The Doors in 1966. From left to right: John Densmore, Robby Krieger, Ray Manzarek, Jim Morrison
|Origin||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Years active||1965–1973 , 1978|
The Doors were an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1965, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, guitarist Robby Krieger, and drummer John Densmore. They were among the most controversial and influential rock acts of the 1960s, mostly because of Morrison's lyrics and voice along with his erratic stage persona, and the group was widely regarded as an important part of the era's counterculture.
The band took its name from the title of Aldous Huxley's book The Doors of Perception, itself a reference to a quote by William Blake. After signing with Elektra Records, the Doors with Morrison released six albums in five years, some of which are considered among the greatest of all time, including The Doors (1967), Strange Days (1967), and L.A. Woman (1971). They were one of the most successful bands during that time and by 1972 the Doors had sold over 4 million albums domestically and nearly 8 million singles.
Morrison died in uncertain circumstances in 1971. The band continued as a trio until disbanding in 1973. They released three more albums in the 1970s, two of which featured earlier recordings by Morrison, and over the decades reunited on stage in various configurations. In 2002, Manzarek, Krieger and Ian Astbury of the Cult on vocals started performing as the Doors of the 21st Century. Densmore and the Morrison estate successfully sued them over the use of the band's name. After a short time as Riders on the Storm, they settled on the name Manzarek–Krieger and toured until Manzarek's death in 2013.
The Doors were the first American band to accumulate eight consecutive gold LPs. According to the RIAA, they have sold 33 million records in the US and over 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the best-selling bands of all time. The Doors have been listed as one of the greatest artists of all time by magazines including Rolling Stone, which ranked them 41st on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". In 1993, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Origins (July 1965 – August 1966)
The Doors began with a meeting between acquaintances Jim Morrison and Ray Manzarek, both of whom had attended the UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television, on Venice Beach in July 1965. Morrison told Manzarek he had been writing songs. Morrison said: "I was taking notes at a fantastic rock'n'roll concert going on in my head" and with Manzarek's encouragement sang "Moonlight Drive". The members came from a varied musical background of jazz, rock, blues, and folk idioms.
Keyboardist Manzarek was in a band called Rick & the Ravens with his brothers Rick and Jim, while drummer John Densmore was playing with the Psychedelic Rangers and knew Manzarek from meditation classes. In August 1965, Densmore joined the group, which had been renamed the Doors. The five (Morrison having previously joined the band), along with bass player Patty Sullivan[nb 1] recorded a six-song demo on September 2, 1965 at World Pacific Studios, Los Angeles, California (officially made available much later in October 1997 on the Doors' Box Set CD release). This has circulated widely since then as a bootleg recording. The band took their name from the title of Aldous Huxley's book The Doors of Perception, itself derived from a line in William Blake's The Marriage of Heaven and Hell: "If the doors of perception were cleansed, everything would appear to man as it is: infinite". In mid-1965, after Manzarek's two brothers left, guitarist Robby Krieger joined.
From February to May 1966, the group had a residency at the "rundown" and "sleazy" Los Angeles club London Fog, appearing on the bill with "Rhonda Lane Exotic Dancer". The experience gave Morrison confidence to perform in front of a live audience, and the band as a whole to develop and, in some cases, lengthen their songs and work "The End" and "Light My Fire" into the pieces that would appear on their debut album. Ray Manzarek would later say that at the London Fog the band "became this collective entity, this unit of oneness ... that is where the magic began to happen."
The Doors soon graduated to the more esteemed Whisky a Go Go, where they were the house band (starting from May 1966), supporting acts including Van Morrison's group Them. On their last night together the two bands joined up for "In the Midnight Hour" and a twenty-minute jam session of Them's "Gloria".
On August 10, 1966, they were spotted by Elektra Records president Jac Holzman, who was present at the recommendation of Love singer Arthur Lee, whose group was with Elektra Records. After Holzman and producer Paul A. Rothchild saw two sets of the band playing at the Whisky a Go Go, they signed them to the Elektra Records label on August 18 – the start of a long and successful partnership with Rothchild and sound engineer Bruce Botnick. The Doors were fired from the Whisky on August 21, 1966 when Morrison added an explicit retelling and profanity-laden version of the Greek myth of Oedipus during "The End".
The Doors and Strange Days (August 1966 – December 1967)
The band recorded their first album from August 24 to 31, 1966, at Sunset Sound Recording Studios. The debut album, The Doors, was released in the first week of January 1967. It included most of the major songs from their set, including the nearly 12-minute musical drama "The End". In November 1966, Mark Abramson directed a promotional film for the lead single "Break On Through (To the Other Side)". To promote the single, the Doors made several television appearances such as on Shebang, a Los Angeles TV show, miming to "Break On Through".[nb 2] In early 1967, the Doors appeared on The Clay Cole Show (which aired on Saturday evenings at 6 pm on WPIX Channel 11 out of NYC) where they performed their single "Break On Through". Since "Break on Through" was not very successful on the radio, the band turned to "Light My Fire". "Light My Fire" became the first single from Elektra Records to reach number one on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, selling over one million copies.
From March 7 to 11, 1967, the Doors performed at the Matrix Club in San Francisco, California. The March 7 and 10 shows were recorded by a co-owner of The Matrix, Peter Abram. These recordings are notable as they are among the earliest live recordings of the band to circulate. On November 18, 2008, the Doors published a compilation of these recordings, Live at the Matrix 1967, on the band's boutique Bright Midnight Archives label.
The Doors appeared on American television on August 25, 1967, guest-starring on the variety TV series Malibu U, performing "Light My Fire". They did not appear live. The band is seen on a beach and is performing the song in playback. The music video did not gain any commercial success and the performance was more or less forgotten. It was not until they appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show that they gained attention on television.
