Royal Commission on Trade Unions and Employers' Associations
The Royal Commission on Trade Unions and Employers’ Associations (also known as the Donovan Commission) was an inquiry into the system of collective UK labour law, chaired by Lord Donovan and heavily influenced by the opinions of Hugh Clegg. Its report, known as the "Donovan Report", was issued in 1968 (Cmnd 3623).
The Commission originally was inclined to recommend legal constraints on unions, (as presaged by Barbara Castle's White Paper, In Place of Strife), in order to back up governmental prices and incomes policy. However Clegg, by threatening to issue a minority report, persuaded it instead to back improved collective bargaining.
The recommendations of the Commission on dismissal procedures were embodied in the Industrial Relations Act 1971. Exclusive jurisdiction to hear complaints and give remedies was conferred upon the newly created National Industrial Relations Court. The Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1974 soon replaced the unfair dismissal provisions, as was the National Industrial Relations Court with a system of Industrial Tribunals, since renamed Employment Tribunals. These have one legally qualified chairperson and two lay members, one representing unions and the other representing employers.
The present law on unfair dismissal is found in the Employment Rights Act 1996.
- The Subject Matter of Our Report
- The System of Industrial Relations
- The Reform of Collective Bargaining
- The Extension of Collective Bargaining
- The Efficient Use of Manpower
- Strikes and Other Industrial Action
- The Enforcement of Collective Agreements
- Safeguards of Employees Against Unfair Dismissal
- Labour Tribunals
- Safeguards for Individuals in Relation to Trade Unions
- Trade Unions
- Employers' Associations
- Changes in the Law
- Workers' Participation in Management
- Summary of the Main Conclusions and Recommendations
- "Report of the Royal Commission on Trade Unions and Employers Association (Donovan)" (PDF). Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations. Laval University. 23 (4): 686–698. 1968. doi:10.7202/027959ar.
- Ackers, Peter (1 January 2014). "Game Changer: Hugh Clegg's Role in Drafting the 1968 Donovan Report and Redefining the British Industrial Relations Policy-Problem". Historical Studies in Industrial Relations. 35: 63–88. doi:10.3828/hsir.2014.35.3.(subscription required)
- Smith, D.W.; Sloane, K. (1969). "The British Royal Commission on Trade Unions and Employers' Associations, 1965-1968" (PDF). University of Western Australia Review. University of Western Australia. 9 (1): 1–49.
- Thompson, A.F. (2004). "Clegg, Hugh Armstrong (1920–1995)". Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/60357.(subscription required)
- Turner, H.A. (1969). "The Donovan Report". The Economic Journal. Royal Economic Society. 79 (313): 1–10. doi:10.2307/2229625. JSTOR 2229625.