Doris Ryer Nixon

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Doris Ryer Nixon
Doris Ryer Nixon.jpg
Born (1893-10-01)October 1, 1893
San Francisco, California
Died June 24, 1948(1948-06-24) (aged 54)
San Francisco, California
Nationality United States
Occupation Civic Leader
Spouse(s) Stanhope Wood Nixon (m. 1917–45) divorced
Children Lewis Nixon III and Blanche Nixon
Parent(s) Fletcher and Blanche Ryer

Doris Ryer Nixon (October 1, 1893 – June 24, 1948) was a civic leader, particularly on the home front during World War II. The granddaughter of one of California's first doctors, and daughter-in-law of a shipbuilder and industrialist, she became a national vice-president of the American Women's Voluntary Services (AWVS) during the war.

Ancestry[edit]

Nixon's grandfather, Dr. Washington Ryer, was a New York doctor who settled in Stockton, California in the 1840s after serving as an assistant surgeon in General Winfield Scott's campaign in the Mexican-American War.[1] He married Mary Fletcher of Boston in 1862, and they had one son, Fletcher Ryer.[1] Ryer Island in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta is named in their honor.[1] Fletcher and his wife, Blanche, became wealthy pioneer agriculturalists.[2]

Biography[edit]

She was born on October 1, 1893.[3]

In 1906 she was attending a school in Paris, France.[4]

Debutante[edit]

Fletcher Ryer died in 1911, before reaching age fifty. As Doris reached her early twenties, she and her mother became increasingly involved in the social scenes on the east coast, taking Benjamin Thaw's "cottage" in Newport, Rhode Island, for the summer of 1915.[5] She was formally presented as a debutante in Newport that year.[5] As the Oakland Tribune would write, "Mrs. Ryer has had her eye on several members of the British aristocracy for Doris, but this cruel war, of course, smashed all of her well-laid plans to smithereens."[5] (Her mother would later marry Clifford Erskine-Bolst, a British Conservative Party politician (who was elected to the British House of Commons in 1923 and again in 1931.) [6]

Marriage and family[edit]

She married Stanhope Wood Nixon January 23, 1917 in New York City.[7] He was the son of Lewis Nixon I, a naval architect who briefly led Tammany Hall, and who was the namesake of Nixon Nitration Works and its home village of Nixon, New Jersey. Stanhope had become a subject of controversy several years before their marriage, after he was arrested for assaulting and seriously injuring a phone company engineer in New Haven following a wine party (an offense for which he was fined but not jailed).[8] Doris and Stanhope were joined the following year by a son, Lewis Nixon III, and in 1923 by a daughter, Blanche Nixon.[9] A second son was born in March 1922 but died two months later.[10]

Doris and Stanhope were often apart, with Stanhope tending to the family business in New Jersey and Doris deeply involved in community activities in California. They were divorced in 1945.[2]

Civic leadership[edit]

Nixon was the founder and president of Guide Dogs for the Blind, Inc., state commander of the California Cancer Society, and national vice-president of the AWVS during World War II.[2] The AWVS was a key organization for coordinating volunteer activities in support of the war effort. She had founded the California chapter, and had served as its first president.[11] She also served as a member of the World Affairs Council and numerous organizations devoted to peace.[2]

In June 1947 she and 119 other civic leaders signed a letter urging Congress to immediately adopt legislation providing for universal military training.[12]

Death[edit]

Nixon died in her home in San Francisco on June 24, 1948, at age fifty-four.[2] She left an estate valued at approximately $750,000, which included a half interest in a 6,600-acre (27 km2) ranch on Ryer Island.[13]

Legacy[edit]

Her son, Lewis Nixon III, served as an officer in the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, part of it with Easy Company. His association with Easy Company would bring him fame after his 1995 death, when the Company became the subject of the 2001 television mini-series "Band of Brothers" based on the Stephen Ambrose book.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Friends of Mountain View Cemetery Archived October 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.," Spring 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Funeral Held for Civic Leader," Oakland Tribune, 1948-06-25.
  3. ^ New York passenger list 1929 for Doris Nixon
  4. ^ "Gossip from the San Francisco Weeklies," Oakland Tribune, June 24, 1906.
  5. ^ a b c "Miss Ryer's Debut is Made at Newport," Oakland Tribune, 1915-08-08; "Newport," The Washington Post, 1915-07-05, p. 7.
  6. ^ ”Rehearing is denied in suit over contract,” Oakland Tribune, 1924-06-09, at 4.
  7. ^ "Gov. Whitman her sponsor: Miss Doris F. Ryer Weds S. W. Nixon in Heavenly Rest Church". New York Times. January 24, 1917. Retrieved 2015-03-20. 
  8. ^ "Nixon Let Off With Fine: Victim Now Will Sue Former Yale Student for Damages, It Is Said," The New York Times, 1914-05-05.
  9. ^ "Blanche Nixon to Make Debut". Los Angeles Times. December 18, 1941. Retrieved 2010-03-22. Blanche Nixon, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Stanhope Nixon of ... Cold Spring Road, Montecito, a freshman at Stanford, will be formally to society at the San ... 
  10. ^ "Social Notes," New York Times 1922-03-23 (announcing birth) and "Died," New York Times, 1922-05-23 (announcing death).
  11. ^ Alice Ryan Winn, "Women Training in Defense Work Declared to be Vital to Nation," Oakland Tribune, 1941-11-11, p. 19.
  12. ^ "Military Training Sped in Congress," New York Times, 1947-06-27.
  13. ^ "Estate of $750,000 is Left to Children by Mrs. Doris R. Nixon," The Fresno Bee Republican, 1948-06-29 p. 2.