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Dorchester, Boston

Coordinates: 42°19′N 71°3′W / 42.317°N 71.050°W / 42.317; -71.050
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Dorchester, Boston
Official seal of Dorchester, Boston
Pietate, Literis, Industria (Latin)
"Piety, Learning, [and] Industry"
Dorchester, Boston is located in Greater Boston area
Dorchester, Boston
Dorchester, Boston
Location in Boston, Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°19′N 71°3′W / 42.317°N 71.050°W / 42.317; -71.050
CountryUnited States
Neighborhood ofBoston
SettledMay 1630
IncorporatedJune 1, 1630
Annexed by BostonJanuary 4, 1870[1]
Named forDorchester, Dorset
 • Total91,982 to 134,000
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
02121, 02122, 02124, 02125
Area code(s)617 and 857

Dorchester is a neighborhood comprising more than 6 square miles (16 km2) in the City of Boston, Massachusetts, United States. Originally, Dorchester was a separate town, founded by Puritans who emigrated in 1630 from Dorchester, Dorset, England, to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This dissolved municipality, Boston's largest neighborhood by far,[3] is often divided by city planners in order to create two planning areas roughly equivalent in size and population to other Boston neighborhoods.

The neighborhood is named after the town of Dorchester in the English county of Dorset, from which Puritans emigrated on the ship Mary and John, among others.[4]

Founded in 1630, just a few months before the founding of the city of Boston, Dorchester now covers a geographic area approximately equivalent to nearby Cambridge.[5] It was still a primarily rural town and had a population of 12,000 when it was annexed to Boston in 1870. Railroad and streetcar lines brought rapid growth, increasing the population to 150,000 by 1920. In the 2010 United States Census, the neighborhood's population was 92,115.

The Dorchester neighborhood has a very diverse population, which includes a large concentration of African Americans, European Americans (particularly those of Irish, German, Italian, and Polish origin), Caribbean Americans, Latinos, and East and Southeast Asian Americans. Dorchester also has a significant LGBT population, with active political groups and the largest concentration of same-sex couples in Boston after the neighborhoods of South End and Jamaica Plain.[6] Most of the people over the age of 25 have completed high school or obtained a GED.[7]



Indigenous peoples


Prior to European colonization, the region around Dorchester was inhabited by the indigenous Massachusett.[8] They lived in settlements established alongside the Neponset River estuary, which was a plentiful source of fish, including trout; they also gathered shellfish from the riverbed, and hunted beaver and deer. They established farms in nearby hills.[9] During the initial period of colonization of the region by Puritan settlers, the Massachusett suffered a rapid decline in population due to the introduction of foreign infectious diseases to which they had no immunity and violence related to settler colonialism.[9]

The Massachusett sachem, Chickatawbut, negotiated land treaties with the Puritan settlers before dying of smallpox in 1633. His brother, Cutshamekin, who succeeded him, deeded further land to the settlers.[10][11][12] The remaining Massachusett in the region, including Cutshamekin, accepted some Christianity as a form of survivance and eventually resettled in the Praying Town of Natick.[8][13]

European settlement in the 17th century

Old Blake House c. 1905

A syndicate of Dorsetshire fishermen organized an outport of fishing stages and flakes at Dorchester in 1623.[14] In 1626 David Thompson settled his family on Thompson Island in what is now Dorchester before Boston's Puritan migration wave began in 1630.[15] May 30, 1630, Captain Squib of the ship Mary and John entered Boston Harbor and on June 17, 1630, landed a boat with eight men on the Dorchester shore, at what was then a narrow peninsula known as Mattapan or Mattaponnock. Today it is known as Columbia Point (more popularly since 1984 as Harbor Point).[16] Those aboard the ship who founded the town included William Phelps, Roger Ludlowe, John Mason, John Maverick, Nicholas Upsall, Capt. Roger Fyler, William Gaylord, Henry Wolcott, and other men who would become prominent in the founding of a new nation. The original settlement founded in 1630 was at what is now the intersection of Columbia Road and Massachusetts Avenue. (Even though Dorchester was annexed over 100 years ago into the city of Boston, residents still annually celebrate the founding on Dorchester Day, which includes festivities and a parade down Dorchester Avenue).

Most of the early Dorchester settlers came from the English West Country, and some from Dorchester, Dorset, where the Rev. John White was chief proponent of a Puritan settlement in the Americas.[17] The town was centered on the First Parish Church of Dorchester. It is now operated as the Unitarian-Universalist church on Meeting House Hill and is the oldest religious organization in present-day Boston.[18]

On October 8, 1633, the first Town Meeting in the United States was held in Dorchester. Today, each October 8 is celebrated as Town Meeting Day in Massachusetts. Dorchester is the birthplace of the first public elementary school in America, the Mather School, established in 1639.[19] The school still stands as the oldest elementary school in the United States.[20] In 1634 Israel Stoughton built one of the earliest grist mills in America on the Neponset River, and Richard Callicott founded a trading post nearby. In 1641, Dorcas ye blackmore, an enslaved servant to Israel Stoughton, was the first recorded African American to join a church in New England. She served as an evangelist to Stoughton's Native American servants, and the First Parish Church of Dorchester attempted to help Dorcas gain her freedom.[21][22]

In 1649, Puritan missionaries, including John Eliot, began a campaign to convert the Indigenous people in Dorchester to Christianity with the help of Cockenoe and John Sassamon, two Indian servants in Dorchester. Eliot was given land by the town of Dorchester for his mission, where he established a church and school.

The James Blake House, oldest surviving home in the city of Boston, is located at Edward Everett Square. This is the historic intersection of Columbia Road, Boston Street, and Massachusetts Avenue, a few blocks from the Dorchester Historical Society. The Blake House was constructed in 1661, as was confirmed by dendrochronology in 2007.[23]

In 1695, a party was dispatched to found the town of Dorchester, South Carolina. It lasted a half-century before being abandoned.

18th century

Dorchester looking north toward Boston, c. 1781
Baker's Cocoa Advertisement in Overland Monthly, January 1919. The manufacture of chocolate had been introduced in the United States in 1765 by John Hannon and Dr. James Baker in Dorchester. Walter Baker & Company was located in Dorchester.

In 1765, chocolate was first introduced in the American colonies when Irish chocolate maker John Hannon (or alternatively spelled "Hannan" in some sources) imported beans from the West Indies and refined them in Dorchester, working with Dr. James Baker, an American physician and investor. They soon opened America's first chocolate mill and factory in the Lower Mills section of Dorchester on the Neponset River. The Walter Baker Chocolate Factory, part of Walter Baker & Company, operated until 1965.[24]: 627 [25][26][27]

Before the American Revolution, "The Sons of Liberty met in August 1769 at the Lemuel Robinson Tavern, which stood on the east side of the upper road (Washington St.) near the present Fuller Street. Lemuel Robinson was a representative of the town during the Revolution and was appointed a colonel in the Revolutionary army."[28] Dorchester (in a part of what is now South Boston) was also the site of the Battle of Dorchester Heights in 1776, which eventually resulted in the British evacuating Boston.