The Doors made their international television debut in May 1967, recording a version of "The End" for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) at O'Keefe Centre in Toronto. But after its initial broadcasts, the performance remained unreleased except in bootleg form until the release of The Doors Soundstage Performances DVD in 2002.
On September 17, 1967, the Doors gave a memorable performance of "Light My Fire" on The Ed Sullivan Show. According to Ray Manzarek, network executives asked that the word "higher" be removed. The group appeared to acquiesce, but performed the song in its original form, because either they had never intended to comply with the request or Jim Morrison was nervous and forgot to make the change (Manzarek has given conflicting accounts). Either way, "higher" was sung out on national television, and the show's host, Ed Sullivan, canceled another six shows that had been planned. After the program's producer told the band they would never play on the show again, Jim Morrison reportedly replied: "Hey man. We just did the Sullivan Show."
On December 24, the Doors performed "Light My Fire" and "Moonlight Drive" live for The Jonathan Winters Show. Their performance was taped for later broadcast. From December 26 to 28, the group played at the Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco; during one set the band stopped performing to watch themselves on The Jonathan Winters Show on a TV set wheeled onto the stage.
The Doors spent several weeks in Sunset Studios in Los Angeles recording their second album, Strange Days, experimenting with the new technology, notably the Moog synthesizer they now had available. The commercial success of Strange Days was middling, peaking at number three on the Billboard album chart but quickly dropping, along with a series of underperforming singles. The chorus from the album's single "People Are Strange" inspired the name of the 2009 documentary of the Doors, When You're Strange.
Although session musician Larry Knechtel had been featured on bass on several tracks on the band's debut album, Strange Days was the first Doors album recorded with a studio musician on bass on most of the tracks, and this continued on all subsequent studio albums. Manzarek explained that his keyboard bass was well-suited for live situations but that it lacked the "articulation" needed for studio recording. Douglass Lubahn played on Strange Days and the next two albums; but the band used several other musicians for this role, often using more than one bassist on the same album. Kerry Magness, Leroy Vinnegar, Harvey Brooks, Ray Neopolitan, Lonnie Mack, Jerry Scheff, Jack Conrad (who played a major role in the post Morrison years touring with the group in 1971 and 1972), Chris Ethridge, Charles Larkey and Leland Sklar are credited as bassists who worked with the band.
New Haven incident (December 1967)
On December 9, 1967, the Doors performed a now infamous concert at New Haven Arena in New Haven, Connecticut, which ended abruptly when Morrison was arrested by local police. Morrison became the first rock artist to be arrested onstage during a concert performance. Morrison had been kissing a female fan backstage in a bathroom shower stall prior to the start of the concert when a police officer happened upon them. Unaware that he was the lead singer of the band about to perform, the officer told Morrison and the female to leave, to which Morrison said, "Eat it." The policeman took out a can of mace and warned Morrison, "Last chance", to which Morrison replied, "Last chance to eat it." There is some discrepancy as to what happened next: according to No One Here Gets Out Alive, the female ran away and Morrison was maced; but Manzarek recounts in his book that both Jim and the fan were sprayed.
The Doors' main act was delayed for an hour while Jim recovered, after which The Doors took the stage very late. According to an authenticated fan account that Robby Krieger posted to his Facebook page, the police still did not consider the issue resolved, and wanted to charge him. Halfway through the first set, Morrison proceeded to create an improvised song (as depicted in the Oliver Stone movie) about his experience with the "little men in blue". It was an obscenity-laced account to the audience, describing what had happened backstage and taunting the police, who were surrounding the stage. The concert was abruptly ended when Morrison was dragged offstage by the police. The audience, which was already restless from waiting so long for the band to perform, became unruly. Morrison was taken to a local police station, photographed and booked on charges of inciting a riot, indecency and public obscenity. Charges against Morrison, as well as those against three journalists also arrested in the incident (Mike Zwerin, Yvonne Chabrier and Tim Page), were dropped several weeks later for lack of evidence.
Waiting for the Sun (April–December 1968)
Recording of the group's third album in April 1968 was marred by tension as a result of Morrison's increasing dependence on alcohol and the rejection of the 17-minute "Celebration of the Lizard" by band producer Paul Rothchild, who considered the work was not commercial enough. Approaching the height of their popularity, the Doors played a series of outdoor shows that led to frenzied scenes between fans and police, particularly at Chicago Coliseum on May 10.
The band began to branch out from their initial form for this third LP, and because they had exhausted their original repertoire, they began writing new material. Waiting for the Sun became their first and only US No. 1 LP, and the single "Hello, I Love You" (one of the six songs performed by the band on their 1965 Aura Records demo) was their second US No. 1 single. Following the 1968 release of "Hello, I Love You", the publisher of the Kinks' 1964 hit "All Day and All of the Night" announced they were planning legal action against the Doors for copyright infringement; however, songwriter Ray Davies ultimately chose not to sue.[nb 3] Kinks guitarist Dave Davies was particularly irritated by the similarity. In concert, Morrison was occasionally dismissive of the song, leaving the vocals to Manzarek, as can be seen in the documentary The Doors Are Open.
A month after a riotous concert at the Singer Bowl in New York, the group flew to Britain for their first performance outside North America. They held a press conference at the ICA Gallery in London and played shows at the Roundhouse. The results of the trip were broadcast on Granada TV's The Doors Are Open, later released on video. They played dates in Europe, along with Jefferson Airplane, including a show in Amsterdam where Morrison collapsed on stage after a drug binge (including marijuana, hashish and unspecified pills).
