Donnie Brasco (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mike Newell|
|Screenplay by||Paul Attanasio|
|Based on||Donnie Brasco: My Undercover Life in the Mafia
by Joseph D. Pistone
|Music by||Patrick Doyle|
|Edited by||Jon Gregory|
|Distributed by||TriStar Pictures|
|Box office||$124.9 million|
Donnie Brasco is a 1997 American crime drama film directed by Mike Newell and starring Al Pacino and Johnny Depp. Michael Madsen, Bruno Kirby, James Russo, and Anne Heche appeared in supporting roles.
The film is based on the true story of Joseph D. Pistone (Depp), an FBI undercover agent who infiltrated the Mafia Bonanno crime family in New York City during the 1970s, under the alias Donnie Brasco, aka "The Jewel Man". Brasco maneuvers his way into the confidence of an aging hit-man, Lefty Ruggiero (Pacino), who vouches for him. As Donnie moves deeper into the Mafia, he realizes that not only is he crossing the line between federal agent and criminal, but also leading his friend Lefty to an almost certain death.
It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. The adaptation of the book by Joseph D. Pistone and Richard Woodley was by screenwriter Paul Attanasio. The film was a box office success, earning $124.9 M against a $35 M budget, and receiving critical acclaim.
Aging gangster Benjamin "Lefty" Ruggiero is introduced to a jewel thief named Donnie Brasco. Donnie impresses Lefty by threatening a diamond dealer whom Donnie suspects of selling Lefty a fake ring. Lefty teaches Donnie the rules of the Mafia and introduces him to several "made men" including Dominick "Sonny Black" Napolitano, and Nicholas Santora, as well as caporegime Alphonse “Sonny Red” Indelicato to whom Lefty owes money and is disliked by Sonny Black.
Donnie Brasco is actually Joseph D. Pistone, an undercover FBI agent. His wife hates his job, and the couple have heated arguments throughout the film. At home, Joseph's behavior becomes more and more like the criminal he pretends to be.
After the Bonanno family's street boss is killed, Sonny Red assumes the new position. Sonny Black is promoted to captain, angering Lefty, as he provided for Sonny Black's family while the latter was in prison. As the crew runs a series of successful shakedowns and hijackings in Brooklyn, Donnie collects more information for the FBI.
Due to Joseph's success at infiltrating the Mafia, a man from Washington, Dean Blanford, takes an interest in the case. He asks Joseph to incorporate a Miami-based FBI agent, Richard "Richie" Gazzo, into the operation. Joseph is reluctant but convinces Sonny Black and crew to meet Richie in Miami.
In Miami, Donnie and Lefty plan to run Richie's club on their own and attempt to impress Florida mob boss Santo Trafficante Jr. with a yacht trip. However, Sonny Black reaches out to Trafficante first, angering Lefty, especially when Sonny Black tells Donnie to work for him and run the club as an unofficial made man. Donnie reconciles with Lefty when Lefty's son nearly dies of a drug overdose. On its opening day, Sonny Black's club is raided by Miami police on orders from Trafficante himself, who was in allegiance with Sonny Red. Suspecting the latter is responsible, the crew, without Donnie, kill Sonny Red and two rival gangsters, as well as Nicky Santora (who is found to have been carrying out a narcotics deal without Sonny Black's knowledge and without making payments 'up the chain'). With Sonny Black the new street boss, Donnie is tasked with finding and killing Sonny Red's son, Bruno.
One last dispute between Donnie and his wife becomes physical. He hits his wife and is then remorseful: "I am not becoming like them, Maggie, I am them."
Knowing he will have to end his case and make arrests, Donnie tries convincing Lefty to escape his criminal life. Lefty confronts Donnie about working with the FBI. If Donnie does not kill Bruno, Lefty will kill Donnie. Before either murder can be committed, FBI agents rush in to arrest both potential killers. FBI agents reveal Donnie's true identity to Sonny Black and the crew. Lefty walks off to his implied death for letting Donnie infiltrate the gang, and Joseph is awarded with a $500 check and medal for his work.