Originally part of Suffolk County, Massachusetts, the town of Dorchester removed from Suffolk County to Norfolk County when it was created on March 26, 1793. Portions of Dorchester annexed in the 19th century by Hyde Park, Milton or Quincy remained within Norfolk County, while portions annexed by Boston (eventually including Hyde Park) became part of Suffolk County again.

19th century


Victorian era

One of Dorchester's most influential residents, Lucy Stone was an early advocate for women's rights.

In Victorian times, Dorchester became a popular country retreat for Boston elite. It developed into a bedroom community, easily accessible to the city by streetcar. The mother and grandparents of John F. Kennedy lived in the Ashmont Hill neighborhood while his grandfather John F. "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald was mayor of Boston.

American poet Oliver Wendell Holmes, wrote a poem called "The Dorchester Giant" in 1830, and referred to the special kind of stone, "Roxbury puddingstone", also quarried in Dorchester, which was used to build churches in the Boston area. Most notable of these is the Central Congregational Church (later called the Church of the Covenant) in Boston's Back Bay neighborhood.[29][30]: 116 

In 1845, the Old Colony Railroad ran through the area and connected Boston and Plymouth, Massachusetts. The station was originally called Crescent Avenue or Crescent Avenue Depot[31] as an Old Colony Railroad station. The name was changed to Columbia until December 1, 1982, and then again changed to JFK/UMASS. It is a Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority rail line station for both the Red Line subway and the Plymouth/Kingston, Middleborough/Lakeville and Greenbush commuter rail lines.

In the 1840s and 1850s, a new wave of development took place on a strip of waterfront overlooking Dorchester Bay (Park and Mill Streets at the Harrison Square Historic District, later known as Clam Point.) Renowned architects who had contributed to one of the most significant and intact collections of Clam Point's Italianate mansards include Luther Briggs, John A. Fox, and Mary E. Noyes. By the 1890s, Clam Point gained prominence as a summer resort: the Russell House hotel was its centerpiece and the Dorchester Yacht Club was established on Freeport Street.

In the 1880s, the calf pasture on Columbia Point was developed for a Boston sewer line and pumping station. This large pumping station still stands. In its time it was a model for treating sewage and helping to promote cleaner and healthier urban living conditions. It pumped waste to a remote treatment facility on Moon Island in Boston Harbor, and served as a model for other systems worldwide. This system was operated as the Boston Sewer system's headworks, handling all of the city's sewage, until 1968, when a new treatment facility was built on Deer Island. The pumping station is architecturally significant as a Richardsonian Romanesque designed by then Boston city architect, George Clough, then architect for the city of Boston. The only remaining 19th-century building on Columbia Point, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[16]

Annexation to Boston

Two people play tennis in Franklin Park, 1906.
Map of Dorchester, Massachusetts, and surrounding area from the H. F. Walling Map of the County of Norfolk, Massachusetts, 1858
Map showing all ground in Boston occupied by buildings in 1880, just after Dorchester was annexed to Boston in 1870. Dorchester is in the lower left quadrant. From U.S. Census Bureau.

Dorchester was annexed by Boston in pieces beginning on March 6, 1804, and ending with complete annexation to the city of Boston after a plebiscite was held in Boston and Dorchester on June 22, 1869. As a result, Dorchester officially became part of Boston on January 3, 1870.[32] This is the historic reason that Dorchester Heights is today considered part of South Boston, not modern-day Dorchester, since it was part of the earliest cession of Dorchester to Boston in 1804. Additional parts of Dorchester were ceded to Quincy (in 1792, 1814, 1819, and 1855). Portions of the original town of Dorchester developed as the separate towns of Hyde Park (1868 and later annexed to Boston in 1912), Milton (1662), and Stoughton (1726, itself later subdivided).

In 1895, Frederick Law Olmsted, architect of the Boston Public Garden/Emerald Necklace and Central Park in New York City, was commissioned to create Dorchester Park. It was intended as an urban forest for the residents of a growing Dorchester.[33]

In 1904, the Dorchester Historical Society incorporated "Dorchester Day", which commemorated the settlement of Dorchester in 1630. Celebrated annually, Dorchester Day is a tableau of community events, highlighted by such activities as the Landing Day Observance, the Dorchester Day Parade along Dorchester Avenue the first Sunday in June, and the Community Banquet.[34]

Turn of the 20th century


During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Dorchester was a site for community activism related to diverse issues. The first racially integrated neighborhood developed on Jones Hill. One of the residents of that neighborhood, William Monroe Trotter, with W.E.B. Du Bois, helped to found the Niagara Movement, the precursor of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.[35] Many leading suffragettes also lived in Dorchester, including Lucy Stone.[36]

In the early 20th century, Dorchester received numerous Catholic immigrants from a variety of nations, such as Ireland, French Canada, Poland, and Italy, as well as mostly Protestant African Americans from the South who were part of the Great Migration to northern industrial cities. Numerous three-decker apartment buildings were built in Dorchester to house the many industrial workers. [citation needed]


John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum on the Columbia Point peninsula (2007)
Uphams Corner section of Dorchester showing the typical urban street-scape found in the neighborhood (2010)

In the early 1950s, Dorchester became a center of civil rights activism by African Americans. Martin Luther King Jr. lived there for much of the time he attended Boston University for his PhD.

"With Boston's Baptist community riveted by his preaching and Coretta [Scott King] at his side, King's circle grew. The Dorchester apartment drew friends and followers like a magnet, according to [friend and roommate John] Bustamante, with 'untold numbers of visitors coming from the other schools.' The roommates housed and fed the visitors, who would join in civil rights discussions."[37]

During the 1960s–1980s, the ethnic landscape of Dorchester changed dramatically. The established descendants of early 20th-century Jewish, Italian, and Irish immigrants generally moved to newer housing, and new African, Asian, and Caribbean immigrants and their descendants settled here in a succession of ethnicities.

The first community health center in the United States was the Columbia Point Health Center in Dorchester. It was opened in December 1965 and served mostly the massive Columbia Point public housing complex adjoining it. It was founded by two medical doctors, Jack Geiger, who had been on the faculty of Harvard University and later at Tufts University, and Count Gibson from Tufts University.[38][39][40]

Geiger had previously studied the first community health centers and the principles of Community Oriented Primary Care with Sidney Kark[41] and colleagues while serving as a medical student in rural Natal, South Africa.[42] The Columbia Point Health Center is still in operation and was rededicated in 1990 as the Geiger-Gibson Community Health Center.[43][44][45]

In 1974, the University of Massachusetts Boston moved from Park Square in downtown Boston to Columbia Point in Dorchester. In 1982, Boston State College was incorporated into UMass Boston. Since the 1970s, UMass Boston has expanded substantially, including building a new campus center in 2004 and a new science center in 2015. It has also hosted numerous important social and civic events. In 2000, for example, the university hosted a presidential candidates’ debate between George W. Bush and Al Gore.[46]

In 1977, after an unsuccessful bid to have the John F. Kennedy Library located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, close to the late president's alma mater Harvard University, it was sited at the tip of Columbia Point and ground was broken. Designed by architect I. M. Pei, the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum was dedicated on October 20, 1979.

By the 1980s, the Blue Hill Avenue section of Dorchester had become a predominantly Black community.

