Dorchester Parish, New Brunswick

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Dorchester
Location within Westmorland County, New Brunswick.
Location within Westmorland County, New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 46°11′N 64°36′W / 46.19°N 64.60°W / 46.19; -64.60
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
CountyWestmorland County
Erected1787
Area
 • Land90.13 km2 (34.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total429
 • Density4.8/km2 (12/sq mi)
 • Change
2011-2016
Decrease 10.1%
 • Dwellings
231
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)

Dorchester is a civil parish in Westmorland County, New Brunswick, Canada.[2]

For governance purposes it is divided between the city of Dieppe;[3] the villages of Dorchester and Memramcook;[3] the Indian reserve of Fort Folly 1; and the local service district of the parish of Dorchester,[4] which further includes the special services area of Calhoun Road.

Origin of name[edit]

The parish was named in honour of the Baron of Dorchester,[5] Governor General of British North America at the time and elder brother of Thomas Carleton, Governor of New Brunswick.

History[edit]

Dorchester was erected in 1787 from unassigned territory between Moncton and Sackville Parishes.[6] The parish included parts of modern Moncton, Sackville, and Shediac Parishes.

In 1827 part of Dorchester was included in the newly erected Shediac Parish.[7]

In 1835 all of Dorchester north of a line due east from the mouth of Fox Creek was transferred to Moncton Parish.[8]

In 1894 northern line was changed to a magnetic bearing running 6° 15' south of due east.[9] The 1894 boundaries were made retroactive to the erection of the parish.

Delineation[edit]

Dorchester Parish is defined in the Territorial Division Act[2] as being bounded:

West by Petitcodiac River; north by a line running by the magnet of eighteen hundred and ninety-four; south eighty-three degrees and forty-five minutes east from the mouth of Fox Creek; east by the southeast line of lot numbered one (John Sherwood) and the prolongation thereof two hundred and fifty chains from the sea; thence north eleven degrees east by the magnet of the year seventeen hundred and sixty-five.

Communities[edit]

Parish population total does not include incorporated municipalities (in bold):

Demographics[edit]

Access routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the parish, including external routes that start or finish at the parish limits:[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Dorchester, Parish [Census subdivision], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Chapter T-3 Territorial Division Act". Government of New Brunswick. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b "New Brunswick Regulation 85-6 under the Municipalities Act (O.C. 85-45)". Government of New Brunswick. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  4. ^ "New Brunswick Regulation 84-168 under the Municipalities Act (O.C. 84-582)". Government of New Brunswick. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  5. ^ Ganong, William F. (1896). A Monograph of the Place-Nomenclature of the Province of New Brunswick. Royal Society of Canada. p. 230.
  6. ^ 28 George III, Chapter 7
  7. ^ 8 George IV, Chapter 13
  8. ^ 5 William IV, First Session, Chapter 15
  9. ^ "Cap. XXXVI. An Act to amend Chapter 2 of the Consolidate Statutes, of 'The Division of the Province into Counties, Towns and Parishes,' so far as relates to the County of Westmorland". Acts of the General Assembly of Her Majesty's Province of New Brunswick. Passed in the month of April, 1894. Fredericton: Government of New Brunswick. 1894. pp. 162–163.
  10. ^ Statistics Canada: 2001, 2006 census
  11. ^ 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Dorchester Parish, New Brunswick
  12. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7



Coordinates: 46°01′25″N 64°36′13″W / 46.023668°N 64.603729°W / 46.023668; -64.603729 (Dorchester Parish, New Brunswick)