This is a good article. Click here for more information.

Dorchester, Dorset

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Dorchester, England" redirects here. For the village in Oxfordshire, see Dorchester on Thames. For the hotel in London, see The Dorchester.
Dorchester
Town Pump and Corn Exchange - Dorchester.jpg
Town Pump and Corn Exchange
Dorchester is located in Dorset
Dorchester
Dorchester
 Dorchester shown within Dorset
Population 19,060 (2011 census)
OS grid reference SY690906
District West Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DORCHESTER
Postcode district DT1
Dialling code 01305
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament West Dorset
Website http://www.dorchester-tc.gov.uk
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°42′55″N 2°26′12″W / 50.7154°N 2.4367°W / 50.7154; -2.4367

Dorchester (/ˈdɔːrɛstər/ DOR-ches-tər) is the county town of Dorset, England. It is situated between Poole and Bridport on the A35 trunk route. A historic market town, Dorchester is on the banks of the River Frome to the south of the Dorset Downs and north of the South Dorset Ridgeway that separates the area from Weymouth, 7 miles (11 km) to the south.

The area around the town was settled in prehistoric times. When the Romans arrived in Britain, they established a garrison here after defeating the Durotriges tribe and called the settlement that grew up nearby Durnovaria. The Romans built an aqueduct to supply water and an amphitheatre on an ancient British earthwork. After the departure of the Romans, the town at first lost significance, but later became an important commercial and political centre. It was the site of the "Bloody Assizes" presided over by Judge Jeffreys after the Monmouth Rebellion, and later the trial of the Tolpuddle Martyrs.

In the 2011 census, the population of Dorchester was 19,060, with further people coming from surrounding areas to work in the town which has six industrial estates. The Brewery Square redevelopment project is taking place in phases, with other development projects planned. The town has a land-based college, Kingston Maurward College, the Thomas Hardye Upper School, three middle schools and thirteen first schools. The Dorset County Hospital offers an accident and emergency service, and the town is served by two railway stations. Through vehicular traffic is routed round the town by means of a bypass. The town has a football club and a rugby union club, several museums and a biannual Dorchester Festival. It is twinned with three towns in Europe. As well as having many listed buildings, a number of notable people have been associated with the town. It was for many years the home and inspiration of the author Thomas Hardy, whose novel The Mayor of Casterbridge uses a fictionalised version of Dorchester as its setting.

History[edit]

Prehistory and Romano-British[edit]

Main article: Durnovaria

Dorchester's roots stem back to prehistoric times. The earliest settlements were about 2 miles (3.2 km) southwest of the modern town centre in the vicinity of Maiden Castle, a large Iron Age hill fort that was one of the most powerful settlements in pre-Roman Britain. Different tribes lived there from 4000 BC. The Durotriges were likely to have been there when the Romans arrived in Britain in 43 AD.[1]

The Romans defeated the local tribes by 70 AD and established a garrison that became the town the Romans named Durnovaria, a Brythonic name incorporating durn, "fist", loosely interpreted as 'place with fist-sized pebbles'. It appears to have taken part of its name from the local Durotriges tribe who inhabited the area.[2] Durnovaria was recorded in the 4th-century Antonine Itinerary and became a market centre for the surrounding countryside, an important road junction and staging post, and subsequently one of the twin capitals of the Celtic Durotriges tribe.[3] The remains of the Roman walls that surrounded the town can still be seen. The majority have been replaced by pathways that form a square inside modern Dorchester known as 'The Walks'. A small segment of the original wall remains near the Top 'o Town roundabout.[4]

Part of the Roman town house near County Hall, showing the underfloor heating system

Other Roman remains include part of the town walls and the foundations of a town house near the county hall. Modern building works within the walls have unearthed Roman finds; in 1936 a cache of 22,000 3rd-century Roman coins was discovered in South Street.[5] Other Roman finds include silver and copper coins known as Dorn pennies, a gold ring, a bronze figure of the Roman god Mercury and large areas of tessellated pavement.[6]

The County Museum contains many Roman artefacts. The Romans built an aqueduct to supply the town with water. It was rediscovered in 1900 as the remains of a channel cut into the chalk and contouring round the hills. The source is believed to be the River Frome at Notton, about 12 miles (19 km) upstream from Dorchester.[7] Near the town centre is Maumbury Rings, an ancient British henge earthwork converted by the Romans for use as an amphitheatre, and to the north west is Poundbury Hill, another pre-Roman fortification.[4]