During the 1990s, the city administration increased police presence and invested city money into the area for more street lighting.[citation needed]

On March 30, 2015, the Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate was dedicated by President Barack Obama.[47] The Institute opened to the public on March 31, 2015.[48]


Map of the neighborhoods of Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts

Dorchester is located south of downtown Boston and is surrounded by the neighborhoods of South Boston, Roxbury, Jamaica Plain, Hyde Park and South End, the city of Quincy and the town of Milton. The Neponset River separates Dorchester from Quincy and Milton.

Neighborhood sections and squares


Dorchester is Boston's largest and most populous neighborhood[49] and comprises many smaller sections and squares. Due to its size of about six square miles (16 km2), it is often divided for statistical purposes into North and South Dorchester. North Dorchester includes the portion north of Quincy, East and Freeport streets. The main business district in this part of Dorchester is Uphams Corner, at the intersection of Dudley Street and Columbia Road.

South Dorchester is bordered to the east by Dorchester Bay and to the south by the Neponset River.[50] The main business districts in this part of Dorchester are Fields Corner, at the intersection of Dorchester Avenue and Adams Street, and Codman Square, at the intersection of Washington Street and Talbot Avenue. Adjacent to Fields Corner is the Harrison Square Historic District, also known as Clam Point. It is notable for its collection of substantial Italianate Mansard residences.

Dorchester Avenue is the major neighborhood spine, running in a south–north line through all of Dorchester from Lower Mills to downtown Boston.[51] The southern part of Dorchester is primarily a residential area, with established neighborhoods still defined by parishes, and occupied by families for generations. The northern part of Dorchester is more urban, with a greater amount of apartment housing and industrial parks. South Bay and Newmarket industrial area are major sources of employment.

The Harbor Point area (formerly known as Columbia Point) is home of several large employers, including the Boston campus of the University of Massachusetts, the Massachusetts Archives and Commonwealth Museum, the Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate, and the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Distinct commercial districts include Bowdoin/Geneva, Fields Corner, Codman Square, Peabody Square, Adams Village and Lower Mills. Primarily residential areas include Savin Hill, Jones Hill, Four Corners, Franklin Field, Franklin Hill, Ashmont, Meeting House Hill, Neponset, Popes Hill and Port Norfolk.


Historical population

Up until the 1960s, the Blue Hill Avenue part of Dorchester from Roxbury to Mattapan was primarily composed of Jewish Americans whose ancestors had immigrated from eastern Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[52] The Neponset neighborhood was primarily Irish-American, most of whom were Catholic.

During the 1920s–1960s, many African Americans moved from the South to the North during the Great Migration and settled on Blue Hill Avenue and nearby sections. While some Jewish-Americans were moving "up and out" to the suburbs, certain Boston banks and real estate companies developed a blockbusting plan for the area. The Blue Hill Avenue area was "redlined" so that only the newly arriving African Americans would receive mortgages for housing in that section.[53] "White flight" was prevalent.

After changes to US immigration law in 1965, Dorchester received new waves of migrants from Puerto Rico, and immigrants from the Caribbean and Central America, such as Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago. Immigrants also came from Cape Verde and Vietnam, as well as other Latin American, Asian, and African nations. Dorchester also continued to receive immigrants from Northern European countries such as Ireland, Germany and Poland. Dorchester became more diverse than at any point in its long history, with many nationalities represented here. These immigrants have helped revive the economy of the neighborhood by opening ethnic stores and restaurants.[54]

The sections of Dorchester have distinct ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic compositions. The eastern areas of Dorchester (especially between Adams Street and Dorchester Bay) are primarily ethnic European and Asian, with a large population of Irish Americans and Vietnamese Americans. Residents of the western, central and parts of the southern sections of the neighborhood are predominantly African American. In Neponset, the southeast corner of the neighborhood, as well as parts of Savin Hill in the north and Cedar Grove in the south, Irish Americans maintain the most visible identity.[55] In the northern section of Dorchester and southwestern section of South Boston is the Polish Triangle, where recent Polish immigrants are residents. Savin Hill, as well as Fields Corner, have large Vietnamese-American populations. Uphams Corner contains a Cape Verdean-American community, the largest concentration of people of Cape Verdean origin within Boston city limits. Western, central and parts of southern Dorchester have a large Caribbean population (especially people from Haiti, Jamaica, Barbados, and Trinidad and Tobago). They are most strongly represented in the Codman Square, Franklin Field and the Ashmont area, although there are also significant numbers in Four Corners and Fields Corner. Significant numbers of African Americans live in the Harbor Point, Uphams Corner, Fields Corner, Four Corners and Franklin Field areas.[56] In recent years Dorchester has also seen an influx of young residents, gay men and women, and working artists (in areas like Lower Mills, Ashmont Hill/Peabody Square, and Savin Hill).[57][58][59][60][61]

American Community Survey – Estimates – 2013


The American Community Survey (ACS) for Dorchester, from 2007 to 2011, estimates the total population is 113,975 people. Slightly more than half are female, 52.6% or 59,914[7] and 47.4% or 54,061[7] are male.

In Dorchester, 68.4% or 77,980 of the residents are native born and 31.6% or 35,995[7] people are foreign born, of which 50.1% or 18,024[7] are not U.S. citizens. The largest racial group in the neighborhood is Black or African-American with 49,612 people or 43.05%[7] of the population. People who self-identify as white represent 26,102 or 26.99%[7] of the community. Hispanic/Latino account for 19.09% of the population with 19,295[7] resident. The Asian enclave represents 9.6% of 10,990[7] of the citizenry. The smallest racial group is bi/multi-racial and they make up 1.9% (2,174[7]) of the population.

According to the ACS survey, Dorchester has a large under 25 population with 38.1% or 43,472[7] people and 33,162 (29.1% of the total population)[7] of them under the age of 19 years old. Between the ages of 25 and 64 years old there are 59,788 or 52.6%[7] people and 10,715 people or 9.3%[7] are over the age of 65 years old. In Dorchester, approximately 61.9% or 70,503[7] people are over the age of 25, 23.5% or 16,582 people[7] do not have a high school diploma or GED, 30.5% or 21,479[7] have a diploma or GED, 18.5% or 13,045 people[7] have completed some college, and 27.5% or 19,397 people[7] have a college degree.

The ACS Survey estimates there are 40,443[7] households in the neighborhood of Dorchester, the per capita income of $22,120 and a median income of $44,136. A total of 13.1% or 5,286[7] households have reported income of less than $10,000. 27.3% or 11,020[7] households earn less than $19,999. A total of 19.1% or 7,720[7] households earn between $20,000 and 39,999.16.5% or 6,651[7] households in the earn between $40,000 and 59,999. A total of 19.7% or 7,977[7] households earn between $60,000 and 99,999. A total of 15.3% or 6,174[7] of household report annual incomes of $100,000 to 199,999.[7] Only 2.2% or 901[7] households in Dorchester earn $200,000 or more per year. The ACS reports as of 2011, Poverty affects 23.5% or 9,511 households and 24.3% or 9,820 of[7] households are receiving SNAP Benefits.


