|All-American Girls Professional Baseball League|
|Center field / Left field / Pitcher|
February 2, 1927|
|Died: June 28, 2012
|Runs batted in||286|
|Earned run average||2.16|
|Career highlights and awards|
Doris Jane Sams (February 2, 1927 – June 28, 2012), nicknamed "Sammye", was an American outfielder and pitcher who played from 1946 through 1953 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m), 145 lbs., she batted and threw right-handed.
Doris Sams was an outstanding player during her eight years tenure in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. A pitcher turned outfielder, she was the only player named to the All-Star Team at both positions. Sams was an all-around athlete who could pitch, hit and field as well as any player in the league. A two-time Player of the Year and a five-time All-Star, she won a batting crown and a home run title, ranked in several offensive and pitching categories, and hurled a perfect game and a no-hitter, being considered by fanatics, readers, and baseball enthusiasts, among the best players in the 12-year history of the AAGPBL.
A native of Knoxville, Tennessee, Doris was the only daughter of Robert and Pauline Sams. She grew up in a home where baseball was considered of vital importance. Her grandfather was a semi-professional hurler who taught her how to pitch, while her father was a semi-professional center fielder who taught her how to catch and field. Athletically inclined, she started playing sports at an early age with the assistance of her brothers Paul and Robert Jr. She started playing softball with older girls in 1938 when she was 11, helping her softball team win the state championship in seven of the next eight years, and representing Tennessee in a national tournament in 1941. In addition to softball, Sams had already achieved local notoriety. At age nine she won the Southern Appalachian Marbles Tournament, which made her the first girl to qualify for the National Marbles Championship in Chicago. She later played for the Nelson's Cafe club, until the Pepsi Cola Company bought it. She stayed with the Pepsi Cola team until 1946, winning three championships with them before starting her career in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
At age 19, Sams entered the AAGPBL in 1946 with the expansion Muskegon Lassies. She had an auspicious debut, hitting a .276 batting average with 15 runs scored and nine runs driven home in 42 games. As an underhand pitcher, she posted an 8–9 record with a 3.78 earned run average in 25 pitching appearances, while her average was seventh best in the league for players with 100 or more at-bat (she went 29-for-106). Muskegon, with Buzz Boyle at the helm, placed sixth in the eight-team league with a 46–66 record.
The first AAGPBL spring training outside the United States was held in 1947 in Havana, Cuba, as part of a plan to create an International League of Girls Baseball. Sams was one of two hundred players to attend the new training camp, in a Lassies team now managed by legendary Bill Wambsganss. The team included talented players as shortstop Dorothy Stolze and pitchers Amy Applegren and Nancy Warren, between others. The All-Americans stayed at the Seville-Biltmore Hotel, and they played their games at the Gran Stadium. On the other hand, all the teams were filmed for Fox News going down the steps at the University of Havana. That season the league made the transition from underhand to full side-arm pitching. Sams exploded in her sophomore season, to become one of the leading all-around players in the circuit. She finished with a .280 average, the third-highest among regulars, and collected nine doubles, five triples, 41 RBI and 31 runs in 107 games. She also pitched 19 games, going 11–4 with a low 0.93 ERA and a significant .733 winning percentage, allowing 26 runs (15 earned) while striking out 34 and walking 28. She was second only to Mildred Earp of the Grand Rapids Chicks, who posted a 20–8 record (.714) and a 0.68 ERA in 35 games. In addition, Sams ended 7th in total bases (116), tied for 9th in hits (97), and tied for 7th in RBI. But her great highlight came on August 18 of the 1947 season, when she collected her eleventh victory by pitching a perfect game, defeating the strong Fort Wayne Daisies, 2–0. Sams earned the Player of the Year Award and made her first All-Star Team as an outfielder and pitcher that year, becoming the only player in AAGPBL history to be so honored. Muskegon went on to win the regular season title with a 69–43 record, but failed to the Racine Belles in the first round.
In 1948 the AAGPBL expanded to a historical peak of ten teams divided into Eastern and Western Divisions, and made the switch from side-arm to overhand pitching. On July 12, Sams opened the year by hurling a 3–0 no-hitter against the Springfield Sallies, one of the league’s two new clubs, along with the Chicago Colleens. One evening later, she helped beat the Sallies 6–5, going 3-for-4, including a two-run homer, a single and an RBI triple. Then, the next day she pitched a one-hitter, 3–1 victory against South Bend, and contributed with two hits and one RBI. But Sams never really made the adjustment to the new style pitching, finishing with an 18–10 mark and a 1.54 ERA. Nevertheless, she enjoyed a productive season as a hitter, collecting a .257 average (9th in the league) after going 105-for-409. She also scored 105 runs, slugged six doubles, seven triples and three home runs, recording career-best numbers with 59 RBI and 117 games played. Thanks in part to her timely hitting, Muskegon finished second in the Eastern Division with a record of 66–57 and advanced to the playoffs, only to be beaten by the Fort Wayne Daisies in the first round. Unfortunately, Sams was overlooked for the All-Star Team, being surpassed by Kenosha Comets center fielder and Player of the Year Audrey Wagner, who won the batting title with a .312 average, and belted four homers with 70 runs and 56 RBI. Wagner was the only girl to hit over .300 in that season, ending 23 points ahead of runner-up Connie Wisniewski. The other two All-Star outfielders were Racine's Edythe Perlick (LF), who averaged .243 with two home runs and 51 RBI, and Grand Rapids' Wisniewski (RF), who hit .289 with seven homers and 66 RBI.