Little evidence exists to suggest continued occupation after the withdrawal of the Roman administration from Britain. The name Durnovaria survived into Old Welsh as Durngueir, recorded by Asser in the 9th century.[8][9] The area remained in British hands until the mid-7th century and there was continuity of use of the Roman cemetery at nearby Poundbury. Dorchester has been suggested as the centre of a sub-kingdom of Dumnonia or other regional power base.[10]

Medieval[edit]

One of the first raids of the Viking era may have taken place near Dorchester around 790. According to a chronicler, the King's reeve assembled a few men and sped to meet them thinking that they were merchants from another country. When he arrived at their location, he admonished them and instructed that they should be brought to the royal town. The Vikings then slaughtered him and his men.[11]

By 864, the area around Durnovaria was dominated by the Saxons who referred to themselves as Dorsaetas, 'People of the Dor' – Durnovaria. The original local name would have been Dorn-gweir giving the Old English Dornwary. The town became known as Dornwaraceaster or Dornwaracester, combining the original name Dor/Dorn from the Latin and Celtic languages with cester, an Old English word for a Roman station. This name evolved over time to Dorncester/Dornceaster and Dorchester. [12]

At the time of the Norman conquest, Dorchester was not a place of great significance; the Normans did build a castle but it has not survived. A priory was also founded, in 1364, though this also has since disappeared. In the later medieval period the town prospered;[13] it became a thriving commercial and political centre for south Dorset, with a textile trading and manufacturing industry which continued until the 17th century.[14] In the time of Edward III (1312–1377), the town was governed by bailiffs and burgesses, with the number of burgesses increasing to fifteen by the reign of James I (1566–1625).[15]

Judge Jeffreys' lodging house, now a restaurant, in High West Street

Early modern[edit]

"The town is populous, tho' not large, the streets broad, but the buildings old, and low; however, there is good company and a good deal of it; and a man that coveted a retreat in this world might as agreeably spend his time, and as well in Dorchester, as in any town I know in England".Daniel Defoe, in his A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain (1724–1726).[16]

In the 17th and 18th centuries Dorchester suffered several serious fires: in 1613, caused by a tallow chandler's cauldron getting too hot and setting alight; in 1622, started by a maltster; in 1725, begun in a brewhouse; and in 1775, caused by a soap boiler.[13] The 1613 fire was the most devastating, resulting in the destruction of 300 houses and two churches (All Saints and Holy Trinity).[13] Only a few of the town's early buildings have survived to the present day, including Judge Jeffreys' lodgings and a Tudor almshouse. Among the replacement Georgian buildings are many, such as the Shire Hall, which are built in Portland stone. The Town Hall was erected in 1791 and had a marketplace underneath.[17]

In the 17th century the town was at the centre of Puritan emigration to America, and the local rector, John White, organised the settlement of Dorchester, Massachusetts. The first colonisation attempted was at Cape Ann, where fishermen who would rejoin the fishing fleet when the vessels returned the next year, tried to be self sufficient. However, the land was unsuitable, the colony failed and was moved to what is now Salem. In 1628 the enterprise received a Royal Charter and the Massachusetts Bay Company was formed with three hundred colonists arriving in America that year and more the following year.[18]

For his efforts on behalf of Puritan dissenters, White has been called the unheralded founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. (Some observers have attributed the oversight to the fact that White, unlike John Winthrop, never went to America.)[19]

In 1642, just before the English Civil War, Hugh Green, a Catholic chaplain was executed here. After his execution, Puritans played football with his head.[20] The town was heavily defended against the Royalists in the civil war and Dorset was known as "the southern capital of coat-turning", as the county gentry found it expedient to change allegiance and to swap the sides they supported on several occasions.[21] In 1643, the town was attacked by 2,000 troops under Robert Dormer, 1st Earl of Carnarvon. Its defences proved inadequate and it quickly surrendered but was spared the plunder and punishment it might otherwise have received. It remained under Royalist control for some time, but was eventually recaptured by the Puritans.[22]

In 1685 the Duke of Monmouth failed in his invasion attempt, the Monmouth Rebellion, and almost 300 of his men were condemned to death or transportation in the "Bloody Assizes" presided over by Judge Jeffreys in the Oak Room of the Antelope Hotel in Dorchester.[15]

Modern[edit]

Shire Hall in High West Street, where the trial of the Tolpuddle martyrs took place

