Doricles

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Doricles
Doricles.jpg
Doricles in 1901 before Newmarket Stakes.
SireFlorizel II
GrandsireSt Simon
DamRosalie
DamsireRosicrucian
SexStallion
Foaled1898[1]
CountryUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
ColourBrown
BreederLeopold de Rothschild
OwnerLeopold de Rothschild
TrainerAlfred Hayhoe
Record13: 4-3-2
Earnings£6,955 (1901)[2]
Major wins
July Stakes (1900)
St Leger (1901)

Doricles (1898 – 1916) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. Although he ran only twice as a two-year-old in 1900 he showed considerable potential when he dead-heated for first places in the July Stakes. In the following year he was a consistent performer at the highest class who contested all three legs of the Triple Crown. He finished second in the 2000 Guineas and the Newmarket Stakes but disappointed when coming home seventh in the Epsom Derby. He ran second again on his next start, before winning his next three races, culminating in a 40/1 upset victory in the St Leger Stakes. He failed to win again and was retired to become a breeding stallion in France.

Background[edit]

Doricles was a "beautiful"[3] brown horse bred in the United Kingdom. During his racing career he was owned by his breeder Leopold de Rothschild[4] and trained by Alfred Hayhoe at the Palace House stable in Newmarket, Suffolk.

Doricles was one of the first crop of foals sired by Florizel II, a high class racehorse and a brother to the Derby winners Persimmon and Diamond Jubilee. Doricles' dam Rosalie also produced St Rosalia, an influential broodmare whose descendants have included Kelso, Alysheba, Farma Way, Bel Bolide and Quiet Reflection.[5]

Racing career[edit]

1900: two-year-old season[edit]

Doricles made his debut in the 48th Triennial Stakes at Ascot Racecourse and finished third behind Veles and Lord Melton.[6] At Newmarket Racecourse on 3 July, Doricles was ridden by Tommy Loates in the July Stakes over five and a half furlongs and started at odds of 10/1. In a "fine race" Doricles dead-heated for first place with Veles with Handicapper among the unplaced finishers.[7]

1901: three-year-old season[edit]

Doricles' owner Leopold de Rothschild

On 1 May 1901 Doricles made his three-year-old debut in the 2000 Guineas over the Rowley mile at Nemarket and started second favourite behind Veles at odds of 4/1. After racing the leaders for most of the way he made steady headway in the last quarter mile, but was never able to get on terms with the 33/1 outsider Handicapper and finished second, beaten two lengths with Osboch in third.[8] Two weeks later at the next Newmarket meeting the colt was moved up in distance for the Newmarket Stakes over ten furlongs and finished second, beaten a head by William the Third, with the 1000 Guineas winner Aida in third, after what was described as "one of the finest struggles ever seen".[9] In the Epsom Derby over one and a half miles on 5 June Doricles came home seventh of the twenty-five runners behind Volodyovski.[10] On 23 July at Liverpool the colt started 5/2 favourite for the eleven furlong Saint George Stakes, but was beaten a length into second place by Fortunatus.[11] At Brighton Racecourse on 7 August Doricles recorded his first success for over a year when he won the ten furlong Brighton Cup "easily" from four opponents.[12] A week before running in the St Leger the colt won again, taking the Champion Breeders' Biennial Foal Stakes at Derby Racecourse by half a length at odds of 4/7.[13]

On 11 September Doricles, ridden by Kempton Cannon, started a 40/1 outsider in a thirteen-runner field for the 126th running of the St Leger Stakes over fourteen and a half furlongs at Doncaster Racecourse. Volodyovski started the 5/6 favourite while the other runners included Fortunatus, Veronese (Prince of Wales's Stakes), Jacobite (Grand Prix de Deauville), Aida and the Irish-bred Revenue. After settling behind leaders for most of the way, Doricles moved into contention in the straight, gained the advantage approaching the final furlong, and fought off the challenge of Volodyovski to win by a neck. Revenue was three lengths backin third place ahead of Pietmaritzburg. Lester Reiff, the rider of the runner-up, lodged an objection to the winner on the grounds of "bumping", but the racecourse stewards upheld the result.[14] The colt's victory was a first classic success for Cannon and the winning time 3.08.4 was a new record for the race.[15]

