Doraville, Georgia

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Doraville, Georgia
City
Doraville City Hall
Doraville City Hall
Motto(s): "Diversity, Vitality, Community"[1]
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Doraville is located in Metro Atlanta
Doraville
Doraville
Doraville location in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 33°54′19″N 84°16′26″W / 33.90528°N 84.27389°W / 33.90528; -84.27389Coordinates: 33°54′19″N 84°16′26″W / 33.90528°N 84.27389°W / 33.90528; -84.27389
Country United States
State Georgia
County DeKalb
Area
 • Total 3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)
 • Land 3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,073 ft (327 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,330
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 10,501
 • Density 2,326/sq mi (898.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes 30340, 30360, 30362
Area code(s) 770
FIPS code 13-23536 [3]
GNIS feature ID 0325924 [4]
Website doravillega.us

Doraville is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. The municipality is northeast of Atlanta. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 8,330.[5]

History[edit]

Doraville was incorporated by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, approved December 15, 1871.[6] From its development until the 1940s, Doraville was a small agricultural community that served the interests of a larger surrounding farming area.

At the end of World War II, Doraville was on a main railroad line, and had a new water system available. General Motors selected Doraville as the site for its new assembly plant. The growth of Doraville exploded in the late 1940s and the 1950s as a result. In the late 1940s, plans for Guilford Village, the first subdivision, were announced by Southern Builders and Engineering Company. The 112-home subdivision at Tilly Mill and Flowers Roads was to cover some 58 acres.

In 1950, Doraville's population was 472. By 1964, its population was 6,160 and its land area was 1,722 acres. Part of the population growth during that period was because of the annexation of Northwoods in 1949 and Oakcliff in 1958.

By the 1980s, Doraville and neighboring Chamblee attracted immigrants relocating to the Atlanta area who settled along Buford Highway. The result is one of the largest Asian communities in the country. Many Latin American countries are also represented. 56% of residents speak a language other than English as a first language.

The Doraville MARTA Station was built in 1992, destroying the few buildings that remained of Doraville's downtown.

The GM Doraville Assembly Plant closed in 2009, and the economy has stalled plans to turn the site into a mixed-use town center. Nonetheless, Doraville is becoming an attractive destination because of its close proximity to Atlanta, its MARTA station, and the promise of a new town center.

Geography[edit]

Doraville is located at 33°54′19″N 84°16′26″W / 33.90528°N 84.27389°W / 33.90528; -84.27389 (33.905302, -84.273870).[7] Doraville is east of Chamblee, south of Dunwoody, west of Norcross, and north of Tucker.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.11%, is water.[5] Crooked Creek, a tributary of the Chattahoochee River, runs through Doraville.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880103
1910147
19201523.4%
193019528.3%
194030053.8%
195047257.3%
19604,437840.0%
19709,157106.4%
19807,414−19.0%
19907,6262.9%
20009,86229.3%
20108,330−15.5%
Est. 201610,501[2]26.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 9,862 people, 2,998 households, and 1,981 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,747.0 people per square mile (1,060.7/km²). There were 3,102 housing units at an average density of 864.1 per square mile (333.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 46.35% White, 14.77% African American, 1.28% Native American, 12.67% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 20.62% from other races, and 4.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 43.44% of the population.

Ethnic market on Buford Highway

There were 2,998 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.24 and the average family size was 3.62.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 14.9% from 18 to 24, 38.7% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 127.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 134.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,641, and the median income for a family was $41,903. Males had a median income of $23,681 versus $22,165 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,048. About 9.6% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

On November 21, 2005, General Motors announced that it would close its Doraville automobile manufacturing plant on September 26, 2008. The plant assembled the Chevrolet Uplander/Pontiac Montana SV6/Buick Terraza/Saturn Relay family of minivans. The site is no longer being considered for the future home of the NFL's Atlanta Falcons. The plant was bought as of September 2014 by a joint team of developers to create an Atlantic Station-like approach to the site.[9]

Government[edit]

Doraville has a mayor and city council form of government. The current mayor is Donna Pittman, who was elected the first female mayor of Doraville in 2011.[10]

In January 2018, Doraville made history, giving its city council two LGBT members for the first time and swearing in the only openly transgender elected official in Georgia.[11]

Reputation[edit]

Doraville has earned a general reputation of aggressive policing and ordinance enforcement. In a 2018 lawsuit on behalf of residents, the Institute for Justice (Minneapolis, Minnesota) indicated the city derives approximately 25% of its operating budget from fees and fines. The lawsuit indicated that these fees and fines are generated using unreasonably aggressive enforcement of city ordinances. [12] Among suburban Atlanta residents the city also has a general reputation of militaristic and questionably strict traffic enforcement, done in the interest of generating ticket revenue. This perception has led many commuters to make alternate route plans.

