Donna Brazile

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Donna Brazile
Donna Brazile in 2014 at the Kaiser Permanente Center for Total Health.jpg
Chair of the Democratic National Committee
Acting
Assumed office
July 28, 2016
Preceded by Debbie Wasserman Schultz
In office
April 5, 2011 – May 4, 2011
Preceded by Tim Kaine
Succeeded by Debbie Wasserman Schultz
Personal details
Born Donna Lease Brazile
(1959-12-15) December 15, 1959 (age 56)
Kenner, Louisiana, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge (BA)
Website Official website

Donna Lease Brazile[1] (/brəˈzɪl/; born December 15, 1959)[2] is an American author and political analyst. She is a member of the Democratic Party and became interim chairperson of the Democratic National Committee in July 2016. She briefly served as the interim chairperson for the DNC in the spring of 2011 and assumed that role again in the summer of 2016.

She was the first African American to direct a major presidential campaign, acting as campaign manager for Al Gore in 2000. She has also worked on several presidential campaigns for Democratic candidates, including Jesse Jackson and Walter MondaleGeraldine Ferraro in 1984, and for Dick Gephardt in the 1988 Democratic primary.

Early life[edit]

Brazile was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the daughter of Jean Marie (Brown) and Lionel Joseph Brazile,[1][3] the third of nine children. Her family's surname was "Braswell" several generations back.[1] Brazile became interested in politics at the age of nine when a local candidate for office promised to build a neighborhood playground. She participated in a TRIO Upward Bound program while in high school. Brazile earned a bachelor's degree in industrial psychology from Louisiana State University in 1981, and was a fellow at the Institute of Politics at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. After graduating from Louisiana State University, Brazile worked for several advocacy groups in Washington, D.C., and was instrumental in the successful campaign to make Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday a federal holiday.[4]

Brazile volunteered for the Jimmy CarterWalter Mondale presidential campaigns in 1976 and 1980 as a teenager.[4]

Political strategist[edit]

Brazile has worked on several presidential campaigns for Democratic candidates, including Jesse Jackson in 1984, Walter Mondale–Geraldine Ferraro in 1984, and Richard Gephardt in the 1988 Democratic primary.

After Gephardt lost the primary in 1988, Brazile served as deputy field director of the Michael Dukakis general election campaign.[5] On October 20, 1988, she made headlines by telling a group of reporters that George H. W. Bush needed to "fess up" about unsubstantiated rumors of an extramarital affair.

Said Brazile, "The American people have every right to know if Barbara Bush will share that bed with him in the White House."[6][7] The Dukakis campaign immediately disavowed her remarks and Dukakis fired her from his campaign staff shortly after the story broke.[5][8] Four years later, the same issue, the relationship of George H.W. Bush and Jennifer Fitzgerald, would be briefly rehashed during the 1992 campaign against Bill Clinton, who had his own extramarital affair rumors.

In the 1990s, Brazile served as chief of staff and press secretary to Congressional Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton of the District of Columbia, where she helped guide the District's budget and local legislation on Capitol Hill. She also served as an advisor for Bill Clinton's campaign for the presidency in 1992 and for re-election in 1996.

In 1999, Brazile was appointed deputy campaign manager and was later promoted to campaign manager of the 2000 presidential campaign of Vice-President Al Gore, becoming the first African-American woman to manage a major party presidential campaign.

After the Hurricane Katrina disaster, Brazile was appointed as a member of the board of directors of the Louisiana Recovery Authority by Kathleen Blanco from 2005 to 2009. Brazile donated her papers to the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections in the Louisiana State University Libraries Special Collections, located in Hill Memorial Library.[9]

Democratic National Committee service[edit]

After the post-election fight over votes in the 2000 United States presidential election in Florida, Brazile was appointed chair of the Democratic National Committee's Voting Rights Institute.