The group flew back to the US and played nine more US dates before returning to work in November on their fourth LP. They ended the year with a successful new single, "Touch Me" (released in December 1968), which reached No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 and No. 1 in the Cashbox Top 100 in early 1969 (the band's third and last American number-one single).
Miami incident (March 1969)
On March 1, 1969, at the Dinner Key Auditorium in the Coconut Grove neighborhood of Miami, the Doors gave the most controversial performance of their career, one that nearly "derailed the band". The auditorium was a converted seaplane hangar that had no air conditioning on that hot night, and the seats had been removed by the promoter to boost ticket sales.
Morrison had been drinking all day and had missed connecting flights to Miami. By the time he arrived, drunk, the concert was over an hour late. The restless crowd of 12,000, packed into a facility designed to hold 7,000, was subjected to undue silences in Morrison's singing straining the music from the beginning of the performance. Morrison had recently attended a play by an experimental theater group the Living Theatre and was inspired by their "antagonistic" style of performance art. Morrison taunted the crowd with messages of both love and hate, saying, "Love me. I can't take it no more without no good love. I want some lovin'. Ain't nobody gonna love my ass?" and alternately, "You're all a bunch of fuckin' idiots!" and screaming "What are you gonna do about it?" over and over again.
As the band began their second song, "Touch Me", Morrison started shouting in protest, forcing the band to a halt. At one point, Morrison removed the hat of an onstage police officer and threw it into the crowd; the officer removed Morrison's hat and threw it. Manager Bill Siddons recalled, "The gig was a bizarre, circus-like thing, there was this guy carrying a sheep and the wildest people that I'd ever seen." Equipment chief Vince Treanor said, "Somebody jumped up and poured champagne on Jim so he took his shirt off, he was soaking wet. 'Let's see a little skin, let's get naked,' he said, and the audience started taking their clothes off." Having removed his shirt, Morrison held it in front of his groin area and started to make hand movements behind it. Manzarek described the incident as a mass "religious hallucination".
On March 5, the Dade County Sheriff's office issued a warrant for Morrison's arrest, claiming Morrison had exposed his penis while on stage, shouted obscenities to the crowd, simulated oral sex on guitarist Robby Krieger, and was drunk at the time of his performance. Morrison turned down a plea bargain that required the Doors to perform a free Miami concert. He was convicted and sentenced to six months in jail with hard labor, and ordered to pay a $500 fine. Morrison remained free, pending an appeal of his conviction, and died before the matter was legally resolved. In 2007 Florida Governor Charlie Crist suggested the possibility of a posthumous pardon for Morrison, which was announced as successful on December 9, 2010. Densmore, Krieger and Manzarek have denied the allegation that Morrison exposed himself on stage that night.
The Soft Parade (May–July 1969)
While the band was trying to maintain their previous momentum, efforts to expand their sound gave the album an experimental feel, causing critics to attack their musical integrity. According to John Densmore in his biography Riders On The Storm individual writing credits were noted for the first time because of Morrison's reluctance to sing the lyrics of Robby Krieger's song "Tell All the People". Morrison's drinking made him difficult and unreliable, and the recording sessions dragged on for months. Studio costs piled up, and the Doors came close to disintegrating. Despite all this, the album was immensely successful, becoming the band's fourth hit album.
Morrison Hotel and Absolutely Live (November 1969 – December 1970)
During the recording of their next album, Morrison Hotel, in November 1969, Morrison again found himself in trouble with the law after harassing airline staff during a flight to Phoenix, Arizona to see the Rolling Stones in concert. Both Morrison and his friend and traveling companion Tom Baker were charged with "interfering with the flight of an intercontinental aircraft and public drunkenness". If convicted of the most serious charge, Morrison could have faced a ten-year federal prison sentence for the incident. The charges were dropped in April 1970 after an airline stewardess reversed her testimony to say she mistakenly identified Morrison as Baker.
The Doors staged a return to form with their 1970 LP Morrison Hotel, their fifth album. Featuring a consistent hard rock sound, the album's opener was "Roadhouse Blues". The record reached No. 4 in the United States and revived their status among their core fanbase and the rock press. Dave Marsh, the editor of Creem magazine, said of the album: "the most horrifying rock and roll I have ever heard. When they're good, they're simply unbeatable. I know this is the best record I've listened to ... so far". Rock Magazine called it "without any doubt their ballsiest (and best) album to date". Circus magazine praised it as "possibly the best album yet from the Doors" and "good hard, evil rock, and one of the best albums released this decade". The album also saw Jim Morrison returning as main songwriter, writing or co-writing all of the album's tracks. The 40th anniversary CD reissue of Morrison Hotel contains outtakes and alternative takes, including different versions of "The Spy" and "Roadhouse Blues" (with Lonnie Mack on bass guitar and the Lovin' Spoonful's John Sebastian on harmonica).
Although the Doors continued to face de facto bans in more conservative American markets and earned new bans at Salt Lake City's Salt Palace and Detroit's Cobo Hall following tumultuous concerts, the band managed to play 18 concerts in the United States, Mexico and Canada following the Miami incident in 1969, and 23 dates in the United States and Canada throughout the first half of 1970.
During Morrison's trial in Miami, the group made it to the Isle of Wight Festival on August 29. They performed alongside Jimi Hendrix, the Who, Joni Mitchell, Jethro Tull, Taste, Leonard Cohen, Miles Davis, Emerson, Lake & Palmer and Sly and the Family Stone. Two songs from the show were featured in the 1995 documentary Message to Love.