In 1833, the Tolpuddle Martyrs founded the Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers. Trade unions were legal but because the members swore an oath of allegiance, they were arrested and tried in the Shire Hall.[23][24] Beneath the courtroom are cells where the prisoners were held while awaiting trial. Dorchester Prison was constructed in the town during the 19th century and was used for holding convicted and remanded inmates from the local courts[25] until it closed in December 2013. Plans have since been made to erect 189 dwellings and a museum on the site.[26]

Dorchester remained a compact town within the boundaries of the old town walls until the latter part of the 19th century because all land immediately adjacent to the west, south and east was owned by the Duchy of Cornwall. The land composed the Manor of Fordington. The developments that had encroached onto it were Marabout Barracks, to the north of Bridport Road, in 1794,[27] Dorchester Union Workhouse, to the north of Damer's Road, in 1835,[28] the Southampton and Dorchester Railway and its station east of Weymouth Avenue, in 1847,[29] the Great Western Railway and its station to the south of Damer's Road, in 1857,[29] the waterworks, to the north of Bridport Road, in 1854,[30] a cemetery, to the west of the new railway and east of Weymouth Avenue, in 1856,[31] and a Dorset County Constabulary police station in 1860, west of the Southampton railway, east of Weymouth Avenue and north of Maumbury Rings.[32]

The Duchy land was farmed under the open field system until 1874 when it was enclosed – or consolidated – into three large farms by the landowners and residents.[33] The enclosures were followed by a series of key developments for the town: the enclosing of Poundbury hillfort for public enjoyment in 1876, the 'Fair Field' (new site for the market, off Weymouth Avenue) in 1877, the Recreation Ground (also off Weymouth Avenue) opening in 1880, and the Eldridge Pope Brewery of 1881, adjacent to the railway line to Southampton. Salisbury Field was retained for public use in 1892 and land was purchased in 1895 for the formal Borough Gardens, between West Walks and Cornwall Road.[33] The clock and bandstand were added in 1898.[34]

A 1937 map of Dorchester

A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of the Depot Barracks in 1881.[35]

Land was developed for housing outside the walls including the Cornwall Estate, between the Borough Gardens and the Great Western Railway from 1876 and the Prince of Wales Estate from 1880. Land for the Victoria Park Estate was bought in 1896 and building began in 1897, Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee year. The lime trees in Queen's Avenue were planted in February 1897.[33]

Poundbury is the western extension of the town, constructed since 1993 according to urban village principles on Duchy of Cornwall land owned by Prince Charles. Being developed over 25 years in four phases, it will eventually have 2,500 dwellings and a population of about 6,000. Prince Charles was involved with the development's design.[36]

Dorchester became Dorset's first Official Transition Initiative in 2008 as part of the Transition Towns concept. Transition Town Dorchester is a community response to the challenges and opportunities of peak oil and climate change.[37]

Government[edit]

From 1295 to 1868, Dorchester was a parliamentary constituency. This was abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885,[38] after which Dorchester was placed in the new Dorset South constituency and in 1918 it was transferred to Dorset West, where it has remained ever since. Dorchester is represented by three tiers of government. Dorchester Town Council, West Dorset District Council and Dorset County Council, all of which are based within the town. The Member of Parliament for West Dorset is Oliver Letwin.[39]

The town's coat of arms depicts the old castle that used to stand on the site of the former prison. The royal purple background represents Dorchester's status as part of the monarch's private estate, a position held since before the Domesday Book was published. The shield is divided into quarters, two depicting lions and two fleur-de-lis. These are copied from the shields of the troops from Dorset who took part in the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. The fleur-de-lis have a scattered arrangement which shows that permission for the armorial bearings was given before 1405, after which date the rights were varied by King Henry VI. The inscription 'Sigillum Bailivorum Dorcestre' translates as 'Seal of the Bailiffs of Dorchester'. The mayor has a similar seal of office, but this has the inscription ' Dorcestriensis Sig : Maioris'.[40]

There are four electoral wards in Dorchester (North, South, East and West) showing a combined population of 19,060. The town has been growing steadily with 11,620 residents in 1951, 13,740 in 1971 and 15,100 in 1991.[41]

On 15 December 2004, Dorchester was the first town in Dorset to be granted Fairtrade status.[42] In 2011 Dorchester was one of more than 20 towns across the country to apply for city status to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II,[43] although in March 2012 it was revealed that Dorchester's bid had been unsuccessful.[44]

The River Frome on the edge of the town

Geography[edit]