2008 presidential election[edit]

In the 2008 election, she served as a superdelegate for her work for Bill Clinton and Al Gore.[citation needed]

As a delegate for the Democratic National Convention, Brazile consistently refrained from declaring her preferred Democratic presidential candidate. In an interview with political satirist Stephen Colbert, Brazile stated, "Look, I'm a woman, so I like Hillary. I'm black; I like Obama. But I'm also grumpy, so I like John McCain."[10][11]

The 2008 Democratic presidential primaries in Florida and Michigan initially caused the delegates from these two states to be disqualified from being seated at the Democratic Convention due to the states moving their primaries against DNC Party rules.[12][13] Brazile stated, "We need to send a message that you can't defy the rules," adding, "I have pissed off just about every state in my career."[14]

At the Rules Committee meeting to decide on the final allocations for these states she was quoted: "My momma taught me to play by the rules and respect those rules. My mother taught me, and I'm sure your mother taught you, that when you decide to change the rules, middle of the game, end of the game, that is referred to as cheating." [15]

She was strongly critical of the Stupak-Pitts Amendment, which places limits on taxpayer-funded abortions in the context of the November 2009 Affordable Health Care for America Act.[16]

2012 presidential election[edit]

For several weeks in the spring of 2011, she served as interim chair of the Democratic National Committee. As vice-chair of the DNC, she led the organization during the transition between outgoing chair Tim Kaine, who resigned to run for the U.S. Senate, and his successor, Florida Congresswoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz, who was not permitted to ascend to the post until at least fifteen days after being nominated on April 5, 2011.[17] Following Wasserman Schultz' installation as DNC chair, Brazile returned to her post as vice-chair.

2016 presidential election[edit]

Brazile campaigns for Hillary Clinton at Nashua Community College in New Hampshire, October 7, 2016.

On July 24, 2016, the DNC announced Debbie Wasserman Schultz would step down and Brazile would serve as interim chair, due to revelations by WikiLeaks of multiple alleged indiscretions by Wasserman Schultz concerning candidate Bernie Sanders.[18]

Controversies[edit]

A WikiLeaks email dump revealed that Brazile sent an email message on March 5, 2016, to John Podesta and Jennifer Palmieri with the title: "One of the questions directed to HRC tomorrow is from a woman with a rash." The message continued, "her family has lead poison and she will ask what, if anything, will Hillary do as president to help the ppl of Flint."[19]

At the next event in Flint, Clinton was delivered a similar question from audience member Mikki Wade whose family was affected by the poisoned water.[20]

On October 11, 2016, a WikiLeaks email dump included an e-mail Brazile sent on March 12 to Clinton communications director Jennifer Palmieri with the subject header: "From time to time I get questions in advance."[21] In the email, Brazile discussed her concern about Clinton's ability to field a question regarding the death penalty, and in a CNN town hall debate the following day, Clinton received the question about the death penalty verbatim from an audience member.[19][22] According to tech blog Errata Security, the email in question was verified using an everyday verification program and the DKIM system.[23] Brazile has since denied receiving or furnishing the Clinton campaign with any town hall questions, and dismissed the Wikileaks organization as "sad ass whipper leakers [trying] to destroy [her] groove."[24] Jake Tapper, a former colleague of Brazile's at CNN, provided his perspective on the possibility of a leak of a question to a Presidential candidate, calling it "very, very upsetting" and added that "journalistically, it's horrifying."[25]

On October 31, 2016, the New York Times reported: "CNN has severed ties with the Democratic strategist Donna Brazile, after hacked emails from WikiLeaks showed that she shared questions for CNN-sponsored candidate events in advance with friends on Hillary Clinton’s campaign."[26] CNN said it had accepted her formal resignation on October 14, adding: "We are completely uncomfortable with what we have learned about her interactions with the Clinton campaign while she was a CNN contributor."[27]

On November 1, 2016, an internal call about the collusion was initiated by CNN President Jeff Zucker. Zucker informed his staff that, while the instances have been fully investigated and the perpetrators dealt with, the perception that campaigns could receive questions in advance “hurts all of us,” adding that, “I have no tolerance for her behavior or that kind of behavior,” going on to describe former network commentator Brazile’s interactions with the Clinton campaign as “unethical” and “disgusting.”[28]

University teaching and affiliations[edit]