Dorchester-Mount Bowdoin (02121) Racial Breakdown of Population (2017)[62][63]
Race Percentage of
Percentage of
Percentage of
United States
ZIP Code-to-State
ZIP Code-to-USA
Black 70.9% 8.8% 13.4% +62.1% +57.5%
Hispanic 28.7% 11.9% 18.1% +16.8% +10.6%
White 8.2% 81.3% 76.6% –73.1% –68.4%
White (Non-Hispanic) 2.6% 72.1% 60.7% –69.5% –58.1%
Asian 0.8% 6.9% 5.8% –6.1% –5.0%
Native Americans/Hawaiians 0.2% 0.6% 1.5% –0.4% –1.3%
Two or more races 5.2% 2.4% 2.7% +2.8% +2.5%
Dorchester-Fields Corner (02122) Racial Breakdown of Population (2017)[64][63]
Race Percentage of
Percentage of
Percentage of
United States
ZIP Code-to-State
ZIP Code-to-USA
White 37.7% 81.3% 76.6% –43.6% –38.9%
White (Non-Hispanic) 34.1% 72.1% 60.7% –38.0% –26.6%
Black 30.9% 8.8% 13.4% +22.1% +17.5%
Asian 18.4% 6.9% 5.8% +11.5% +12.6%
Hispanic 11.9% 11.9% 18.1% +0.0% –6.2%
Native Americans/Hawaiians 0.0% 0.6% 1.5% –0.6% –1.5%
Two or more races 3.5% 2.4% 2.7% +1.1% +0.8%
Dorchester-Codman Square-Ashmont (02124) Racial Breakdown of Population (2017)[65][63]
Race Percentage of
Percentage of
Percentage of
United States
ZIP Code-to-State
ZIP Code-to-USA
Black 64.4% 8.8% 13.4% +55.6% +61.0%
White 22.6% 81.3% 76.6% –58.7% –54.0%
White (Non-Hispanic) 16.3% 72.1% 60.7% –55.8% –44.4%
Hispanic 15.8% 11.9% 18.1% +3.9% –2.3%
Asian 6.2% 6.9% 5.8% –0.7% +0.4%
Native Americans/Hawaiians 1.1% 0.6% 1.5% +0.5% –0.4%
Two or more races 2.9% 2.4% 2.7% +0.5% +0.2%
Dorchester-Uphams Corner-Savin Hill-Columbia Point (02125) Racial Breakdown of Population (2017)[66][63]
Race Percentage of
Percentage of
Percentage of
United States
ZIP Code-to-State
ZIP Code-to-USA
White 34.2% 81.3% 76.6% –47.1% –42.4%
White (Non-Hispanic) 30.4% 72.1% 60.7% –41.7% –30.3%
Black 29.7% 8.8% 13.4% +20.9% +16.3%
Hispanic 20.3% 11.9% 18.1% +8.4% +2.2%
Asian 12.8% 6.9% 5.8% +5.9% +7.0%
Native Americans/Hawaiians 0.5% 0.6% 1.5% –0.1% +1.0%
Two or more races 5.1% 2.4% 2.7% +2.7% +2.4%



According to the 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, the largest ancestry groups in ZIP Codes 02121, 02122, 02124, and 02125 are:[67][68]

Ancestry Percentage of
Percentage of
Percentage of
United States
ZIP Code-to-State
ZIP Code-to-USA
West Indian 15.53% 1.96% 0.90% +13.57% +14.62%
Puerto Rican 10.76% 4.52% 1.66% +6.24% +9.10%
Sub-Saharan African 7.82% 2.00% 1.01% +5.82% +6.81%
Haitian 7.18% 1.15% 0.31% +6.02% +6.87%
Jamaican 4.22% 0.44% 0.34% +3.78% +3.88%
Cape Verdean 3.92% 0.97% 0.03% +2.95% +3.89%
American 2.84% 4.26% 6.89% –1.42% –4.05%
Somali 1.57% 0.06% 0.04% +1.50% +1.52%
Ancestry Percentage of
Percentage of
Percentage of
United States
ZIP Code-to-State
ZIP Code-to-USA
Irish 18.94% 21.16% 10.39% –2.22% +8.55%
Vietnamese 16.67% 0.69% 0.54% +15.98% +16.13%
Sub-Saharan African 10.85% 2.00% 1.01% +8.85% +9.84%
Cape Verdean 8.57% 0.97% 0.03% +7.60% +8.54%
Italian 6.43% 13.19% 5.39% –6.75% +1.04%
West Indian 5.61% 1.96% 0.90% +3.65% +4.70%
Puerto Rican 4.67% 4.52% 1.66% +0.15% +3.01%
American 3.55% 4.26% 6.89% –0.71% –3.34%
Haitian 2.36% 1.15% 0.31% +1.21% +2.05%
Polish 1.93% 4.67% 2.93% –2.73% –1.00%
English 1.66% 9.77% 7.67% –8.12% –6.01%
Jamaican 1.59% 0.44% 0.34% +1.15% +1.25%
German 1.39% 6.00% 14.40% –4.61% –13.01%
Asian Indian 1.19% 1.39% 1.09% –0.20% +0.10%
French 1.09% 6.82% 2.56% –5.74% –1.47%
Ancestry Percentage of
Percentage of
Percentage of
United States
ZIP Code-to-State
ZIP Code-to-USA
West Indian 19.04% 1.96% 0.31% +17.08% +18.14%
Haitian 8.14% 1.15% 0.31% +6.99% +7.83%
Irish 7.97% 21.16% 10.39% –13.18% –2.41%
Sub-Saharan African 7.54% 2.00% 1.01% +5.54% +6.52%
Puerto Rican 7.50% 4.52% 1.66% +2.98% +5.84%
Jamaican 5.39% 0.44% 0.34% +4.95% +5.04%
Vietnamese 4.83% 0.69% 0.54% +4.14% +4.29%
Cape Verdean 3.96% 0.97% 0.03% +2.99% +3.93%
American 2.74% 4.26% 6.89% –1.53% –4.16%
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2.62% 0.10% 0.07% +2.52% +2.55%
English 2.23% 9.77% 7.67% –7.54% –5.44%
Italian 2.16% 13.19% 5.39% –11.03% –3.23%
German 1.29% 6.00% 14.40% –4.72% –13.12%
Barbadian 1.14% 0.08% 0.02% +1.05% +1.12%
Guyanese 1.11% 0.03% 0.07% +1.08% +1.04%
Ancestry Percentage of
Percentage of
Percentage of
United States
ZIP Code-to-State
ZIP Code-to-USA
Sub-Saharan African 15.27% 2.00% 1.01% +13.27% +14.26%
Cape Verdean 13.02% 0.97% 0.03% +12.05% +12.98%
Irish 9.34% 21.16% 10.39% –11.82% –1.05%
American 9.07% 4.26% 6.89% +4.81% +2.18%
Vietnamese 7.33% 0.69% 0.54% +6.64% +6.79%
Puerto Rican 6.90% 4.52% 1.66% +2.38% +5.24%
West Indian 5.26% 1.96% 0.90% +3.30% +4.36%
Italian 3.18% 13.19% 5.39% –10.00% –2.21%
Chinese 3.03% 2.28% 1.24% +0.75% +1.79%
Polish 2.92% 4.67% 2.93% –1.75% –0.02%
German 2.32% 6.00% 14.40% –3.69% –12.08%
English 2.12% 9.77% 7.67% –7.66% –5.55%
Haitian 1.94% 1.15% 0.31% +0.79% +1.64%
Albanian 1.50% 0.28% 0.06% +1.22% +1.44%
Arab 1.44% 1.10% 0.59% +0.35% +0.85%
Mexican 1.29% 0.67% 11.96% +0.62% –10.67%
Asian Indian 1.20% 1.39% 1.09% –0.19% +0.11%
French 1.05% 6.82% 2.56% –5.77% –1.51%