Dorchester town centre is sited about 55 to 80 metres (180 to 262 ft) above sea-level on gently sloping ground beside the south bank of the River Frome.[45] Measured directly, it is about 7 miles (11 km) north of Weymouth, 18 miles (29 km) SSE of Yeovil in Somerset, and 20 miles (32 km) west of Poole.[46] The town's built-up area extends south, west and southeast of the town centre; to the north and northeast growth is restricted by the floodplain and watermeadows of the river.[47]

The land immediately south and west of the town is part of the Dorset Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.[48] It is traversed by the South Dorset Ridgeway, part of the South West Coast Path. From the Ridgeway can be seen over a thousand ancient monuments including barrows, stone circles and hillforts; many archaeological finds from the area are on view at the Dorset County Museum in Dorchester.[49]

The geology of the town comprises bedrock formed in the Coniacian, Santonian and Campanian ages of the Late Cretaceous epoch, overlain in places by more recent Quaternary drift deposits. The bedrock is chalk of various formations. The drift deposits comprise a cap of clay-with-flints on the western edge of the town around Poundbury, alluvium in the river's floodplain, and several narrow ribbons of poorly stratified head deposits, found particularly around the town's northeastern and southwestern boundaries but also elsewhere.[50]

Economy[edit]

In 2012 there were 17,500 people working in Dorchester, 51% of whom were working full-time. 57% of jobs were in public administration, education and health, 18% were in professional and market services (including finance and ICT), 17% were in distribution, accommodation and food, 4% were in production and 2% in construction. The unemployment rate in July 2014 was 0.9% of residents aged 16–64.[51]

Dorchester has six industrial estates: The Grove Trading Estate (7.1 ha or 18 acres), Poundbury Trading Estate (5 ha or 12 acres), Marabout Barracks (2 ha or 4.9 acres), Great Western Centre (1.4 ha or 3.5 acres), Railway Triangle (1.4 ha or 3.5 acres) and Casterbridge Industrial Estate (1.1 ha or 2.7 acres). The estates mostly house light industrial units, wholesalers and the service sector.[52] Significant employers for residents in the town include AEA Technology, BAeSEMA Ltd, Dorset County Council, Dorset County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Goulds Ltd, Henry Ling Ltd, Kingston Maurward College, Tesco, West Dorset District Council and Winterbourne Hospital.[51]

In 2008 the Dorchester BID, a business improvement district, was set up to promote the town and improve the trading environment for town centre businesses. Local traders were overwhelmingly in favour of the decision, with 84% voting in favour at the February 2008 ballot. The BID is funded by a levy on the businesses in the town. The BID lasts initially for five years, and between 2013 and 2018 the projects being undertaken include business support, security projects, town promotion, the provision of green spaces and making the town more visually attractive.[53]

The catchment population for major food retail outlets in Dorchester is 38,500 (2001 estimate) and extends eight miles west, north and east of the town, and two miles south.[54] The Brewery Square redevelopment project now includes retail outlets, residential units, bars, restaurants, hotel and cultural facilities. The regeneration of Dorchester South railway station will make it the UK's first solar powered railway station.[55] The Charles Street development has had a first phase completed that includes a library and adult education centre for Dorset County Council, and offices for West Dorset District Council. Future phases are planned to include 23 shops, an underground car park, hotel and affordable housing. The second phase has attracted funding of £4 million from West Dorset District Council and includes new Marks & Spencer and Waitrose stores.[56]

Demography[edit]

In the 2011 census Dorchester civil parish had 8,996 dwellings,[57] 8,449 households and a population of 19,060, with 48.35% of residents being male and 51.65% being female.[58] 17% of residents were under the age of 16 (compared to 18.9% for England as a whole), and 22.4% of residents were age 65 or older (compared to 16.4% for England as a whole).[59]

Culture[edit]

Writers[edit]

Statue of Thomas Hardy beside The Grove, north of High West Street

The author and poet Thomas Hardy based the fictional town of Casterbridge on Dorchester, and his novel The Mayor of Casterbridge is set there. Hardy's childhood home is to the east of the town, and his town house, Max Gate, is owned by the National Trust and open to the public.[60] Hardy is buried in Westminster Abbey, but his heart was removed and buried in Stinsford.[61]

William Barnes, the West Country dialect poet, was Rector of Winterborne Came, a hamlet near Dorchester, for 24 years until his death in 1886,[62] and ran a school in the town. There are statues of both Barnes and Hardy in the town centre; Barnes outside St. Peter's Church,[63] and Hardy's beside the Top o' Town crossroads.[64]