On December 8, 1970, his 27th birthday, Morrison recorded another poetry session. Part of this would end up on An American Prayer in 1978 with music, and is currently in the possession of the Courson family. Shortly thereafter, the Roadhouse Blues Tour to promote their upcoming album would comprise only three dates. Two concerts were held in Dallas on December 11. During the Doors' last public performance with Morrison, at The Warehouse in New Orleans, on December 12, 1970, Morrison apparently had a breakdown on stage. Midway through the set he slammed the microphone numerous times into the stage floor until the platform beneath was destroyed, then sat down and refused to perform for the remainder of the show. Drummer John Densmore recalls the incident in his biography Riders On the Storm, where, after the show he met with Ray and Robby; they decided to end their live act, citing their mutual agreement that Morrison was ready to retire from performing.
L.A. Woman and Morrison's death (December 1970 – July 1971)
Despite Morrison's conviction and the fallout from their appearance in New Orleans, The Doors set out to reclaim their status as a premier act with L.A. Woman in 1971.[according to whom?] The album included rhythm guitarist Marc Benno on several tracks and prominently featured bassist Jerry Scheff, best known for his work in Elvis Presley's TCB Band. Despite a comparatively low Billboard chart peak at No. 9, L.A. Woman contained two Top 20 hits and went on to be their second best-selling studio album, surpassed in sales only by their debut. The album explored their R&B roots, although during rehearsals they had a falling-out with Paul Rothchild, who was dissatisfied with the band's effort. Denouncing "Love Her Madly" as "cocktail lounge music", he quit and handed the production to Bruce Botnick and the Doors.
The title track and two singles ("Love Her Madly" and "Riders on the Storm") remain mainstays of rock radio programming, with the last of these being inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for its special significance to recorded music. In the song "L.A. Woman", Jim Morrison makes an anagram of his name to chant "Mr. Mojo Risin". During the sessions, a short clip of the band performing "Crawling King Snake" was filmed. As far as is known, this is the last clip of the Doors performing with Morrison.
On March 13, 1971, following the recording of L.A. Woman, Morrison took a leave of absence from the Doors and moved to Paris with Pamela Courson. He had visited the city the previous summer; he was found dead in the bath on July 3, 1971 by Courson. The absence of an official autopsy, combined with the death certificate having no reason of death besides heart failure, have left many questions regarding the cause of death.[according to whom?] Morrison was buried in the "Poets' Corner" of Père Lachaise Cemetery on July 7. The epitaph on his headstone bears the Greek inscription "ΚΑΤΑ ΤΟΝ ΔΑΙΜΟΝΑ ΕΑΥΤΟΥ", literally meaning "According to his own daimōn" and usually interpreted as "True to his own spirit".
Other Voices and Full Circle (July 1971 – January 1973)
L.A. Woman's follow up album, Other Voices was being planned when Morrison died. The band was hopeful he would return from his Paris trip to complete the album. The surviving members initially considered replacing Morrison with a new singer but instead, Krieger and Manzarek took over lead vocal duties. Other Voices was recorded from June to August 1971, and was released in October 1971. It featured the single "Tightrope Ride", which received some radio airplay. The trio began performing again with additional supporting members on November 12, 1971 at Pershing Municipal Auditorium in Lincoln, Nebraska, followed by shows in Carnegie Hall on November 23, 1971, and the Hollywood Palladium on November 26, 1971.
The recordings for Full Circle took place a year later after Other Voices during the spring of 1972, and the album was released in August 1972. For the tours during this period, the Doors enlisted Jack Conrad on bass (who had played on several tracks on both "Other Voices" and "Full Circle") as well as Bobby Ray Henson on rhythm guitar. They began a European tour covering France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK, including an appearance on the German show Beat-Club. The group disbanded in 1973.
The third post-Morrison album, An American Prayer, was released in 1978. It consisted of the band adding musical backing tracks to previously recorded spoken word performances of Morrison reciting his poetry. The record was a commercial success, acquiring a platinum certificate. An American Prayer was re-mastered and re-released with bonus tracks in 1995. The three played together on Krieger's 1982 album Versions.
In 1993, the Doors were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. For the ceremony Manzarek, Krieger and Densmore reunited once again to perform "Roadhouse Blues", "Break On Through" and "Light My Fire". Eddie Vedder filled in on lead vocals, while Don Was played bass. For the 1997 boxed set, the surviving members of the Doors once again reunited to complete "Orange County Suite". The track was one that Morrison had written and recorded, providing vocals and piano.
The Doors reunited in 2000 to perform on VH1's Storytellers. For the live performance, the band was joined by Angelo Barbera and numerous guest vocalists, including Ian Astbury (of the Cult), Scott Weiland, Scott Stapp, Perry Farrell, Pat Monahan and Travis Meeks. Following the recording the Storytellers: A Celebration, the band members joined to record music for the Stoned Immaculate: The Music of The Doors tribute album. On May 29, 2007, Perry Farrell's group the Satellite Party released its first album Ultra Payloaded on Columbia Records. The album features "Woman in the Window", a new song with music and a pre-recorded vocal performance provided by Jim Morrison.
"I like to say this is the first new Doors track of the 21st century", Ray Manzarek said of a new song he recorded with Robby Krieger, John Densmore and DJ/producer Skrillex (Sonny Moore). The recording session and song are part of a documentary film, Re:GENERATION, that recruited five popular DJs/producers to work with artists from five separate genres and had them record new music. Manzarek and Skrillex had an immediate musical connection. "Sonny plays his beat, all he had to do was play the one thing. I listened to it and I said, ‘Holy shit, that's strong,’" Manzarek says. "Basically, it's a variation on ‘Milestones’, by Miles Davis, and if I do say so myself, sounds fucking great, hot as hell." The track, called "Breakn' a Sweat", was included on Skrillex's EP Bangarang.