The Red Line MBTA platform at the JFK/UMass station with a commuter rail at the station (2007)

The neighborhood is served by five stations on the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Red Line (MBTA) rapid transit service, five stations on the Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line, five stations on the Fairmount Commuter Rail Line, and various bus routes. Over the last decade, the Dorchester branch of the Red Line had major renovations, including four rapid transit stations being rebuilt at Savin Hill, Fields Corner, Shawmut, and Ashmont.[69][70] At Ashmont station, the city of Boston and the state of Massachusetts partnered with private investors to create The Carruth, one of the state's first Transit-oriented developments (TOD).[70][71]

Interstate 93 (concurrent with Route 3 and U.S. 1) runs north–south through Dorchester between Quincy, Massachusetts, and downtown Boston, providing access to the eastern edge of Dorchester at Columbia Road, Morrissey Boulevard (northbound only), Neponset Circle (southbound only), and Granite Avenue (with additional southbound on-ramps at Freeport Street and from Morrissey Blvd at Neponset). Several other state routes traverse the neighborhood, e.g., Route 203, Gallivan Boulevard and Morton Street, and Route 28, Blue Hill Avenue (so named because it leads out of the city to the Blue Hills Reservation). The Neponset River separates Dorchester from Quincy and Milton. The "Dorchester Turnpike" (now "Dorchester Avenue") stretches from Fort Point Channel (now in South Boston) to Lower Mills, and once boasted a horse-drawn streetcar.

A number of the earliest streets in Dorchester have changed names several times through the centuries, meaning that some names have come and gone. Leavitt Place, for instance, named for one of Dorchester's earliest settlers, eventually became Brook Court and then Brook Avenue Place.[72] Gallivan Boulevard was once Codman Street and Brookvale Street was once Brook Street.[73] Morrissey Boulevard was once Old Colony Parkway.


The headquarters of the Boston Globe was located on Morrissey Boulevard in Dorchester (2009).

Throughout its history, Dorchester has had periods of economic revival and recession. In the 1960s and 1970s, Dorchester was particularly hard hit by economic recession, high unemployment, and white flight.[74]

In 1953, Carney Hospital moved from South Boston to its current location in Dorchester, serving the local communities of Dorchester, Mattapan, Milton and Quincy.

In 1953, a major public housing project was completed on the Columbia Point peninsula of Dorchester. There were 1,502 units in the development on 50 acres (200,000 m2) of land. It later became known for high rates of crime and poor living conditions, and it went through particularly bad times in the 1970s and 1980s. By 1988, there were only 350 families living there. In 1984, the City of Boston gave control of it to a private developer, Corcoran-Mullins-Jennison, who redeveloped the property into a residential mixed-income community called Harbor Point Apartments which was opened in 1988 and completed by 1990. It was the first federal housing project to be converted to private, mixed-income housing in the United States. Harbor Point has won much acclaim for this transformation, including awards from the Urban Land Institute, the FIABCI Award for International Excellence, and the Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence.[75][76][77]

During the housing crisis of 2008 in the United States, Dorchester's Hendry Street became the epicenter in the media[78] In reaction, the city of Boston negotiated to buy several of the houses for as little as $30,000. It is moving to seize other foreclosed properties on which the owners have not paid taxes. The houses were renovated and added to the inventory of subsidized rental housing.[79]

In 2008, plans and proposals were unveiled and presented to public community hearings by the Corcoran-Jennison Company to redevelop the 30-acre (120,000 m2) Bayside Exposition Center site on the Columbia Point peninsula into a mixed use village of storefronts and residences, called "Bayside on the Point".[80][81][82][83] However, in 2009, the Bayside Expo Center property was lost in a foreclosure on Corcoran-Jennison to a Florida-based real estate firm, LNR/CMAT, who bought it. Soon after, the University of Massachusetts Boston bought the property from them to build future campus facilities.[84][85]

The corporate headquarters of The Boston Globe was also located in Dorchester, having moved there in 1958 from downtown Boston. In 2009, then-owner The New York Times Company put the paper up for bid, leading to concern from local community members, who had seen other major employers close their doors.[86] After negotiations with their union and cost reduction measures, the owner's plans to sell the Globe were abandoned in October 2009.[87] In 2013, the paper was bought by John W. Henry, owner of the Boston Red Sox, and in 2017 the Globe headquarters returned to downtown Boston.[88]

In the 20th century, many of the labor unions in Boston relocated their headquarters to Dorchester. This includes the Boston Teachers Union, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 103, New England Regional Council of Carpenters, International Association of Fire Fighters Local 718, among others.



Dorchester, with a population of approximately 130,000, is home to nearly one-fifth of all Boston residents. In the early 1990s, Dorchester, along with Roxbury and Mattapan neighborhoods, had the highest percentage of victims with violence-related injuries. Since the early 2000s, crime rates across Boston declined. In the first three months of 2013, Boston crime rates reportedly dropped 15 percent, compared to the same time period in 2012.[89]

According to the Dorchester Reporter crime maps, the more dangerous areas in Dorchester are located to the west of Columbia Road, with criminal activity centered on Blue Hill Avenue area. Safer parts of the neighborhood include Savin Hill; the historic neighborhood of Clam Point; Columbia Point, which is populated by mostly UMass Boston students; Ashmont Hill; Saint Mark's; Pope's Hill; Cedar Grove; Lower Mills, around the Neponset, Gallivan, and Morrissey Boulevard areas; and the Jones Hill neighborhood (with the third largest percentage of same-sex households in Boston after the South End and Jamaica Plain).[90][91]



According to the website AreaVibes,[92][93] the overall crime rate in Dorchester is 30% higher than the national average, and for every 100,000 people there are 10.55 daily crimes that occur in the neighborhood, such as violent crimes and property crimes. The rate of property crime is much higher than violent crime. Out of 100,000 people, 831 are involved in violent crime, and 3,021 out of 100,000 are involved in property crime.

The chance of being a victim of:

  • Property crime = 1 in 34
  • Violent crime = 1 in 121
  • Crime = 1 in 26


The University of Massachusetts Boston is located on Columbia Point in Dorchester (2009).