John Cowper Powys's novel Maiden Castle (1936) is set in Dorchester and Powys intended it to be "a Rival of the Mayor of Casterbridge.[65] Powys had lived in Dorchester as a child, between May 1880 and Christmas 1885, when his father was a curate there.[66] Then, after returning from America in June 1934, he had lived at 38 High Street, Dorchester, from October 1934 until July 1935, when he moved to Wales.[67]

Performing arts and museums[edit]

Dorchester Arts, based in a former school building, runs a seasonal programme of music, dance and theatre events, participatory arts projects for socially excluded groups and the biannual Dorchester Festival. Dorchester Arts is an Arts Council 'National Portfolio organisation'. Dorchester Arts has been resident at the Corn Exchange since 2015.[68]

Dorchester museums include the Roman Town House, the Dinosaur Museum, the Terracotta Warriors Museum, the Dorset Teddy Bear Museum, the Keep Military Museum, Dorset County Museum. and the Tutankhamun Exhibition. All of these museums took part in the "Museums at Night" event in May 2011 in which museums across the UK opened after hours.[69] The Durnovaria Silver Band is based in Fordington Methodist Church Hall.[70]

Notable buildings[edit]

Church of St Peter

Within Dorchester parish there are 293 structures that are listed by Historic England for their historic or architectural interest, including five that are listed Grade I and sixteen that are Grade II*.[71] The Grade I structures are the Church of St George on Fordington High Street, the Church of St Peter on High West Street, Max Gate on Syward Road, the Roman town house on Northernhay, and Shire Hall on High West Street.[71] The Church of St George has a late-11th-century south door that has a Caen stone tympanum with a realistic carved representation of St George surrounded by soldiers, said to depict the miracle of his appearance at the Battle of Antioch. The south aisle and the north part of the porch date from the 12th century.[72] The Church of St Peter mostly dates from 1420–21, with a 12th-century south doorway reset into it. There are many notable monuments, including two 14th-century effigies and a 14th-century tomb chest. Thomas Hardy contributed to the addition of the vestry and chancel in 1856-7.[73] Max Gate was designed by Thomas Hardy in the Queen Anne style, and was his home until his death in 1928. It was built in 1885.[74] The remains of the Roman house north of county hall date from the early 4th century, with later 4th-century enlargements. It has a hypocaust heating system and mosaic pavements. It is the only visible Roman town house in Britain.[75] The current Shire Hall building was designed by Thomas Hardwick and built in Portland stone ashlar in 1797.[76] It replaced a previous structure that had fallen into disrepair.[77] A tablet commemorates the sentencing of the Tolpuddle Martyrs here in 1834.[76] The building housed the Crown Court until 1955; Thomas Hardy was a magistrate here and his experience provided inspiration for his writing.[77] The building has changed little since the 19th century, and in 2014 planning permission was granted to transform it into a heritage centre and tourist attraction, to open in 2017.[78]

Education and healthcare[edit]

Dorchester has a private school, Sunninghill Prep School,[79] thirteen first schools, three middle schools and an upper school; the Thomas Hardye School was founded in 1569 by a merchant and in 2011 had 2,283 pupils on the role.[41] The author Thomas Hardy was a school governor here from 1909 until shortly before his death. Nineteen schools in the Dorchester area form the Dorchester Area Schools Partnership (DASP).[80] Kingston Maurward College is a land-based studies college on the outskirts of the town. It offers full-time and part-time courses, apprenticeships and university-level courses in a wide range of subjects including agriculture, horticulture, conservation, construction, countryside and wildlife management.[81]

The town's hospital is Dorset County Hospital on Williams Avenue. It offers a twenty-four hour accident and emergency treatment with services being provided by Dorset County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust.[82]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Dorchester Town F.C., the town's football team currently play in the Southern League Premier Division. Harry Redknapp and former England players Graham Roberts and Martin Chivers represented 'The Magpies' in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The club is based on Weymouth Avenue in the south of the town after moving from its old ground also on Weymouth Avenue. The club moved to the purpose-built 5,000 capacity Avenue Stadium on Duchy of Cornwall land in the early 1990s.[83]

Dorchester RFC is an amateur rugby union team who currently play in the Southern Counties South league.[84] Dorchester Cricket Club play in the Dorset Premier League, being last crowned champions in 2009.[85] A leisure centre and swimming pool on Coburg Road replaced the Thomas Hardye School Leisure Centre in 2012, at a cost of more than £8 million.[86] In May 2009, a skatepark was opened at the junction of Maumbury Road and Weymouth Avenue in Dorchester after 12 years of planning and construction.[87]