In 2013, the remaining members of the Doors recorded with rapper Tech N9ne for the song "Strange 2013", appearing on his album Something Else, which features new instrumentation by the band and samples of Jim Morrison's vocals from the song "Strange Days". In their final collaboration before Manzarek's death, the three surviving Doors provided backing for poet Michael C. Ford's album Look Each Other in The Ears.
February 12, 2016, at The Fonda Theatre in Hollywood, John Densmore and Robby Krieger reunited for the first time in 15 years to perform in tribute to Ray and benefit Stand Up to Cancer. That day would have been Ray's 76th birthday. The night featured Exene Cervenka and John Doe of the band X, Rami Jaffee of the Foo Fighters, Stone Temple Pilots’ Robert Deleo, Jane's Addiction's Stephen Perkins, Emily Armstrong of Dead Sara, Andrew Watt, among others.
After the Doors
After Morrison died in 1971, Krieger and Densmore formed the Butts Band as a consequence of trying to find a new lead singer to replace Morrison. The surviving Doors members went to London looking for a new lead singer because they were unable to recruit in the US. The Butts Band formed in 1973, signing with Blue Thumb records. They began working on their first album titled Butts Band that was released the same year. They disbanded in 1975 after the second album. Phil Chen, who played bass on the band's second album, would later join Robby once again with Manzarek–Krieger.
Manzarek made three solo albums from 1974 to 1983 and formed a band called Nite City in 1975, which released two albums from 1977 to 1978. Krieger released six solo albums from 1977 to 2010. All of the ex-Doors solo albums have met with mixed reviews. In recent years Densmore formed a jazz band called Tribaljazz and they released a self-titled album in 2006.
In 2002, Ray Manzarek and Robby Krieger formed a new version of the Doors which they called the Doors of the 21st Century. After legal battles over use of the Doors name with drummer John Densmore in February 2003 who filed an injunction against his former bandmates, they changed their name several times and ultimately toured under the name "Manzarek–Krieger" or "Ray Manzarek and Robby Krieger of the Doors". In July 2007, John Densmore said he refused to play with the band unless it was fronted by Eddie Vedder because Densmore claimed Vedder was on Morrison's singing level. The group was dedicated to performing the music of the Doors and Jim Morrison. The band performed in Mexico, Bolivia, France, Israel, Russia, Italy, Czech Republic, the Netherlands and Austria in 2011
On May 20, 2013, Ray Manzarek died at a hospital in Rosenheim, Germany, at the age of 74 due to complications related to bile duct cancer. Robby Krieger and John Densmore, the two remaining living Doors members, came together February 12, 2016 to honor Ray Manzarek called "A Celebration For Ray Manzarek." All proceeds went to "Stand Up to Cancer."
Beginning in the late 1970s, there was a sustained revival of interest in the Doors which created a new generation of fans. The origin of the revival is traced to the release of the album An American Prayer in late 1978 which contained a live version of "Roadhouse Blues" that received considerable airplay on album-oriented rock radio stations. In 1979 the song "The End" was featured in dramatic fashion in the film Apocalypse Now and the following year a best-selling biography of Morrison, No One Here Gets Out Alive, was published. The Doors' first album, The Doors, re-entered the Billboard 200 album chart in September 1980 and Elektra Records reported the Doors' albums were selling better than in any year since their original release. In response a new compilation album, Greatest Hits, was released in October 1980. The album peaked at No. 17 in Billboard and remained on the chart for nearly two years.
The revival continued in 1983 with the release of Alive, She Cried, an album of previously unreleased live recordings. The track "Gloria" reached No. 18 on the Billboard Top Tracks chart and the video was in heavy rotation on MTV. Another compilation album, The Best of the Doors was released in 1987 and went on to be certified Diamond in 2007 by the Recording Industry Association of America for sales of 10 million certified units.
A second revival, attracting another generation of fans, occurred in 1991 following the release of the film The Doors, directed by Oliver Stone and starring Val Kilmer as Morrison. Stone created the script from over a hundred interviews of people who were in Jim Morrison's life. He designed the movie by picking the songs and then adding the appropriate scripts to them. The original band members did not like the film's portrayal of the events. In the book The Doors, Manzarek states, "That Oliver Stone thing did real damage to the guy I knew: Jim Morrison, the poet." In addition, Manzarek claims that he wanted the movie to be about all four members of the band, not only Morrison. Densmore said, "A third of it's fiction." In the same volume, Krieger agrees with the other two, but also says, "It could have been a lot worse." The film's soundtrack album reached No. 8 on the Billboard album chart and Greatest Hits and The Best of the Doors re-entered the chart, with the latter reaching a new peak position of No. 32.
Awards and critical accolades:
- In 1993, the Doors were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- In 1998, "Light My Fire" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame under the category Rock (track).
- In 1998, VH-1 compiled a list of the 100 Greatest Artists of Rock and Roll. The Doors were ranked number 20 by top music artists while Rock on the Net readers ranked them number 15.
- In 2000, the Doors were ranked number 32 on VH1's 100 Greatest Hard Rock Artists, and "Light My Fire" was ranked number seven on VH1's Greatest Rock Songs.
- In 2002, their self-titled album' was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame under the category Rock (Album).
- In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked the Doors 41st on their list of 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
- Also in 2004, Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time included two of their songs: "Light My Fire" at number 35 and "The End" at number 328.
- In 2007, the Doors received a Grammy Award for lifetime achievement.
- In 2007, the Doors received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- In 2010, "Riders on the Storm" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame under the category Rock (track).
