 55.29% 764 44.42% 5 0.29%
1956 826 47.72% 903 52.17% 2 0.12%
1952 1,150 55.93% 900 43.77% 6 0.29%
1948 241 14.24% 1,372 81.09% 79 4.67%
1944 280 17.93% 1,170 74.90% 112 7.17%
1940 213 11.56% 1,619 87.85% 11 0.60%
1936 133 7.99% 1,513 90.93% 18 1.08%
1932 141 7.95% 1,626 91.71% 6 0.34%
1928 1,092 68.90% 491 30.98% 2 0.13%
1924 273 22.12% 893 72.37% 68 5.51%
1920 206 20.58% 766 76.52% 29 2.90%
1916 42 5.62% 636 85.14% 69 9.24%
1912 12 2.74% 387 88.36% 39 8.90%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Donley County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  2. ^ "Donley County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
  5. ^ Alvarez, Elizabeth Cruce (November 8, 2011). Texas Almanac 2012–2013. Texas A&M University Press. pp. Contents. ISBN 9780876112571. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 107.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Donley County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Donley County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 12, 2007. Retrieved May 12, 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 21, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°58′N 100°49′W / 34.96°N 100.81°W / 34.96; -100.81