Brazile also served as a lecturer at the University of Maryland, College Park, a fellow at Harvard University's Institute of Politics, and is an Adjunct Professor of Women and Gender Studies at Georgetown University.[29] She is member of the advisory board of the Washington & Lee University Mock Convention.[29]

Commentator, author, and acting[edit]

Brazile was a weekly contributor and political commentator on CNN's The Situation Room and appeared on American Morning and its successor, New Day. She regularly appeared on CNN Tonight with Don Lemon, and was a frequent member of Anderson Cooper's guest panel of political experts on CNN's Election Night Coverage. In addition, she is a contributing writer for Ms. Magazine and was a columnist for Roll Call. Brazile is also founder and managing director of Brazile and Associates and a contributor to NPR's Political Corner and ABC News. In 2004, Simon & Schuster published Cooking With Grease, Brazile's memoir of her life and work in politics. However, it was announced that Brazile had agreed mutually with both CNN and ABC to cut ties with the networks in order to serve as interim chair of the DNC.[30]

Brazile is a member of Screen Actors Guild‐American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (SAG-AFTRA) and has guest-starred as herself in three episodes of the CBS drama The Good Wife and one episode of the Netflix drama House of Cards.[31]

LGBT advocacy and sexual orientation[edit]

In 1999, The New York Times Magazine described Brazile as an LGBT activist who served on the board of the Millennium March on Washington. The magazine said she is "highly protective of her privacy" and called her "openly ambiguous" about her sexual orientation.[32] Brazile is described as "openly lesbian" in the 2002 book Gay and Lesbian Americans and Political Participation: A Reference Handbook.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. (Executive producer; Head writer) (January 5, 2016). "The Stories We Tell". Finding Your Roots. Season 3. Episode 1. United States: U.S. Government. PBS. Retrieved October 17, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Donna Brazile: Born for politics". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. May 23, 2000. Retrieved May 1, 2010. 
  3. ^ PBS Staff (January 7, 2016). "Donna Brazile's Interactive Family Tree". PBS. United States: U.S. Government. Retrieved October 17, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Harris, Janelle (October 27, 2010). "So What Do You Do, Donna Brazile, Political Commentator and Strategist?". Mediabistro. United States: Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "National Press Club -- Donna Brazile". npr.org. May 2, 2001. Retrieved November 10, 2016. [A]s deputy field operator during Michael Dukakis’ presidential bid in 1988, her comments about rumored marital infidelity on the part of GOP candidate George Bush got her fired. 
  6. ^ Germond 2005, p. 144.
  7. ^ Drogin, Bob (October 21, 1988). "Aide's Remarks Prompt Dukakis Apology to Bush". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Times-Mirror Company (1988–2000) Tribune Company (2000–08) Tronc, Inc. (2008–present). Retrieved October 17, 2016. 
  8. ^ Sanders, Joshunda (July 4, 2004). "State's Dems still hope for a bit of suspense / A contested primary is viewed as a plus for party". San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco: Hearst Corporation. 
  9. ^ Laver, Tara (September 26, 2014). "Political Strategist Donna Brazile donates her papers to LSU". Louisiana State University. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Blogger. Retrieved October 17, 2016. 
  10. ^ Traister 2011, p. 127.
  11. ^ Eisenstadt, Martin (2009). I Am Martin Eisenstadt: One Man's (Wildly Inappropriate) Adventures with the Last Republicans. New York City: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-0865479142. 
  12. ^ Ambinder, Marc (December 1, 2007). "The DNC Strips Michigan of Delegates". The Atlantic. Washington, D.C.: Atlantic Media. Retrieved September 5, 2008. 
  13. ^ Shear, Michael D. (August 26, 2007). "DNC Strips Florida of 2008 Delegates". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved September 5, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Donna Brazile cuts loose on 2008 campaign". PoliticsWest. February 29, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008. 
  15. ^ "Quote of the day". MSNBC. New York City: NBCUniversal. Retrieved July 24, 2016. 
  16. ^ Stephanopoulos, George (November 8, 2009). "Brazile: Stupak Amendment: 'Outlaws Abortion'". ABC News. New York City: ABC. Retrieved October 17, 2016. 