As hurlers addapted to the new pitching style, batting averages declined even more during the 1949 season. Sams won the batting crown with a .279 mark, as she repeated as Player of the Year to become the first player in the league to twice win player of the year honors. She won the batting title race by a single point over Wisniewski and led the circuit with 114 hits (one more hit than Wisniewski), but was not among the leaders in any other offensive category. As a pitcher, Sams had a 15–10 mark with a 1.58 ERA and finished 8th in ERA, tied for 7th in wins and tied for 8th in shutouts. On July 14 of that season, she hurled a one-hitter, 3–1 victory against South Bend and helped herself with two hits and one RBI. Then, on August 19 she defeated again South Bend on a three-hit shutout, 2–0, while hitting a single with a run scored. All pitchers were led by Jean Faut of the South Bend Blue Sox, who went 24–8 with 120 strikeouts a 1.58 ERA, and Lois Florreich of the Rockford Peaches, who posted a 22–7 record with 210 strikeouts (a league high) and a minuscule 0.67 ERA, to set an all-time season record for lowest ERA in the league's history. Sams made the All-Star Team for a second time while Muskegon, managed by Carson Bigbee, had a fifth-best record of 46–66 and advanced to the playoffs. The Belles took the first round from Kenosha but were swept in the semi-finals by South Bend.
The AAGPBL used a livelier ball in 1950. As a result, offensive levels augmented significantly in all cases with more hits, scoring more runs and hitting four times as many home runs as they did in previous seasons. That year, Sams began a string of four consecutive seasons with a batting average over .300. She finished 5th in the batting race with a .301 average, was 3rd in slugging (.419), and tied for 5th in home runs (4). It was the last season she pitched on a regular basis, going 12–13 with a 2.60 ERA, as she made her third All-Star Team. During the midseason, poor attendance in Muskegon forced the movement of the struggling Lassies to Kalamazoo, Michigan. The change of scenery did not help, as the now Kalamazoo Lassies finished in the cellar with the worst record of the league (36-73-2). Bonnie Baker, catcher for South Bend early in the season, joined the Kalamazoo team as player-manager in a short stint for her, because the following year the league passed a rule banning female managers.
In 1951, Sams allowed 13 hits and 11 runs in her final three innings of work on the mound, though her offensive production remained consistent. She ranked 6th in average (.306) and 9th in total bases (135), tying for 4th in doubles (16) and for 8th in hits (109). She added two homers, 40 runs and 33 RBI in 97 games, and also earned a fourth selection to the All-Star Team. The Lassies posted a measly record of 34–75 and finished in 7th place (out of 8th in the league).
Sams enjoyed a career-season in 1952, when she led the circuit with 12 home runs and finished third in average (.314) in 109 games. She also was second in hits (128), doubles (25) and total bases (195), and ended third in RBI (57) in her last year as an All-Star Team, while Kalamazoo finished 5th of six teams with a 49–60 record. During a double-header sweep of Grand Rapids in June, she homered in both games, including a two-run blast in a four-hit, 3–0 shutout by Ruth Williams in game one, and a solo homer in a seven-hit, 2–1 victory of Gloria Cordes in the nightcap. With her 12 dingers, Sams broke the league’s all-time home run record of 10 set in 1943 by Racine’s Eleanor Dapkus. That mark would be eclipsed in 1954 by Fort Wayne's Joanne Weaver, when she hit 29 home runs during what turned out to be the league’s final season.
In an eight-year career, Sams was a .290 hitter in 271 games and posted a 64–47 record with a 2.16 ERA as a pitcher.
Life after baseball
Following her baseball career, Sams returned home and accepted a good job offer as computer operator for the Knoxville Utility Board, where she worked for 25 years. She retired in 1979, partly to take care of her seriously ill mother.
Sams, who never married, was inducted into the Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame in 1970 and the Knoxville Hall of Fame in 1982. She also is part of the AAGPBL permanent display at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum at Cooperstown, New York, opened in 1988, which is dedicated to the entire league rather than any individual player.
AAGPBL perfect games
|Annabelle Lee||1944||Minneapolis Millerettes||Kenosha Comets|
|Carolyn Morris||1945||Rockford Peaches||Fort Wayne Daisies|
|Doris Sams||1947||Muskegon Lassies||Fort Wayne Daisies|
|Jean Faut||1951||South Bend Blue Sox||Rockford Peaches|
|Jean Faut||1953||South Bend Blue Sox||Kalamazoo Lassies|
- "All-American Girls Professional Baseball League - Doris Sams page".
- "Baseball Almanac – Doris Sams: Knoxville's All-American All-Star Outfielder and Pitcher by Jim Sargent".
- Women in Baseball: The Forgotten History – Gai Ingham Berlage, Charley Gerard. Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994. Format: Hardcover, 224pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-0-275-94735-4
- The Women of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League: A Biographical Dictionary – W. C. Madden. Publisher: McFarland & Company, 2005. Format: Paperback, 295 pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-0-7864-3747-4
- "All-American Girls Professional Baseball League History". Archived from the original on 2009-08-28.
- 1947 Muskegon Lassies Archived September 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- SABR Project – June Peppas biography by Jim Sargent
- "All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Rules". Archived from the original on 2010-09-17.
- All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Record Book – W. C. Madden. Publisher: McFarland & Company, 2000. Format: Paperback, 294pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-0-7864-3747-4
- Biographical Dictionary of American Sports – David L. Porter. Publisher: Greenwood Press, 2000. Format: Hardcover, 2064pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-0-313-29884-4
- The Celebrity Black Book 2010 – Jordan Mcauley. Publisher: Mega Niche Media, 2009. Format: Paperback, 814pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-1-60487-014-5
- All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Record Book – W. C. Madden