Donovan Bailey

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Donovan Bailey
Personal information
Birth nameDonovan Anthony Bailey
NationalityCanadian
Born (1967-12-16) December 16, 1967 (age 53)
Manchester Parish, Jamaica
Height185 cm (6 ft 1 in)
Weight91 kg (201 lb)
Sport
SportRunning
Event(s)50 metres, 60 metres, 100 metres, 150 metres, 200 metres

Donovan Anthony Bailey,[1] (born December 16, 1967) is a retired Jamaican-Canadian sprinter. He once held the world record for the 100 metres. He recorded a time of 9.84 seconds to win the gold medal at the 1996 Olympic Games. He was the first Canadian to legally break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m. Particularly noted for his top speed, Bailey ran 12.10 m/s (43.6 km/h; 27.1 mph) in his 1996 Olympic title run, the fastest ever recorded by a human at the time.[2] He was inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 2004 as an individual athlete and in 2008 as part of the 1996 Summer Olympics 4x100 relay team.[3] In 2005, he was also inducted into the Ontario Sports Hall of Fame.[4]

Early life[edit]

Donovan Anthony Bailey was born in Manchester Parish, Jamaica on December 16, 1967 as the fourth of five sons to George and Daisy Bailey.[1] Before going to Mount Olivet Primary School, he would take care of his family's chickens, goats, and pigs.[1] Donovan was fast when he was a young boy, with his former teacher Claris Lambert recounting that "He showed his athletic skills from grade one. He always came first in races."[1]

Bailey immigrated to Canada at age 12 and played [[basketball]with John Degenhardt and Igor Dzaja] before graduating from Queen Elizabeth Park High School in Oakville, Ontario.[1] During high school, his brother, O'Neil, won 4 Ontario Provincial titles in the long jump. Bailey was exceptionally fast as well, clocking 10.65 seconds in the 100m at the age of 16. However, his main interest was in basketball. After graduating in June 1984, Bailey attended Sheridan College, for which he played basketball during the 1986-1987 school year. He graduated from Sheridan with a degree in Business Administration. Bailey then began working as a property and marketing consultant for an importing and exporting clothing company.[5]

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

It was only in 1990 that Bailey decided to begin racing professionally; after watching the 1990 Canadian Track and Field Championships, he realized that most of the men competing were men he had beaten in high school. He began training as a 100m sprinter part-time, whilst working as a stockbroker. In 1991, he won the 60 metres at the Ontario Indoor Championships, and at the 1991 Pan American Games in Havana, Cuba, Bailey anchored Canada's 4 × 100 metres relay team, to a silver medal. In 1992, Bailey finished second in the 100m at the national championships.[5]

From 1993-1994, he competed for Fenerbahçe Athletics.[6] During this time, he claimed a bronze in the 100m and a silver in the 200m at the 1993 national championships, a silver in the 100m and gold in the 4 × 100 metres at the 1994 Francophone Games in Paris, and a gold medal in the 4×100m at the 1994 Commonwealth Games in Victoria, British Columbia.[5] However, despite his impressive performances at a national level, he was only chosen as an alternate for the 4x100m at the 1993 World Championships in Stuttgart. American coach Dan Pfaff, who coached Bailey's high school friend Glenroy Gilbert at Louisiana State University and listened to Bailey's complaints, was impressed by Bailey's performances considering his terrible form and fitness. Pfaff invited Bailey to train with him and Gilbert at LSU, and with just 3 months of training together, Bailey shaved 3 tenths of a second off of his 100m personal best; his time of 10.03 seconds was the third fastest in Canadian history.[7]

1995: Breakthrough[edit]

On April 22, 1995, Bailey made history by breaking the 10-second barrier for the first time in the 100m, becoming the 18th man and 2nd Canadian to legally do so. His time of 9.99 seconds was just 4 hundredths shy of Ben Johnson's record of 9.95.[5] In July, he broke Johnson's record with 9.91 at the national championships, the fastest time of the year, effectively asserting his name as a favorite for the gold medal at the World Championships in Gothenburg later that year. Bailey went on to win the title in 9.97 seconds, then followed it up by anchoring Canada to their first world championship gold in the 4x100m.