Architecture[edit]

Doraville contains a large stock of mid-century modern houses,[13] arguably the largest concentration in metropolitan Atlanta. Mid-century architecture was frequently employed in residential structures with the goal of bringing modernism into suburbs developed in the era immediately following World War II, which is when the majority of homes in Doraville were constructed. This style emphasized creating structures with ample windows and open floor plans, with the intention of opening up interior spaces and bringing the outdoors in. Many mid-century houses utilized then-groundbreaking post and beam architectural design that eliminated bulky support walls in favor of walls seemingly made of glass. Function was as important as form in mid-century designs, with an emphasis placed specifically on targeting the needs of the average American family. While the style is seen throughout Doraville, the Northwoods and Northcrest neighborhoods are the most well-preserved mid-century modern neighborhoods in the city.[14] In Northcrest, over half of the homes are mid-century moderns,[14] while Northwoods is one of only three surviving mid-century planned communities in Georgia.[15]

Based on these unique architectural and planning features, the Northwoods Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 2, 2014.[16] The Northwoods Historic District consists of five adjoining residential neighborhoods, including Northwoods, Fleetwood Hills, Gordon Hills, Gordon Heights and Sequoyah Woods.[17] The Northwoods, Gordon Hills and Gordon Heights neighborhoods are all located in the City of Doraville, and Sequoyah Woods and Fleetwood Hills are located in unincorporated DeKalb County.[18]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

DeKalb County School System serves Doraville.[19]

The following elementary schools serve sections of Doraville:[20]

  • Cary Reynolds Elementary School[21] (Doraville)
  • Chesnut Elementary School (Dunwoody)
  • Hightower Elementary School[22] (Doraville)
  • Huntley Hills Elementary School (Chamblee)

The following middle schools serve sections of Doraville:[23]

The following high schools serve sections of Doraville:[24]

The Atlanta Jewish Academy Upper School (formerly Yeshiva Atlanta) is located in Doraville.[19][26]

The Seigakuin Atlanta International School is located in Peachtree Corners, near Doraville.[27][28]

Public libraries[edit]

DeKalb County Public Library operates the Doraville Branch.[29]

Transportation[edit]

Major roads and expressways[edit]

Mass transit[edit]

For mass transit, the city is served by the Doraville MARTA heavy-rail station.

Pedestrians and cycling[edit]

Currently, there are plans for the construction of a multi-use trail, known as the Peachtree Creek Greenway. The goal of the greenway is to provide residents with close-to-home and close-to-work access to bicycle and pedestrian trails, serve transportation and recreation needs, and help encourage quality of life and sustainable economic growth. The trail will connect the cities of Atlanta, Brookhaven, Chamblee and Doraville.

Parks[edit]

The Doraville Parks and Recreation Department Manages a variety of facilities, including Honeysuckle Park, Fleming Arena, the Paul Murphy Boxing Club, Autumn Park, Brook Park, Chicopee Park, English Oak Park, Flowers Park and Bernard Halpern Park.[30]

Notable people[edit]

  • Atlanta Rhythm Section, 70s Southern rock/adult contemporary band, formed in Doraville.[31] The band's first top 40 single was an uptempo song titled "Doraville" from the hird Annual Pipe Dream album. The town was described in the 1974 song as "a touch of country in the city."[32] Their 1980 album was titled The Boys from Doraville.
  • The southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd recorded in Doraville in the 70s. The band recorded at Studio One located in the Doraville industrial area off of Oakcliff Rd. The songs Sweet Home Alabama and Free Bird were among the recordings made in Doraville at studio one. The album (Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd) was recorded in Doraville at studio one. Lynrd Skynyrd used tracks recorded in Doraville at studio One on the Second Helping, Nothing Fancy, and Street Survivor albums.
  • John Casper, astronaut, resides in Doraville

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The City of Doraville Georgia Website". The City of Doraville Georgia Website. Retrieved September 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Doraville city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 21, 2015. 
  6. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 63. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Doraville GM Plant sold". 
  10. ^ "Mayor and City Council". www.doravillega.us. 
  11. ^ "Doraville makes history by swearing in two LGBT City Council members". 
  12. ^ "Court documents" (PDF). ij.org. 
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2013-05-31. 
  14. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-05. Retrieved 2013-05-31. 
  15. ^ MDJOnline.com. "NeighborNewsOnline.com - Suburban Atlanta's Local News Source". MDJOnline.com. 
  16. ^ See the press release at http://www.georgiashpo.org/node/2212.
  17. ^ See the Northwoods Historic District Nomination (the “Nomination”) p. 47, available at http://www.dekalbhistory.org/documents/HDIF.pdf.
  18. ^ See city limits of the City of Doraville at "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-10-24. 
  19. ^ a b "Zoning Map." City of Doraville. September 6, 2016. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
  20. ^ "Elementary School Attendance Areas 2016 - 2017 School Year." DeKalb County School System. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
  21. ^ "Cary Reynolds Elementary School". www.dekalb.k12.ga.us. 
  22. ^ "Hightower Elementary School". www.dekalb.k12.ga.us. 
  23. ^ "Middle School Attendance Areas 2016 - 2017 School Year." DeKalb County School System. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
  24. ^ "High School Attendance Areas 2016 - 2017 School Year." DeKalb County School System. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
  25. ^ "Cross Keys High School". www.dekalb.k12.ga.us. 
  26. ^ Home. Atlanta Jewish Academy. Retrieved on June 1, 2017. "Upper School 3130 Raymond Drive Atlanta, GA 30340"
  27. ^ "Map[dead link]" (Map Archived 2007-12-16 at the Wayback Machine.). Seigakuin Atlanta International School. Retrieved on January 11, 2012. "5505 Winters Chapel Road, Atlanta, GA 30360 USA"
  28. ^ "Relocating school has Japan ties." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. September 29, 2002. JJ1. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.
  29. ^ "Library Locations & Hours[permanent dead link]." DeKalb County Public Library. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
  30. ^ "Doraville Neighborhood Parks" (PDF). www.doravillega.us. 
  31. ^ "The Atlanta Rhythm Section - History". www.atlantarhythmsection.com. 
  32. ^ "The Atlanta Rhythm Section - "Third Annual Pipe Dream"". www.atlantarhythmsection.com. 

External links[edit]