Transport[edit]

The town has two railway stations. Dorchester South is on the South Western Main Line to Bournemouth, Southampton and London is operated by South West Trains; Dorchester West, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is on the Heart of Wessex Line, operated by GWR and connects with Yeovil, Bath and Bristol. As part of the regeneration at the Brewery Site in the town centre, Dorchester South railway station will become the first solar powered railway station in the UK.[55]

Mowlem completed a bypass road to the south and west of the town in 1988, diverting through traffic using the A35 and A37 roads away from the town centre.[88]

Media[edit]

Dorchester is served by two local radio stations: Wessex FM,[89] and BBC Radio Solent.[90] The Dorset County Hospital has its own station named 'Ridgeway Radio' which has been on the air for fifty years.[91] Local television news coverage is by South Today[92] Dorchester's regular print media comprises the Dorset Echo.[93]

Many homes in Dorchester have access to fibre broadband services provided by private companies.[94] The town is also part of the second phase of Superfast Dorset, a project to increase fibre broadband availability within the county, which is scheduled for completion in 2016.[95]

Notable people[edit]

Twinned towns[edit]

Dorchester is twinned with three European towns:[106]

  • France Bayeux in France since 1959, because the Dorset Regiment were the first soldiers to enter the town in 1944 as the Second World War came to an end.[107][108]
  • Germany Lübbecke in Germany since 1973, initiated when the Durnovaria Silver Band met the Lübbecker Schützenmusik Corps in Bayeux in 1968, when that town was in the process of twinning with Lübbecke.[109]
  • Denmark Holbæk in Denmark since 1992, resulting from a shared interest in community drama. Actors from each town have appeared in plays in the other community.[110]