- In 2011, the Doors received a Grammy Award in Best Long Form Music Video for the film When You're Strange, directed by Tom DiCillo.
- In 2012, Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time included three of their studio albums; the self-titled album at number 42, L.A. Woman at number 362, and Strange Days at number 407.
- In 2014, the Doors were voted by British Classic Rock magazine's readers to receive that year's Roll of Honour Tommy Vance "Inspiration" Award.
- In 2015, the Library of Congress selected The Doors for inclusion in the National Recording Registry based on its cultural, artistic or historical significance.
- The Doors were honored for the 50th anniversary of their self-titled album release, January 4, 2017, with the city of Los Angeles proclaiming that date "The Day of the Doors." At a ceremony in Venice, Los Angeles Councilmember Mike Bonin introduced surviving members Densmore and Krieger, presenting them with a framed proclamation and lighting a Doors sign beneath the famed 'Venice' letters.
- The 2018 Asbury Park Music & Film Festival has announced the film submission award winners. The ceremony was held on Sunday, April 29 at the Asbury Hotel hosted by Shelli Sonstein, two-time Gracie Award winner, co-host of the Jim Kerr Rock and Roll Morning Show on Q104.3 and APMFF Board member. The film Break on Thru: Celebration of Ray Manzarek and The Doors, won the best length feature at the festival.
- Jim Morrison – lead vocals, harmonica, percussion
- Ray Manzarek – keyboards, keyboard bass, vocals
- Robby Krieger – electric guitar, vocals
- John Densmore – drums, percussion, backing vocals
- The Doors (1967)
- Strange Days (1967)
- Waiting for the Sun (1968)
- The Soft Parade (1969)
- Morrison Hotel (1970)
- L.A. Woman (1971)
- Other Voices (1971)
- Full Circle (1972)
- An American Prayer (1978)
- The Doors Are Open (1968)
- A Tribute to Jim Morrison (1981)
- Dance on Fire (1985)
- Live at the Hollywood Bowl (1987)
- Live in Europe 1968 (1989)
- The Doors (1991)
- The Soft Parade a Retrospective (1991)
- The Best of the Doors (1997)
- The Doors Collection – Collector's Edition (1999)
- VH1 Storytellers – The Doors: A Celebration (2001)
- The Doors – 30 Years Commemorative Edition (2001)
- No One Here Gets Out Alive (2001)
- Soundstage Performances (2002)
- The Doors of the 21st Century: L.A. Woman Live (2003)
- The Doors Collector's Edition – (3 DVD) (2005)
- Classic Albums: The Doors (2008)
- When You're Strange (2009)
- Mr. Mojo Risin' : The Story of L.A. Woman (2011)
- Live at the Bowl '68 (2012)
- R-Evolution (2013)
- The Doors Special Edition – (3 DVD) (2013)
- Feast of Friends (2014)
- Live at the Isle of Wight Festival 1970 (2018)
- Break on Thru: Celebration of Ray Manzarek and The Doors (2018)
- Patty Sullivan was later credited using her married name Patricia Hansen in The Door's 1997 Box Set CD release
- Author Richie Weidman wrote that this was New Year's Day 1967 or March 6th 1967 according to author Gillian G. Gaar.
- In the Doors' biography No One Here Gets Out Alive, says that courts in the UK determined in favor of Davies and any royalties for the song are paid to him.
- Debolt, Abbe A.; James S. Baugess (December 2011). Encyclopedia of the Sixties: A Decade of Culture and Counterculture. ABC-CLIO. pp. 544–. ISBN 978-0-313-32944-9.
- Wallace, Richard (September 18, 2010). The Lazy Intellectual: Maximum Knowledge, Minimal Effort. Adams Media. pp. 68–. ISBN 978-1-4405-0888-2.
- Viol, Claus-Ulrich (2006). Jukebooks: Contemporary British Fiction, Popular Music, and Cultural Value. Winter. ISBN 978-3-8253-5039-0.
- Weil, Martin (May 20, 2013). "Ray Manzarek, keyboardist and founding member of The Doors, dies at 74". Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. May 31, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: The Doors – The Doors". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 16, 2019. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. May 31, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
- "Rolling Stone: 500 Greatest Albums Of All Time". rockonthenet.com. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "'Doors Sold 4,190,457 Albums': Court Report". Billboard. December 18, 1971.
- Ruhlmann, William; Unterberger, Richie. "The Doors – Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
- "The Doors". Rolling Stone. March 16, 2012. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- "Dance on Fire". Video.yandex.ru. Event occurs at 49:46. Retrieved February 20, 2019. In the official DVD Dance on Fire features in the credits of the song 'Riders on the Storm': "They would become the first American band to accumulate eight consecutive gold and platinum LPs".[permanent dead link]
- "Top Selling Artists". RIAA. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
- "Ray Manzarek, founding member of The Doors, dies at 74". CBS News. May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Quan, Denise (June 25, 2013). "The Doors plan tribute concert for Ray Manzarek". CNN. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Manson, Marilyn (April 15, 2004). "The Immortals – The Greatest Artists of All Time: No. 41 The Doors". Rolling Stone.
- Butler, Patricia (May 25, 2010). Angels Dance and Angels Die: The Tragic Romance of Pamela and Jim Morrison. Omnibus Press. p. 94. ISBN 978-0857123596.
- The Doors (July 10, 2012). The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2nd ed.).
- The Doors interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1969)
- The Doors (2010). When You're Strange (Documentary). Rhino Entertainment.
- Manzarek 1998, p. 139.
- Weidman 2011, pp. 120–121.
