Doolittle, Missouri

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Doolittle, Missouri
City
Location of Doolittle, Missouri
Location of Doolittle, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°56′30″N 91°53′9″W / 37.94167°N 91.88583°W / 37.94167; -91.88583Coordinates: 37°56′30″N 91°53′9″W / 37.94167°N 91.88583°W / 37.94167; -91.88583
Country United States
State Missouri
County Phelps
Area[1]
 • Total 2.68 sq mi (6.94 km2)
 • Land 2.68 sq mi (6.94 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,004 ft (306 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 630
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 619
 • Density 235.1/sq mi (90.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 65550
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-19828[4]
GNIS feature ID 0749680[5]

Doolittle is a city in Phelps County, Missouri, United States. The population was 630 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The town is named for Lt. General Jimmy Doolittle of World War II fame who bombed Tokyo in a daring raid, which helped to turn the tide of the war in the Pacific. The settlement was originally called Centertown because it was halfway between Rolla and Newburg. This name, coined by a local man named Monroe Ramsey, caught on over the years.

The town boomed in the spring of 1941 when construction of Fort Leonard Wood, 20 miles away, began in earnest due to the war effort. Thousands of workers poured in and slept anywhere they could. In some places, it was said beds never got cold because different shifts shared occupancy. So the two mile stretch which was unofficially called Centertown grew and boomed and a local businessman, Lou Hargis, felt it was time for an incorporated city. The idea of naming the new city after General Doolittle was well-received, along with the idea of having General Doolittle dedicate the town after the war effort.

The original trustees of the town when it was incorporated were Lou Hargis, Mr. Durham (principal of the Newburg High School), Bob Crain (an employee of the Missouri Bureau of Mines, resident of Rolla), and Ike Towell (operator of a local filling station and grocery store). They continued as interim trustees until April 1944 when a general election was held and a mayor and city officials elected. It was those five men who presented themselves at the courthouse "to announce the birth of a town and give it a hero's name."

In 1946, Lt. General Jimmy Doolittle spoke at the dedication ceremony[6] in which the town was christened in his honor. Doolittle flew his own B-25 into the airport in Vichy, fulfilling a promise he'd made two years before.[7]

Geography[edit]

Doolittle is located at 37°56′30″N 91°53′09″W / 37.941690°N 91.885830°W / 37.941690; -91.885830.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.68 square miles (6.94 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 237
1960 499 110.5%
1970 535 7.2%
1980 701 31.0%
1990 599 −14.6%
2000 644 7.5%
2010 630 −2.2%
Est. 2015 605 [9] −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 630 people, 251 households, and 184 families residing in the city. The population density was 235.1 inhabitants per square mile (90.8/km2). There were 283 housing units at an average density of 105.6 per square mile (40.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.46% White, 0.63% Native American, 0.32% Asian, and 1.59% from two or more races.

There were 251 households of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.7% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 41.7 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.1% were from 25 to 44; 31.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 644 people, 256 households, and 192 families residing in the city. The population density was 261.6 people per square mile (101.1/km²). There were 284 housing units at an average density of 115.4 per square mile (44.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.43% White, 1.40% Native American, 0.31% Asian, and 1.86% from two or more races.

There were 256 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,813, and the median income for a family was $35,938. Males had a median income of $23,269 versus $17,039 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,727. About 3.0% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ A celebration honoring Doolittle's visit, including a re-enactment pageant, was held in the town in June 2014, hosted by Burns Army Surplus. [1]
  7. ^ Source: The Story of Doolittle, a history printed on the back of the menu at "Cookin' From Scratch" restaurant at the Doolittle truck stop, commonly accepted in the area as a true history of Doolittle
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.