Doraemon (1973 anime)
|Country of origin||Japan|
|No. of episodes||52 segments, 2 segments per episode (list of episodes)|
|Original network||Nippon TV|
April 1, 1973 – September 30, 1973
Doraemon (ドラえもん Doraemon?) was the first anime series based on Fujiko Fujio's manga of the same name. It was produced by Nippon TV Video (previously known as Japan Broadcast Film, and Tokyo TV Movie). It aired from April 1, 1973 to September 30 of the same year. After the anime ended, Doraemon remained exclusively a manga until 1979 when Shin-Ei Animation produced a second anime adaptation, which officially ended in 2005.
The character designs in this anime adaptation are more stylized than the ones used in the second anime adaption, which were more faithful to the original manga. It also used a different theme tune from the 1979 anime and the 2005 anime, which seems to be influenced partly by the theme tune from the Pink Panther cartoons.
Unlike the later Doraemon Anime, this Nippon TV version of the Anime never had a theatrical film (Most Japanese films in 1973 were live action).
The series did well in the ratings and was considered to be extended for another year, but encountered budget issues during its run, compounded by financial problems that the studio had, as well as the president of Nippon TV Video abruptly resigning during the television run. The new president seemed to have no interest in anime, while the financial issues led to the studio going bankrupt and being dissolved.
With the dissolution of Nippon TV Video, the film reels to the series and other possessions wound up sold off to cover debt, while other belongings in the studio and production materials were either discarded or destroyed in a kerosene fire. It has been erroneously reported that Nippon TV deliberately organized a "cremation" fire and destroyed all the episodes; however, the production chief Masami Jun (at the time credited under his real name, Hiroshi Shimosaki) has stated that this was not the case.
In 1995, 16 episodes were found to be stored in Studio Rush (now known as IMAGICA), and other segments have been found, though 2 remain without their audio tracks. The opening and ending credits do still exist as well, along with a pilot film that was produced in 1972. These are occasionally shown at Doraemon fan conventions in Japan, but cannot be released legally on DVD owing to rights complications due to the production studio being defunct. It is unknown what may have happened to the other reels.
This version was briefly rerun from July 24, 1979 to August 3 of the same year, but was abruptly pulled off television at the request of Shogakukan, who did not want the new adaptation's reputation to be affected by the existence of the previous one, or for younger viewers to be confused at the two different versions.
There is no official home video release.
The voice cast was determined in cooperation with Aoni Production and Theatre Echo
- Doraemon - Kōsei Tomita (Ep. 1–26)→Masako Nozawa (Ep. 27–52)
- Nobita Nobi - Yoshiko Ōta
- Shizuka Minamoto - Masako Ebisu
- Suneo Honekawa - Shun Yashiro
- Takeshi "Gian" Gōda - Kaneta Kimotsuki
- Mrs. Nobi - Noriko Ohara
- Mr. Nobi - Ichirō Murakoshi
- Sewashi Nobi - Keiko Yamamoto
- Mrs. Honekawa - Kazue Takahashi
- Mr. Honekawa - Sanji Hase→Osamu Kato
- Sensei - Osamu Kato→Masashi Amenomori
- Gachako - Junko Hori
- Botako - Masako Nozawa
- Debuko - Noriko Tsukase
- Jamako - Rihoko Yoshida
Guest voice actors
- Hiroshi Ōtake
- Toshiaki Okamoto
- Akira Kamiya
- Yoshihisa Kamo
- Shingo Kanemoto
- Ryūji Saikachi
- Yonehiko Kitagawa
- Kinto Tamura
- Ryōichi Tanaka
- Mahito Tsujimura
- Taeko Nakanishi
- Ichirō Nagai
- Michiko Nomura
- Yoneko Matsukane
- Yuko Maruyama
- Tetsuo Mizutori
- Eken Mine
- Jōji Yanami
- Kōji Yada
- Keisuke Yamashita
- Keaton Yamada
- Hijin Yamaoka
- Noriko Watanabe
Differences between manga and subsequent anime series
This series had some major changes from the original manga.
