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|Birth name||Doris Elaine Higginsen|
|Also known as||Doris Payne|
|Born||January 6, 1937|
|Origin||The Bronx, New York, U.S.|
|Died||February 16, 2004 (aged 67)|
Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
|Labels||Apple, Atlantic, People|
|Associated acts||Pink Floyd, Cissy Houston, Dee Dee Warwick, Barbara Lewis|
Doris Troy (born Doris Elaine Higginsen; January 6, 1937 – February 16, 2004) was an American R&B singer and songwriter, known to her many fans as "Mama Soul". Her biggest hit was "Just One Look", a top 10 hit in 1963. She was also one of the four female back up singers on The Dark Side of the Moon by Pink Floyd.
Life and career
She was born as Doris Elaine Higginsen, in the Bronx, the daughter of a Barbadian Pentecostal minister. She later took her grandmother's name and grew up as Doris Payne. Her parents disapproved of "subversive" forms of music like rhythm & blues, so she cut her teeth singing in her father's choir. At age 16, she was working as an usherette at the Apollo where she was discovered by James Brown. Under the name Doris Payne, she began songwriting and earned $100 in 1960 for the Dee Clark hit "How About That".
Going into the recording industry, Troy worked as a backup vocalist for Atlantic Records alongside Dionne and Dee Dee Warwick. She was also part of the original lineup of The Sweet Inspirations in 1963, with Cissy Houston and the two Warwicks, who were Houston's nieces. Taking her stage name from Helen of Troy, Troy sang backup vocals for Solomon Burke, the Drifters, Houston, and Dionne Warwick, before she co-wrote and recorded "Just One Look" (the songwriting credits use the name Doris Payne). This song hit #10 on the US Billboard Hot 100 in 1963.
"Just One Look" was the only charting US hit for Troy. The song was recorded in 10 minutes in October 1962, with producer Buddy Lucas, as a demo for Atlantic Records. However, after Atlantic Records heard the demo, they decided not to re-record it, instead opting to release it as was. The musicians included Ernie Hayes on organ, Wally Richardson on guitar, Bob Bushnell on bass, and Bernard "Pretty" Purdie on drums. The song has been covered by The Hollies, Faith, Hope & Charity, Major Lance, Linda Ronstadt, Bryan Ferry, Anne Murray, Klaus Nomi, and Harry Nilsson in a duet with Lynda Laurence. Troy's only foray into the UK Singles Chart, "Whatcha Gonna Do About It", peaked at #37 in December 1964.
As her solo career peaked, she continued to sing back-up for multiple artists and bands. She contributed vocals to The Rolling Stones' 1969 song "You Can't Always Get Want You Want", Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon, and Carly Simon's "You're So Vain". In addition, she also sang for Humble Pie, Kevin Ayers, Edgar Broughton, George Harrison, Johnny Hallyday, Vivian Stanshall, Dusty Springfield, Nick Drake, and Junior Campbell.
After moving to London in 1969, she was signed by The Beatles to their Apple Records label, and released the Doris Troy album the following year, co-produced by Troy and George Harrison. Troy worked in the UK throughout the 1970s, appearing at Ronnie Scott's Club and recording a live album, The Rainbow Testament. Neither The Rainbow Testament nor her People Records album, Stretching Out, sold well. Troy moved from England in 1974 back to the United States, where she played casinos and nightclubs.
Mama, I Want To Sing is a stage musical based on her life, and was co-written with her sister, Vy Higginsen, a popular New York City radio personality. It ran for 1,500 performances at the Heckscher Theatre in Spanish Harlem. Troy played her own mother, Geraldine. Chaka Khan played her aunt in the London production, as did Deniece Williams. Mama, I Want to Sing! was also made into a motion picture, starring Ciara, Patti Labelle, and Hill Harper, which was released on DVD in 2012.
- Sings Just One Look & Other Memorable Selections (1963)
- Doris Troy (1970)
- Rainbow Testament (1972)
- Stretching Out (1974)
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 567. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Sisario, Ben (February 19, 2004). "Doris Troy, Pop Singer Whose Life Inspired a Show, Dies at 67". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- "Doris Troy". The Telegraph. 2004-02-20. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- "Doris Troy". www.soulfulkindamusic.net. Retrieved 2019-03-31.
- Sweeting, Adam (2004-02-20). "Obituary: Doris Troy". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- "Doris Troy – Apple Records". www.applerecords.com. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "Doris Troy, 67; 'Just One Look' Singer". Los Angeles Times. 2004-02-20. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- "Cissy Houston's Biography". The HistoryMakers. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- 1954-, Doll, Susan, (2009). Elvis for dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Pub. ISBN 9780470472026. OCLC 298776030.
- "Doris Troy". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Allmusic.com – Billboard Singles
- Bernard "Pretty" Purdie, Let The Drums Speak!, 2014 pages 69–70.
- "Harry Nilsson And Lynda Laurence / Nilsson* – Just One Look / Baby I'm You / That Is All". www.discogs.com. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "CNN.com - R&B star Doris Troy dead at 67 - Feb. 19, 2004". us.cnn.com. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- "Troy, Doris | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. 2004. Retrieved 2019-03-31.
- "Doris Troy – Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "Doris Troy Page". www.soulwalking.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- "Doris Troy | American singer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- Meade, Bazil (26 February 2013). A Boy, A Journey, A Dream. Monarch Books. pp. 143–. ISBN 978-0-85721-211-5.
- "MAMA, I WANT TO SING! Ciara, Patti LaBelle, Lynn Whitfield & Hill Harper Hit All the Right Notes on DVD February 14". www.prnnewswire.com. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "Doris Troy Discography". allmusic.com.