( Doronicum orientale Leopard's Bane) is a European plant species in the sunflower family (Asteraceae).
Description [ edit ]
D. orientale has daisy-like yellow flower heads on long, straight stems, which attract nectar-eating insects. The plants grow to approximately 2 feet (60 cm) tall.
Etymology [ edit ]
epithet "orientale," meaning "eastern" is in reference to eastern Europe, not eastern Asia.
Distribution [ edit ]
It is native to southeastern
Europe ( Italy, Greece, the Balkans, Hungary, Moldova, Ukraine, southern European Russia)  and parts of southwest  Asia ( Turkey, South Caucasus).  
Cultivation [ edit ]
D. orientale is widely cultivated as an ornamental. There are a few reports of the species having escaped cultivation and been found growing wild in parts of  Canada, but the plant apparently failed to become established there.  D. orientale is a hardy (to zone 3) perennial, blooming in early spring. Likes both shade and sun. Cultivars include 'Little Leo', which is semi-double.
Toxicity [ edit ]
All parts of this plant are poisonous to humans.
References [ edit ]
^ The Plant List, Doronicum orientale Hoffm.
^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Doronico orientale, Kaukasus-Gämswurz, gemsrot, includes photos and Doronicum orientale Hoffm. European distribution map
^ Plantarium, Doronicum orientale Hoffm. Описание таксона, Русскоязычные названия, Дороникум восточный in Russian with photos and partial distribution map
^ Royal Horticultural Society, Doronicum orientale, Caucasian leopard's bane
^ Karadeniz A, Çinbilgel I, Gün SŞ, Çetin A. 2015. Antioxidant activity of some Turkish medicinal plants. Natural Products Research 2015 Feb 4:1-5.
^ Naturegate, Leopard's Bane, Doronicum orientale
^ Flora of North America, Oriental leopard’s-bane, Doronicum orientale Hoffmann, Commentat. Soc. Phys.-Med. Univ. Lit. Caes. Mosq. 1: 8. 1808.
^ Pink, A. (2004). . Gardening for the Million Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.