Primary and secondary schools


Public schools


Students in Dorchester are served by Boston Public Schools (BPS). BPS assigns students based on preferences of the applicants and priorities of students in various zones.[94]

Dorchester High School predated the annexation of Dorchester to Boston. At its founding, it was an all-male school, first opened on December 10, 1852. In 1870 Dorchester was annexed to Boston and its schools became managed by the City of Boston. A replacement facility opened in Codman Square on Talbot Avenue 1901. The current Dorchester facility opened in 1925 on Peacevale Road to males, while the Talbot Avenue building was for females. In 1953 Dorchester High School consolidated as a coeducational school.[95]

BPS schools located in Dorchester[96] include

  • Boston Arts Academy, 9–12
  • Boston Community Leadership Academy/McCormack, 7–9
  • Boston International Newcomers Academy, 9–12
  • Boston Latin Academy, 7–12
  • Jeremiah E. Burke High School, 9–12
  • Clap Elementary, K1–5
  • Community Academy of Science & Health, 9–12
  • Paul A. Dever Elementary, K1–6
  • Edward Everett Elementary, K1–5
  • Lilla G. Frederick Pilot Middle School, 6–8
  • Sarah Greenwood, K0–8
  • Dr. William W. Henderson Inclusion School (formerly Patrick O'Hearn Elementary School), K0–12
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes Innovation School, K1–5
  • Thomas J. Kenny Elementary, K1–6
  • Martin Luther King Jr., K1–8
  • Lee Academy Pilot School, K0–3
  • Joseph Lee, K1–8
  • Mather Elementary, K1–5
  • Richard J. Murphy, K1–8
  • William E. Russell Elementary, K1–5
  • Pauline A. Shaw Elementary, K0–3
  • TechBoston Academy, 6–12
  • William Monroe Trotter, K1–8
  • UP Academy Dorchester, K1–8 (in-district charter)
  • UP Academy Holland, K1–5 (in-district charter)
  • John Winthrop Elementary, K1–5

Charter schools include

  • Boston Collegiate Charter School, 5–12
  • Brooke High School, 9–12
  • Codman Academy Charter Public School, K1–12
  • Conservatory Lab Charter School, K1–8
  • Helen Y. Davis Leadership Academy Charter Public School, 6–8
  • Neighborhood House Charter School, K1–12[97]
  • Roxbury Prep Lucy Stone Campus, 5–8
  • Roxbury Prep Dorchester Campus, 5–8

Catholic schools


Many Catholic schools closed in the 2000s as the demographics of the area changed.[98][99][100]

The remaining schools as of summer 2018 are:

  • Boston College High School, 7–12
  • Cristo Rey Boston High School, 9–12, leasing the old St. William Elementary building
  • St. Brendan School, K-6
  • Three locations of the Pope John Paul II Catholic Academy part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston remain after the 2008 consolidation of seven parish elementary schools[101] into five locations.[98]
    • Columbia Campus (former St. Margaret's Elementary School building)
    • Lower Mills Campus (former St. Gregory Elementary School building)
    • Neponset Campus (former St. Ann Elementary School building)

Colleges and universities

  • The University of Massachusetts Boston is an accredited urban public research university and the second largest campus in the University of Massachusetts system. It is located on Columbia Point in Dorchester. The school offers associates, bachelors, masters and doctoral degrees. In regards to race and gender, the school has a diverse student population of about 13 thousand students at a time. Excluding financial aid, the average cost of tuition is $12,000 for in-state students, and $28,000 for out-of-state. The university is rated as a good value, with a 15:1 student faculty ratio and a variety of majors to study.[102] The economy of the school has been consistently productive since its establishment. Within the past twenty years, the school campuses have been improving and expanding. Some 95% of the students are in-state and attending classes full-time.
  • Labouré College is a Roman Catholic co-educational college offering associate degrees in nursing and the health sciences. It is located on the Carney Hospital campus near the Lower Mills section of Dorchester.

Public libraries


Boston Public Library operates six neighborhood branches in Dorchester.[103]

  • Adams Street Branch
  • Codman Square Branch – Originally opened at 6 Norfolk Street in 1905. The branch moved into its current facility, which was designed by Eco-Texture, Inc., in 1978.[104]
  • Fields Corner Branch
  • Grove Hall Branch
  • Lower Mills Branch
  • Uphams Corner Branch

Health care


Carney Hospital is located at 2100 Dorchester Avenue. Carney Hospital provides over 500 physicians with primary care and specialist physicians. They provide a range of services such as behavior health, cancer care, cardiac and vascular, gynecology services, neurology, orthopedics, rehabilitation and physical therapy, along with many more. Carney Hospital is promoting health and wellness. Carney Hospital has been serving the community since 1863. It is affiliated with Tufts University School Of Medicine, and is a teaching and training hospital for physicians in both internal medicine and family medicine.[105]

Codman Square Health Center is a community-based outpatient healthcare located on 637 Washington Street. They have been a functioning clinic since 1979 with the dream "To build the best urban community in America".[106] They employ about 280 multi-lingual staff members, most of whom reside in the neighborhoods surrounding Codman Square.

The Urban Asthma Coalition in Dorchester promotes collaboration among organizations and residents concerned about factors that affect asthma: the environment, quality of health care, access to health care, and education. Residents can join the active committee to promote better health and awareness.[107] They want to change policies through administrative advocacy and reduce the rate of asthma, as well as improve care. They have been successful in providing[108] 1,000 new healthy and affordable housing units in a year, green and healthy cleaners for the local schools, and a city program that works with health professionals and enforcement officers to further the improvement of housing for children of the area.

The Geiger-Gibson Health Center located in the Harbor Point section near UMass Boston is the oldest Community Health Center in the United States.



Most of Dorchester's population, about 63.3% or 72,239[7] people, lives in rental housing. The gross median monthly rent is $1,450,[109] which totals $17,400 per year and exceeds the income of almost 30% of the population. An estimated 40,180 people (35.3%)[7] live in owner-occupied homes and 1.4% or 1556 residents live in group homes/shelters.[7]

Excluding government-owned housing, Dorchester has 15,918[110] residential buildings including 4,344 or 27.3% single-family homes, 3,674 or 23.1%[110] two-family homes, 3,919 or 24.6%[110] three-family homes, and 3,981 or 25.0% condo units.[110] The median sales price for all residential property types is 244,450.[109] In 2013, there were 52 foreclosures petitions reported in Dorchester, representing 22.41% of the 232 foreclosures reported for the entire City Boston.[111] Subsequently, 37 out 147[111] distressed buildings documented in Boston are located in Dorchester.



Boston Police District C-11 Dorchester, located 40 Gibson St, Dorchester, MA 02122. To create an environment of trust, and empower the neighborhood is the goal. There are over 50 community meetings held monthly that allow the police department to partner with the seniors, community residents, business as well as the faith-based leaders of Dorchester. The police department also works closely to provide the community with crime prevention and safety tips. "Communication is the life-blood of our neighborhood"[112]

Dorchester has available shelters for those in need, a homeless shelter by the name of Pilgrim church (children's services of Roxbury) that is an adult shelter open to men only. This shelter is located on 540 Columbia Road Dorchester MA[113] The shelter is run by the Pilgrim church and it offers over night shelter, food, clothing, showers, first aid, and other supportive services. The shelter also provides evening transportation from Boston to the shelter. The shelter was originally established in 1990 by positive lifestyles and now is currently under the direction of United Homes Adult services.[114]

Urban policies


Income – Massachusetts sales tax rate is 6.25%, income tax is 5.20%. Income per capita is $18,226 which includes adults and children. Median household income $30,419.[115]

Public policy issues


Residents and activists have worked on issues of public safety, high crime rate, poor educational resources, and lack of housing for low-income families. Several organizations are working to provide the neighborhood with[citation needed]

