Zali Hrib (1948–1952)
|Traditional region||Slovenian Littoral|
|• Total||1.08 km2 (0.42 sq mi)|
|Elevation||60.7 m (199.1 ft)|
Dornberk (pronounced [ˈdoːɾnbɛɾk]; Italian: Montespino) is a village in western Slovenia in the Municipality of Nova Gorica. It is located in the Vipava Valley within the Gorizia region of the Slovenian Littoral. Dornberk is the centre of a local community that includes the satellite settlements of Potok pri Dornberku, Saksid, Brdo, Tabor, Draga, Zalošče, and Budihni. The entire local community has a population of around 1,800.
The Slovene name of the village comes from German Dornberg, meaning 'thorn hill'. This was also the official name until the end of World War I, when the village came under Italian administration. At first, the Italians used an Italianized version of the traditional name of the village, Dorimbergo, but during the Fascist period the name was Italianized to Montespino, which is a literal Italian translation of the German name. After World War II, the village briefly reacquired its old name, but in 1948, the name was changed again because of its German sound, and the name Zali Hrib (literally, 'fair hill') was invented. The locals rejected the new designation and demanded the old name back. The name of the settlement was changed to Dornberk in 1952, but the final -g was replaced with a -k. Nevertheless, the locals still refer to it as Dornberg rather than Dornberk. This phonetic difference is not perceived in standard Slovene, in which the final voiced velar stop /g/ is pronounced as voiceless /k/. However, in the local Karst dialect spoken in the lower Vipava Valley, /g/ has developed into the voiced glottal fricative /ɦ/, and often a voiceless glottal fricative at the end of words.
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Nova Gorica municipal site
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Koper List of Churches May 2008 Archived March 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
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