1996: Olympic History[edit]

With a world title now under his belt, Bailey was highly considered to be a favorite for the Olympic title in Atlanta that July. As a precursor to the centennial Olympics, Bailey broke the indoor 50 m world record during a competition in Reno, Nevada in 1996. He was timed at 5.56 seconds. Maurice Greene later matched that performance in 1999, but his run was never ratified as a world record.

Bailey was officially selected to represent Canada at the 1996 Summer Olympics after winning his 3rd consecutive national title in the 100m. On July 27, after a very disrupted start to the race, Bailey won the Olympic 100m title setting a new world record of 9.84 seconds. During the race, he hit a top speed of 12.10 m/s (43.6 km/h or 27.1 mph), which was the fastest top speed ever recorded by a human being at the time. Many Canadians felt Bailey's victory restored the image of Canadian athletes, after the exposure of Ben Johnson's history of doping. At the time, Bailey was only the second person after Carl Lewis to hold all the major titles in the 100m concurrently (World Champion, Olympic Champion & World Record Holder). 6 days later, he completed the 100m/4x100m double once again, anchoring Canada to their first ever Olympic 4x100m title in a national record of 37.69 seconds.

World's Fastest Man[edit]

In May 1997 he raced against Michael Johnson in a 150 m race at Toronto's then-SkyDome in a bid to truly determine who the world's fastest man was. Earlier in the spring of 1997, Johnson began performing television promotions in which he billed himself as "the world's fastest man" as a result of his 200 meters world record, despite the fact that the 100 m world record holders are traditionally given that unofficial title. Bailey initially refused to take part, stating that "the world's fastest man was decided in Atlanta." Bailey ended up participating and won with a time of 14.99 seconds, receiving $1.5 million.

1997 World Championships[edit]

At the 1997 World Championships in Athens, Bailey attempted to defend his 100m title, but was beaten by Maurice Greene and was forced to settle for the silver medal in 9.91 seconds. However, along with his Canadian teammates, he was able to defend Canada's 4x100m title in 37.86 seconds, the fastest time of the year. One of his last meets of the season was at the ISTAF Berlin; after finishing 2nd in the 100m, Bailey ran the first leg of the "Dream Team II" in the 4x100m relay: Carl Lewis' last race of his career. With Leroy Burrell on the 2nd leg, Frankie Fredericks on the 3rd, and Lewis on the anchor, the team won in 38.24 seconds, a meeting record.

1998 Goodwill Games[edit]

Bailey and the 4 x 100 metre Canadian relay team won a silver medal with a time of 38.23 at the 1998 Goodwill Games in New York, finishing behind the United States. Bailey ruptured his Achilles tendon while playing basketball during the post season of 1998, which effectively began the end of his athletics career.

1999 Pan American Games and World Championships[edit]

Bailey won a silver medal with the Canadian 4 x 100 metre relay team with a time of 38.49 at the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg, finishing behind Brazil. The silver medal matched his first international medal he won eight years earlier at the 1991 Pan American Games in the 4 x 100 metre relay and it would be his final international medal. Bailey was part of the Canadian 4 x 100 metre relay team at the 1999 World Championships in Seville but the team was disqualified in the first round of heats.

2000 Summer Olympics and 2001 World Championships[edit]

He made a second attempt in the 2000 Summer Olympics, but suffered from pneumonia and dropped out during the rounds. He retired from the sport in 2001 after the World Championships in Edmonton, having been a three-time World and 2 time Olympic champion.[8]

Post-retirement[edit]

After racing, Bailey started his own company called DBX Sport Management which helps amateur athletes find a way to promote themselves. He also started a sport injury clinic in Oakville, Ontario.