  17. ^ Cillizza, Chris (April 6, 2010). "Donna Brazile to serve as interim DNC chair". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  18. ^ Phillip, Abby; Gearan, Anne (July 24, 2016). "Wasserman Schultz announced Sunday she will resign in aftermath of email controversy". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved July 24, 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "CNN drops Donna Brazile as commentator over Wikileaks revelations". The Sydney Morning Herald. November 1, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 
  20. ^ Darcy, Oliver (November 1, 2016). "Hacked email suggests Donna Brazile leaked question to Hillary Clinton campaign ahead of CNN primary debate". Business Insider Australia. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
         "Transcript of the Democratic Presidential Debate in Flint, Mich.". The New York Times. March 6, 2016. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
         Jamieson, Amber (October 31, 2016). "DNC head leaked debate question to Clinton, Podesta emails suggests". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  21. ^ Wemple, Erik (October 11, 2016). "Then-CNN contributor Donna Brazile to Clinton camp: Sometimes 'I get the questions in advance'". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2016. 
  22. ^ Stelter, Brian (October 12, 2016). "Wikileaks mystery: How did town hall question get to Clinton campaign?". CNN. Retrieved October 22, 2016. 
  23. ^ Shaw, Adam (October 24, 2016). "Tech blogger finds proof DNC chief's emails weren't 'doctored' despite claims". Fox News. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  24. ^ @donnabrazile (October 11, 2016). "Final thought" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  25. ^ Wemple, Erik (October 13, 2016). ""CNN's Jake Tapper blasts leak of town hall question to Clinton campaign: 'Journalistically it's horrifying'"". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 22, 2016. 
  26. ^ "CNN Parts Ways With Donna Brazile, a Hillary Clinton Supporter". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  27. ^ "CNN Formally Severs Ties With Donna Brazile: 'Completely Uncomfortable' With Question-Sharing". Mediaite.com. October 31, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 
         Gold, Hadas (October 31, 2016). "CNN severs ties with Donna Brazile". Politico.com. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 
         Guthrie, Marisa. "CNN Parts Ways With Donna Brazile After Debate Questions Were Provided to Clinton". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 
  28. ^ Gold, Hadas (November 2, 2016). "CNN's Jeff Zucker defends paying political surrogates at company town hall". POLITICO. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
         Calderone, Michael (November 1, 2016). "CNN Chief Jeff Zucker Rips Donna Brazile's 'Disgusting' Dealings With Clinton Campaign". Huffington Post Australia. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
         Nakamura, Reid (November 2, 2016). "Jeff Zucker Says CNN Will 'Not Partner Ever Again' With TV One". TheWrap. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  29. ^ a b "Brazile Takes Over as DNC Chair". Los Angeles Sentinel. August 10, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016. Brazile has also served as a lecturer at the University of Maryland, College Park, a fellow at Harvard University’s Institute of Politics, and is an Adjunct Professor of Women and Gender Studies at Georgetown University. She is member of the advisory board of the Washington & Lee University Mock Convention. 
  30. ^ Gold, Hadas (July 24, 2016). "CNN, ABC cut ties with Donna Brazile, freeing her up for DNC job". The Politico. Arlington County, Virginia. Retrieved October 17, 2016. 
  31. ^ Hale, Mike (October 1, 2014). "Political Cameos on 'The Good Wife'? Donna Brazile Likes Them.". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved February 6, 2015. 
  32. ^ Sullivan, Andrew (December 12, 1999). "Not a Straight Story". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 
  33. ^ Smith, Raymond A.; Haider-Markel, Donald P. (May 1, 2002). Gay and Lesbian Americans and Political Participation: A Reference Handbook. Books.google.com. ABC-CLIO, Incorporated. p. 152. ISBN 9781576072561. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Tim Kaine
Chair of the Democratic National Committee
Acting

2011
Succeeded by
Debbie Wasserman Schultz
Preceded by
Debbie Wasserman Schultz
Chair of the Democratic National Committee
Acting

2016–present
Incumbent