- Gian lives with his widowed father, who is weaker and shorter and often bullied by Gian himself. In the manga and subsequent anime series, Gian's mother is a recurring character.
- The series ends with Doraemon leaving Nobita permanently, and the former never comes back to the latter. In the second anime series, Doraemon comes back after leaving Nobita in a special episode. There was going to be a second season in which Doraemon returns from the future, but due to its cancellation, it never happened.
- The Take-copter is named "Heritonbo".
- Doraemon comes from the 21st century, instead of the 22nd century.
- Sensei has a given name, Ganari (我成?)
- There was an additional character named Gachako, an annoying female robot duck. She was removed from later versions of the manga and never appeared in the subsequent anime series as Fujiko F. Fujio disliked her.
- Dorami, Jaiko and Dekisugi never appeared.
- The series emphasized slapstick comedy.
- Nobita's school was named "Downtown Elementary School".
- Doraemon's gadgets were called "Secret Weapons".
- Sewashi, like Nobita, had glasses.
- Botako is a recurring character and Shizuka's housekeeper.
All episodes' names end with 'no maki' (の巻).
|1||"Doraemon Came Out!!"
"Deta!! Doraemon no Maki" (出た！！ドラえもんの巻)
|April 1, 1973|
|"The Apology Grasshopper Riot"
"Pekopekobatta Ōsōdō no Maki" (ペコペコバッタ大騒動の巻)
|2||"Nice Girl on the Roof"
"Yane no Ue no Sutekina Ko no Maki" (屋根の上のすてきな子の巻)
|April 8, 1973|
"Nobita no Gosenzo-san no Maki" (のび太のご先祖さんの巻)
|3||"Understand the Weakness"
"Yowami wo Nigire no Maki" (弱味をにぎれの巻)
|April 15, 1973|
|"Operation Cupid Love-Love"
"Kyūpiddo de Suki-Suki Sakusen no Maki" (キューピッドですきすき作戦の巻)
|4||"There is a Cat Weak on Rats"
"Nezumi ni Yowai Neko mo Aru no Maki" (ねずみに弱い猫もあるの巻)
|April 22, 1973|
|"Defeat the Bully"
"Gakitaishō wo Yattsukero no Maki" (ガキ大将をやっつけろの巻)
|5||"The Flattery Mirror"
"Oseji Kagami no Maki" (おせじ鏡の巻)
|April 29, 1973|
|"Papa and Mama's Wedding Anniversary"
"Papa to Mama no Kekkon Kinenbi no Maki" (パパとママの結婚記念日の巻)
"Noroi Kamera no Maki" (のろいカメラの巻)
|May 6, 1973|
|"Lottery Jackpot Strategy"
"Takarakuji Ōatari Sakusen no Maki" (宝くじ大当り作戦の巻)
|7||"Duel! Nobita and Gian"
"Kettō! Nobita to Jaian no Maki" (決闘！のび太とジャイアンの巻)
|May 13, 1973|
|"Who am I"
"Watashi wa Daredeshō no Maki" (わたしは誰でしょうの巻)
"Abekonbe Sōdō no Maki" (アベコンベ騒動の巻)
|May 20, 1973|
|"Mystery of the Ghost House"
"Obake Yashiki no Nazo no Maki" (おばけ屋敷の謎の巻)
|9||"The Quick-Slow Great Strategy"
