Donna M. Hughes
|Donna M. Hughes|
|Institutions||University of Rhode Island, Eleanor M. and Oscar M. Carlson Endowed Chair, Women's Studies Program
University of Bradford
Pennsylvania State University
|Alma mater||Pennsylvania State University (Ph.D., Genetics, 1990)|
|Known for||Research and writing on human trafficking, sexual exploitation, and sexual slavery|
Donna M. Hughes (born 1954) is a University of Rhode Island professor of women's studies and a leading international researcher on human trafficking, She is frequently consulted by governments and non-governmental organizations on policy related to women's human rights, particularly on trafficking of women and girls for sexual exploitation. She has testified before the U.S. House International Relations Committee, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, the Moscow Duma, and the Czech Parliament.
Hughes has written extensively on the prevalence of these issues of exploitation of women within Islamic Fundamentalism 
While a student, she started volunteering at a rape crisis center and battered women’s shelter. For several years, she staffed the abuse hotline and co-facilitated support groups for adult survivors of child sexual abuse. During this time, she started to read feminist analyses of violence against women, particularly sexual violence and exploitation. Hughes writes that she began to feel emotional and cognitive dissonance between her scientific studies and the feminist activist work she was doing. Initially an instructor in both genetics and women's studies, an increasingly critical view of what she felt was the disconnected nature of science led her to focus on women's studies.
Hughes later served as a lecturer on women's studies at University of Bradford, UK, between 1994 and 1996, before moving on to a full professorship at University of Rhode Island, where she holds the Eleanor M. and Oscar M. Carlson Endowed Chair in Women's Studies. She has also served as Education and Research Coordinator for the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women.
Hughes is a co-founder with Melanie Shapiro of Citizens Against Trafficking.
Research, Teaching, and Scholarship
Hughes is a leading international researcher on human trafficking. She has completed research on the trafficking of women and girls for sexual exploitation in several countries, including the United States, Russia, Ukraine, and Korea. She does research and writing on women's rights. Her topic areas include: violence, slavery, sexual exploitation, Islamic fundamentalism, and women's organized resistance to violence and exploitation. She has also worked on issues related to women, science and technology.
Additionally, she was the first to publish research and analysis on the role of the Internet in facilitating sexual exploitation and trafficking of women and girls, and on the mail-order bride industry. She has also written extensively on women's rights in the Islamic world. Hughes has also published several articles on the role of women in science and technology.
Her research has been supported by the U.S. State Department, the National Institute of Justice, the National Science Foundation, the Association of American Colleges and Universities, the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, the International Organization for Migration, the Council of Europe, the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, the Rhode Island Board of Governors for Higher Education, University of Rhode Island Foundation, the University of Rhode Island Council for Research, and the University of Bradford, UK.
|December 2010||Josephine Butler Award, Norma Hotaling Award for “challenging the status
quo and creating new abolitionist policy or approach to sex trafficking in the United States”
|May 2010||University of Rhode Island Annual Research Award|
|November 2009||Invited to the Rhode Island State House to witness Governor Carcieri sign
the Act Relating to Criminal Offenses-Prostitution and Lewdness http://issuu.com/pubs1/docs/spring2009/8
|December 2008||Invited to the White House to witness the signing of the William
Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008.
|January 2005||Invited to the White House to witness the signing of the Trafficking Victims
Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005
|June 2003||Invited to the White House to witness the signing of the PROTECT Act|
|2002||Outstanding Outreach Award for International Networking on Trafficking in Women,
Vice Provost’s Office of Research and Graduate Studies, University of Rhode Island
|1999-2000||Teaching Fellow, University of Rhode Island|
|1997||Technology and Teaching Fellow, University of Rhode Island|
|1987||Special recognition for service provided to victims of sexual assault, Pennsylvania
Coalition Against Rape, Pennsylvania
Activism and views
She is one of the leading advocates of the “abolitionist” view on human trafficking and sexual exploitation. She is seen by many as a key figure linking the feminist and social conservative movements against sexual exploitation and all forms of human trafficking. Hughes has received criticism from sex workers' rights activists for her view that laws against sexual exploitation are necessary to combat human trafficking and sexual slavery, and what many see as personal attacks against other academics and activists who support decriminalization of prostitution.
Hughes actively fought against government funding for HIV prevention programs that supplied condoms to sex workers. In 2002 she went before the House Committee on International Relations to report several harm-reduction programs that had received US funding, carried out by NGOs such as Médecins Sans Frontières, EMPOWER Thailand, International Human Rights Law Group, and the Dutch anti-trafficking organization La Strada. On April 9, 2003, she spoke before the Senate subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs "There are billions of dollars being spent on HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, and a significant portion is directed for prevention in high risk groups such as women and children in prostitution. There should be appropriate restrictions or requirements on how aid organizations and/or personnel respond when they suspect that anyone they come in contact with is abused, exploited, or enslaved." Due to her conflation of all forms of prostitution with sex slavery, the changes she helped to bring about applied even to harm reduction programs that worked with under-served women in prostitution.