- "Whisky a Go Go 1971". Shadowplays.com. Retrieved December 24, 2009.
- Cherry 2013, p. 13.
- Weidman 2011, p. 251.
- G. Gaar, Gillian (July 8, 2015). The Doors: The Illustrated History. Voyageur Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0760346907.
- Brodsky, Joel (February 2004). "Psychotic Reaction". Mojo.
- Simpson, Dave (December 19, 2008). "Film & Music: Rock & pop: The CDs we missed: The Doors: Live at the Matrix 1967: 4 stars: (Rhino)". The Guardian.
- Selvin, Joel (November 17, 2018). "City's psychedelic past back in view in Doors' Matrix discs". San Francisco Chronicle.
- The Doors. The Doors – Light My Fire (1967) Malibu U TV. Dailymotion.com. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- "The Doors Ed Sullivan". The Ed Sullivan Show (SOFA Entertainment). Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- The Doors (2002). The Doors Soundstage Performances (DVD). Toronto, Copenhagen, New York: Eagle Vision.
- Hogan, Peter K. (1994). The Complete Guide To the Music of the Doors. Music Sales Group. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-7119-3527-3.
- Davis 2005, pp. 219–220.
- Davis 2005, p. 197.
- Fong-Torres 2006, p. 71. sfn error: no target: CITEREFFong-Torres2006 (help)
- Manzarek 1998, p. 258.
- "The Doors: Strange Days – Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- "The Doors: Waiting for the Sun – Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- "The Doors: The Soft Parade – Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- "The Doors: Morrison Hotel – Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- "The Doors: L.A. Woman – Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- "New Haven Police Close 'The Doors'; Use of Mace Reported". The New York Times. December 10, 1967. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- James Riordan; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- Davis 2005, p. 216.
- Hopkins & Sugerman 1980, p. 160.
- James Riordan; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- Manzarek 1998, p. 272.
- Huey, Steve. "Jim Morrison – Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved January 1, 2009.
- Wall, Mick (October 30, 2014). Love Becomes a Funeral Pyre: A Biography of The Doors. Hachette UK. p. 197. ISBN 978-1409151258.
- Weidman 2011, p. 268.
- Hinmen, Doug. The Kinks: All Day and All of the Night (2004): 119–120
- Adrian Deevoy (May 11, 2017). "The Kinks' Ray Davies: Brexit is 'bigger than the Berlin Wall'". The Guardian. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
- "Loyal Pains: The Davies Boys Are Still at It". Archived from the original on September 7, 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2006.
- The Doors (1968). The Doors are Open (Concert/Documentary). The Roadhouse, London.
- Gallucci, Michael (September 15, 2015). "When Ray Manzarek Had to Fill in for a Passed-Out Jim Morrison". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- Hopkins & Sugerman 1980, p. 227.
- Riordan, James; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- Manzarek 1998, p. 312.
- Manzarek 1998, p. 310.
- James Riordan; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. pp. 292–293, 295. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- Riordan, James; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 295. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- Hopkins & Sugerman 1980, p. 230.
- James Riordan; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 296. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- James Riordan; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 297. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- "BBC Radio 2 – Mr Mojo Risin'". BBC. June 29, 2011.
- "Mar 5, 1969: Jim Morrison is charged with lewd behavior at a Miami concert". History.com. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- "2007 Letter to Governor Crist". Doors.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- "Florida pardons Doors' Jim Morrison". Reuters. December 9, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
- "Drummer says Jim Morrison never exposed himself". Reuters. December 2, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
- Manzarek 1998, p. 314.
- James Riordan; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 299. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- Densmore, John (1990). Riders on the Storm: My Life with Jim Morrison and the Doors. New York: Delta Trade Paperbacks. ISBN 0307429024. OCLC 519516426.
- James Riordan; Jerry Prochnicky (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 347. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- Hopkins & Sugerman 1980, p. 284.
- Hopkins & Sugerman 1980, p. 290.
- "The Doors Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- Lifton, Dave (May 9, 2015). "How the Doors Got Banned from Detroit's Cobo Arena". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- "The Doors Cancelled Performances | Salt Lake City 1970". mildequator.com. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- "The Doors Concert Dates & Info 1969". mildequator.com. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- "The Doors Concert Dates & Info 1970". mildequator.com. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- Unterberger, Richie. "Isle of Wight Festival". AllMusic. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- Riordan 1991, pp. 438–439. sfn error: no target: CITEREFRiordan1991 (help)
- Hopkins & Sugerman 1980, p. 309.
- Jackson, Blair (July 3, 1981). "BAM Interview with Paul Rothchild". waiting-forthe-sun.net.
- Hochman, Steve (August 3, 2003). "21st century Doors make grave decision". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- Whitman, Howard. "Blu-ray Movie Review: Doors – Mr. Mojo Risin': The Story of L.A. Woman". Technologytell. www.technologytell.com.
- Fong-Torres, Ben (August 5, 1971). "James Douglas Morrison, Poet: Dead at 27". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 22, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- Davis 2005, p. 472.
- Olsen 2007, p. 105.
- Segalstad, Eric; Hunter, Josh (2008). The 27s: The Greatest Myth of Rock & Roll. Berkeley Lake, GA: Samadhi Creations. p. 157. ISBN 9780615189642.
- Allen, Jim. "When the Doors Continued Without Jim Morrison on Other Voices". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
- "RIAA News Room – Platinum certificates 2001". RIAA. Archived from the original on January 2, 2016.