  • Good Jobs/living wage
  • Education for the children
  • Housing
  • Healthcare resources & Access
  • Public Safety & Policy Relations

Among such organizations are First Parish Dorchester and The Bowdoin Geneva Resident Association.[116]

City budget plans


Mayor Marty Walsh proposed a budget for 2017 which included a five-year capital plan intended to make improvements to the infrastructure of Dorchester. The new projects involve building new libraries and also modernizing the Boston Public Libraries branches in Dorchester. Improvement of City parks is also included. The plans are to add more lights to Doherty-Gibson park in Fields Corner and another $3.7 million to make improvements in Harambee park next to the Franklin Field. The rest of the budget is intended to be used to complete already started projects in Savin Hill, King Street, Hemenway, Dower Avenue, and Ronan Park.[117]



Based on the 2010 Census[118] Dorchester has 114,235 for a total population. Just about 15,530 are under the age of eighteen.[119]

The former president of Trader Joe's opened a non-profit retail food shop called the Daily Table.[120]

Ella J. Baker House


Ella J. Baker House is a community youth center in the Four Corners section of Dorchester.[121] The W. E. B. Du Bois Society, an academic and cultural enrichment program for African American secondary school students, is co-hosted by the W. E. B. Du Bois Research Institute along with Ella J. Baker House.[122]



Dorchester has various attractions, including the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum,[123] Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate, Boston Winery, Boston Harbor Distillery, Strand Theatre, Commonwealth Museum, Greater Boston House Concert, Franklin Park Zoo, the Neponset Rivery Greenway and Lower Neponset River Trail.

Fields Corner[124] is a commercial center that is one of Dorchester's largest business districts. It has numerous restaurants and pubs, and independent clothing stores. Fields Corner is known both for its ethnic Irish residents, who support a variety of Irish pubs, and for Vietnamese restaurants operated by more recent immigrants. Adjacent to Fields Corner is an 11-acre park known as Hilltop Park, which offers a view of Dorchester Bay and plenty of green space.

Leisure activities and areas



  • Pope John Paul II Park Reservation: The Pope John Park Reservation is approximately 66 acres in size, and is open year-round for the residents of Dorchester. In its earlier times it was used as a landfill and also a drive-in theatre. It also serves as a buffer between the Town of Dorchester, Boston and Neponset River waterfront. This park now offers picnic facilities, soccer fields, play areas, paths for walking, and also spacious land to plant trees and shrubs.[citation needed]
  • Dorchester Park: Dorchester park was established in 1861 and is located in the southern part of Dorchester, specifically in the Cedar Grove and Lower Mills. It is across from the Neponset River. Dorchester Park is 30 acres. Events held at the park include the Annual Classic Car Show and Family Fun Day.[117] Dorchester Park is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.[citation needed]
  • Franklin Park: Established in 1885, this park has 485 acres. It includes walking and running paths, tennis courts, baseball fields, golf courses, and basketball courts. New England's Franklin Park Zoo has nine main exhibits that contain more than 220 species of animals. The Kite and Bike festival traditionally takes place in Franklin park. This event, hosted since 2010 by the Franklin Park Coalition, is usually held the Saturday after Mother's Day. It includes bike riding and kite flying.[125][citation needed]

Bike trails

  • Lower Neponset River Trail: This 2.4-mile path stretches from the historic Port Norfolk neighborhood in Dorchester, through Pope John Paul II Park, across Granite Avenue through Neponset Marshes, and through the Lower Mills area to Central Avenue in Milton. This trail is used for running, biking, and walking. The Neponset River Trail can be reached from the Butler, Milton Village, and Central Avenue Red Line (Mattapan trolley) stations.[126]
  • Neponset River Green way: The Neponset River Green way totals 5 miles in length. Scenery includes a salt marsh in Pope John Paul Park II and Tenan Beach at the mouth of Neponset River. Conveniently the trail is also adjacent to MBTA Red Line stations: Butler, Milton, and Central Avenue.[citation needed]
  • DotGreenway: a greenway for pedestrians and cyclists has been proposed to connect Talbot Avenue and Park Street along the MBTA Red Line tunnel cap (between Ashmont and Fields Corner stations).[127]

Sites of interest


Dorchester is home to many listings on the National Register of Historic Places.

Name on the Register[128][129] Date listed[129] Location
All Saints' Church June 16, 1980


211 Ashmont St.

42°17′09″N 71°03′48″W

Benedict Fenwick School February 11, 2004


150 Magnolia St.

42°18′49″N 71°04′21″W

James Blake House May 1, 1974


735 Columbia Rd.

42°19′11″N 71°03′37″W

Boston Consumptives Hospital February 7, 2002


249 River St.

42°16′34″N 71°05′01″W

Buildings at 825–829 Blue Hill Avenue September 10, 2014


825–829 Blue Hill Ave.

42°17′49″N 71°05′16″W

Calf Pasture Pumping Station Complex August 2, 1990


435 Mount Vernon St.

42°18′48″N 71°02′01″W

Clapp Houses May 2, 1974


199 and 195 Boston St.

42°19′12″N 71°03′25″W

Codman Square District June 23, 1983


Norfolk, Talbot, Epping, Lithgow, Centre, and Moultrie Sts.

42°17′25″N 71°04′16″W

Collins Building June 8, 2005


213–217 Washington St.

42°18′02″N 71°04′37″W

Columbia Road–Bellevue Street Historic District September 8, 2017


400-500 Block of Columbia Rd., and parts of Bellevue St.

42°18′46″N 71°04′06″W

Congregation Adath Jeshurun November 12, 1999


397 Blue Hill Ave.

42°18′43″N 71°04′53″W

Sarah Davidson Apartment Block December 18, 2013


3 Gaylord St.

42°17′56″N 71°04′23″W

Dorchester North Burying Ground April 18, 1974


Stoughton St. and Columbia Rd.

42°19′00″N 71°03′52″W

Dorchester Park February 20, 2008


Bounded by Dorchester Ave., Richmond, Adams, and Richview Sts.

42°16′34″N 71°04′01″W

Dorchester Pottery Works February 21, 1985


101–105 Victory Rd.

42°17′49″N 71°03′05″W

Dorchester South Burying Ground June 27, 2014


2095 Dorchester Ave.

42°16′43″N 71°04′01″W

Dorchester Temple Baptist Church January 16, 1998


670 Washington St.

42°17′17″N 71°04′17″W

Dorchester-Milton Lower Mills Industrial District April 2, 1980


Both sides of the Neponset River; also Adams, River, and Medway Sts., Millers Lane, and Eliot and Adams Sts.

42°16′16″N 71°04′08″W

Fields Corner Municipal Building November 12, 1981


1 Arcadia St., 195 Adams St.

42°18′07″N 71°03′38″W

Greenwood Memorial United Methodist Church March 8, 2002


378A–380 Washington St.

42°17′49″N 71°04′19″W

Harrison Square Historic District October 22, 2002


Bounded by MBTA Braintree line embankment, Park, Everett, Freeport, Mill, Asland, Blanche Sts., Victory Rd.

42°18′07″N 71°03′13″W

Home for Destitute Jewish Children October 8, 2014


150–156 American Legion Hwy.