Prostitution in Rhode Island controversy
From 2006-2009, Hughes was a leading figure in the campaign to end the decriminalized status of indoor prostitution in Rhode Island, so that police could conduct anti-sex trafficking investigations. She is a founding member of the Rhode Island group, Citizens Against Trafficking (CAT) in 2009. The initial legislative battles over indoor prostitution are documented in the 2009 documentary film Happy Endings?, in which Hughes appears, speaking at a community forum on human trafficking and testifying before the state legislature to change the prostitution law.
In September 2009, Hughes wrote several opinion pieces in the Providence Journal supporting a version of the legislation with stronger penalties for prostitution and taking the Rhode Island State Senate to task for what she viewed as its de facto support for continuing decriminalization of prostitution. This version of the bill was signed into law in November 2009. Several Rhode Island State Senators wrote editorials disputing Hughes claim that they had kept indoor prostitution legal, with Senator Charles Levesque taking Hughes to task for, in his view, providing a highly distorted reading of the legislation passed by the RI Senate.
Soon after the Rhode Island prostitution law hearings, Hughes was involved in a controversy surrounding the opening of the Center for Sexual Pleasure and Health (CSPH), a sexual education center in Pawtucket, Rhode Island organized by Megan Andelloux, a sex educator who had testified before the Rhode Island Senate in opposition to criminalizing indoor prostitution. Supporters of Andelloux claim that in September 2009, the opening of the CSPH was blocked after an email was sent by Hughes to Pawtucket city council members (stating, "Hello, A center for 'sexual rights' and 'sexual pleasure' is opening in Pawtucket"), also citing remarks made about Andelloux in an earlier Providence Journal editorial by Hughes, as well as in a bulletin on the Citizens Against Trafficking website. A 6-month zoning battle followed with the city of Pawtucket; the CSPH was eventually allowed to open in early 2010.
A March 2010 editorial in the Providence Journal stated that Hughes and Citizens Against Trafficking co-founder Melanie Shapiro have faced threatening remarks on various internet forums from patrons of massage parlors in retaliation for their role in banning indoor prostitution in Rhode Island.
- Hughes, Donna M.; Roche, Claire M., eds. (1999). Making the harm visible: global sexual exploitation of women and girls: speaking out and providing services. Kingston, Rhode Island: Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. ISBN 9780967085708.
- Hughes, Donna M.; Raymond, Janice G.; Gomez, Carol (March 2001). Sex trafficking of women in the United States: international and domestic trends. Kingston, Rhode Island: Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. Pdf.
- Hughes, Donna M.; Stoner Jr., James Reist (2010). The social costs of pornography: a collection of papers. Princeton, New Jersey: Witherspoon Institute. ISBN 9780981491134.
Chapters in books
- Hughes, Donna; Mladjenovic, Lepa (2000), "Feminist resistance to war and violence in Serbia", in Waller, Marguerite; Rycenta, Jennifer, Frontline feminisms: women, war, and resistance, New York: Garland Publishing, pp. 241–270, ISBN 9780415932394. Preview.
- Hughes, Donna (2003), "Changing a masculinist culture: women in science, engineering, and technology", in Morgan, Robin, Sisterhood is forever: the women's anthology for a new millennium, New York, New York: Washington Square Press, pp. 393–400, ISBN 9780743466271
- Hughes, Donna (2004), "The use of new communication technologies for sexual exploitation of women and children", in Whisnant, Rebecca; Stark, Christine, Not for sale feminists: resisting prostitution and pornography, North Melbourne, Victoria: Spinifex Press, pp. 38–55, ISBN 9781876756499.
- Hughes, Donna (1997). "Sex tours via the internet". Feminista! The Journal of Feminist Construction 1 (7). (archived at Archive.org)
- Hughes, Donna (1997). "Trafficking and sexual exploitation on the internet". Feminista! The Journal of Feminist Construction 1 (8). (archived at Archive.org)
- Hughes, Donna (January 2000). "'Welcome to the rape camp': sexual exploitation and the internet in Cambodia". Journal of Sexual Aggression (Taylor and Francis) 6 (1–2): 29–51. doi:10.1080/13552600008413308. Available online. Pdf.
- Hughes, Donna (Spring 2000). "The 'Natasha' trade: the transnational shadow market of trafficking in women". Journal of International Affairs (The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York) 53 (2): 625–651. Pdf. Also available as: In the shadows: promoting prosperity or undermining stability?