- Iyengar, Vik. "An American Prayer – Review". AllMusic. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
- Reed, Ryan (May 29, 2015). "Two Out-of-Print Doors Albums Prepped for Reissue". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
- "Stoned Immaculate: The Music of the Doors". AllMusic. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- Baltin, Steve (October 6, 2011). "Remaining Doors Members Record with Skrillex for New Documentary". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- "Tech N9ne Works with the Doors". Rolling Stone. June 24, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Lewis, Randy (February 1, 2016). "Doors surviving members to reunite for Ray Manzarek benefit tribute". Los Angeles Times.
- "Surviving Doors, Alt-Rock Royalty Celebrate Ray Manzarek – Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. February 13, 2016.
- Goldmine1 (May 8, 2017). "TIME CAPSULE: Ray Manzarek, February 12, 1979". Goldmine Magazine. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
- "Ray Manzarek and Robby Krieger of The Doors Tour Dates". April 23, 2011. Archived from the original on April 23, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
- "Ray Manzarek, Founding Member of The Doors, Passes Away at 74". The Doors. August 3, 2013. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
- "THE DOORS' Robby Krieger & John Densmore To Honor Ray Manzarek at LA Concert! – The Doors". www.thedoors.com. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
- Breslin, Rosemary (September 19, 1981). "Jim Morrison: He's Hot, He's Sexy and He's Dead". Rolling Stone. New York. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
- Whitburn, Joel (2001). Top Pop Albums 1955–2001. Menomonee Falls: Record Research Inc. p. 247. ISBN 0-89820-147-0.
- Whitburn, Joel (2002). Rock Tracks. Menomonee Falls: Record Research Inc. p. 49. ISBN 0-89820-153-5.
- "Video Music Programming". Billboard. New York: Billboard Inc. January 7, 1984.
- James Riordan; Jerry Prochnicky (1996). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. Quill. p. 311. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.
- Broeske, P (March 10, 1991). "Stormy Rider". Sunday Herald.
- Cherry, Jim (January 11, 2017). "January 12, 1993: The Doors Enter the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame". The Doors Examiner, Redux. Archived from the original on October 8, 2017. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- Grammy Hall of Fame Archived July 7, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Santa Monica, CA: The Recording Academy. Accessed October 8, 2017.
- "VH1: 100 Greatest Artists of Rock & Roll". RockOnTheNet. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- "VH1: '100 Greatest Hard Rock Artists': 1–50 1–50 – 51–100 (compiled by VH1 in 2000)". RockOnTheNet. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "VH1: '100 Greatest Rock Songs' (compiled by VH1 in 2000)". RockOnTheNet. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". December 9, 2004. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved April 10, 2008.
- Fong-Torres, Ben (May 15, 2017). "A Tribute To The Doors". GRAMMY.com. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "The Doors Honored With Star on Hollywood Walk of Fame". Fox News (Associated Press). February 28, 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "Grammy Awards 2011: Winners and nominees for 53rd Grammy Awards". March 12, 2014. Retrieved October 14, 2017. Scroll to very bottom for Best Long Form Music Video.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. May 31, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
- Kielty, Martin (November 5, 2014). "Allman, Doors, Metallica, Queen win Classic Rock Awards". Classic Rock. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
- "New Entries to National Recording Registry". Library of Congress. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Blistein, Jon (December 29, 2017). "Doors Plot 50th Anniversary Celebration in Los Angeles". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "» Doors Get the Sign and the "Day of the Doors" – Venice Update". Veniceupdate.com. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- "Asbury Park Music Film Festival Winners". Thedoors.com. May 1, 2018.
- Cherry, Jim (March 25, 2013). The Doors Examined. Bennion/Kearny. ISBN 978-1909125124.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Davis, Stephen (2005). Jim Morrison: Life, Death, Legend. New York: Gotham Books. ISBN 978-1-59240-099-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Hopkins, Jerry; Sugerman, Danny (1980). No One Here Gets Out Alive. New York: Warner Books. ISBN 978-0-446-97133-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Manzarek, Ray (1998). Light My Fire: My Life With the Doors. New York: Putnam. ISBN 978-0-399-14399-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Olsen, Brad (2007). Sacred Places Europe: 108 Destinations. San Francisco: CCC Publishing. ISBN 978-1-888729-12-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Riordan, James; Prochnicky, Jerry (1991). Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison. New York: Quill. ISBN 978-0-688-11915-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Weidman, Rich (October 1, 2011). The Doors FAQ: All That's Left to Know About the Kings of Acid Rock. Rowman & Littlefield.
- Doors, The; Fong-Torres, Ben (October 25, 2006). The Doors. Hyperion. ISBN 978-1-4013-0303-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Ashcroft, Linda. Wild Child: Life with Jim Morrison. Hodder & Stoughton Ltd, 1997-8-21. ISBN 978-0-340-68498-6
- Densmore, John. Riders on the Storm: My Life with Jim Morrison and the Doors. Delacorte Press, 1990-8-1. ISBN 978-0-385-30033-9
- Jakob, Dennis C. Summer With Morrison. Ion Drive Publishing, 2011. ISBN 978-0-9817143-8-7
- Marcus, Greil. The Doors: A Lifetime of Listening to Five Mean Years. PublicAffairs, 2011. ISBN 978-1-58648-945-8
- Shaw, Greg. The Doors On The Road. Omnibus Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-7119-6546-1
- Sugerman, Danny. The Doors: The Complete Lyrics. Delta, October 10, 1992. ISBN 978-0-385-30840-3
- Official website
- Time Magazine's Life With the Lizard King: Photos of Jim and The Doors, 1968
- "The Doors". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- Ray Manzarek shares moments of his life story and career NAMM Oral History Interview December 8, 2008
- Federal Bureau of Investigation Record: The Vault – "The Doors" at fbi.gov