31 July 1910|
20 May 1943 (aged 32)|
|Alma mater||University of Melbourne (B.Sc. 1932, M.Sc. 1934 )|
National Institute for Medical Research|
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
Dora Mary Lush (31 July 1910 – 20 May 1943) was an Australian bacteriologist. She died after accidentally pricking her finger with a needle containing lethal scrub typhus while attempting to develop a vaccine for the disease.
Lush was born in Hawthorn, Victoria, the daughter of John Fullarton Lush, a clerk, and his wife Dora Emma Louisa née Puttmann. She had two brothers, who served as officers in the Second AIF and RAAF during World War II. She was educated at Fintona Girls' School and the University of Melbourne, gaining a B.Sc. in 1932 and an M.Sc. in 1934. She was an active sportswoman, being selected for the University of Melbourne's women's basketball team.
Lush worked at the National Institute for Medical Research, London, from early in 1939. She returned to Australia. Her work on the influenza virus was praised in 1940. She worked with Frank Macfarlane Burnet at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research in Melbourne on a scrub typhus vaccine in 1942, as scrub typhus was a serious health risk to Australian soldiers engaged in jungle warfare in the New Guinea Campaign during World War II.
On 27 April 1943 Lush accidentally pricked her finger with a needle containing scrub typhus while inoculating a mouse. There was no effective treatment at the time for this often fatal disease. She died four weeks later, on 20 May 1943. Before her death she insisted that blood samples be taken from her to aid research. Unfortunately, the researchers were ultimately unable to develop a satisfactory vaccine.
- Rasmussen, Carolyn. "Lush, Dora Mary (1910–1943)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "Death from Scrub Fever". Kalgoorlie Miner. 49, (12,754). Western Australia. 25 May 1943. p. 1. Retrieved 8 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Lost Life in Cause of Science". The Argus. Melbourne. 21 May 1943.
- "Return of Hockey Team". The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 – 1946). Melbourne. 15 August 1931. p. 50. Retrieved 18 August 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
- "U.S. Tribute To Australian Doctors' Work." The News. Adelaide. 21 October 1940. p. 4. Retrieved 18 August 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
- "A Science Note: About the Unpleasant New Guinea Bush "Mokka"". The Australasian. Melbourne. 24 June 1944. p. 13. Retrieved 18 August 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
- "X-Ray Martyr Left Only £13 Estate". The Worker. Brisbane. 24 May 1943. p. 3. Retrieved 18 August 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
- Walker, Allan S. (1952). Clinical Problems of War. Australia in the War of 1939–1945 Series 5 – Medical. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. pp. 192–193, 666. OCLC 8324033.
- "Tropical Diseases: Miss D. Lush honoured". The West Australian. 61, (18,367). Western Australia. 25 May 1945. p. 10. Retrieved 8 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Miss Dora Lush". Retrieved 2015-08-17.
- "Dora Lush, the Australian scientist and war hero you've never heard about". Retrieved 2015-08-17.