Doraemon (character)

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Doraemon
Doraemon character
Doraemon character.png
Doraemon as depicted in a major portion of the series
First appearanceJanuary 1970
Created byFujiko Fujio
Voiced byKōsei Tomita (1973-1974, 1976)
Masako Nozawa (1973-1974, 1976)
Nobuyo Ōyama (1979–2005)[1]
Kazue Takahashi (1980, yellow)
Chisa Yokoyama (1995, yellow)
Wasabi Mizuta (2005–present)[2]


English
Mona Marshall (2014–2015)
Wasabi Mizuta (Doraemon Story of Seasons–present)


Hindi
Sonal Kaushal (2005–2020)
Samruddhi Shukla (2020–present)
Portrayed byJean Reno
Age (in the story)10 (First appearance)
11 (Current)
In-universe information
SpeciesRobot cat
GenderMale
Significant otherMii-chan
RelativesSewashi (owner)
Nobita Nobi (friend)
Dorami (sister)
BirthdaySeptember 3, 2112, age −91 in reality
HometownTokyo

Doraemon (Japanese: ドラえもん) is a fictional character in the Japanese manga and anime series of the same name created by Fujiko Fujio, the pen name of writing team Hiroshi Fujimoto and Motoo Abiko. He is a male robotic cat that travels back in time from the 22nd century to aid a preteen boy named Nobita. An "official" birth certificate for the character gives him a birth date of 3 September 2112 and lists his city of residency as Kawasaki, Kanagawa, the city where the manga was created.[3] In 2008, Japan's Foreign Ministry appointed Doraemon the country's "anime ambassador". His nickname is MS-903, Dora.

Creation and conception[edit]

Doraemon was originally conceived by Hiroshi Fujimoto following a series of three events. When searching for ideas for a new manga, he wished a machine existed that would come up with ideas for him, he tripped over his daughter's toy, and heard cats fighting in his neighborhood.[4]

The name "Doraemon" can be translated roughly to "stray." Unusually, the name "Doraemon" (ドラえもん) is written in a mixture of two Japanese scripts: Katakana (ドラ) and Hiragana (えもん). "Dora" derives from "dora neko" (どら猫, stray cat), and is a corruption of nora (stray),[4] while "-emon" (in kanji 右衛門) is an old-fashioned suffix for male names (for example, as in Ishikawa Goemon).

Appearances[edit]

Doraemon[edit]

Doraemon is sent back in time by a young boy named Sewashi Nobi to improve the circumstances of his great great grandfather, Nobita, so that his descendants may enjoy a better future. In the original timeline, Nobita experienced nothing but misery and misfortune manifested in the form of very poor grades and bullying throughout his life. This culminates in the burning down of a future business he sets up which leaves his family line beset with financial problems. In order to alter history and better the Nobi family's fortunes, Sewashi initially wanted to send a super-robot to protect Nobita, but with his meager allowance he could only afford an imperfectly-made factory-rejected toy: an anthropomorphic robot cat called Doraemon.

Doraemon was created on 3 September 2112 by the Matsushita Robot Factory (マツシバロボット工場).[5] He has a fourth-dimensional pocket (四次元ポケット) from which he produces food, money, medicines, and desserts from the future. The 1995 film shows his original appearance; when first created Doraemon had ears and was painted yellow, but he turned blue after sobbing because rats ate his ears.[4] According to 2112: The Birth of Doraemon, he is coated and scented with eggs.[6]

In other media[edit]

French actor Jean Reno portrayed Doraemon in several live-action television commercials throughout 2011 and 2016. The advertisement's were created by Toyota and depict the series' characters two decades after they "grow up." [7]

Doraemon appeared at the Tokyo video showcase at the 2016 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in anime form with his fellow anime characters Nobita, Shizuka, Gian, Suneo and other famous Japanese characters such as Captain Tsubasa, Pac-man & Hello Kitty. He later appeared at the video where he helped prime minister Shinzō Abe (dressed up as Mario) by planting a Warp Pipe from Shibuya Crossing to Maracanã Stadium.[8][9]

Reception[edit]

In terms of popularity the character has been compared to Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse,[10][11][12] and the character is considered to be an iconic figure in Japan.[13] The character has received criticism in Chinese media outlets where they considered Doraemon to be a politically subversive character and that it was a tool of Japan's “cultural invasion".[14][15] In 2019, a resolution was made in the Pakistan assembly to ban Doremon claiming that it has "harmful impact on children".[16] In his book Japan Pop: Inside the World of Japanese Popular Culture, author Timothy J. Craig wrote that the character of Doraemon "Though Doraemon is himself a high-tech product, he possesses an endearing personality that captivates young audiences. He is both a full member of Nobita's family and an intimate friend to Nobita and his companions. Portrayed in this way, Doraemon represents the optimistic view of the relationship between technology and humanity."[17]