42°17′41″N 71°05′34″W

The Peabody August 8, 2001


195–197 Ashmont St.

42°17′07″N 71°03′53″W

Pierce House April 26, 1974


24 Oakton Ave.

42°17′13″N 71°03′13″W

Pilgrim Congregational Church December 18, 2013


540–544 Columbia Road

42°18′58″N 71°04′01″W

Saint Mark's Episcopal Church July 3, 2014


73 Columbia Rd.

42°18′16″N 71°04′56″W

St. Mary's Episcopal Church October 30, 1998


14–16 Cushing Ave.

42°18′59″N 71°03′54″W

Savin Hill Historic District May 9, 2003


Roughly bounded by Savin Hill Ave., Morrissey Boulevard, Dorchester Bay, and Interstate 93

42°18′33″N 71°03′01″W

Sherman Apartments Historic District November 28, 2012


544–546 Washington, 4–6, 12–14, 18 Lyndhurst Sts.

42°17′32″N 71°04′17″W

William Monroe Trotter House May 11, 1976


97 Sawyer Ave.

42°18′47″N 71°03′46″W

Upham's Corner Market October 11, 1990


600 Columbia Rd.

42°19′02″N 71°03′55″W

Walton and Roslin Halls December 18, 2013


702–708 & 710–726 Washington St., 3–5 Walton St.

42°17′13″N 71°04′16″W

Additional sites of interest include:

Notable people


Notes and references



  1. ^ "Dorchester MA, Town History 1630–1870" Archived 2013-10-20 at the Wayback Machine, Dorchester Atheneum
  2. ^ Bill Forry (2011). "Analysis: City counters bend boundaries, thousands cut out of Dot". Boston Neighborhood News, Inc. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
  3. ^ "Boston's Neighborhoods: Dorchester". Boston Redevelopment Authority (BRA). 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
  4. ^ Clapp, Ebenezer. History of the Town of Dorchester, Massachusetts. Dorchester, Boston, MA: Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society, 1890.
  5. ^ History of Dorchester, Massachusetts Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Under a rainbow flag, linking the Dots – The Boston Globe". archive.boston.com. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Melnik, Mark; Gao, Lingshan. "American Community Survey 2007–2011 Estimate: Dorchester". Boston Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  8. ^ a b Alden T. Vaughan, New England Encounters: Indians and Euroamericans Ca. 1600-1850 (1999), pg 209 https://books.google.com/books?isbn=155553404X
  9. ^ a b Alden T. Vaughan, New England Encounters: Indians and Euroamericans Ca. 1600-1850 (1999) pg 209 https://books.google.com/books?isbn=155553404X
  10. ^ Susan Wilson, Boston Sites and Insights: An Essential Guide to Historic Landmarks ... p. 324 https://books.google.com/books?isbn=0807071358 2004
  11. ^ Morton, Thomas (1883). Charles Francis Adams Jr. (ed.). The new English Canaan of Thomas Morton. Boston: The Prince Society. pp. 11. OCLC 28272732. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
  12. ^ Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Indian Deeds: Land Transactions in Plymouth Colony. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002, maps
  13. ^ Mandell, Daniel R., King Philip's War: Colonial Expansion, Native Resistance, and the End of Indian Sovereignty (2010) https://books.google.com/books?id=_aDvP0d19rAC
  14. ^ Bowen, Frank C. (1938). America Sails the Seas. New York: Robert M. McBride & Company. p. 55.
  15. ^ Ralph E. Thompson, Matthew R. Thompson, First Yankee: David Thomson, 1592-1628--The Story of New Hampshire's First Settler
  16. ^ a b "Calf Pasture Pumping Station". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2008-12-01., Dorchester Atheneum
  17. ^ "John White, A Founder of Massachusetts, Rev. Arthur Ackerman". Dorchester Atheneum. Archived from the original on 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  18. ^ "First Parish Church in Dorchester Records". Massachusetts Historical Society. 29 September 2004. Archived from the original on 2013-11-26. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
  19. ^ "Notable Events in Massachusetts".
  20. ^ "Mather Elementary School" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-27.
  21. ^ "Dorcas the blackmore (Ca. 1620-?) •". 10 February 2011.
  22. ^ Winthrop's Journal, "History of New England," 1630-1649
  23. ^ Dorchester Atheneum Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. Dorchester Atheneum. Retrieved on 2017-09-13.
  24. ^ Clapp, Ebenezer Jr. (1859). History of the Town of Dorchester, Massachusetts. Boston: Committee of the Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society.
  25. ^ Stevens, Peter F. "It Happened in Dorchester: Dr. Baker and the Chocolate Factory". History of Dorchester. Dorchester Reporter. Archived from the original on 2012-04-06.
  26. ^ Sweet History: Dorchester and the Chocolate Factory. Dorchester Historical Society and the Milton Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2008-11-19. In conjunction with Kraft Foods
  27. ^ Walter Baker & Co. General History. Dorchester Atheneum. Archived from the original on 2008-12-06. Retrieved 2008-12-01.
  28. ^ "Sons of Liberty in Dorchester" Archived 2011-05-26 at the Wayback Machine, Dorchester Athaneum
  29. ^ Holmes, Oliver Wendell Sr., "The Dorchester Giant", 1830 poem
  30. ^ Sammarco, Anthony Mitchell, Boston's South End, Arcadia Publishing, 1995
  31. ^ Whiting, E. Map of Dorchester Massachusetts in 1850 (Boston Public Library Map Collection ed.). Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. The maps shows the Crescent Avenue Depot of the Old Colony Railroad Line.
  32. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2014-01-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  33. ^ "About Dorchester Park", Dorchester Park Association
  34. ^ "The Founding of the Dorchester Historical Society", Dorchester Historical Society
  35. ^ Taylor, Earl, "Settled before Boston, Dorchester home of many firsts" Archived 2012-02-23 at the Wayback Machine, The Dorchester Reporter, May 29, 2008
  36. ^ Stevens, Peter F., "A VOICE FROM ON HIGH: Lucy Stone of Pope's Hill Was a Key Voice in the Early Days of the Women's Movement in America" Archived February 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, The Dorchester Reporter, May 26, 2005
  37. ^ Seligson, Susan, "Martin Luther King Jr.'s Roommate Reminisces: John Bustamante recalls Coretta Scott at Myles Standish, and Dorchester digs" Archived 2010-01-17 at the Wayback Machine, BU Today, January 15, 2010
  38. ^ Delta Health Center Records, 1966–1987. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Southern Historical Collection.
  39. ^ Shriver, Sargent (June 1, 1967). Remarks of Mr. Shriver at Comprehensive Health Services Press Conference (PDF). p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 6, 2009. "Grantee: Tufts University School Of Medicine, Medford, Massachusetts; Operating Institution: Tufts University School of Medicine-Department of Preventive Medicine; Project Director: Count Gibson, M.D., H. Jack Geiger, M.D., Professors of Preventative Medicine, Tufts University; Location: Columbia Point, Boston, Mass. and Bolivar County, Mississippi; Items of Special Interest: One of the original demonstration programs to contrast a model of a northern urban center with a southern rural one; Amount: $1,168,099, $138,888, $281,685, $3,417,630; Date Approved: 6/24/65, 8/65, 3/30/66, 1/15/67"
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Further reading