- Al Pacino as "Lefty" Ruggiero
- Johnny Depp as Joseph Pistone/Donnie Brasco
- Michael Madsen as "Sonny Black" Napolitano
- Bruno Kirby as Nicky Santora
- Anne Heche as Maggie Pistone
- James Russo as "Paulie" Cersani
- Željko Ivanek as Tim Curley
- Gerry Becker as Dean Blandford
- Andrew Parks as Hollman
- Robert Miano as "Sonny Red" Indelicato
- Brian Tarantina as "Bruno" Indelicato
- Rocco Sisto as Richard "Richie" Gazzo
- Tim Blake Nelson as FBI Technician
- Paul Giamatti as FBI Technician
Louis DiGiaimo, who worked as a casting director for Barry Levinson, was a childhood acquaintance of Joseph D. Pistone, and served as a consultant for his book Donnie Brasco: My Undercover Life in the Mafia. Once the book came out, Levinson's company, Baltimore Pictures, purchased the rights, with screenwriter Paul Attanasio set to write the script. Stephen Frears would direct and Tom Cruise would play Pistone/Brasco. In 1991, the film was postponed due to the release of Goodfellas, as the producers felt there was not enough room for two hyperrealistic Mafia films. When the project was resurrected in 1996, Frears was replaced with Mike Newell, and Johnny Depp was cast as Pistone/Brasco. Al Pacino was the only actor kept from the first attempt to make the film. Pistone was hired as a consultant, helping Depp and Pacino develop their characters.
Donnie Brasco has received critical acclaim. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 87 percent of critics have given the film a positive review based on 55 reviews, with an average score of 7.8 out of 10, making the film a "Certified Fresh" on the website's rating system. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted mean rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film received an average score of 76, based on 21 reviews, which indicates "Generally favorable reviews".
Entertainment Weekly called it a "wonderfully dense, clever, and moving gangland thriller," and gave it an A–, also praising Paul Attanasio's screenplay as "a rich, satisfying gumbo of back stabbing, shady business maneuvers, and mayhem." Roger Ebert from the Chicago Sun-Times gave it three and a half stars out of four. Siskel and Ebert gave Donnie Brasco "two thumbs up." Peter Travers of Rolling Stone praised the film, saying that "Donnie Brasco is one terrific movie." Mick LaSalle from the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film a positive review and said that Donnie Brasco was "a first class Mafia thriller."
Critics praised Depp's performance especially: a Salon.com review hailed Depp's performance as "sensational." New York Magazine called him "graceful" and found his acting highly believable: "We can believe that the mob might take him for a tough, ambitious young hood—he has the wariness and the self-confidence that creates an aura."
According to Charles Taylor in his review for Salon.com, both Pacino and Depp are "in top form"; in remarking on Pacino's frequent collaborations with younger actors (Sean Penn, John Cusack), Taylor called Donnie Brasco "the best in this series of duets" and singled out Pacino's skills: "His final scene is all the more heartbreaking for the economy of gesture and feeling he brings it. It's an exit that does justice to both the actor and the role, and it leaves an ache in the movie." Entertainment Weekly reserved its highest praise for Pacino: "If Donnie Brasco belongs to any actor, though, it's Al Pacino."
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes:
- Donnie Brasco: "Forget about it." - Nominated
- 2008: AFI's 10 Top 10:
- Nominated Gangster Film
The movie grossed $41,909,762 in the US and an estimated $83,000,000 internationally.
Academy Award nomination
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In his subsequent novel Donnie Brasco: Unfinished Business (2007) Pistone described the movie as 90 percent accurate. As for the remaining 10 percent, he points in which scenes the filmmakers took some artistic license:
- The movie ending shows Sonny Black (Dominick Napolitano) being visited by the FBI with Lefty (Benjamin Ruggiero) and Paulie present at Sonny Black's club during the daytime to show the 'Street Boss' the pictures of Pistone with those very agents holding up his badge and FBI ID to prove Donnie Brasco was an undercover operative. In fact the FBI quietly met Napolitano at his apartment at 6 a.m., waking him up, in case he wanted to keep the visit quiet or to make a secret deal with the government. As in the movie they gave Sonny Black their cards implying he could flip; he replied "I don't know him, but if I see him I'll know he's an FBI agent". Sonny Black did not believe it at first, thinking maybe they'd brainwashed Donnie, but eventually he came to accept it and called the bosses. According to Pistone's third book Donnie Brasco: Unfinished Business, Napolitano was called to a 'sit down'. Leaving his jewelry with Charlie the bartender, he said "I'm going to a sit down, I don't know if I'm coming back". Arriving at the meeting he was shoved down the stairs in the basement and shot. The shot didn't kill him, and as a "gangster to the last" (as Pistone said) he looked at his murderer and said "go on hit me again and do it right this time!" He was killed instantly with the next shot. Ruggiero was taken into protective custody as they had definite info about a contract on him, and was saved by jail. For his refusal to cooperate and break the omertà code of silence, he later got a pass from the next guy to take Napolitano's street boss position, 'Big Joey' Massino, who himself later flipped and turned state's evidence.