He has been inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame twice: in 2004 as an individual, and in 2008 as part of the 1996 Summer Olympics 4 × 100 relay team.[9]

In August 2008 Bailey began work as a track commentator for CBC Television at the 2008 Summer Olympics.[10] He estimated that had Usain Bolt not slowed down near the end of the 100m dash (which he still won in record time), he could have set a time of 9.55 seconds.[11] He returned as the track analyst for CBC's coverage of the 2016 Summer Olympics.[12]

In 2010, Bailey was one of the recipients of the Top 25 Canadian Immigrant Awards presented by Canadian Immigrant Magazine.[13]

In 2016, he was made a member of the Order of Ontario.[14] In 2017, Canada's Walk of Fame honoured him with a star.[15][16][17]

In 2018, it was reported that Bailey had provided his entire athlete's trust of $3.75 million to Aird & Berlis lawyer Stuart Bollefer, who invested it in what was determined to be a tax evasion scheme by the Canadian government. Bailey lost the full amount due to the scheme, however the courts ordered Aird & Berlis to pay all outstanding taxes due to their negligence.[18]

Personal bests[edit]

Event Time (seconds) Venue Date
50 metres 5.56 World Record Reno, Nevada, United States February 9, 1996
60 metres 6.51 Maebashi, Gunma, Japan February 8, 1997
100 metres 9.84 World Record (1996–1999)
0000Olympic Record (1996–2008)
Atlanta, United States July 27, 1996
150 meters 14.99 Toronto, Canada June 1, 1997
200 metres 20.42 Luzern (SUI) July 2, 1998

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Freeborn, Jeremy (2008-08-06). "Donovan Bailey". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  2. ^ Rowbottom, Mike (3 June 2008). "As the 100m world record falls again, how much faster can humans run?". The Independent.
  3. ^ "Yzerman, Lewis among Canada's Sports Hall of Fame inductees". The Sports Network. 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2008-05-13.
  4. ^ "Donovan Bailey". Ontario Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d Henshaw, Caitlin (2018-02-16). "Honouring the life of sprinter of Donovan Bailey". The Sputnik. Retrieved 2021-08-03.
  6. ^ "Türkiye dogru yolda". Sporx. 2013. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  7. ^ Fioravanti, John (2018-02-06). "Black History Month in Canada… Donovan Anthony Bailey". Retrieved 2020-08-06.
  8. ^ "Donovan Bailey to retire after 2001 season". CBC News. May 31, 2001.
  9. ^ "Yzerman, Lewis among Canada's Sports Hall of Fame inductees". The Sports Network. 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2008-05-13.
  10. ^ CBC Television, Olympic Morning, 16 August 2008
  11. ^ New York Times, Sprinters Marvel at Bolt and Are Sure That His Best Is Yet to Come, CHRISTOPHER CLAREY, August 19, 2008 (accessed 19 August 2008)
  12. ^ "CBC Media Centre - Press Releases - CBC ANNOUNCES ALL-STAR ROSTER OF EXPERT COMMENTATORS AND ANALYSTS FOR ITS COVERAGE OF THE RIO 2016 OLYMPIC GAMES". www.cbc.ca. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Canada's Top 25 Immigrants 2010". Canadian Immigrant. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
  14. ^ "The 2016 Appointees to the Order of Ontario". Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration. December 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "Canada's Walk of Fame to honour sprinter Donovan Bailey". Sports Net. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  16. ^ Brown, Liz (2017-10-26). "Donovan Bailey 1 of 6 Canadians inducted into Walk of Fame". Kelowna Now. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  17. ^ "Donovan Bailey 'humbled' by Walk of Fame star". CBC News. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  18. ^ McLean, Jesse (2018-06-11). "Inside the offshore tax scheme that left iconic Olympian Donovan Bailey owing nearly $2.3 million in unpaid taxes". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 2021-08-06.

External links[edit]