The town's schools are twinned with schools in Europe, Africa and Asia. The Thomas Hardye School has partnerships with schools in Barcelona, Tanzania, Dehradun, Bayeux and many more.[111][112][113]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sharples, Nial (1991). Maiden Castle: Excavations and field survey 1985-6. English Heritage. pp. 124–126. ISBN 978-1-84802-167-9. 
  2. ^ Trevarthen, Mike; Barnett, Catherine (2008). Suburban Life in Roman Durnovaria: Excavations at the Former County Hospital Site, Dorchester, Dorset 2000–2001. Wessex Archaeology. p. Introduction. ISBN 978-1-874350-46-0. 
  3. ^ Kessler, Peter. "Durotriges (Britons)". The History Files: Celtic Kingdoms of the British Isles. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Rough Guide to Hampshire, Dorset & the Isle of White. Rough Guides. 2010. pp. 95–102. ISBN 978-1-84836-159-1. 
  5. ^ Hyams, John (1970). Dorset. B T Batsford Ltd. p. 145. ISBN 0-7134-0066-8. 
  6. ^ Savage, James (1833). The History of Dorchester, During the British, Roman Saxon, and Norman Periods, with an Account of Its Present State. Weston, Simonds & Sydenham. pp. 62–65. 
  7. ^ "Roman Aqueduct, Dorchester". Engineering timelines. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  8. ^ Rivet, A.L.F.; Smith, C. (1982). The Place-Names of Roman Britain. Batsford. p. 345. 
  9. ^ Koch, John T. (ed.) (2006). Celtic Culture: a historical encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 139. 
  10. ^ Kessler, Peter (14 February 2007). "Lost Kingdoms". The History Files: Post-Roman Britain. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  11. ^ Studies in the Early History of Shaftesbury Abbey. Dorset County Council, 1999 – 'King Alfred the Great and Shaftesbury Abbey', Simon Keynes
  12. ^ Eckwal, Eilert (1960). Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. Oxford University Press. p. 148. 
  13. ^ a b c Hyams, John (1970). Dorset. B T Batsford Ltd. p. 147. ISBN 0-7134-0066-8. 
  14. ^ Taylor (1970)
  15. ^ a b Criswick, James (1820). A Walk Round Dorchester. J. Criswick. pp. 11–12. 
  16. ^ Chandler (1990; 72)
  17. ^ Criswick, James (1820). A Walk Round Dorchester. J. Criswick. p. 16. 
  18. ^ "Rev John White, MA: Patriarch of Dorchester & Founder of Massachusetts". 2 July 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  19. ^ Ackerman, Arthur W. "Rev. John White of Dorchester, England". Dorchester Atheneum. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  20. ^ Mann, Stephanie A. (19 August 2011). "Hugh Green, English Martyr". Supremacy and Survival: The English Reformation. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  21. ^ Hopper, Andrew (2012). Turncoats and Renegadoes: Changing Sides During the English Civil Wars. Oxford University Press. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-19-957585-5. 
  22. ^ Underdown, David (1994). Fire from Heaven: Life in an English Town in the Seventeenth Century. Yale University Press. pp. 204–207. ISBN 978-0-300-05990-8. 
  23. ^ Wallis, Steve (2013). Dorchester and Around Through Time. Amberley Publishing Limited. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4456-2787-8. 
  24. ^ "Tolpuddle Martyrs: The story". Tolpuddle Martyrs. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  25. ^ "History of Dorchester Prison". Discover Dorchester. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  26. ^ "Dorchester Prison development 'will not include affordable homes'". BBC News. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  27. ^ Good Stuff (8 May 1975). "Former Married Quarters, Marabout Barracks – Dorchester – Dorset – England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  28. ^ Peter Higginbotham. "The Workhouse in Dorchester, Dorset". Workhouses.org.uk. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  29. ^ a b "Southampton and Dorchester Railway | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  30. ^ [1] The waterworks
  31. ^ Reading Room Manchester. "Cemetery Details". CWGC. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  32. ^ "Police Stations: Dorset County Division". Dorset Police. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  33. ^ a b c Morris and Draper (1995)
  34. ^ Waymark (1997)
  35. ^ "The Depot Barracks". The Keep Military Museum. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  36. ^ Pentreath, Ben (1 November 2013). "How the Poundbury project became a model for innovation". Financial Times. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  37. ^ "Transition Town Dorchester". Transition Town Dorchester. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  38. ^ "Dorchester". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  39. ^ "Dorset West". Constituencies beginning with a "D". The House of Commons. 18 August 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  40. ^ "The Town Seal". Dorchester Town Council. 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  41. ^ a b "Dorchester town profile: Population". Dorsetforyou. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  42. ^ "Fair Trade". United Church Dorchester. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  43. ^ Pearce, Lucy (20 January 2011). "Dorchester applies for city status (From Dorset Echo)". Dorsetecho.co.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  44. ^ "Results of Diamond Jubilee Civic Honours Competition announced". Cabinet Office. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  45. ^ Ordnance Survey (1978), 1:25,000 Second Series, Sheet SY 69/79 (Dorchester)
  46. ^ John Bartholomew & Son Ltd (1980), 1:100,000 National Map Series, sheet 4 (Dorset), ISBN 0-7028-0327-8
  47. ^ Ordnance Survey (2010), 1:25,000 Explorer Map, sheet 117 (Cerne Abbas & Bere Regis), ISBN 978-0-319-24122-6
  48. ^ "Dorset Explorer". Natural England. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  49. ^ "South Dorset Ridgeway: Outstanding places". Dorset AONB. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  50. ^ British Geological Survey (2000), 1:50,000 Series, England and Wales Sheet 328 (Dorchester), ISBN 978-0-7518-3310-2
  51. ^ a b "Dorchester town profile". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. 3 November 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  52. ^ "Map of Grove Trading Estate, Dorchester". Cylex. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  53. ^ "2016 Dorchester BID". Discover Dorchester. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  54. ^ Dorchester Population