The Kempton Park Stakes in October attracted a very strong field and saw Doricles finish fourth behind the four-year-old gelding Epsom Lad.[16] Later that month the colt ran in the Champion Stakes at Newmarket and finished third of the three runners behind Osboch and Pietmaritzburg.[17]

Doricles ended the year with earnings of £6,955, making him the fifth most successful racehorse of the season.[2]

1902: four-year-old season[edit]

Doricles remained in training as a four-year-old but failed to recover his best form.[18] In early spring he was beaten by St Maclou in a Biennial Stakes at Newmarket,[19] and then ran unplaced behind First Principal in the City and Suburban Handicap at Epsom.[20]

Assessment and honours[edit]

In their book, A Century of Champions, based on the Timeform rating system, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Doricles an "average" winner of the St Leger.[21]

Stud record[edit]

Doricles was retired from racing to become a breeding stallion in France at the stud of the Duc de Gramont.[22] The most notable of his offspring was Consols, who sired the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Massine. He died at the stud of Mr. Prat in 1916.[23]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Doricles (GB), brown stallion, 1898[1]
Sire
Florizel II (GB)
1891
St. Simon (GB)
1881
Galopin Vedette
Flying Duchess
St Angela King Tom
Adeline
Perdita (GB)
1881
Hampton Lord Clifden
Lady Langden
Hermione Young Melbourne
La Belle Helene
Dam
Rosalie (GB)
1884
Rosicrucian (GB)
1865 
Beadsman Weatherbit
Mendicant
Madame Eglentine Cowl
Diversion
Pitteri (GB)
1868
The Prime Minister Melbourne
Pantalonade
Lurley Orlando
Snowdrop (Family 20)[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Doricles pedigree". Equineline.
  2. ^ a b "Sporting". The Daily Telegraph (Sydney). 9 January 1902. p. 8 – via trove.nla.gov.au.
  3. ^ "Dates of Coming Events". Auckland Star. 14 September 1901. p. 3 – via Papers Past.
  4. ^ "The Turf in England". New Zealand Herald. 13 September 1901. p. 5 – via Papers Past.
  5. ^ a b "Daffodil's Dam - Family 20". Thoroughbred Bloodlines.
  6. ^ "Racing at Headquarters". Otago Witness. 23 August 1900. p. 39 – via Papers Past.
  7. ^ "Racing in England". Otago Witness. 23 August 1900. p. 43 – via Papers Past.
  8. ^ "Racing in England". Otago Witness. 19 June 1901. p. 51 – via Papers Past.
  9. ^ "Newmarket Second Spring Meeting". The Star (Christchurch). 17 May 1901. p. 3 – via Papers Past.
  10. ^ "Racing in England". Otago Witness. 24 July 1901. p. 55 – via Papers Past.
  11. ^ "Racing in England". Otago Witness. 11 September 1901. p. 48 – via Papers Past.
  12. ^ "English St. Leger". Otago Witness. 18 September 1901. p. 46 – via Papers Past.
  13. ^ "Racing in England. Derby Meeting". Otago Witness. 23 October 1901. p. 49 – via Papers Past.
  14. ^ "Bacing in Englakd". Otago Witness. 30 October 1901. p. 53 – via Papers Past.
  15. ^ "Sport of All Kinds". Evening Star (Dunedin). 30 October 1901. p. 7 – via Papers Past.
  16. ^ "Sport of All Kinds". Evening Star (Dunedin). 4 December 1901. p. 7 – via Papers Past.
  17. ^ "Sporting". New Zealand Herald. 14 December 1901. p. 6 – via Papers Past.
  18. ^ "The Racing World". Auckland Star. 21 February 1903. p. 3 – via Papers Past.
  19. ^ "Sporting". New Zealand Herald. 24 May 1902. p. 6 – via Papers Past.
  20. ^ "Sporting Notes from Home". The Australasian. 31 May 1902. p. 21 – via trove.nla.gov.au.
  21. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1999). A Century of Champions. Portway Press. ISBN 1-901570-15-0.
  22. ^ "Sporting". The Daily Telegraph (Sydney). 3 December 1902. p. 3 – via trove.nla.gov.au.
  23. ^ "Etalons Anglais". Register des chevaux de pur sang. 17: 20. 1918.