"Kuikku Surō Dai Sakusen no Maki" (クイック・スロー大作戦の巻)
|May 27, 1973|
|"Nobita, the Rain Man"
"Nobita wa Ame Otoko no Maki" (のび太は雨男の巻)
"Urutora Mikisā no Maki" (ウルトラミキサーの巻)
|June 3, 1973|
|"Wishing Star, Shooting Star"
"Negai Boshi Nagare Boshi no Maki" (ねがい星流れ星の巻)
"Fushigi na Furoshiki no Maki" (ふしぎなふろしきの巻)
|June 10, 1973|
"Nobita no Obā-chan no Maki" (のび太のおばあちゃんの巻)
|12||"Red Bat of Major League"
"Dai Rīgu Aka Batto no Maki" (大リーグの赤バットの巻)
|June 17, 1973|
|"To Compete with Man's Power"
"Otoko wa Chikara de Shōbu suru no Maki" (男は力で勝負するの巻)
"Gacha-ko Tōjō no Maki" (ガチャ子登場の巻)
|June 24, 1973|
|"The Talking Lipstick"
"Oshaberi Kuchi Be ni no Maki" (おしゃべり口べにの巻)
|14||"I Love, Love This Camera"
"Sukisuki Kamera no Maki" (すきすきカメラの巻)
|July 1, 1973|
|"Date in the Milky Way"
"Ama no Gawa de Deito Shiyō no Maki" (天の川でデイトしようの巻)
|15||"Weird Robot Car"
"Hen'na Robotto Kā no Maki" (へんなロボットカーの巻)
|July 8, 1973|
"Nikoniko Sekken no Maki" (ニコニコせっけんの巻)
|16||"My Chief of the Inner Palace"
"Ore Shochō no Dai Ri no Maki" (おれ署長のだいりの巻)
|July 15, 1973|
|"Now is Summer! Let's Try to Ski"
"Sā Natsu da! Sukī wo Yarō no Maki" (さあ夏だ！スキーをやろうの巻)
|17||"Hate Report Card"
"Seiseki Hyō wa Iya da nā no Maki" (成績表はいやだなあの巻)
|July 29, 1973|
|"Catching My Shadow"
"Jibun no kage wo Tsukamaero no Maki" (自分のかげをつかまえろの巻)
|18||"Going to Sea in a Submarine"
"Sensuikan de Umi Heikō no Maki" (潜水艦で海へ行こうの巻)
|August 5, 1973|
|"Crazy Stomach Clock"
"Kuruta Hara Tokei no Maki" (くっるたハラ時計の巻)
"Kyanpu Sōdō no Maki" (キャンプ騒動の巻)
|August 12, 1973|
|"Who is Going to Forget"
"Wasure na Gusa Te Nani Dake no Maki" (忘れな草って何だっけの巻)
"Kūrā Parasoru no Maki" (クーラーパラソルの巻)
|August 19, 1973|
"Itsudemo Nikki no Maki" (いつでも日記の巻)
|21||"The Homework Ghost Came Out"
"Shukudai Obake ga Deta no Maki" (宿題おばけが出たの巻)
|August 26, 1973|
"Otenki Bokkusu no Maki" (お天気ボックスの巻)
|22||"I Have One Vote of Betrayal"
"Boku ni Kiyoki Ichi Pyō wo no Maki" (ぼくに清き一票をの巻)
|September 2, 1973|
|"Manga Artist Training"
"Manga Ka Shugyō no Maki" (まんが家修行の巻)
"Sutekina Gārufurendo no Maki" (すてきなガールフレンドの巻)
|September 9, 1973|
"Gaippai Sōdō no Maki" (花いっぱい騒動の巻)
"Sokkuri Kureyon no Maki" (そっくりクレヨンの巻)
|September 16, 1973|
"Shizuka no Tanjōbi no Maki" (静香の誕生日の巻)
|25||"Becoming a Space Astronaut"
"Uchū Hikōshi ni Naritai no Maki" (宇宙飛行士になりたいの巻)
|September 23, 1973|
|"Lost and Confused Riot"
"Maigo Magomago Ōsōdō no Maki" (まいごマゴマゴ大騒動の巻)
"Nendoron Ōsōdō no Maki" (ネンドロン大騒動の巻)
|September 30, 1973|
"Sayōnara Doraemon no Maki" (さようならドラえもんの巻)