- Hughes, Donna (January 2004). "Prostitution online". Journal of Trauma Practice (Taylor and Francis) 2 (3-4): 115–132. doi:10.1300/J189v02n03_06. Pdf.
- Hughes, Donna M. (September 2004). "The role of 'marriage agencies' in the sexual exploitation and trafficking of women from the former Soviet Union". International Review of Victimology (Sage) 11 (1): 49–71. doi:10.1177/026975800401100104. Pdf.
- Hughes, Donna M.; Mršević, Zorica (April 2007). "Violence against women in Belgrade, Serbia: SOS Hotline 1990-1993". Violence Against Women (Sage) 3 (2): 101–128. doi:10.1177/1077801297003002002.
- Hughes, Donna M.; Chon, Katherine Y.; Ellerman, Derek P. (September 2007). "Modern-day comfort women: the U.S. military, transnational crime, and the trafficking of women". Violence Against Women (Sage) 13 (9): 901–922. doi:10.1177/1077801207305218. Pdf.
- Donna Hughes (faculty page), University of Rhode Island.
- "Publications by Donna M. Hughes". University of Rhode Island. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
- Hughes, Donna M. (2000). "Scientific, feminist, and personal epistemologies: conflicts and opportunities". Women's Studies Quarterly 28 (1/2): 305–312. JSTOR 40004462. Retrieved 2 September 2009. (Archived at Donna M. Hughes faculty website, URI.edu.)
- Klein, Renate (1999). Cyberfeminism: Connectivity, Critique, and Creativity. Susan Hawthorne (ed). Spinifex Press. ISBN 1-875559-68-X. p 422.
- Hughes, Donna M. (8 July 2003). "Lilya and Uncle Tom A landmark work of the contemporary abolitionist movement". National Review Online.
- Chesler, Phyllis; Donna M Hughes. (22 February 2004). "Feminism in The 21st Century" (PDF). Washington Post.
- Sex Worker Awareness  Women Studies Professor isn't listening to Women
- D Hughes. Senators’ prostitution bill is a sham Providence Journal, September 4, 2009
- D Hughes. R.I's carnival of prostitution. Providence Journal, June 24, 2009.
- M Andelloux. Professor's name calling of sex workers. Providence Journal, June 25, 2009.
- M. Lawrence. URI Women’s Studies Professor Horrified By Tattooed Women. Providence Daily Dose, June 25, 2009.
- Brooks, Margaret; Hughes, Donna (14 August 2009). "International Sex Radicals Campaign to Keep Prostitution Decriminalized in Rhode Island: Part 1" (PDF). Citizens Against Trafficking. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
- Lawrence, Matthew. (15 August 2009). "Sex Radicals’ International Conspiracy Afoot In RI, Apparently". Providence Daily Dose. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- Arsenault, Mark (25 November 2006). "Cicilline to co-host forum on human trafficking, parlors". Providence Journal. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- Arditi, Lynn (17 September 2009). "Sex workers testify at Senate hearing on prostitution bill". Providence Journal. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- Hurley, Tara (Director) (2009). Happy Endings? (documentary). It's Not Easy Productions.
- Senator's Prostitution Bill A Sham.
- Arditi, Lynn (3 October 2009). "Bill Signing Finally Outlaws Prostitution". Providence Journal. Retrieved 3 October 2009.
- "Paul V. Jabour/Michael J. McCaffrey: Fixing ‘sex-worker industry’: R.I. Senate closes prostitution loophole". Providence Journal | contributors. 30 August 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Chuck Levesque: Anti-prostitution law means more deaths". Providence Journal | letters to the editor. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Hauk, Alexis (30 September 2009). "Hot controversy over sexuality center in Pawtucket". Providence Phoenix. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
- Lawrence, Matthew (2 October 2009). "Donna Hughes On Our Nation’s Autoerotic Asphyxiation Epidemic". Providence Daily Dose. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
- Littlefield, Amy (3 December 2009). "Female Sexologist Awaits Pawtucket Zoning Board". Womens eNews. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
- Minkin, Tracey (April 2010). "The SexEd Warrior-Queen". Rhode Island Monthly.
- Brooks, Margaret; Hughes, Donna (23 September 2009). "Sex Radicals’ Vision for Rhode Island" (PDF). Citizens Against Trafficking.
- Achorn, Edward (23 March 2010). "Gang-rape threat isn’t ‘free speech’". Providence Journal. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Library Resource Finder: Table of Contents for: Sisterhood is forever: the women's anth". Vufind.carli.illinois.edu. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- Donna M. Hughes, University of Rhode Island (Faculty page and publications)
- Donna M. Hughes publications list at National Review Online
-  Citizens Against Trafficking Bulletins