Neighborhood of Baghdad
Power plant in Dora, Baghdad.
|City district||Al Rashid|
Dora (also al-Dura, or ad-Durah, Arabic,الدورة) is a neighborhood in Al Rashid administrative district, southern Baghdad, Iraq. Sunni insurgents started ethnic cleansing of the neighborhood in 2006–2007, driving out or forcing conversions and confiscating or attacking property. Hundreds of Christians, Shia and Mandeans, families have fled since late 2006. It became an al-Qaeda stronghold as affiliated foreign Islamic fighters entered the country after 2004. United States soldiers once called it "the most dangerous place in Iraq" until they were driven out.
The area was largely uninhabited until the 1950s when Assyrians from Habbaniya started settling down in Baghdad. Most houses and churches were built during the 1960s and 1970s while the booming neighbourhood attracted more middle-class families. Prior to the Iraq War the area was home to the largest concentration of Assyrians and Mandeans as well as mixed Sunni and Shi'ite families.
In the early morning of March 19, 2003, U.S. forces initiated the invasion of Iraq by attacking a "buried command post" believed to be occupied by Saddam Hussein and his sons Uday and Qusay. In fact, the target did not exist; the strike on a disused above-ground regime leadership compound killed one civilian and injured fourteen others, including one child.
In April 2004 the 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division operating as motorized infantry was assigned the task of operations in the al-Dora neighborhood. It encountered al-Qaida-affiliated fighters and fought a pitched battle immediately upon taking over control of this sector from 2-504 PIR, 82nd Airborne Division and 1-94 FA, DIVARTY, 1st Armored Division. The unit sustained four KIA during its ensuing counter insurgency operations there, but were able to stop al-Qaida control over the region until its departure in March 2005.
In 2005, 1-184 IN Battalion(AASLT), California National Guard, took responsibility of Dora. The 184th was attached to 4th BCT, 3ID. The battalion sector also included such hot spots as Arab Jabour and Hora Jeb. The battalion struggled with such a large area of operations,a sector that the unit they replaced had all but stopped patrolling months before their arrival, yet was recognized for its accomplishments which included the highest arrest rate of insurgents of any unit during 2005, guarding polling sites for both elections in 2005, and their execution of Operation Clean Sweep spoken of by President George Bush in his State of the Union address 2006. The battalion commander was relieved of his command due to actions of soldiers under his command and replaced by LTC William Wood, an active LTC from 2 BCT, 3ID. COL Cardon, the 4th BCT commander also sent CPT Michael McKinnon to assume command of Alpha Company 184th. The 184th Regiment was later awarded the U.S. Army's Valorous Unit Award for their actions in Al-Dora. The 184th lost 18 soldiers in their 12 months in Al Dora. COL Cardon sent CPT Dave Anderson along with his armor company (Charlie Co, 4-64 AR) to take responsibility of the Arab Jabour sector. Both LTC Wood and CPT McKinnon would be killed by IEDs several months after arriving. Charlie 4-64 suffered several KIAs including 1SG Alan Gifford. CPT Anderson and many of his soldiers were wounded in action in their fight to contain al-Qa'ida fighters and Iraqi Sunni insurgents. Charlie Company 4-64 moved from FOB Falcon to establish and occupy OP Thorn in the heart of Arab Jabour. There they fought daily battles for several months against direct and indirect Sunni insurgent attacks. The tank company held OP Thorn until relieved by the 2/506 IN, 101st Airborne in January 2006. The 506th was accompanied by Bravo Company 1-35th Armor out of 2nd BCT, 1 Armored Division in Baumholder, Germany from April-November 2006. The 506th could not cover the entire sector and it again fell into the hands of al-Qa'ida fighters. In 2009 the Battalion was awarded the U.S. Army's Valorous Unit award for its actions in al-Dora.
By May 2007, Dora was receiving mainstream media attention as a hornet's nest of sectarian violence, particularly for Islamic anti-Christian violence. Christians were seen as 'soft targets' who would either pay or leave Dora rather than retaliate. By 2010 Dora had become a predominantly Sunni neighbourhood with Assyrians being reduced to small enclaves. Further attacks in late 2010 forced even more families to flee to more safe areas in- and outside Iraq.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dora, Baghdad.|
- Liz Sly, "Iraqi Christians Flee Baghdad", Chicago Tribune, reprinted by Assyrian International News Agency
- Mitchell, Chris (January 2008). "Iraq Most Dangerous Place for Christians?". Christian World News. Retrieved September 26, 2008.
- Solomon (Sawa) Solomon, THE GENESIS OF THE MODERN ASSYRIAN COMMUNITY OF BAGHDAD, Assyrian Information Medium Exchange
- War stories of the Tankers, American Armored Combat 1918 to Today, Michael Green, 2008, Zenith Press, pg. 319
- Amped: A Soldier's Race for Gold in the Shadow of War, Kortney Clemons, Wiley Publishing, 2008
- Iraq's Christians Attacked Again, This Time in Their Own Homes%5D, Associated Press access/1267629861.html?dids=1267629861:1267629861&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=May+9%2C+2007&author=Liz+Sly&pub=Chicago+Tribune&edition=&startpage=1&desc=Baghdad+Christian+district+besieged+ Liz Sly, "Baghdad Christian district besieged, Many flee Dora as militants insist on Islam or death", Chicago Tribune
- Iraq's Christians Attacked Again, This Time in Their Own Homes Archived November 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press