- The end of the movie has Lefty saying to his girlfriend, "If Donnie calls, tell him if it was gonna be anyone, I'm glad it was him". These words were actually spoken by Napolitano, who had as close, if not closer, a relationship with Brasco than Ruggiero. Napolitano, even knowing what would happen to him, was a "true gangster" who "lived by the rules of his world" and even knowing he would be killed he still said "he did his job and he did it right". Ruggiero, Pistone explains, hated him with a passion when the Brasco operation ended, and when the FBI asked Pistone to go to Ruggiero and ask him to turn state's evidence, Pistone said there was no way he would ever flip and neither would Napolitano, and that Ruggiero might leap across the room and try to strangle him for just asking. The three FBI agents (the same ones who had visited Napolitano to tell them about Brasco being an operative) went to Ruggiero to offer witness protection and he "let loose a stream of expletives" as his response.
- The movie shows Pistone going on the hit with Lefty for Bruno. This did not happen, it was an exploration of what Pistone said could happen if he was in the compromising situation where he had to make a hard choice. He said, "If it was a choice between letting a civilian get killed and risking my life to save them I'd risk my life, but if they're gonna whack a gangster, or whack me if I don't whack a gangster, the gangster is getting it. I know the FBI would declare me a rogue agent, but that's what I would have chose."
- The movie makes it seem like Brasco was in on the 'three capos' hit, even indirectly. He was not, Napolitano wanted him in on the hit to get him into the family as a made man (which requires participation in a hit) but Joey Massino vetoed it, saying he didn't know Brasco enough yet. Nicky Santora wasn't killed after the 'three capos' hit; he wasn't killed at all.
- Joey Massino doesn't exist as a character in the movie, although at the time of filming he was a boss in the Bonanno family. Before the movie was shot, Pistone and Massino met each other in court. According to Pistone's book Donnie Brasco: Unfinished Business, Massino questioned Pistone as to who would play him in the movie, and Pistone answered: "That's the problem we're having, Joey. We can't find an actor fat enough to play you".
- Plot line with a conspiracy between Santo Trafficante Jr. and Sonny Red (Al Indelicato) to destroy the King's Court are fictitious.
- The first made-man from the Bonanno family that Pistone contacted was Tony Mirra, not Ruggiero. Mirra as a character doesn't exist in the movie, despite his important role in operation.
- Pistone and Napolitano first met each other in Florida, after the King's Court was 'taken' under control of the Bonanno family. In the movie they met each other in New York.
- Tony Rossi name changed to a Richard Gazzo, and John Cersani name was changed to a Paulie due to a lawsuit that Cersani put forward before the movie was shot.
- According to Pistone's memoirs, no one was killed in front of him, he never participated in disposing of bodies, and he never committed or participated in serious crime. In the movie, four men are killed in front of him and he participated in the dismembering of a body. The plot line that involves $300,000 in a bag is fictitious and parallels Mirra's claim that Pistone stole $250,000 in drug money from him, a claim that was never confirmed.
- Nearly all of the conversations, background conversation and even Lefty's phraseology such as "ain't the question" were direct quotes from real life.
- The fake diamond was not Ruggiero's it was a member of Gilly's crew, which was Brasco's first rung up on the ladder. At Gilly's he began hanging out with Ruggiero, then began to hang out with Ruggiero's crew and moved up in the organization.
- "Donnie Brasco (1997)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- "Nominees & Winners for the 70th Academy Awards | Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences". Oscars.org. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
- "Donnie Brasco: Out from the Shadows", featurette appearing on Donnie Brasco DVD
- "Donnie Brasco — Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- "Donnie Brasco Review". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- Gleiberman, Owen (1997-03-17). "Rev. of Donnie Brasco (1997)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- "Donnie Brasco". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
- "Donnie Brasco". At the Movies. Retrieved 2010-06-07.[dead link]
- Peter Travers (1997-02-28). "Donnie Brasco | Movie Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
- Mick LaSalle (February 28, 1997). "Guns and Roses / Pacino, Depp mob thriller `Donnie Brasco' adds love triangle to the payoff". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
- Taylor, Charles (1997-03-28). "Donnie Brasco: With Al Pacino and Johnny Depp in top form, "Donnie Brasco" is smarter than the average mob movie.". Salon.com. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
- Denby, David (1997-03-17). "Movies: The Sting". New York Magazine. pp. 55–56. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-12.
- "AFI's 10 Top 10 Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-19.
- "Academy Awards Database". Awardsdatabase.oscars.org. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
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