In a survey conducted by the Oricon in 2007 among 1,000 people, Doraemon was ranked as the second strongest manga character of all time, behind only Dragon Ball protagonist Son Goku.[citation needed]

In 2008 the character of Doraemon was appointed as an "anime ambassador" to help promote Japanese anime worldwide and in 2013 Doraemon was considered to be the most popular character among Japanese children in a survey held by Video Research Ltd, a position the character had held in the survey since June 2009.[18][19] On The Wall Street Journal's Japan Real Time, Toko Sekiguchi called it "arguably the most beloved cartoon character in Japan".[20] Google Japan utilized Doraemon in its Google Doodle for 3 September 2009, in celebration of the character's 40th birthday.[5]

In 2012, Hong Kong celebrated the birthday of Doraemon 100 years early with a series of displays of the character.[21]

Politician Osamu Fujimura is known as the "Doraemon of Nagatacho" due to his figure and warm personality.[22] Sumo wrestler Takamisugi was nicknamed "Doraemon" because of his resemblance to the character.[23] ESP Guitars, have made several Doraemon shaped guitars.[24][25]

During 2014, Doraemon was featured on the cover of all 51 magazines published by Shogakukan.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Doraemon/Danganronpa Voice Actress Nobuyo Oyama Suffering From Dementia". Anime News Network. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Doraemon Voices Confirmed". Anime News Network. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Doraemon receives residency in Japan city". China Post. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Hui Min, Chew. "Why Doraemon is blue and 4 other things you might not have known about the cat robot". Straits Times. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Google.co.jp's Homepage Celebrates Doraemon's Birthday". Anime News Network. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  6. ^ 2112: The Birth of Doraemon
  7. ^ "Movie Star Jean Reno Plays Doraemon in Live-Action Ads". Anime News Network. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  8. ^ Palazzo, Chiara (August 22, 2016). "Shinzo Abe emerges from a green pipe disguised as Super Mario during Rio Closing Ceremony". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
  9. ^ Samuelson, Kate (August 22, 2016). "Shinzo Abe Dresses as Super Mario for Rio Closing Ceremony". TIME.com. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
  10. ^ Kagawa, Marcie. "Doraemon hitting U.S. airwaves this summer". Japan Times. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  11. ^ Bricken, Rob. "Japan's Most Beloved Anime Character, Doraemon, Is Coming To The U.S." io9. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  12. ^ Schodt, Frederik L. (2011). Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Stone Bridge Press. p. 361. ISBN 978-1-933330-95-2. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  13. ^ Ashcraft, Brian. "Iconic Anime Character Painted on Buddhist Temple". Kotaku. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  14. ^ McCurry, Justin. "Doraemon a character of subversion, claim Chinese media". The Star. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  15. ^ PIAO, VANESSA. "A Warning in China: Beware the 'Blue Fatty' Cat". New York Times. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  16. ^ "PTI wants Japanese cartoon series 'Doraemon' banned". Dawn. 4 April 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  17. ^ Craig, Timothy J. (2000). Japan Pop: Inside the World of Japanese Popular Culture. Routledge. p. 296. ISBN 0-7656-0561-9. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  18. ^ Yamaguchi, Mari. "Doraemon appointed Japan's first ever cartoon ambassador". China Post. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  19. ^ "ANIME NEWS: Doraemon named the most popular character among children". Asahi Shimbum. Archived from the original on 2 January 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  20. ^ Toko Sekiguchi (March 26, 2013). "Godzilla Loses Top Spot to Kittybot Doraemon". Japan Real Time (The Wall Street Journal). Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  21. ^ West, David (August 13, 2012). "Hong Kong Celebrates Doraemon's 100th Birthday (Early!)". Neo. Archived from the original on July 16, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
  22. ^ "Noda chooses 'Doraemon' as chief Cabinet secretary". Asahi Shimbun. September 2, 2011. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  23. ^ Sharnoff, Lora (1993). Grand Sumo. Weatherhill. p. 216. ISBN 0-8348-0283-X.
  24. ^ "ESP X Doraemon". ESP Guitars. Archived from the original on September 3, 2013.
  25. ^ "ESP X Doraemon". ESP Guitars. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  26. ^ "Doraemon Takes Over Shogakukan Covers". Anime News Network. March 4, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2015.

External links[edit]