  55. ^ a b "Welcome to Brewery Square". Brewery Square. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  56. ^ "Dorchester's Charles Street developer pulls out". BBC: Dorset. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  57. ^ "Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  58. ^ "Area: Dorchester (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  59. ^ "Age Structure, 2011 (KS102EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  60. ^ "Max Gate". National Trust. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  61. ^ Bradford,Charles Angell (1933). Heart Burial. Allen & Unwin. p. 246. ISBN 978-1-162-77181-6. 
  62. ^ Bingham (1987)
  63. ^ "Statue of William Barnes (1801–1886)". The Victorian Web. 2002. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  64. ^ "Thomas Hardy". Visit Dorsetshire. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  65. ^ Unpublished Diary 25 January 1935, quoted in Morine Krissdottir, Descents of Memory: The Life of John Cowper Powys. New York: Overlook Duckworth, 2007, p.313.
  66. ^ Krissdottir, pp.29, 39–40.
  67. ^ Krissdottir, pp.303, 308, 323.
  68. ^ "Dorchester Arts official website". Dorchester Arts. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  69. ^ Pearce, Lucy (16 May 2011). "Museum open evenings in Dorchester are a big hit". Dorset Echo. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  70. ^ Hogger, Harry (15 January 2014). "New home for Durnovaria Silver Band". Dorset Echo. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  71. ^ a b "Listed Buildings in Dorchester, Dorset, England". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2015. 
  72. ^ "Church of St George, Dorchester". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2015. 
  73. ^ "Church of St Peter. Railings on east and south sides of churchyard". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  74. ^ "Max Gate, Dorchester". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  75. ^ "Roman House, Dorchester". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  76. ^ a b "The Shire Hall, Dorchester". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  77. ^ a b "The history of Shire Hall". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  78. ^ "Tolpuddle Martyrs courtroom to be centre-piece of new Dorset heritage centre". Western Gazette. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  79. ^ "Sunninghill Prep School". Sunninghill Prep School. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  80. ^ "Dorchester Area Schools Partnership". Dorchester Area Schools Partnership. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  81. ^ "Kingston Maurward College". Kingston Maurward College. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  82. ^ "Dorset County Hospital". NHS Choices. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  83. ^ "Dorchester Town FC". Dorchester Town FC. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  84. ^ "Dorchester RFC". Pitchero. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  85. ^ "Dorchester C.C., Dorset". Play-Cricket. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  86. ^ "1610 Dorchester Sports Centre". Visit Dorset. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  87. ^ "Dorchester's new skatepark". BBC. 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  88. ^ Draper (1992)
  89. ^ "Wessex FM". Wessex FM. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  90. ^ "BBC Radio Solent". BBC Radio Solent. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  91. ^ "Ridgeway Radio". Ridgeway Radio. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  92. ^ "BBC1: South Today". BBC. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  93. ^ "Dorset Echo". Dorset Echo. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  94. ^ "Fibre broadband coverage in West Dorset". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  95. ^ "Superfast Dorset UK Reveals Phase 2 Fibre Broadband Rollout Areas". ISPreview.co.uk. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  96. ^ "Frances Bagenal". LASP. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  97. ^ "James Campbell". CricInfo. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  98. ^ "Aaron Cook gives up fight against London 2012 taekwondo exclusion". BBC. BBC. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
  99. ^ "Paul Hillier (Baritone, Conductor)". Bach Cantatas Website. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  100. ^ "Henry Moule". Biographie Henry Moule. 
  101. ^ Malcolm Elwin (1953). The Life of Llewelyn Powys. Macdonald. 
  102. ^ "Henry Pyrgos, Scotland". ESPN. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  103. ^ "Tom Roberts". AGNSW collection record. Art Gallery of New South Wales. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  104. ^ Davies, Edward. "Some descendants of John and Frances (Skey) Webb" (PDF). Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  105. ^ Keith, A.; Rev. D. D. Gibbs (2004). "Treves, Sir Frederick, baronet (1853–1923)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36557. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  106. ^ "Twinning". Dorchester Town Council. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  107. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  108. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l'Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  109. ^ "Twinning: Lübbecke". Dorchester Town Council. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  110. ^ "Twinning: Holbæk". Dorchester Town Council. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  111. ^ "Schools Spotlight on Team Abhinav Bindra". BBC: Sport. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  112. ^ "Thomas Hardye School Science Department Visit to the Kabale School, Tanzania". Thomas Hardye School. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  113. ^ "THS welcomes Bayeux's Lycée Alain Chartier". Thomas Hardye School. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bingham, A. (1987) Dorset : Ordnance Survey landranger guidebook , Norwich: Jarrold, ISBN 0-319-00187-3
  • Chandler, J. H. (1990) Wessex images, Gloucester: Alan Sutton and Wiltshire County Council Library & Museum Service, ISBN 0-86299-739-9
  • Draper, J. (1992) Dorchester : An illustrated history Wimborne: Dovecote Press, ISBN 1-874336-04-0
  • Morris, J. and Draper, J. (1995) "The 'Enclosure' of Fordington Fields and the Development of Dorchester, 1874–1903", Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society proceedings, v. 117, p. 5–14, ISSN 0070-7112
  • Pitt-Rivers, M. (1966) Dorset, A Shell guide, New ed., London: Faber, ISBN 0-571-06714-X
  • Taylor, C. (1970) Dorset, Making of the English landscape, London: Hodder & Stoughton, p. 197–201, ISBN 0-340-10962-9
  • Waymark, J, (1997) "The Duchy of Cornwall and the Expansion of Dorchester, c. 1900–1997", Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society proceedings, v. 119, p. 19–32, ISSN 0070-7112

External links[edit]